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Crittenden County, Arkansas
Crittenden County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg
Crittenden County Courthouse in Marion
Map of Arkansas highlighting Crittenden County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded October 22, 1825
Named for Robert Crittenden
Seat Marion
Largest city West Memphis
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

636 sq mi (1,647 km²)
610 sq mi (1,580 km²)
27 sq mi (70 km²), 4.2%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

48,163
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Cotton workers on the road, carrying all they possess in the world. Crittenden County, Arkansas, 1936.

Crittenden County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2020 census, the population was 48,163.[1] The county seat is Marion,[2] and the largest city is West Memphis. Crittenden County is Arkansas's 12th county, formed October 22, 1825, and named for Robert Crittenden,[3] the first Secretary of the Arkansas Territory.

Crittenden County is part of the Memphis, TN-MS-AR Metropolitan Statistical Area. Most of the county's media comes from Memphis, although some Little Rock TV (Arkansas Educational Television Network, KATV) is imported by Comcast Cable. It lies within Arkansas's 1st congressional district.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 636 square miles (1,650 km2), of which 610 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 27 square miles (70 km2) (4.2%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[]

National protected area[]

  • Wapanocca National Wildlife Refuge

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 1,272
1840 1,561 22.7%
1850 2,648 69.6%
1860 4,920 85.8%
1870 3,831 −22.1%
1880 9,415 145.8%
1890 13,940 48.1%
1900 14,529 4.2%
1910 22,447 54.5%
1920 29,309 30.6%
1930 39,717 35.5%
1940 42,473 6.9%
1950 47,184 11.1%
1960 47,564 0.8%
1970 48,106 1.1%
1980 49,499 2.9%
1990 49,939 0.9%
2000 50,866 1.9%
2010 50,902 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010–2020[1]

Age pyramid Crittenden County[9]

2020 census[]

Crittenden County Racial Composition[10]
Race Num. Perc.
White 18,948 39.34%
Black or African American 25,804 53.58%
Native American 115 0.24%
Asian 322 0.67%
Pacific Islander 17 0.04%
Other/Mixed 1,529 3.17%
Hispanic or Latino 1,428 2.96%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 48,163 people, 19,074 households, and 11,964 families residing in the county.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 census, there were 50,902 people living in the county. 51.2% were Black or African American, 46.1% White, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% of some other race and 1.1% of two or more races. 2.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

2000 census[]

As of the 2000 census,[11] there were 50,866 people, 18,471 households, and 13,373 families living in the county. The population density was 83 people per square mile (32/km2). There were 20,507 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 50.91% White, 47.05% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. 1.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 18,471 households, out of which 37.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.80% were married couples living together, 21.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 31.10% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, and 9.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 91.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,109, and the median income for a family was $34,982. Males had a median income of $31,299 versus $21,783 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,424. About 21.00% of families and 25.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.30% of those under age 18 and 23.70% of those age 65 or over.


Education[]

Elementary and secondary education[]

Public education for elementary and secondary school students is available from Marion School District, West Memphis School District Earle School District, which leads to graduation from Earle High School. The Old Earle High School is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Is also available in West Memphis and Marion.

Postsecondary education[]

Crittenden County is served by Arkansas State University Mid-South in West Memphis. The college offers bachelor's and master's degree programs in conjunction with Arkansas State University, The University of Arkansas, The University of Central Arkansas, Arkansas Tech University and Franklin University.[12]

Healthcare[]

Crittenden County was served by 152 Bed Crittenden Regional Hospital in West Memphis until late August 2014.[13] The hospital operated a number of outpatient clinics in Marion and West Memphis and a Pediatric Dental Clinic in cooperation with the UT Dental School.[14] Crittenden Regional Hospital has closed the ER and will permanently close on 7 September 2014.[15]

The nearest hospitals are located in Memphis, Tennessee.

The Arkansas Department of Health operates a clinic in West Memphis.[16]

A number of private clinics also operate in Marion and West Memphis.[17]

Government[]

United States presidential election results for Crittenden County, Arkansas[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 7,333 44.80% 8,514 52.02% 520 3.18%
2016 6,964 43.66% 8,410 52.72% 578 3.62%
2012 6,998 41.86% 9,487 56.75% 231 1.38%
2008 7,650 41.91% 10,330 56.59% 275 1.51%
2004 6,930 45.29% 8,277 54.10% 93 0.61%
2000 5,857 44.26% 7,224 54.59% 153 1.16%
1996 4,673 32.83% 8,415 59.11% 1,148 8.06%
1992 5,910 34.55% 9,683 56.60% 1,515 8.86%
1988 7,441 51.73% 6,702 46.59% 241 1.68%
1984 6,663 47.82% 6,520 46.79% 751 5.39%
1980 6,248 45.20% 7,022 50.80% 553 4.00%
1976 5,202 38.63% 8,249 61.26% 14 0.10%
1972 7,971 71.06% 3,246 28.94% 0 0.00%
1968 2,454 23.18% 3,475 32.83% 4,657 43.99%
1964 4,065 48.96% 4,168 50.20% 69 0.83%
1960 2,234 43.56% 2,679 52.24% 215 4.19%
1956 2,476 50.81% 2,120 43.51% 277 5.68%
1952 1,865 38.34% 2,982 61.31% 17 0.35%
1948 137 5.73% 594 24.83% 1,661 69.44%
1944 372 19.38% 1,548 80.63% 0 0.00%
1940 72 3.53% 1,966 96.37% 2 0.10%
1936 22 1.17% 1,858 98.83% 0 0.00%
1932 37 1.51% 2,411 98.25% 6 0.24%
1928 304 15.68% 1,635 84.32% 0 0.00%
1924 77 8.81% 777 88.90% 20 2.29%
1920 167 15.46% 905 83.80% 8 0.74%
1916 91 13.91% 563 86.09% 0 0.00%
1912 89 11.17% 423 53.07% 285 35.76%
1908 382 46.59% 428 52.20% 10 1.22%
1904 412 54.14% 344 45.20% 5 0.66%
1900 381 53.21% 327 45.67% 8 1.12%
1896 258 28.89% 625 69.99% 10 1.12%
1892 706 65.07% 353 32.53% 26 2.40%



