Familypedia
Advertisement



Dibrugarh
Ti-Phao [1]
—  City  —
[[File:
A tea garden in Dibrugarh.jpg
OPD, Assam Medical College & Hospital, Dibrugarh.jpgShrikshetra Dham, Dibrugarh.jpg
Dibrugarh University's entrance gate.jpgInside campus of Indian Councial of Medical Research, NE Region, at Lahowal, Dibrugarh.jpg
Bogibeel Bridge view.jpg
|250px|none|alt=|From top left-to-right: Tea Garden Dibrugarh, Assam Medical College & Hospital, Jagganath Temple, Dibrugarh University, Indian Council Of Medical Research, Boggiebill Bridge.]]From top left-to-right: Tea Garden Dibrugarh, Assam Medical College & Hospital, Jagganath Temple, Dibrugarh University, Indian Council Of Medical Research, Boggiebill Bridge.
Nickname(s): Tea City Of India & Industrial Hub Of Northeast



Dibrugarh is located in Assam <div style="position: absolute; top: Expression error: Missing operand for *.%; left: -1132.9%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Dibrugarh
Location in Assam, India
Country  India
State Assam
Region Upper Assam
District Dibrugarh
No. Of Wards 24
Established 1873
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Body Dibrugarh Municipal Board
 • MLA Sri Prashanta Phukan, BJP
 • Deputy Commissioner Sri Pallav Gopal Jha, IAS
 • Superintendent Of Police Sri Swetank Mishra, IPS
Area
 • Total 71.83 km2 (27.73 sq mi)
Area rank 3rd in Assam
Elevation 108 m (354 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 154,296
 • Rank 3rd in Assam
 • Density 4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Demonym Dibrugarhian
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 7860 XX
Telephone code +91 - (0) 373 - XX XX XXX
ISO 3166 code IN-AS
Vehicle registration AS-06
Sex Ratio 934 ♀️/ 1000 ♂️
City animal
Climate Cwa
Official Language Assamese
Literacy Rate increase 89.42% high
Lok Sabha Constituency Dibrugarh
Vidhan Sabha Constituency Dibrugarh
HDI increase 0.503 high
Website dibrugarh.nic.in

Dibrugarh (pron: ˌdɪbru:ˈgɑ:) is a city in Upper Assam with sprawling tea gardens. It serves as the headquarters of Dibrugarh district in the state of Assam in India. Dibrugarh serves as the headquarters of the Sonowal Kachari Autonomous Council, which is the governing council of the Sonowal Kachari tribe (found predominantly in the Dibrugarh district). The City Master Plan area of Dibrugarh is 72 Km² and population is 154,296. Dibrugarh railway station under the Tinsukia railway division of North-East Frontier Railway Zone also ranks as the top largest railway junction in entire Northeast India . Dibrugarh is the 3rd largest city of Assam after Guwahati and Silchar. Also it is the largest city in Upper Assam region.

Etymology[]

aerial view of Dibrugarh

Dibrugarh aerial view

Dibrugarh derived its name from Dibarumukh (as a renowned encampment of Ahoms during the Ahom-Chutia conflict). Either the name “Dibru” evolved from Dibaru river or from the Bodo-Kachari word “Dibru” which means a “blister” and “Garh” meaning "fort". The Bodo-Kacharis add the prefix “Di-” (which means “water”) wherever there is small stream, a river, or a large river in a town or city.[2]

Geography[]

Topography[]

Buridihing, a tributary of Brahmaputra, divides the district from east to west. Buridihing flows through Naharkatia and Khowang, and at a later stage in its course, Buridihing acts as a divider between Dibrugarh and Sivasagar districts. The region is flat with a gradual slope from the East Arunachal hills to the west. The soil of the district is mostly fertile, alluvial soil.

Panoramic view of Dibrugarh city

Climate[]

Dibrugarh has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) with extremely wet summers and relatively dry winters.

Template:Dibrugarh weatherbox

Demographics[]

Religion in Dibrugarh (2001)[3]
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
94.37%
Muslims
  
4.68%
Buddhist
  
0.36%
Sikhs
  
0.23%
Others†
  
0.27%
Distribution of religions
Includes Jains (<0.1%)

As of the 2011 India census,[4] Dibrugarh city had a population of 154,296. Males constituted 54% of the population and females 46%. The sex ratio of Dibrugarh city was 961 per 1000 males.

The average literacy rate of Dibrugarh is 89.5%, which is higher than the national average literacy rate.

