Familypedia
Advertisement
This article is based on the corresponding article in another wiki. For Familypedia purposes, it requires significantly more historical detail on phases of this location's development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there. Also desirable are links to organizations that may be repositories of genealogical information..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can.


There is also a Town of Columbia in New York.
Columbia County, New York
First Columbia County courthouse, Claverack, NY.jpg
First Columbia County Courthouse
Flag of Columbia County, New York
Flag
Seal of Columbia County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Columbia County
Location in the state of New York (state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded 1786
Named for Christopher Columbus
Seat Hudson
Largest city Hudson
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

648 sq mi (1,678 km²)
635 sq mi (1,645 km²)
14 sq mi (36 km²), 2.1
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

61,570
97/sq mi (37/km²)
Congressional district 19th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website http://www.columbiacountyny.com/

1786 William Henry Ludlow House, Hudson, NY

Columbia County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2020 census, the population was 61,570.[1] The county seat is Hudson.[2] The name comes from the Latin feminine form of the name of Christopher Columbus, which was at the time of the formation of the county a popular proposal for the name of the United States.

Columbia County comprises the Hudson, NY Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Albany-Schenectady, NY Combined Statistical Area. It is on the east side of the Hudson River and is considered to be part of the Upper Hudson Valley.

History[]

At the arrival of European colonists the area was occupied by the indigenous Mohican Indians. To the west of the river were the Mohawk and other four tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy, extending past what is now the border of New York state. The first known European exploration of Columbia County was in 1609, when Henry Hudson, an English explorer sailing for the Dutch, ventured up the Hudson River. An accident to his craft forced him to stop at what is now known as Columbia County, and search for food and supplies.[3] In 1612, the Dutch established trading posts and minor settlements, constructing New Amsterdam (today's New York City) and Fort Orange (Albany). Fort Orange became a center of the fur trade with the Mohawk people. Traders began to stop at midway points along the Hudson River, on their travels between New Amsterdam and Fort Orange. Small settlements arose along the river to supply the traders' ships.[3]

In 1649, Dutch colonists purchased land near Claverack and again in 1667.[4] As more Dutch arrived, the region slowly developed. In 1664, the English took over New Netherland and renamed it the Province of New York; they also renamed Fort Orange as Albany.[4]

In the late 17th century, Robert Livingston, a Scots immigrant by way of Rotterdam, built on his connections as Indian agent in the colony and purchased two large portions of land from the Native Americans. He gained much larger grants from the provincial government, for a total of 160,240 acres. He was made lord of Livingston Manor by the Crown, with all its perquisites, and started to develop the property with tenant farmers. In 1710, he sold 6,000 acres of his property to Queen Anne of Great Britain for use as work camps and resettlement of Palatine German refugees. The Crown had supported their passage to New York, and they were to pay off the costs as indentured labor.[5] Some 1200 Palatine Germans were brought to Livingston Manor (now known as Germantown). New York's Governor Hunter had also helped with these arrangements: the workers were to manufacture naval stores (e.g., pitch, resin, and turpentine) from the pine trees in the Catskill Mountains.

They were promised land for resettlement after completing their terms of indenture.[4] They were refugees from years of religious fighting along the border with France, as well as crop failures from a severe winter.[5] Work camps were established on both sides of the Hudson River. The Germans quickly established Protestant churches at the heart of their community, which recorded their weddings, births and deaths, among the first vital records kept in the colony.[5]

1879 map of the Vermont Central Railway

After many years, some of the colonists were granted land in the frontier of the central Mohawk Valley west of present-day Little Falls in the 100 lots of the Burnetsfield Patent; in the Schoharie Valley, and other areas, such as Palatine Bridge along the Mohawk River west of Schenectady. They were buffer communities between the British settlements and the Iroquois and French (the latter located mostly in Canada.)

Columbia County was formed in 1786 after the American Revolutionary War from portions of Albany County, once a vast area until new communities were developed and jurisdictions were organized. In 1799, the southern boundary of Columbia County was moved southward to include that portion of Livingston Manor located in Dutchess County.

