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Dearborn County, Indiana
Dearborn County Courthouse, Lawrenceburg, IN (48370088711).jpg
Dearborn County Courthouse
Map of Indiana highlighting Dearborn County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1803
Named for Dr. Henry Dearborn
Seat Lawrenceburg
Largest city Lawrenceburg
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

307.42 sq mi (796 km²)
305.03 sq mi (790 km²)
2.38 sq mi (6 km²), 0.77%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

50,679
164/sq mi (63.31/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website http://www.dearborncounty.org/
Footnotes: Indiana county number 15

Lawrenceburg on the Ohio River, from the air. AEP's Tanner's Creek Generating Station at lower-left.

Dearborn County is one of 92 counties of the U.S. state of Indiana located on the Ohio border near the southeast corner of the state. It was formed in 1803 from a portion of Hamilton County, Ohio. In 2020, the population was 50,679.[1] The county seat and largest city is Lawrenceburg.[2] Dearborn County is part of the Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[]

In 1803, following Ohio's admission to the Union, a wedge, or pie shaped, remnant of the former Northwest Territory along Ohio's southwestern border was ceded to Indiana Territory and organized as Dearborn County. It was named after Henry Dearborn who was U.S. Secretary of War at that time.[3] Lawrenceburg was then designated as the county seat.

All or part of seven other present day counties were carved from the original county with the present boundaries being established in 1845. The region, nicknamed the "Gore", slices through the present-day counties of Dearborn, Franklin, Ohio, Randolph, Switzerland, Union, Wayne and Fayette.[4] Subdivision of Dearborn County began in 1811 with the formation of Franklin and Wayne Counties, followed by Switzerland in 1814.[4]

Early growth in the region was centered on Lawrenceburg which became an important railroad junction connecting two of the regions major rail lines.[5] A contention existed between the towns of Lawrenceburg and the mostly German-speaking immigrants that dominated Rising Sun over the favored status of Lawrenceburg as the county seat. The rivalry between the two towns was resolved in 1844 when the Indiana State legislature separated the portion of Dearborn County south of Laughery Creek and created the last and smallest Indiana county, county of Ohio on March 1, 1844, with Rising Sun designated as its county seat.[6]

Geography[]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 307.42 square miles (796.2 km2), of which 305.03 square miles (790.0 km2) (or 99.22%) is land and 2.38 square miles (6.2 km2) (or 0.77%) is water.[7] Part of the southeastern county line is formed by the Ohio River.

Dearborn County contains the Perfect North Slopes ski resort.[8]

Cities[]

  • Aurora
  • Lawrenceburg
  • Greendale

Towns[]

  • Dillsboro
  • Moores Hill
  • Saint Leon
  • West Harrison

Census-designated places[]

  • Bright
  • Hidden Valley

Other unincorporated communities[]

  • Bonnell
  • Braysville
  • Chesterville
  • Cochran
  • Cold Springs
  • Dover
  • Farmers Retreat
  • Guilford
  • Hardinsburg
  • Hubbells Corner
  • Kyle
  • Lawrenceburg Junction
  • Lawrenceville
  • Logan
  • Manchester
  • Mount Sinai
  • New Alsace
  • Sparta
  • Weisburg
  • Wilmington
  • Wrights Corner
  • Yorkville

Townships[]

  • Caesar Creek
  • Center
  • Clay
  • Harrison
  • Hogan
  • Jackson
  • Kelso
  • Lawrenceburg
  • Logan
  • Manchester
  • Miller
  • Sparta
  • Washington
  • York

Adjacent counties[]

Climate[]

In recent years, average temperatures in Lawrenceburg have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−32.8 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 107 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.94 inches (75 mm) in September to 5.53 inches (140 mm) in May.[9]

Climate chart for Lawrenceburg, Indiana
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
3.49
 
