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Coffee County, Tennessee
Coffecocourthouse.JPG
Coffee County Courthouse in Manchester
Seal of Coffee County, Tennessee
Seal
Map of Tennessee highlighting Coffee County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the U.S. highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded January 8, 1836
Named for John Coffee
Seat Manchester
Largest city Tullahoma
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

435 sq mi (1,127 km²)
429 sq mi (1,111 km²)
5.6 sq mi (15 km²), 1.3%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

57,889 increase
123/sq mi (47/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website coffeecountytn.org

Coffee County is a county located in the central part of the state of Tennessee, in the United States. As of the 2020 census, the county's population was 57,889.[1] Its county seat is Manchester.[2] Coffee County is part of the Tullahoma-Manchester, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is also part of Middle Tennessee, one of the three Grand Divisions of the state.

History[]

Coffee County was formed in 1836 from parts of Bedford, Warren, and Franklin counties.[3] It was named for John Coffee, a prominent planter, land speculator, and militia officer.[4][5] Similar to other counties in this area of the state, planters here cultivated mostly tobacco and hemp, produced by the labor of Black slaves.

In the period after the Reconstruction era ended (1877) and into the early 20th century, whites in Coffee County committed eight lynchings of Blacks. This was the fifth-highest total of any county in the state, but three other counties also had eight lynchings each.[6]

Century Farms[]

Coffee County has twelve Century Farms, the classification for farms that have been operating for more than 100 years. The oldest Century Farm is Shamrock Acres, founded in 1818. Other Century Farms include:[3]

  • Beckman Farm
  • Brown Dairy Farm
  • Carden Ranch
  • Crouch-Ramsey Farm
  • Freeze Farm
  • The Homestead Farm
  • Jacobs Farm
  • Long Farm
  • Shamrock Acres
  • Sunrise View Farm
  • Thomas Farm, site of the Farrar Distillery

Geography[]

State Route 127 near Hillsboro

Machine Falls at Short Springs State Natural Area

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 435 square miles (1,130 km2), of which 429 square miles (1,110 km2) is land and 5.6 square miles (15 km2) (1.3%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties[]

Major highways[]

  • Interstate 24
  • U.S. Route 41
  • U.S. Route 41A

State protected areas[]

  • Arnold Engineering Development Complex Wildlife Management Area (jointly managed by TWRA and USAF)
  • Bark Camp Barrens Wildlife Management Area
  • Hickory Flats Wildlife Management Area
  • Maple Hill Wildlife Management Area
  • May Prairie State Natural Area
  • Normandy Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • Old Stone Fort State Archaeological Park
  • Short Springs State Natural Area

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 8,184
1850 8,351 2.0%
1860 9,689 16.0%
1870 10,237 5.7%
1880 12,894 26.0%
1890 13,827 7.2%
1900 15,574 12.6%
1910 15,625 0.3%
1920 17,344 11.0%
1930 16,801 −3.1%
1940 18,959 12.8%
1950 23,049 21.6%
1960 28,603 24.1%
1970 32,572 13.9%
1980 38,311 17.6%
1990 40,339 5.3%
2000 48,014 19.0%
2010 52,796 10.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2020[1]

Age pyramid Coffee County[12]

2020 census[]

Coffee County racial composition[13]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 48,983 84.62%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,097 3.62%
Native American 145 0.25%
Asian 611 1.06%
Pacific Islander 37 0.06%
Other/Mixed 2,757 4.76%
Hispanic or Latino 3,259 5.63%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 57,889 people, 21,646 households, and 14,777 families residing in the county.

2000 census[]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 48,014 people, 18,885 households, and 13,597 families residing in the county. The population density was 112 people per square mile (43/km2). There were 20,746 housing units at an average density of 48 per square mile (19/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.43% White, 3.59% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.91% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. 2.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 18,885 households, out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.10% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,898, and the median income for a family was $40,228. Males had a median income of $32,732 versus $21,014 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,137. About 10.90% of families and 14.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.80% of those under age 18 and 15.20% of those age 65 or over.