In the nineteenth century, the Vermont Central Railway was constructed to the area. It provided transportation north towards Rutland and Burlington, Vermont, and south towards the major junction town of Chatham, New York, for travel to points west, south and east.

A large number of LGBT artists and writers settled in Columbia County in the late 20th century, including Ellsworth Kelly, who moved to the county in 1970, followed by James Ivory and Ismail Merchant (1975) and the poet John Ashbery (1978).[6]


Government and politics[]

United States presidential election results for Columbia County, New York[7]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 14,464 40.62% 20,386 57.25% 760 2.13%
2016 13,756 44.51% 15,284 49.46% 1,862 6.03%
2012 12,225 41.97% 16,221 55.69% 683 2.34%
2008 13,337 42.43% 17,556 55.85% 540 1.72%
2004 14,457 46.48% 15,929 51.21% 717 2.31%
2000 13,153 45.83% 13,489 47.00% 2,056 7.16%
1996 10,324 37.67% 12,910 47.11% 4,169 15.21%
1992 11,568 39.81% 11,368 39.12% 6,120 21.06%
1988 15,111 56.12% 11,585 43.03% 228 0.85%
1984 18,814 67.46% 8,960 32.13% 117 0.42%
1980 13,946 53.08% 9,500 36.16% 2,828 10.76%
1976 15,871 59.72% 10,514 39.56% 189 0.71%
1972 17,995 70.27% 7,558 29.51% 57 0.22%
1968 13,857 60.03% 7,762 33.62% 1,466 6.35%
1964 9,023 38.30% 14,516 61.62% 19 0.08%
1960 15,893 64.44% 8,747 35.46% 24 0.10%
1956 19,004 79.17% 4,999 20.83% 0 0.00%
1952 17,539 74.16% 6,075 25.69% 35 0.15%
1948 13,758 65.89% 6,527 31.26% 595 2.85%
1944 13,055 65.02% 6,969 34.71% 54 0.27%
1940 13,527 61.04% 8,591 38.76% 44 0.20%
1936 13,034 60.14% 8,375 38.64% 264 1.22%
1932 11,667 55.74% 9,083 43.39% 181 0.86%
1928 14,000 67.92% 6,403 31.06% 209 1.01%
1924 10,774 63.70% 5,466 32.32% 674 3.98%
1920 9,284 62.63% 5,203 35.10% 336 2.27%
1916 5,314 51.35% 4,938 47.71% 97 0.94%
1912 3,741 38.01% 4,599 46.73% 1,501 15.25%
1908 5,726 51.54% 5,097 45.88% 286 2.57%
1904 5,996 52.38% 5,245 45.82% 206 1.80%
1900 6,478 55.61% 4,953 42.52% 217 1.86%
1896 6,654 58.46% 4,373 38.42% 355 3.12%
1892 5,384 45.60% 5,868 49.70% 555 4.70%
1888 6,447 50.46% 6,037 47.25% 292 2.29%
1884 6,424 51.45% 5,854 46.88% 209 1.67%



Voters in Columbia County since the mid-19th century have mostly elected Republicans to office. But from 1996 to 2007, new voter registrations by Democrats have outpaced those by Republicans by a margin of 4 to 1.[8]

Voter registration as of April 1, 2016[9]
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
Template:Party color cell Democratic 13,037 1,241 14,278 33.05%
Template:Party color cell Republican 11,774 724 12,498 28.93%
Template:Party color cell Unaffiliated 10,724 1,007 11,731 27.16%
Template:Party color cell Other[nb 1] 4,225 467 4,692 10.86%
Total 39,760 3,439 43,199 100%

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 648 square miles (1,680 km2), of which 635 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.1%) is water.[10]

Columbia County is in the southeast central part of New York State, southeast of Albany and immediately west of the Massachusetts border. The western border is the Hudson River.

The landscapes of the county were among the scenes depicting by the Hudson River School, a mid-19th century art movement.[6]

The terrain is gentle, rolling hills, rising sharply into the Taconic and Berkshire Mountains along the state line. To the west lie the Hudson River and the Catskill Mountains.

