Familypedia
Advertisement
This article is based on the corresponding article in another wiki. For Familypedia purposes, it requires significantly more historical detail on phases of this location's development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there. Also desirable are links to organizations that may be repositories of genealogical information..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can.


Conejos County, Colorado
CONEJOS COUNTY COURTHOUSE, CONEJOS, COLORADO.jpg
Conejos County Courthouse
Map of Colorado highlighting Conejos County
Location in the state of Colorado
Map of the U.S. highlighting Colorado
Colorado's location in the U.S.
Founded November 1, 1861
Named for Conejos River
Seat Conejos
Largest town Manassa
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,291 sq mi (3,344 km²)
1,287 sq mi (3,333 km²)
3.6 sq mi (9 km²), 0.3%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

7,461
5.8/sq mi (2/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.conejoscounty.org

Conejos County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2020 census, the population was 7,461.[1] The county seat is the unincorporated community of Conejos.[2]

Being 50.7% Hispanic in 2020, Conejos was Colorado's largest Hispanic-majority county.[3]

History[]

The first European known to visit this area was Don Diego de Vargas in 1694, but he left behind no colonists. In 1708, Juan de Uribarri passed through searching for run-away Indian slaves.[4]

Conejos County was one of the original 17 counties created by the General Assembly of the Territory of Colorado on 1861-11-01, although it was originally named Guadalupe County and renamed Conejos County a week later, on November 7. Its name coming from the Spanish word "conejo", meaning rabbit, for the large abundance of rabbits in the area. Also early in its existence, the county seat was moved from the town of Guadalupe to Conejos. The original boundaries of the county included a large portion of southwestern Colorado.

In 1874, most of the western and northern portions of the county were broken away to form parts of Hinsdale, La Plata and Rio Grande counties, and Conejos County achieved its modern borders in 1885 when its western half was taken to create Archuleta County.

Religious history[]

The community of Conejos is the location of the oldest church in Colorado, called Our Lady of Guadalupe Parish. This church was constructed in 1856.[5] The first settlers into the area were from New Mexico, primarily from Abiquiu, San Juan de los Caballeros and Santa Cruz. As more people arrived, mission churches were set up and all had the records housed with Our Lady of Guadalupe Parish.

When the neighboring town of Antonito was built, the Theatines, priests from Spain, came into the area and built St. Augustine church in 1880 within Antonito. The church records from Our Lady of Guadalupe Parish are now housed at the church offices of Saint Augustine. Conejos is approximately a mile northwest of Antonito.

Presbyterians came into Conejos County in 1880 establishing churches in Antonito, Alamosa, Cenicero, Del Norte, Mogote, San Rafael, and Monte Vista. They also established schools in the area and had a large number of Hispanic converts. A jacal went up in 1854 in Guadalupe, now known as Conejos, which was the beginning of Our Lady of Guadalupe Parish.

There is also a large Mormon population within Conejos County. Settlers belonging to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) began settling in the towns of La Jara, Manassa and Sanford; each town currently has an LDS meetinghouse. Fox Creek, a village approximately 11 miles west of Antonito, is the newest community to have an LDS meetinghouse erected, although there had previously been a meetinghouse there. Fox Creek, however, does not have a predominantly Mormon population.

Genealogy[]

Records available for this area are marriage records, which are held by the county clerk. Divorce records are maintained by the clerk of the district court. Agencies that hold records for marriages and divorces from 1900 to 1939 are the Colorado State Archives and Denver Public Library Genealogy Department. Other records available are marriage records from 1871 and death records from 1877 to 1907. This also include land records from 1871, probate records from 1875, and court records from 1877. However, some records were lost due to a fire, but birth records for 1877-1907 are still preserved.[6] Websites that will be of use when doing genealogical research are The Colorado Genealogical Society and Conejos County WW II Enlistments.