Events[]

The Bonnaroo Music Festival has been held annually in the county since 2002.[15]

Notable people[]

  • Henry Choate, worked in Coffee County at the time of his murder in 1927[16]

Points of interest[]

George Dickel Distillery

  • Arnold Engineering Development Complex
  • George Dickel Tennessee whiskey distillery
  • Old Stone Fort — part of Old Stone Fort State Archaeological Park, just west of Manchester
  • Short Springs State Natural Area[17]
  • Farrar Distillery – on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places

Communities[]

Cities[]

Manchester

  • Manchester (county seat)
  • Tullahoma (mostly)

Census-designated places[]

  • Hillsboro
  • Lakewood Park
  • New Union

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Beechgrove
  • Belmont
  • Farrar Hill
  • Fudgearound
  • Noah
  • Pocahontas
  • Shady Grove
  • Summitville

Politics[]

Coffee County is a Republican stronghold. The last Democrat to carry this county was Bill Clinton in 1996.

United States presidential election results for Coffee County, Tennessee[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 17,883 73.65% 5,705 23.49% 694 2.86%
2016 14,417 72.19% 4,743 23.75% 811 4.06%
2012 13,023 67.62% 5,870 30.48% 366 1.90%
2008 13,250 63.73% 7,132 34.30% 408 1.96%
2004 11,793 58.48% 8,243 40.87% 131 0.65%
2000 8,788 49.40% 8,741 49.14% 259 1.46%
1996 7,038 43.18% 7,951 48.78% 1,312 8.05%
1992 6,047 35.48% 8,534 50.07% 2,463 14.45%
1988 7,837 57.56% 5,686 41.76% 92 0.68%
1984 7,695 57.14% 5,691 42.26% 82 0.61%
1980 5,454 40.72% 7,612 56.84% 327 2.44%
1976 3,848 32.05% 8,017 66.78% 140 1.17%
1972 6,416 66.18% 2,973 30.67% 306 3.16%
1968 3,337 29.87% 3,040 27.21% 4,794 42.91%
1964 3,012 30.58% 6,837 69.42% 0 0.00%
1960 3,058 39.79% 4,555 59.26% 73 0.95%
1956 2,389 32.42% 4,930 66.90% 50 0.68%
1952 2,110 37.25% 3,537 62.44% 18 0.32%
1948 599 16.63% 2,041 56.68% 961 26.69%
1944 568 17.35% 2,703 82.56% 3 0.09%
1940 424 15.63% 2,277 83.96% 11 0.41%
1936 408 15.88% 2,148 83.58% 14 0.54%
1932 430 17.92% 1,950 81.25% 20 0.83%
1928 1,126 48.72% 1,175 50.84% 10 0.43%
1924 488 21.80% 1,691 75.52% 60 2.68%
1920 822 28.69% 2,043 71.31% 0 0.00%
1916 489 20.84% 1,837 78.30% 20 0.85%
1912 521 22.49% 1,705 73.59% 91 3.93%
1908 656 27.96% 1,654 70.50% 36 1.53%
1904 536 26.48% 1,441 71.20% 47 2.32%
1900 624 26.44% 1,660 70.34% 76 3.22%
1896 639 24.47% 1,891 72.42% 81 3.10%
1892 414 18.77% 1,415 64.14% 377 17.09%
1888 539 22.26% 1,818 75.09% 64 2.64%
1884 376 18.74% 1,597 79.61% 33 1.65%
1880 198 9.52% 1,766 84.94% 115 5.53%



See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Coffee County, Tennessee
  • The Saturday Independent

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/47/47031.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ a b "Coffee County Century Farms". MTSU Center for Historic Preservation. http://www.tncenturyfarms.org/coffee_county/. 
  4. ^ Carroll Van West, "Coffee County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 25 June 2013.
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 86. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_9V1IAAAAMAAJ. 
  6. ^ Lynching in America, Third Edition: Supplement by County Script error: No such module "webarchive"., p. 9, Equal Justice Initiative, Mobile, AL, 2017
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_47.txt. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/tn190090.txt. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  12. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US47031&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  15. ^ "About Us". Bonnaroo Music Festival. http://www.bonnaroo.com/about-us/. 
  16. ^ Minor, Robert (1946). "Henry Choate was hanged in the courthouse". Lynching and Frame-up in Tennessee. New Century. pp. 21–24. 
  17. ^ Short Springs State Natural Area, Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation website. Retrieved: 25 June 2013.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

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Coordinates: 35°29′N 86°04′W / 35.49, -86.07

Template:Coffee County, Tennessee

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Coffee County, Tennessee. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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