The Catskill Mountains from Olana in southern Columbia County

The highest point is on the Massachusetts state line, near the summit of Alander Mountain, at approximately 2,110 feet (643 m) above sea level, in the town of Copake. The lowest point is at or near sea level, along the Hudson.

Columbia County is accessible by two limited-access highways. The Taconic State Parkway, which is not accessible to trucks or commercial traffic, runs through the center of the county from south to north, ending at an interchange with Interstate 90 and connecting the county with points south. Columbia County is the last New York county located along eastbound Interstate 90 (and the first county along westbound I-90), which passes through the towns of Canaan and Chatham as the Berkshire Connector portion of the New York Thruway. I-90 has two exits within the county; for the southbound Taconic State Parkway in Chatham, and for NYS Route 22 in Canaan. Depending on precise location within the county, road travel distance to New York City ranges between 96 miles (154 km) and 145 miles (233 km).

Several other major routes cross Columbia County including north–south U.S. Route 9, east–west NYS Route 23, north–south NYS Route 22 and a short portion of east–west U.S. Route 20 in the county's northeastern corner.

Rivers and streams[]

The Hudson River forms the western border of the county. Other notable creeks include; the Ancram Creek, Claverack Creek, Copake Creek, Kinderhook Creek, Roeliff-Jansen Kill, and Valatie Kill. The Rossman Falls and Stuyvesant Falls lie on the Kinderhook Creek. Notable lakes and ponds include Copake Lake, Kinderhook Reservoir, Queechy Lake, and Lake Taghkanic.

Farms[]

Columbia County is home to many local farms supplying the area with fresh meat, eggs, herbs, and produce, including Holmquest, Ronnybrook, Fix Brothers Fruit Farm, Eger Brothers, Hover Farms, Marsh Meadow Farm, Schober Farm, Millerhurst, Ooms Farm, Churchtown Dairy, Pigasso, Common Hands Farm, Darlin' Doe, Letterbox Farm Collective, Blue Star Farm, Green Mead Farm, Little Ghent Farm, and Ironwood Farm.[11] Other farms include the large, well-known Hawthorne Valley Farm which includes a farm store and training programs, the biodynamic Roxbury Farm, and FarmOn! at Empire Farm, also a teaching farm.

Adjacent counties[]

National protected area[]

  • Martin Van Buren National Historic Site

Major highways[]

  • Template:Jct/2
  • US 9
  • [[Template:Infobox road/NY/link NY|Template:Infobox road/NY/abbrev NY]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/NY/link NY|Template:Infobox road/NY/abbrev NY]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/NY/link NY|Template:Infobox road/NY/abbrev NY]]
  • US 20

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 27,496
1800 35,322 28.5%
1810 32,390 −8.3%
1820 38,330 18.3%
1830 39,907 4.1%
1840 43,252 8.4%
1850 43,073 −0.4%
1860 47,172 9.5%
1870 47,044 −0.3%
1880 47,928 1.9%
1890 46,172 −3.7%
1900 43,211 −6.4%
1910 43,658 1.0%
1920 38,930 −10.8%
1930 41,617 6.9%
1940 41,464 −0.4%
1950 43,182 4.1%
1960 47,322 9.6%
1970 51,519 8.9%
1980 59,487 15.5%
1990 62,982 5.9%
2000 63,094 0.2%
2010 63,096 0%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2020[1]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 63,094 people, 24,796 households, and 16,588 families residing in the county. The population density was 99 people per square mile (38/km2). There were 30,207 housing units at an average density of 48 per square mile (18/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.09% White, 4.52% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. 2.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.2% were of German, 14.7% Italian, 14.5% Irish, 9.0% English, 6.3% Polish and 6.1% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.0% spoke English and 2.1% Spanish as their first language.

There were 24,796 households, out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.10% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.10% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 26.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,915, and the median income for a family was $49,357. Males had a median income of $34,702 versus $25,878 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,265. About 6.40% of families and 9.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.80% of those under age 18 and 6.80% of those age 65 or over.

