|Crawford County, Arkansas|
Crawford County Courthouse within the Van Buren Historic District
Location in the state of Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
|Named for||William H. Crawford|
|Largest city||Van Buren|
604 sq mi (1,564 km²)
593 sq mi (1,536 km²)
11 sq mi (28 km²), 1.8%
|Congressional districts||3rd, 4th|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Crawford County is a county located in the Ozarks region of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2020 census, the population was 60,133, making it the 12th-most populous of Arkansas's 75 counties. The county seat and largest city is Van Buren. Crawford County was formed on October 18, 1820, from the former Lovely County and Indian Territory, and was named for William H. Crawford, the United States Secretary of War in 1815.
Located largely within the Ozarks, the southern border of the county is the Arkansas River, placing the extreme southern edge of the county in the Arkansas River Valley. The frontier county became an early crossroads, beginning with a California Gold Rush and developing into the Butterfield Overland Mail, Civil War trails and railroads such as the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway, the Little Rock and Fort Smith Railroad, and the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway. Today the county is home to the intersection of two major interstate highways, Interstate 40 (I-40) and I-49. Crawford County is part of the Fort Smith metropolitan area. As a dry county, alcohol sales are generally prohibited, though recent changes to county law provide for exemptions.
Crawford County is located in the northwest region of Arkansas. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 604 square miles (1,560 km2), of which 593 square miles (1,540 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.8%) is water.
Crawford County is included in an area designated for a planned extension of I-49 into Arkansas. The final project will connect New Orleans, Louisiana, to Kansas City, Missouri, a large trucking corridor which is currently not served by an Interstate highway. The proposed highway would utilize portions of I-49 which currently runs north from Van Buren toward the Missouri state line passing through Benton County, home of Walmart. The corridor was listed as the number-one high-priority corridor by transportation officials in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act.
- Washington County (north)
- Madison County (northeast)
- Franklin County (east)
- Sebastian County (south)
- Le Flore County, Oklahoma (southwest)
- Sequoyah County, Oklahoma (west)
- Adair County, Oklahoma (northwest)
National protected area
- Ozark National Forest (part)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American (non-Hispanic)||857||1.43%|
|Hispanic or Latino||4,567||7.59%|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 60,133 people, 23,958 households, and 17,082 families residing in the county.
As of the 2000 census, there were 53,247 people, 19,702 households, and 15,150 families residing in the county. The population density was 35/km2 (89/mi2). There were 21,315 housing units at an average density of 14/km2 (36/mi2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.19% White, 0.87% Black or African American, 2.01% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.48% from other races, and 2.24% from two or more races. 3.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 19,702 households, out of which 37.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.20% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.10% were non-families. 20.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.20% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,871, and the median income for a family was $36,741. Males had a median income of $29,581 versus $20,352 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,015. About 10.90% of families and 14.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.30% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over.
Thousands of self-claimed "Western Band of Cherokee" (or Arkansas Cherokees) fought for state and federal recognition as a political entity of Native Americans. Crawford County was historically part of the Cherokee Nation, which lost its tribal sovereignty status as a result of the U.S. Civil war in the 1860s. The Cherokee Nation was subsequently relocated to the west in the present-day state of Oklahoma.
Crawford County is a longtime Republican stronghold, so much so that not even former governor and native Arkansan Bill Clinton was able to carry it in either of his presidential victories. The last Democrat (as of 2020) to carry this county was Jimmy Carter in 1976.
- Van Buren (county seat)
- Natural Dam, Arkansas
Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Crawford County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses.
- Alma (most of Alma)
- Cedar Creek
- Cedarville (Cedarville)
- Chester (Chester, small part of Mountainburg)
- Cove City
- Dean Springs (small part of Alma)
- Dora (part of Van Buren)
- Dyer (Dyer, small part of Alma)
- Kibler (most of Kibler)
- Lees Creek
- Mountainburg (most of Mountainburg)
- Mulberry (most of Mulberry)
- Oliver Springs
- Rudy (Rudy, very small part of Alma)
- Van Buren (most of Van Buren, part of Kibler)
- Vine Prairie (part of Mulberry)
- List of lakes in Crawford County, Arkansas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Crawford County, Arkansas
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- ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu.
- ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ar190090.txt.
- ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf.
- ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US05033&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2.
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov.
- ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/.
- ^ U. S. Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Crawford County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05033_crawford/BAS11C20503300000_000.pdf.
- ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/maps/block/2010/cousub/dc10blk_st05_cousub.html#C.
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|Adair County, Oklahoma||Washington County||Madison County|
|Sequoyah County, Oklahoma||Franklin County|
Crawford County, Arkansas
|Le Flore County, Oklahoma||Sebastian County|
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