In Dibrugarh, 9% of the population is between 0 and 6 years of age, and the child ratio of girls is 940 per 1000 boys. Dibrugarh city area has a population of 154,296 according to a 2011 census. The Dibrugarh metropolitan areas include Barbari (AMC AREA), Dibrugarh, and Mahpowalimara Gohain Gaon[5]



Circle frame.svg

Languages spoken in Dibrugarh city (2011)[6]

  Assamese (41.62%)
  Bengali (23.51%)
  Hindi (21.39%)
  Nepali (1.04%)
  Others (12.44%)

Dibrugarh city have a population of 154,296 as per 2011 census. Assamese is Spoken by 64,223 people, Bengali at 36,283, Hindi at 33,011, Bhojpuri by 5,533 people, Nepali at 1,609 and 11,911 people speaks other languages.[6]

Economy[]

Fields Headquarters of Oil India Limited at Duliajan

Shopping Mall in Dibrugarh

Industry[]

Dibrugarh is considered as an economic hub of North East region of India.[7]

Dibrugarh is at the centre of economic activities dominated by the following industries:

  • Oil and natural gas
  • Tea production
  • Tourism
  • Power generation
  • Fertilizer
  • Cottage industry
  • Information Technology

Oil[]

The first oil well dug during the British era was in Digboi, 50 miles (80 km) from Dibrugarh. Today, Duliajan, Dikom, Tengakhat and Moran are the key locations for oil and gas industry in the district. Oil India Limited, the second public sector company in India engaged in exploration and transportation of crude oil has its field headquarters in Duliajan, 50 km from Dibrugarh city. The company was granted Navratna status by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, in 2010[8]

BCPL[]

The Assam Gas Cracker Project, also known as Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited, was proposed as a part of implementation of Assam Accord signed by Government of India on 15 August 1985.

The Assam Gas Cracker Project was approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, in its meeting held on 18 April 2006, under an equity arrangement of GAIL (70%), OIL (10%), NRL (10%) and Govt. of Assam (10%) with a project cost of ₹ 54.6 billion, in which the capital subsidy is ₹ 21.4 billion. The project was scheduled for completion in 60 months. However, the commissioning of the project has been pushed to December 2013, and the cost has escalated to ₹ 92.8 million. The site selected for Assam Gas Cracker Project is at Lepetkata, 15 km from Dibrugarh on NH-37. A joint-venture agreement was signed on 18 October 2006, and the company Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited was registered on 8 January 2007. Dr. Manmohan Singh, Hon'ble Prime Minister of India, laid the foundation stone of this project on 9 April 2007.[9][10]

DNPL[]

Duliajan Numaligarh Pipeline Ltd is a joint venture company promoted by Assam Gas Company Limited (AGCL), Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL) and Oil India Limited (OIL) with equity participation of 51 per cent, 26 per cent and 23 per cent respectively. The Duliajan-Numaligarh pipeline will be the first major cross-country natural gas pipeline in Assam and once the availability of natural gas is ensured, it is expected to be extended to major consumption centers of natural gas in Nagaon and Guwahati.[11]

Tea[]

A Tea Lounge in Dibrugarh

Dibrugarh hosts several tea gardens dating back to the British era. The first garden was at Chabua, a place 20 miles (32 km) away from Dibrugarh, owned by Maniram Devaan.[12] Today, the headquarters of the Directorate of Development of Small Tea Growers in India is functioning from Dibrugarh,[13] besides a Regional Office of the Tea Board of India headed by a Deputy Director of Tea Development (Plantation) is also located in the city. The Zone I of the Assam Branch Indian Tea Association(ABITA) is located at Dibrugarh.[14]

Tourism[]

Rail, road and air connectivity coupled with the presence of large number of tourist spots in and around Dibrugarh city has seen impressive growth of tourism industry in this part of India in recent part. Dibrugarh has also become an important destination as well as a major transit point for tourists from both India and abroad. Such tourist circuits include - Dibrugarh - Roing - Mayudia - Anini Tourist Circuit,[15] Dibrugarh - Guwahati river cruise[16] besides 'Tea Tourism' for tourists who prefer serenity and novelty to the hustle-bustle of established tourist destinations[17]

Transportation[]

A flight taking off from Mohanbari Airport.