Transportation[]

Major highways[]

  • I-40 (AR 1957).svg Interstate 40
  • I-55 (AR 1957).svg Interstate 55
  • US 61 (1961).svg U.S. Highway 61
  • US 63 (1961).svg U.S. Highway 63
  • US 64 (1961).svg U.S. Highway 64
  • US 70 (1961).svg U.S. Highway 70
  • US 79 (1961).svg U.S. Highway 79
  • Arkansas 38.svg Highway 38
  • Arkansas 42.svg Highway 42
  • Arkansas 50.svg Highway 50
  • Arkansas 77.svg Highway 77
  • Arkansas 118.svg Highway 118
  • Arkansas 131.svg Highway 131
  • Arkansas 147.svg Highway 147
  • Arkansas 149.svg Highway 149
  • Arkansas 184.svg Highway 184
  • Arkansas 191.svg Highway 191
  • Arkansas 218.svg Highway 218
  • Arkansas 816.svg Highway 816

Airports[]

Crittenden County is served by the West Memphis Municipal Airport (KAWM),[19] a General Aviation facility with a Control Tower and Instrument Landing capabilities.[20] General DeWitt Spain Airport is a civil aviation airport just north of downtown Memphis.

The Memphis International Airport is nearby and provides commercial aviation through numerous carriers and is the international cargo hub for FedEx.

Rail[]

Union Pacific operates a 600 Acre intermodal facility west of Marion, Arkansas.[21] BNSF Railway also operates a yard in Marion.

Limited Passenger Rail is available on Amtrak at Memphis Central Station in nearby Memphis. The City of New Orleans runs twice daily on a north–south route from Chicago to New Orleans.[22]

Water[]

Crittenden County and West Memphis jointly operate a port on the Mississippi River.[23] The International Port of Memphis lies just across the Mississippi River via I-55 (AR 1957).svg Interstate 55. The International Port of Memphis is the 4th largest inland port in the United States.[24]

Communities[]

Cities[]

Towns[]

  • Anthonyville
  • Crawfordsville
  • Clarkedale
  • Edmondson
  • Gilmore
  • Horseshoe Lake
  • Jennette
  • Jericho
  • Sunset

Townships[]

Townships in Crittenden County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Crittenden County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses.


[25][26]

  • Black Oak
  • Bob Ward (Anthonyville, Edmondson, small part of Jennette)
  • Fogleman (Gilmore, Turrell)
  • Jackson (Crawfordsville, part of Marion, part of West Memphis small part of Jennette)
  • Jasper (Sunset, most of Marion, part of West Memphis, small part of Clarkedale)
  • Lucas (Horseshoe Lake)
  • Mississippi (most of West Memphis, part of Marion)
  • Mound City (part of Marion, part of West Memphis, small part of Clarkedale)
  • Proctor (part of West Memphis)
  • Tyronza (Earle, most of Jennette)
  • Wappanocca (Jericho, most of Clarkedale)

See also[]

  • List of lakes in Crittenden County, Arkansas

References[]

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  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/05/05035.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. p. 96. https://books.google.com/books?id=9V1IAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA96. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_05.txt. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ar190090.txt. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  9. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US05035&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  12. ^ "ASU Mid-South | West Memphis, Arkansas |". http://www.asumidsouth.edu/index.php?id=55. 
  13. ^ "Crittenden Online Income Blog". http://www.crittendenregional.org/. 
  14. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.crittendenregional.org/services/ut-pediatric-dentistry. 
  15. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.crittendenregional.org/news/crittenden-regional-hospital-halt-services-close-doors. 
  16. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.healthy.arkansas.gov/programsServices/localPublicHealthOffices/Pages/huDetails.aspx?show=Crittenden%20County%20Health%20Unit%20-%20West%20Memphis. 
  17. ^ http://www.arkmed.org/cgi-bin/cgiwrap/arkmed/htmlos.cgi/001366.7.385675122412990438
  18. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/. 
  19. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.ci.west-memphis.ar.us/airport.htm. 
  20. ^ "AirNav: KAWM - West Memphis Municipal Airport". http://www.airnav.com/airport/KAWM. 
  21. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.uprr.com/aboutup/usguide/attachments/state_factsheets/ar.pdf. 
  22. ^ http://www.amtrak.com/servlet/ContentServer?c=AM_Route_C&pagename=am%2FLayout&cid=1241245653236
  23. ^ http://westmemphis.com/industrial-sites/better-access/river
  24. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.portofmemphis.com/about.asp. 
  25. ^ U. S. Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Crittenden County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05035_crittenden/BAS11C20503500000_000.pdf. 
  26. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/maps/block/2010/cousub/dc10blk_st05_cousub.html#C. 


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Crittenden County, Arkansas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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