|— Department —|
|Prefecture building of the Doubs department, in Besançon|
|• President of the General Council||Claude Jeannerot (PS)|
|• Total||5,234 km2 (2,021 sq mi)|
|• Density||95/km2 (250/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
As early as the 13th century, inhabitants of the northern two-thirds of Doubs spoke the Franc-Comtois language, a dialect of Langue d'Oïl. Residents of the southern third of Doubs spoke a dialect of the Arpitan language. Both languages co-existed with French, the official language of law and commerce, and continued to be spoken frequently in rural areas into the 20th century. They are both still spoken today but not on a daily basis.
Doubs was important as a portal to Switzerland through the pass at Joux. Many famous people, including Mirabeau, Toussaint Louverture and Heinrich von Kleist, were imprisoned in the Château de Joux.
Doubs is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Franche-Comté. The prefecture (capital) is Besançon.
In 1793, the republic of Mandeure was annexed by France and incorporated into the department. This district was passed between various territories and departments in the ensuing administrative reorganisations and wars, but was restored to Doubs in 1816 when the former principality of Montbéliard was also added to the department.
However, the commune of Cerneux-Péquignot was annexed by the Canton of Neuchâtel under the terms of the 1814 Treaty of Paris, and since remained Swiss territory.
Victor Hugo, Gustave Courbet, and Auguste and Louis Lumière are among the famous people born in Doubs.
The department is dominated by the Jura mountains, which rise east of Besançon.
The President of the General Council is Claude Jeannerot of the Socialist Party.
|Union for a Popular Movement||13|
The inhabitants of the department are called Doubistes.
The Doubs department is at the same time the greenest and the most industrialized in France.
It is the birthplace of the automotive manufacturer Peugeot.
The castle of Joux and Besançon are important tourist destinations.
- Hoffmann, Michael, Die französischen Konservativen in der katholischen Provinz Parteigenese und politische Kultur im Doubs (1900-1930) (Frankfurt am Main u.a., Peter Lang, 2008) (Moderne Geschichte und Politik, 22).
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Doubs (department).|
- Arrondissements of the Doubs department
- Cantons of the Doubs department
- Communes of the Doubs department
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Doubs. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|