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Coordinates: 51°42′54″N 0°34′55″E / 51.715, 0.582
Danbury



Danbury is located in Essex
Danbury

 Danbury shown within Essex
Population 6,500 
OS grid reference TL783050
District Chelmsford
Shire county Essex
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Chelmsford
Postcode district CM3
Dialling code 01245
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament Maldon and East Chelmsford
List of places: UK • England • Essex


Danbury is a village in Essex, England. It is located 33.5 miles (53.9 km) northeast of Charing Cross, London and has a population of 6,500. It is situated on a hill 367 feet (112 m) above sea level.

Origins[]

The village was built on the site of a Neolithic or early Iron Age hill fort noted for its oval shape, sometimes confused with the Megalithic enclosure at Danebury in Hampshire.[1]

According to the official parish publication, Danbury Parish Plan 2003, first Iron Age settlers, then the Romans and finally the Dæningas tribe of Saxons occupied the Danbury area. They built a hill fort. It was known as Danengeberiam in the Domesday Book of 1086, a name meaning "stronghold of the family or followers of a man called Dene".

After the Norman Conquest, King William took the lands and settlement and granted it to Geoffrey de Mandeville who was made Earl of Essex.

Medieval to Georgian period[]

Griffin Inn where Walter Scott stayed in 1808

The church of St John the Baptist is the oldest building in the village, dating from the 13th century

In medieval times Danbury developed from two manors, St Cleres/Herons and Runsell. Traces of both still exist. There was also a small part of a third, now extinct, manor of Gibcracks.

The village has a long connection with the Sinclair family, known locally as St Clere. There are three wooden effigies in the church which date back to the thirteenth and fourteenth century One has been identified as being that of William St Clere. In 1968 it was taken to be exhibited at the Louvre in Paris.

In 1779 the tomb of a knight was disturbed, and the body therein was discovered to be perfectly preserved in what was described as "pickle", but this was contested by Joseph Strutt, MP for Maldon. Strutt also attempted to write a romance with a book called Queenhoo Hall. In 1808, Walter Scott was asked to complete the book by his publisher John Murray. Scott visited the village and stayed at the Griffin inn in order to attempt his first venture into romantic fiction. In 1985, the author and psychic-questing investigator Andrew Collins suggested that the body was that of a Knight Templar.[2]

The church also contains some memorial slabs to the Mildmays. Sir Walter Mildmay was the founder of Emmanuel College, Cambridge and built Danbury Place in 1589. The original building has disappeared but another was built in 1832 in the Tudor Revival style, with red brick. It was acquired by the Church of England in 1845 and became the residence of the Bishop of Rochester. From then on it became known as Danbury Palace. The mansion sits within the historic landscape of Danbury Park, a former medieval deer park, with later additions dating from the 18th and 19th centuries. The history of the park and garden was researched by Kate Felus in 2007.

Modern day[]

The village is at the centre of extensive areas of woodland and heath owned by the National Trust and other preservation organisations. However. the quietude of the surrounding countryside contrasts with the A414, which is the major road which runs through the centre of the village and links it with Maldon to the east and Chelmsford to the west. Several bus services running from Chelmsford link Danbury with Maldon, Great Baddow, Little Baddow, South Woodham Ferrers, Sandon and various villages around Maldon.

Nearby places[]

Notes[]

  1. ^ "Modern Antiquarian Website". http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/8059/danbury.html/. Retrieved 04/02/2012. 
  2. ^ Collins, Andrew (1985). The Knights of Danbury: The Story of Danbury and Its Mysterious Knights of St. Clere. Earthquest Books. ISBN 0-9508024-1-7. 

Bibliography[]

  • Moore, Wendy; Moore, David (1997). Danbury Walks: Six Circular Walks Around the Danbury Countryside. Essex County Council. ISBN 1-85281-150-1. 
  • Felus, Kate (2007). Danbury Park - A Guide to the Historic Landscape. UK: Essex County Council. ISBN 978-1-84194-078-6. 
  • Collins, Andrew (1985). The Knights of Danbury: The Story of Danbury and Its Mysterious Knights of St. Clere. Earthquest Books. ISBN 0-9508024-1-7. 
  • Mills, A. D. (1998). Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280074-4. 
  • Danbury Parish Plan 2003. Danbury Parish Council. 2004. 

External links[]

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Danbury, Essex. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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