As of the 2010 census, the racial makeup of the county was 90.6% White, 4.5% African American, 0.2% Native American and 1.6% Asian. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 3.9% of the population.[17]

Communities[]

City[]

  • Hudson (county seat)

Towns[]

  • Ancram
  • Austerlitz
  • Canaan
  • Chatham
  • Claverack
  • Clermont
  • Copake
  • Gallatin
  • Germantown
  • Ghent
  • Greenport
  • Hillsdale
  • Kinderhook
  • Livingston
  • New Lebanon
  • Stockport
  • Stuyvesant
  • Taghkanic

Villages[]

Census-designated places[]

  • Claverack-Red Mills
  • Copake
  • Copake Falls
  • Copake Lake
  • Germantown
  • Ghent
  • Lorenz Park
  • Niverville
  • Stottville
  • Taconic Shores

Hamlets[]

  • Boston Corner
  • Columbiaville
  • Craryville
  • East Chatham
  • Elizaville
  • Humphreysville
  • Lebanon Springs
  • Mellenville
  • New Britain
  • New Lebanon
  • New Lebanon Center
  • Niverville
  • Old Chatham
  • Spencertown
  • Stuyvesant Falls
  • Red Rock
  • West Lebanon

Education[]

  • Columbia–Greene Community College is located in Hudson, NY.

Transportation[]

Highways[]

Interstate 90 runs east–west through the county. The Taconic State Parkway runs from I-90 south towards Westchester County. The main arterial north–south road, U.S. 9, runs through the larger towns towards the Hudson River.

Railroads[]

Amtrak passenger trains of the Empire Service corridor make stops in Hudson. Until 1960s, the Penn Central railroad's local service between Albany, NY and Boston, made stops in Chatham. Both the Penn Central's New England States (discontinued, 1967) and Amtrak's Boston-bound section of the Lake Shore Limited, making the same route, have not made stops in Columbia county.

Into the latter 1930s, the Rutland Railroad (in map above) operated trains between Bennington, Vermont and Chatham.[18] At Chatham Union Station there were connections to New York Central's Harlem Line to Grand Central Terminal. Penn Central (successor to the New York Central) truncated service on the Harlem Line from Chatham to Dover Plains in 1972.[19]

Airport[]

Columbia County Airport is located in Hudson and provides general aviation services.

See also[]

Hudson Valley
New York (state)

Notes[]

  1. ^ Included are voters affiliated with the Conservative Party, Green Party, Working Families Party, Independence Party, Women's Equality Party, Reform Party, and other small parties.

References[]

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Columbia County, New York". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/columbiacountynewyork/PST045221. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ a b Columbia County, NY.com. "History of Columbia County, New York". http://www.columbiacountyny.com/history.html. 
  4. ^ a b c Rootsweb. "History of Columbia County". http://www.rootsweb.com/~nycolumb/. 
  5. ^ a b c Knittle, Walter Allen (1965). Early Eighteenth Century Palatine Emigration. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co.. ISBN 0-8063-0205-4. 
  6. ^ a b Philip Gefter, The Place Beyond the Fire Island Pines, New York Times (October 23, 2017).
  7. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  8. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.elections.ny.gov/EnrollmentCounty.html. 
  9. ^ "NYSVoter Enrollment by County, Party Affiliation and Status". New York State Board of Elections. April 2016. http://www.elections.ny.gov/NYSBOE/enrollment/county/county_apr16.pdf. 
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_36.txt. 
  11. ^ "Columbia County Home to Next Generation of Farmers". http://www.twcnews.com/nys/hudson-valley/news/2015/09/16/columbia-county-home-to-next-generation-of-farmers.html. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ny190090.txt. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  16. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  17. ^ American Fact Finder, U.S. Census, 2010, Columbia County, New York, https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=CF Script error: No such module "webarchive". [1]
  18. ^ 'Official Guide of the Railways,' August 1936, Rutland Railway section, Table 5
  19. ^ Faber, Harold (March 26, 1972). "Train Service to Upper Harlem Valley Terminated". The New York Times: p. 60. https://www.nytimes.com/1972/03/26/archives/train-service-to-upper-harlem-valley-terminated.html. 

External links[]

Commons-logo.png
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Template:Hudson Valley navigation

Coordinates: 42°15′N 73°38′W / 42.25, -73.63


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Columbia County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Advertisement