Air[]

Dibrugarh Airport, which is located around 15 km from Dibrugarh city at Mohanbari. It is the 2nd Busiest Airport in Assam after LGBI Airport, Guwahati according to passenger traffic and cargo tonnage. Airlines operating from the airport are Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet, and Vistara Ltd. IndiGo Airlines connects Dibrugarh daily with Delhi via Kolkata and another non-stop to Delhi while in return via Guwahati. SpiceJet connects Dibrugarh daily with Guwahati and Kolkata. In 2013, Dibrugarh airport was provided with night landing facility.[18] Commercial operation of aerobridges have also started in this airport.[19]

Rail[]

Dibrugarh holds a prominent place in the history of Indian Railways with the first railway services of the entire North-East India starting from here. On 1 May 1882, the first train rolled down the tracks from Streamerghat at Dibrugarh. On 15 May 1882, it was extended up to Dinjan. On 23 December that year goods train up to Chabua was introduced. On 18 February 1884, at 7:20 am, the then Chief Commissioner of Assam Sir Charles Illiot flagged off the first passenger train from Reehabari rail station (now Dibrugarh Town Railway station) to Ledo with 400 European and Indian passengers. As per the Centenary Souvenir of the Assam Railways and Trading Company Limited published in 1991, the said company, being the pioneer in building Dibru-Sadiya railways, described the entire history of railway development from Dibrugarh.[20]

Dibrugarh-New Delhi Rajdhani Express standing at Dibrugarh Town railway station.

Dibrugarh Town and Dibrugarh are two railway stations of the city and also two of the important Easternmost railway stations on the map of the Indian Railways connected to some of the important Indian cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Kochi, Trivandrum, Kolkata, Delhi, Kanyakumari etc. through the railways network. The new Dibrugarh railway station has been developed on the outskirts of the city at Banipur. It lies on the Lumding-Dibrugarh section of Tinsukia railway division. It is the biggest railway station in the entire north east spreading over 400 bighas of land and it is 2 km in length. One goods yard is also being developed for loading and unloading of goods along with a truck shed, which can accommodate 25 trucks at a time.[21]

Waterways[]

Dibrugarh also possesses a developed waterway transportation system along and across the Brahmaputra river, known as the National Waterway 2 which extends from Bangladesh Border to Sadiya. Ferry services link Dibrugarh with Sengajan (Dhemaji District), Panbari ( Dhemaji) & Oiram Ghat (near Jonai Dhemaji). From Bogibeel IWT Ghat there are regular ferry Services to Kareng Chapori & Sisi Mukh. Moreover, luxury cruise services are also available from Dibrugarh to Guwahati. The cruise to Dibrugarh passes through Tezpur and the Kaziranga National Park.[22]

Education and research[]

Dibrugarh Govt. Boys' H. S. School

Dibrugarh University

DHSK College, Dibrugarh

Schools[]

  • Dibrugarh Govt. Boys' Higher Secondary School, Milan Nagar (Estd. 1840)
  • Vivekananda Kendra Vidyalaya, Dibrugarh
  • Delhi Public School

Colleges[]

  • DHSK Commerce College
  • Dibru College
  • Dibrugarh Hanumanbax Surajmall Kanoi College
  • Gyan Vigyan Academy
  • Manohari Devi Kanoi Girls' College
  • Salt Brook Academy
  • D.H.S.K. Law College
  • S.I.P.E. Law College
  • Nandalal Borgohain City College
  • Sri Sri Aniruddhadeva Junior College, Dibrugarh

University[]

  • Dibrugarh University
  • Sri Sri Aniruddhadeva Sports University

Medical Institutions[]

  • Assam Medical College (founded by Dr. John Berry White in 1901 as Berry White Medical School and renamed Assam Medical College in 1947; it is the first medical college in Northeast India)
  • Dibrugarh Dental College
  • Regional Medical Research Centre, Dibrugarh

Technical Institutions[]

  • Dibrugarh Polytechnic

Media[]

Electronic media[]

Dibrugarh has a full-fledged All India Radio centre, All India Radio, Dibrugarh[23] broadcasting in both AM (567 kHz at 529.1 metres of MW) and FM (101.30 MHz) bands airing three transmissions a day[24] along with a 5-minute regional news bulletin at 6:00 PM everyday.[25] All India Radio, Dibrugarh was commissioned way back on 15 February 1968.[24] The station has its studios located at Malakhubosa in Dibrugarh and the high power transmission tower located at Lepetkata near the present Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited site.

Doordarshan Kendra, Dibrugarh

As for television viewing, the second Doordarshan centre of Assam, telecasting programmes in Assamese language, Doordarshan Kendra, Dibrugarh was established in the city in the year 1993. Earlier the Kendra used to telecast Assamese language programmes capsuled in Guwahati beginning 20 December 1991.[26] The programmes produced in this Kendra are telecast through a high power transmitter.[27] Dibrugarh Doordarshan Kendra is contributing programmes to the 'DD North East' channel.[28]

Moreover, NETV is a satellite channel operating from Dibrugarh with a Zonal Office besides V&S, Dibru Live and Luit View are cable TV channels from Dibrugarh. Dibrugarh also has a digital cable TV network.