Amendment 64[]

When Colorado Amendment 64 was being voted into effect by Coloradans, Conejos County residents voted against approving the measure to legalize and regulate recreational Marijuana consumption and possession for those 21 or older; Conejos residents simultaneously voted for a Democratic president in the 2008 and 2012 presidential elections, making Conejos county the only Colorado county with the distinction of leaning liberal with the 2008 and 2012 presidential picks while leaning conservative with regard to marijuana policy.

Geography[]

The area known as The Pinnacles along Forest Road 250 in the upper Conejos River Valley

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,291 square miles (3,340 km2), of which 1,287 square miles (3,330 km2) is land and 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2) (0.3%) is water.[7]

Conejos County is in a broad high mountain valley in South Central Colorado. It has an area of approximately 825,446 acres (3,340 km2) in 1,290 square miles (3,340 km2). Roughly half the area is on the nearly level floor of the valley, where the average elevation is about 7,700 feet (2,350 m). The western half of the county ranges from gently rolling to steep foothills with mountains that rise in elevation to about 13,000 feet (4,000 m).

Conejos County is situated with the National Forest to the west and the Rio Grande to the east, along Colorado's southern border with the state of New Mexico. Only about 34 percent of Conejos County is privately owned with the other 66 percent being National Forest, Bureau of Land Management (BLM) or State owned lands.

Climate[]

In winter, the average temperature is 21.6 degrees Fahrenheit, and the average daily minimum temperature is 4 degrees. In summer, the average temperature is 61.4 degrees, and the average maximum temperature is 79.6 degrees.

Seventy-one percent of the annual precipitation falls in the months of April through September. Average seasonal snowfall is 28 inches. The average relative humidity in mid-afternoon in spring is less than 35 percent; during the rest of the year, it is about 45 percent. The percentage of possible sunshine is 77 in the summer and 73 in the winter.

Adjacent counties[]

Major Highways[]

  • US 285.svg U.S. Highway 285
  • Colorado 15.svg State Highway 15
  • Colorado 17.svg State Highway 17
  • Colorado 136.svg State Highway 136
  • Colorado 142.svg State Highway 142
  • Colorado 368.svg State Highway 368
  • Colorado 371.svg State Highway 371

National protected areas[]

  • Rio Grande National Forest
  • San Juan National Forest
  • South San Juan Wilderness
  • Rio Grande Natural Area

Historic trails and sites[]

  • Old Spanish National Historic Trail
  • Pike's Stockade, which is a National Historic Landmark

Scenic trails and byways[]

  • Continental Divide National Scenic Trail
  • Los Caminos Antiguos Scenic & Historic Byway

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 2,504
1880 5,605 123.8%
1890 7,193 28.3%
1900 8,794 22.3%
1910 11,285 28.3%
1920 8,416 −25.4%
1930 9,803 16.5%
1940 11,648 18.8%
1950 10,171 −12.7%
1960 8,428 −17.1%
1970 7,846 −6.9%
1980 7,794 −0.7%
1990 7,453 −4.4%
2000 8,400 12.7%
2010 8,256 −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2020[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 8,400 people, 2,980 households, and 2,211 families residing in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (3/km2). There were 3,886 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 72.76% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 1.69% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 21.50% from other races, and 3.61% from two or more races. 58.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,980 households, out of which 38.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 12.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.80% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 32.10% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 23.60% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,744, and the median income for a family was $29,066. Males had a median income of $26,351 versus $20,200 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,050. About 18.60% of families and 23.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.20% of those under age 18 and 17.30% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[]

