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Dougherty County, Georgia
Dougherty County Government Center.JPG
Dougherty County Government Center
Map of Georgia highlighting Dougherty County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1853; 168 years ago (1853)
Named for Charles Dougherty
Seat Albany
Largest city Albany
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

335 sq mi (868 km²)
329 sq mi (852 km²)
5.9 sq mi (15 km²), 1.8%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

85,790
288/sq mi (111/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.albany.ga.us/content/1800

Dougherty County is located in the southwestern portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 85,790.[1] The county seat and sole incorporated city is Albany.[2]

Dougherty County is included in the Albany, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Historically dominated by cotton plantation agriculture in the nineteenth century, it is part of the Black Belt of the South.

History[]

The county was created by the Georgia General Assembly on December 15, 1853, from a part of Baker County.[3] It was named after Charles Dougherty,[4] a respected judge and lawyer from Athens, Georgia. In 1854 and 1856 small areas were added from Worth County.

As noted above, the county was developed by European Americans using enslaved African Americans as workers for the production of cotton as a commodity crop. Its county seat of Albany, Georgia is located on the Flint River, which was originally the chief means of transportation for shipped products. Albany was later served by seven railroad lines, adding to its significance as a market center. The city was a center of the Civil Rights Movement, particularly during the early 1960s.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 335 square miles (870 km2), of which 329 square miles (850 km2) is land and 5.9 square miles (15 km2) (1.8%) is water.[5]

The majority of Dougherty County is located in the Lower Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). The northeastern corner of the county, northeast of Albany, is located in the Middle Flint River sub-basin of the same ACF River basin. A very small portion of Dougherty County, north of Albany, is located in the Kinchafoonee-Muckalee sub-basin of the larger ACF River Basin. The remaining western portion of the county is located in the Ichawaynochaway Creek sub-basin of the same ACF River Basin.[6]

Major highways[]

  • US 19.svg U.S. Route 19
  • Business plate.svg
    US 19.svg U.S. Route 19 Business
  • US 82.svg U.S. Route 82
  • Business plate.svg
    US 82.svg U.S. Route 82 Business
  • Georgia 3.svg State Route 3
  • Georgia 62.svg State Route 62
  • Georgia 91.svg State Route 91
  • Georgia 133.svg State Route 133
  • Georgia 234.svg State Route 234
  • Georgia 300.svg State Route 300
  • Georgia 520.svg State Route 520
  • Georgia 520 Business.svg State Route 520 Business

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 8,295
1870 11,517 38.8%
1880 12,622 9.6%
1890 12,206 −3.3%
1900 13,679 12.1%
1910 16,035 17.2%
1920 20,063 25.1%
1930 22,306 11.2%
1940 28,565 28.1%
1950 43,617 52.7%
1960 75,680 73.5%
1970 89,639 18.4%
1980 100,718 12.4%
1990 96,311 −4.4%
2000 96,065 −0.3%
2010 94,565 −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2020[1]

2020 census[]

Dougherty County racial composition[11]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 20,631 24.05%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 59,720 69.61%
Native American 128 0.15%
Asian 647 0.75%
Pacific Islander 20 0.02%
Other/Mixed 2,231 2.6%
Hispanic or Latino 2,413 2.81%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 85,790 people, 32,630 households, and 18,213 families residing in the county.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 94,565 people, 36,508 households, and 23,422 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 287.7 inhabitants per square mile (111.1 /km2). There were 40,801 housing units at an average density of 124.1 per square mile (47.9 /km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 67.1% black or African American, 29.6% white, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.0% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.2% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 6.1% were English, 6.0% were American, and 5.3% were Irish.[14]

Of the 36,508 households, 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.7% were married couples living together, 25.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.8% were non-families, and 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.08. The median age was 33.2 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $32,435 and the median income for a family was $39,951. Males had a median income of $34,444 versus $27,848 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,210. About 22.7% of families and 28.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.7% of those under age 18 and 15.5% of those age 65 or over.[15]

2000 census[]

As of the 2000 census[16] of 2000, there were 96,065 people, 35,552 households, and 24,282 families living in the county. The population density was 292 people per square mile (113/km2). There were 39,656 housing units at an average density of 120 per square mile (46/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 60.13% Black or African American, 37.80% White, 0.23% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 1.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The largest European ancestry groups in Dougherty County are English (6.6%), Irish (6.5%), "American" (mostly English and Scots-Irish)(5.6%), German (4.5%) and Scots-Irish (1.6%).[17]

There were 35,552 households, out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.90% were married couples living together, 23.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.70% were non-families. 26.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.70% under the age of 18, 12.20% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,934, and the median income for a family was $36,655. Males had a median income of $30,742 versus $22,254 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,645. About 19.60% of families and 24.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.30% of those under age 18 and 17.20% of those age 65 or over.