38
21
 
 
3.02
 
44
24
 
 
4.38
 
54
31
 
 
4.40
 
64
39
 
 
5.53
 
74
49
 
 
4.62
 
82
58
 
 
4.57
 
86
63
 
 
3.95
 
85
62
 
 
2.94
 
79
55
 
 
3.15
 
67
43
 
 
3.81
 
55
35
 
 
3.68
 
43
26
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: The Weather Channel[9]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 7,310
1820 11,468 56.9%
1830 13,974 21.9%
1840 19,327 38.3%
1850 20,166 4.3%
1860 24,406 21.0%
1870 24,116 −1.2%
1880 26,671 10.6%
1890 23,364 −12.4%
1900 22,194 −5.0%
1910 21,396 −3.6%
1920 20,033 −6.4%
1930 21,056 5.1%
1940 23,053 9.5%
1950 25,141 9.1%
1960 28,674 14.1%
1970 29,430 2.6%
1980 34,291 16.5%
1990 38,835 13.3%
2000 46,109 18.7%
2010 50,047 8.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2020[1]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 50,047 people, 18,743 households and 13,773 families residing in the county.[14] The population density was 164.1 inhabitants per square mile (63.4 /km2). There were 20,171 housing units at an average density of 66.1 per square mile (25.5 /km2).[7] The racial makeup of the county was 97.5% white, 0.6% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 46.5% were German, 19.2% were Irish, 11.4% were English, and 7.8% were American.[15]

Of the 18,743 households, 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.5% were non-families, and 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 40.0 years.[14]

The median household income was $47,697 and the median family income was $66,561. Males had a median income of $45,270 and females $33,353. The per capita income was $25,023. About 4.5% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Government[]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[17][18] [19] Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[17][18]

Court: Dearborn County's courts consist of a Circuit Court, presided over by the Honorable James Humphrey (shared with Ohio County in the only such arrangement in the state[20]) and two Superior Courts, the Honorable Jonathan Cleary, presiding over Dearborn County Superior Court No. 1 and the Honorable Sally McLaughlin, presiding over Dearborn County z Superior Court No. 2. Judges are elected to six-year terms. Lawrenceburg also has City Courts, presided over by the Honorable Joseph R. Johns. The Lawrenceburg City Court Judge serves a four-year term.

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, prosecuting attorney, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare a party affiliation and to be residents of the county.[18]

Dearborn County is part of Indiana's 6th congressional district; Indiana Senate district 43;[21] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 55 and 68.[22]

United States presidential election results for Dearborn County, Indiana[23]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 19,528 76.78% 5,446 21.41% 460 1.81%
2016 18,113 75.06% 4,883 20.24% 1,135 4.70%
2012 15,394 68.86% 6,528 29.20% 434 1.94%
2008 14,886 67.00% 7,123 32.06% 208 0.94%
2004 14,231 67.87% 6,596 31.46% 142 0.68%
2000 11,452 64.88% 6,020 34.11% 178 1.01%
1996 8,318 50.60% 6,269 38.13% 1,852 11.27%
1992 6,974 44.80% 5,116 32.86% 3,477 22.34%
1988 8,195 61.57% 5,066 38.06% 48 0.36%
1984 9,149 64.74% 4,920 34.81% 63 0.45%
1980 7,467 56.36% 5,135 38.76% 647 4.88%
1976 6,176 49.04% 6,348 50.40% 71 0.56%
1972 7,689 64.69% 4,137 34.81% 59 0.50%
1968 6,208 48.65% 4,842 37.95% 1,710 13.40%
1964 5,473 41.47% 7,699 58.33% 26 0.20%
1960 7,619 54.99% 6,216 44.87% 19 0.14%
1956 7,189 56.40% 5,535 43.43% 22 0.17%
1952 7,091 54.82% 5,810 44.92% 33 0.26%
1948 5,353 46.70% 6,040 52.70% 69 0.60%
1944 5,487 51.32% 5,157 48.24% 47 0.44%
1940 5,908 49.29% 6,038 50.37% 41 0.34%
1936 4,669 41.48% 6,366 56.56% 221 1.96%
1932 4,716 41.83% 6,429 57.02% 130 1.15%
1928 6,334 58.49% 4,459 41.18% 36 0.33%
1924 4,588 48.11% 4,330 45.41% 618 6.48%
1920 5,159 50.66% 4,884 47.96% 140 1.37%
1916 2,318 42.18% 3,010 54.78% 167 3.04%
1912 1,366 25.93% 2,957 56.13% 945 17.94%
1908 2,520 41.81% 3,365 55.83% 142 2.36%
1904 2,588 42.99% 3,264 54.22% 168 2.79%
1900 2,533 42.00% 3,371 55.89% 127 2.11%
1896 2,714 44.75% 3,313 54.62% 38 0.63%
1892 2,274 39.20% 3,397 58.56% 130 2.24%
1888 2,648 42.25% 3,531 56.33% 89 1.42%