United States presidential election results for Conejos County, Colorado[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,286 52.76% 1,959 45.21% 88 2.03%
2016 1,914 47.59% 1,771 44.03% 337 8.38%
2012 1,835 44.75% 2,213 53.96% 53 1.29%
2008 1,653 42.67% 2,154 55.60% 67 1.73%
2004 1,864 49.01% 1,894 49.80% 45 1.18%
2000 1,772 48.27% 1,749 47.64% 150 4.09%
1996 1,149 36.06% 1,726 54.17% 311 9.76%
1992 1,160 33.48% 1,705 49.21% 600 17.32%
1988 1,445 41.92% 1,976 57.33% 26 0.75%
1984 1,669 51.40% 1,553 47.83% 25 0.77%
1980 1,597 49.41% 1,503 46.50% 132 4.08%
1976 1,426 44.65% 1,698 53.16% 70 2.19%
1972 1,658 55.51% 1,140 38.17% 189 6.33%
1968 1,361 45.67% 1,492 50.07% 127 4.26%
1964 1,031 33.52% 2,033 66.09% 12 0.39%
1960 1,367 38.80% 2,069 58.73% 87 2.47%
1956 1,884 79.46% 471 19.87% 16 0.67%
1952 2,194 56.23% 1,610 41.26% 98 2.51%
1948 1,532 40.03% 2,236 58.43% 59 1.54%
1944 1,740 46.18% 2,028 53.82% 0 0.00%
1940 2,028 44.81% 2,481 54.82% 17 0.38%
1936 1,305 35.18% 2,347 63.26% 58 1.56%
1932 1,190 30.90% 2,641 68.58% 20 0.52%
1928 1,463 45.24% 1,692 52.32% 79 2.44%
1924 1,475 56.17% 995 37.89% 156 5.94%
1920 1,595 63.50% 886 35.27% 31 1.23%
1916 928 34.74% 1,721 64.43% 22 0.82%
1912 1,587 34.36% 2,147 46.48% 885 19.16%
1908 1,736 56.09% 1,335 43.13% 24 0.78%
1904 2,018 68.55% 901 30.60% 25 0.85%
1900 1,853 66.87% 912 32.91% 6 0.22%
1896 96 3.86% 2,388 95.98% 4 0.16%
1892 823 56.88% 0 0.00% 624 43.12%
1888 982 59.26% 669 40.37% 6 0.36%
1884 728 55.45% 583 44.40% 2 0.15%
1880 608 49.80% 611 50.04% 2 0.16%



Communities[]

Towns[]

  • Antonito
  • La Jara
  • Manassa
  • Romeo
  • Sanford

Census-designated places[]

Other communities[]

  • Bear Creek
  • Bountiful
  • Cañon
  • Carmel
  • Cenicero a.k.a. Lobatos
  • Elk Creek
  • Fox Creek
  • Guadalupe
  • Horca
  • La Florida
  • La Isla
  • Los Sauses a.k.a. Lasauses, Colorado
  • Las Mesitas
  • Mogote
  • Ortiz
  • Osier
  • Platoro
  • Richfield
  • Rincones
  • San Antonio
  • Sheep Creek

Notable people[]

Fred Haberlein - Muralist

Jack Dempsey - Famous boxer born in Manassa Colorado

See also[]

Geography
North America
Colorado
Mountains
  • Outline of Colorado
  • Index of Colorado-related articles
  • Guadalupe County, Colorado Territory
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Conejos County, Colorado

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/conejoscountycolorado/PST045219. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "P2: HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE". United States Census Bureau. https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?q=P2%3A%20HISPANIC%20OR%20LATINO,%20AND%20NOT%20HISPANIC%20OR%20LATINO%20BY%20RACE&g=0100000US%240500000&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2&hidePreview=true. 
  4. ^ Mead, Frances Harvey, Conejos County:The Canyons...The River...The Villages and the People, copyright, Frances Harvey Mead, 1894, p.1,2
  5. ^ "History". ologp.com. Conejos, Colorado: Our Lady of Guadalupe Parish. http://www.ologp.com/read-more--1-.html. 
  6. ^ Alice Eichholz, Red Book American State, County and Town Sources; Ancestry.com, Colorado.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/co190090.txt. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/. 

External links[]


Template:Conejos County, Colorado

Coordinates: 37°13′N 106°11′W / 37.21, -106.19

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Conejos County, Colorado. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Advertisement