Print media[]

Dibrugarh has been a pioneer of newspaper journalism in entire Eastern India with the Times of Assam being the first newspaper published from Dibrugarh in the late nineteenth century. After four decades of publication, Times of Assam ceased to publish and from 1939 The Assam Tribune started its journey from Dibrugarh, which after 7 years of publication from Dibrugarh, shifted to Guwahati. However, this premier English daily of the North-East India, The Assam Tribune is published from Dibrugarh along with Guwahati and The Sentinel is published from Dibrugarh along with four other cities of North-East India. Several vernacular, as well English and Bengali dailies are published from Dibrugarh. Assamese newspapers published from Dibrugarh are Asomiya Pratidin, Janasadharan, Niyomiya Barta, Dainik Asam, Dainik Pratikshan and Pratibimba,[4]. Jugashangkha is a Bengali daily published from Dibrugarh along with Guwahati and Silchar.

Tourist attraction[]

The lush and serene greenery of a tea estate in Dibrugarh

Radha Krishna Temple, Dibrugarh

Shrikshetra Dhaam

Tea estates[]

Dibrugarh offers the opportunity to experience a life in tea estates. Tea tourism has started becoming popular, with travel companies such as Greener Pastures and Purvi Discovery offering tea tours.[29]

Wildlife[]

Dibrugarh has rich flora and fauna in the surrounding wildlife sanctuaries and rainforests.

Jokai Botanical Garden cum Germplasm Center
The work of developing trekking routes inside Jokai reserve forest and introduction of boating facilities at Era-suti is in progress to ensure that a tourist has a complete date with nature here.[30]
Jeypore Rainforest
Situated 60 km southeast of Dibrugarh town in eastern Assam, Jeypore Rainforest is India's easternmost rainforest, one of very few wildlife reserves on earth housing seven wildcat species including Royal Bengal tiger, clouded leopard, common leopard, golden cat and marbled cat.[31] Jeypore reserve forest and Dilli reserve forest combine to be the only rain forest area in the state spread across the three of upper Assam's districts of Tinsukia, Dibrugarh and Sibsagar comprising a total area of 575 km2 (222 sq mi). The forest is listed to be the last lowland forests under the Assam valley wet evergreen forest area in the region.[32]
Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuaries
The Dehing Patkai rainforest with an area of 111.19 km2 (42.93 sq mi). is located in Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts and is famous for Assam Valley Tropical Wet Evergreen Forests bordering Arunachal Pradesh. A part of the 575 km2 (222 sq mi) Jeypore, spread across three eastern Assam districts, forms the Dehing-Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary.[31] The Sanctuary is a part of the Dehing-Patkai Elephant Reserve having the World War II cemeteries nearby, along with the Stillwell Road and the oldest refinery of Asia in Digboi and 'open cast' coal mining at Lido.[33]

Shrikshetra Dhaam, The Lord Jagannath Temple[]

A replica of the Lord Jagannath Temple, Puri, Odisha, has come up in Dibrugarh near the Mahatma Gandhi Park at Khanikar. The height of this temple is 85 feet. This temple is expected to be a major centre for religious tourism in eastern Assam. As per the architectural structure, this temple is the 2nd after the original Jagannath Temple, Puri in India.[34]

Politics[]

Dibrugarh is part of Dibrugarh (Lok Sabha constituency). Rameswar Teli (BJP) is the current Member of Parliament from Dibrugarh. Former Chief Ministers of Assam, Sarbananda Sonowal & Jogendra Nath Hazarika hailed from Dibrugarh.[35] BJP's Prasanta Phukan is the incumbent MLA of Dibrugarh (Vidhan Sabha constituency).

Notable people[]

  • Jyoti Prasad Agarwala: Indian playwright, songwriter, poet, writer and film maker
  • Paresh Baruah: leader of militant group, ULFA
  • Parineeta Borthakur: Indian actress
  • Kesab Chandra Gogoi: former chief minister of Assam
  • Ranjan Gogoi: 46th Chief Justice of India
  • Moloya Goswami: Indian actress
  • Jogendra Nath Hazarika : former chief minister of Assam
  • Shamin Mannan: Indian actress
  • Biju Phukan: Assamese actor
  • Nilmoni Phukan: Assamese writer, poet, freedom fighter and politician.
  • Nagen Saikia: Indian writer
  • Dipannita Sharma: Indian actress and model
  • Sarbananda Sonowal: former chief minister of Assam (2016-2021) & Union Cabinet minister of India (2021-2023)
  • Prahlad Chandra Tasa: Indian writer and Educationist.
  • Rameswar Teli: MP, Lok sabha from Dibrugarh.