Infrastructure[]

Major highways[]

  • I-74.svg Interstate 74
  • I-275.svg Interstate 275
  • US 50.svg U.S. Route 50
  • US 52.svg U.S. Route 52
  • Indiana 1.svg State Road 1
  • Indiana 46.svg State Road 46
  • Indiana 48.svg State Road 48
  • Indiana 56.svg State Road 56
  • Indiana 62.svg State Road 62
  • Indiana 148.svg State Road 148
  • Indiana 262.svg State Road 262
  • Indiana 350.svg State Road 350

Notable people[]

  • Nick Goepper professional slopestyle skier, three-time winter Olympic medalist
  • Erwin "Cannonball" Baker, motorcycle and auto racer, 1989 inductee in Motorsports Hall of Fame of America
  • John Whiteaker, first state Governor of Oregon from 1859 until 1862 and Oregon's Congressman from 1879 to 1881
  • Jim Lyttle, professional baseball player
  • Lonnie Mack, influential guitar soloist of early rock 'n' roll
  • Louis Skidmore, architect that co-founded Skidmore, Owings & Merrill

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Dearborn County, Indiana

References[]

  1. ^ a b "Dearborn County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/18/18029.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "Profile for Dearborn County, Indiana, IN". ePodunk. http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/genInfo.php?locIndex=5294. 
    - Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 102. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_9V1IAAAAMAAJ. 
  4. ^ a b History of Dearborn and Ohio Counties, Indiana. F. E. Weakley. 1885. pp. 111. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_b040AQAAMAAJ. 
  5. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co.. pp. 553. https://archive.org/details/anillustratedhi02tuttgoog. 
  6. ^ "More About Dearborn County". Indiana County History Preservation Society. http://www.countyhistory.com/dearborn/more.htm. 
  7. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY10/0500000US18029. 
  8. ^ "Neighborhoods". Cincinnati magazine. http://www.cincinnatimagazine.com/neighborhoods/story.aspx?ID=1426495. 
  9. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Lawrenceburg, Indiana". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USIN0355. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/in190090.txt. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US18029. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0400000US18%7c0500000US18029. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0400000US18%7c0500000US18029. 
  17. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title36/ar2/ch3.html. 
  18. ^ a b c Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title3/ar10/ch2.pdf. 
  19. ^ There are seven members of council from four districts and three elected at large. District 1-Elizabeth Morris (Council President) Republican District 2-Dan Lansing Democrat District 3-Kevin Turner Republican District 4- Denny Kraus Republican At large- Allen Goodman (Vice-President) Republican, Tim Doll Republican, and Glenn Wright Republican. https://www.dearborncounty.org/egov/apps/staff/directory.egov?structureid=11.+"Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 
  20. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.in.gov/judiciary/about/04-trialcourts.html. 
  21. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. http://www.in.gov/sos/elections/3006.htm. 
  22. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. http://www.in.gov/sos/elections/3005.htm. 
  23. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 39°09′N 84°59′W / 39.15, -84.98


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Dearborn County, Indiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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