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Cumberland County, North Carolina
Seal of Cumberland County, North Carolina
Seal
Map of North Carolina highlighting Cumberland County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1754
Seat Fayetteville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

658 sq mi (1,704 km²)
653 sq mi (1,691 km²)
6 sq mi (16 km²), 0.87%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

334,728
464/sq mi (179.2/km²)
Website www.co.cumberland.nc.us

Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. It is part of the Fayetteville, North Carolina, Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its county seat is Fayetteville[1]. As of 2020 Cumberland County had a population of 334,728.[2]

History[]

The county was formed in 1745 from Bladen County. It was named for Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-1765), captain-general of the British army and victorious commander at the Battle of Culloden.

In 1771 parts of Cumberland County, Johnston County, and Orange County were combined to form Wake County. In July 1784 the western part of Cumberland County became Moore County; the eastern part became Fayette County in honor of the Marquis de la Fayette, but the name Cumberland County was restored three months later. In 1855 the northern part of Cumberland County became Harnett County. Finally, in 1911 parts of Cumberland County and Robeson County were combined to form Hoke County.

Law and government[]

Cumberland County is a member of the regional Mid-Carolina Council of Governments.

United States presidential election results for Cumberland County, North Carolina[3]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 60,032 40.80% 84,469 57.40% 2,649 1.80%
2016 51,265 40.21% 71,605 56.16% 4,636 3.64%
2012 50,666 39.69% 75,792 59.38% 1,183 0.93%
2008 52,151 40.88% 74,693 58.55% 731 0.57%
2004 49,139 51.60% 45,788 48.08% 299 0.31%
2000 38,129 49.42% 38,626 50.07% 396 0.51%
1996 29,804 44.83% 32,739 49.25% 3,936 5.92%
1992 27,139 42.10% 30,291 46.98% 7,040 10.92%
1988 27,057 53.07% 23,789 46.66% 133 0.26%
1984 31,602 58.18% 22,614 41.63% 103 0.19%
1980 21,540 47.63% 22,073 48.80% 1,615 3.57%
1976 14,226 36.78% 24,297 62.81% 160 0.41%
1972 24,376 70.46% 9,853 28.48% 366 1.06%
1968 9,143 31.95% 9,938 34.72% 9,539 33.33%
1964 9,093 39.61% 13,864 60.39% 0 0.00%
1960 8,072 41.03% 11,601 58.97% 0 0.00%
1956 6,699 43.05% 8,862 56.95% 0 0.00%
1952 7,474 45.82% 8,839 54.18% 0 0.00%
1948 1,741 19.21% 4,996 55.13% 2,325 25.66%
1944 2,014 23.34% 6,615 76.66% 0 0.00%
1940 1,118 15.60% 6,050 84.40% 0 0.00%
1936 1,024 13.60% 6,505 86.40% 0 0.00%
1932 931 15.56% 5,012 83.77% 40 0.67%
1928 3,534 51.73% 3,297 48.27% 0 0.00%
1924 1,372 31.67% 2,923 67.47% 37 0.85%
1920 1,972 37.89% 3,233 62.11% 0 0.00%
1916 1,217 38.17% 1,971 61.83% 0 0.00%
1912 235 8.41% 1,678 60.08% 880 31.51%
1908 1,453 44.23% 1,832 55.77% 0 0.00%
1904 1,129 41.37% 1,594 58.41% 6 0.22%
1900 2,138 51.98% 1,964 47.75% 11 0.27%
1896 2,200 46.36% 2,509 52.88% 36 0.76%
1892 1,333 27.17% 2,178 44.39% 1,395 28.43%
1888 2,028 44.56% 2,523 55.44% 0 0.00%
1884 2,192 47.03% 2,469 52.97% 0 0.00%
1880 2,137 50.33% 2,109 49.67% 0 0.00%



Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 658 square miles (1,704.2 km2), of which 653 square miles (1,691.3 km2) is land and 6 square miles (15.5 km2) (0.87%) is water.

Townships[]

The county is divided into eleven townships: Beaver Dam, Black River, Carvers Creek, Cedar Creek, Cross Creek, Eastover, Gray's Creek, Manchester, Pearces Mill, Rockfish, and Seventy-First.

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 302,963 people, 107,358 households, and 77,619 families residing in the county. The population density was 464 people per square mile (179/km²). There were 118,425 housing units at an average density of 181 per square mile (70/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 55.15% White, 34.90% Black or African American, 1.55% Native American, 1.88% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 3.13% from other races, and 3.09% from two or more races. 6.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

By 2005 Cumberland County's population was 51.5% non-Hispanic whites. It was 36.7% African-American. 6.4% of the population was Latino. 3.1% of the population reported more than one race. 2.1% of the population was Asian. 1.7% of the population was Native American.

There were 107,358 households out of which 39.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.90% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 13.70% from 18 to 24, 32.90% from 25 to 44, 17.80% from 45 to 64, and 7.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 102.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,466, and the median income for a family was $41,459. Males had a median income of $28,308 versus $22,379 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,376. About 10.40% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.80% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over.

Education[]

Cumberland County is home to Fayetteville State University (an HBCU in the CIAA Conference), Methodist University (a member of the USA South Athletic Conference), and Fayetteville Technical Community College.

The Cumberland County School system is the fourth largest Public school system in the state of North Carolina. There are 15 high schools in Cumberland County: Cape Fear, Cross Creek Early College, Douglas Byrd, E.E. Smith, Fuller Performance Learning Center, Gray's Creek, Howard Health and Life Sciences, Jack Britt, Massey Hill Classical, Pine Forest, Reid Ross Classical, Seventy-First, South View, Terry Sanford, and Westover.

Cities, towns, communities, and bases[]

Map of Cumberland County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Cumberland County, North Carolina

References[]

External links[]

Coordinates: 35°03′N 78°50′W / 35.05, -78.83


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Cumberland County, North Carolina. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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