See also[]

Commons-logo.png
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Dibrugarh (Lok Sabha constituency)

References[]

  1. ^ (Gogoi 2014:34),Note:As per Ahom Buranji
  2. ^ "About Dibrugarh – Dibrugarh University" (in en-US). https://dibru.ac.in/about-dibrugarh/. 
  3. ^ "Dibrugarh Census Report". Dibrugarh.gov.in. http://dibrugarh.gov.in/dcensus.html. 
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. http://www.censusindia.net/results/town.php?stad=A&state5=999. 
  5. ^ "Census 2011 Data of Indian Population 2011 Census". Census2011.co.in. http://www.census2011.co.in/. 
  6. ^ a b https://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/C-16T/DDW-C16-TOWN-STMT-MDDS-1800.XLSX
  7. ^ http://www.assamtribune.com/scripts/detailsnew.asp?id=nov2313/at05 Script error: No such module "webarchive".
  8. ^ "Oil India receives Navratna status". http://profit.ndtv.com/news/market/article-oil-india-receives-navratna-status-80095. 
  9. ^ Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited, Assam Script error: No such module "webarchive".. Assamgovt.nic.in. Retrieved on 9 November 2011.
  10. ^ Business Line: Companies News: Assam gas cracker project suffers cost, time overruns. Thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved on 9 November 2011
  11. ^ "Duliajan Numaligarh pipeline to be commissioned by Nov | Business Standard News". http://www.business-standard.com/article/companies/duliajan-numaligarh-pipeline-to-be-commissioned-by-nov-110100200010_1.html. 
  12. ^ (Barua 1994:Preface)
  13. ^ "Press Information Bureau". http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx?relid=81391. 
  14. ^ "The Official Website of Tea Board India". http://www.teaboard.gov.in/inner1.asp?param_link_id=110#. 
  15. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.arunachaltourism.com/top5.php. 
  16. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.reefandrainforest.co.uk/cruises/india-assam-despatch4.php. 
  17. ^ Das, Ripunjoy (12 July 2005). "Tea belt takes to heritage tourism". The Telegraph (Calcutta, India). http://www.telegraphindia.com/1050712/asp/northeast/story_4976669.asp. 
  18. ^ [1] Script error: No such module "webarchive".. Assamtribune.com (20 September 2013). Retrieved on 3 October 2013.
  19. ^ [2]. Assamtribune.com (2 October 2013). Retrieved on 3 October 2013.
  20. ^ [3] Script error: No such module "webarchive".. Assamtribune.com (17 June 2010). Retrieved on 3 October 2013.
  21. ^ http://www.assamtribune.com/scripts/detailsnew.asp?id=jul1211/state05 Script error: No such module "webarchive".
  22. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.bharatdarshan.info/guwahati/. 
  23. ^ "All India Radio, Dibrugarh". Prasar Bharati. http://allindiaradio.gov.in/Station/DIBRUGARH/Pages/default.aspx. 
  24. ^ a b "Get Apps | Prasar Bharati". http://allindiaradio.gov.in/Station/DIBRUGARH/Pages/default.aspx. 
  25. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.newsonair.nic.in/rnu-dibrugarh-details.asp. 
  26. ^ "Doordarshan Kendra Guwahati". http://ddkguwahati.gov.in/profile.asp. 
  27. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.ddindia.gov.in/About%20DD/Doordarshan%20Transmitters/Pages/Assam_c.aspx. 
  28. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.ddindia.gov.in/About%20DD/CPC/Pages/CPC.aspx. 
  29. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.incredibleindiatourism.in/assam.htm. 
  30. ^ "Progress of Raijor Padulit Raijor Sarkar". Dibrugarh.nic.in. http://dibrugarh.nic.in/jokai.htm. 
  31. ^ a b "First ever rainforest festival in Assam - Hindustan Times". https://archive.today/20131013160607/http://www.hindustantimes.com/India-news/Assam/First-ever-rainforest-festival-in-Assam/Article1-661576.aspx. 
  32. ^ "Assam's bid to save lone rain forest | Deccan Herald". http://www.deccanherald.com/content/58330/assams-bid-save-lone-rain.html. 
  33. ^ "Department of Environment & Forests (Government of Assam)". Assamforest.in. http://assamforest.in/NP_Sanctuaries/wls_dPatkai.php. 
  34. ^ http://www.assamtribune.com/scripts/epaper.asp?id=dec0614/Page8 Script error: No such module "webarchive".
  35. ^ "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies". Assam. Election Commission of India. http://archive.eci.gov.in/se2001/background/S03/AS_ACPC.pdf. 

External links[]

Advertisement