Education[]

Communities[]

City[]

Census-designated place[]

  • Putney

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Acree
  • Doublegate
  • Pecan City
  • Pretoria
  • Radium Springs

Politics[]

United States presidential election results for Dougherty County, Georgia[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 10,441 29.59% 24,568 69.62% 281 0.80%
2016 10,232 29.83% 23,311 67.96% 760 2.22%
2012 11,449 30.15% 26,295 69.24% 231 0.61%
2008 12,547 32.27% 26,135 67.21% 204 0.52%
2004 13,711 40.70% 19,805 58.79% 171 0.51%
2000 12,248 42.14% 16,650 57.29% 166 0.57%
1996 11,144 39.98% 15,600 55.97% 1,128 4.05%
1992 12,455 40.27% 15,236 49.26% 3,240 10.47%
1988 15,520 50.86% 12,579 41.22% 2,418 7.92%
1984 16,920 56.73% 12,904 43.27% 0 0.00%
1980 12,726 47.82% 13,430 50.46% 459 1.72%
1976 9,337 44.89% 11,461 55.11% 0 0.00%
1972 12,878 78.03% 3,625 21.97% 0 0.00%
1968 5,611 29.91% 3,834 20.43% 9,317 49.66%
1964 12,776 70.88% 5,248 29.12% 0 0.00%
1960 4,323 48.88% 4,522 51.12% 0 0.00%
1956 3,248 44.05% 4,126 55.95% 0 0.00%
1952 2,535 36.37% 4,435 63.63% 0 0.00%
1948 614 15.66% 2,517 64.19% 790 20.15%
1944 338 9.56% 3,199 90.44% 0 0.00%
1940 180 7.64% 2,175 92.32% 1 0.04%
1936 122 4.49% 2,591 95.40% 3 0.11%
1932 95 4.49% 2,012 95.04% 10 0.47%
1928 379 27.85% 982 72.15% 0 0.00%
1924 167 12.71% 1,065 81.05% 82 6.24%
1920 105 14.46% 621 85.54% 0 0.00%
1916 17 1.91% 836 93.93% 37 4.16%
1912 18 2.74% 617 94.05% 21 3.20%
1908 158 21.15% 583 78.05% 6 0.80%
1904 45 8.65% 475 91.35% 0 0.00%
1900 29 7.40% 360 91.84% 3 0.77%
1896 120 22.64% 404 76.23% 6 1.13%
1892 446 26.14% 1,254 73.51% 6 0.35%
1888 222 21.31% 815 78.21% 5 0.48%
1884 100 23.98% 317 76.02% 0 0.00%
1880 1,031 73.75% 367 26.25% 0 0.00%



See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Dougherty County, Georgia
  • W.E.B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk (1903) contains two essays that are surveys of race relations in Dougherty County from Reconstruction to the end of the 19th century.
    • "Of the Black Belt"
    • "Of the Quest of the Golden Fleece"

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13095.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins. Macon, GA: Winship Press. pp. 63. ISBN 0-915430-00-2. http://www.kenkrakow.com/gpn/d.pdf. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 108. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_9V1IAAAAMAAJ. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  6. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US13095&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13095. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13095. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13095. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13095. 
  16. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  17. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results" (in en). http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ADPTable?_bm=y&-context=adp&-qr_name=ACS_2008_3YR_G00_DP3YR2&-ds_name=ACS_2008_3YR_G00_&-tree_id=3308&-redoLog=true&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=05000US13095&-format=&-_lang=en. 
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 31°32′N 84°13′W / 31.54, -84.22


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Dougherty County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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