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Early County, Georgia
Early County Courthouse in Blakely Georgia.jpg
Early County Courthouse in Blakely
Map of Georgia highlighting Early County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1818; 203 years ago (1818)
Named for Peter Early
Seat Blakely
Largest city Blakely
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

516 sq mi (1,336 km²)
513 sq mi (1,329 km²)
3.8 sq mi (10 km²), 0.7%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

10,854
21/sq mi (8/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website http://earlycounty.georgia.gov/

Early County is a county located on the southwest border of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 10,854.[1] The county seat is Blakely, where the Early County Courthouse is located.[2] Created on December 15, 1818, it was named for Peter Early, 28th Governor of Georgia.[3] The county is bordered on the west by the Chattahoochee River, forming the border with Alabama.

History[]

Prehistoric and nineteenth-century history has been preserved in some of Early County's attractions. It is the site of the Kolomoki Mounds, a park preserving major earthworks built by indigenous peoples of the Woodland culture more than 1700 years ago, from 350 CE to 600 CE. This is one of the largest mound complexes in the United States and the largest in Georgia; it includes burial and ceremonial mounds. The siting of the mounds expresses the ancient people's cosmology, as mounds are aligned with the sun at the spring equinox and summer solstice.

The county area was long territory of the historic Creek Indian peoples of the Southeast, particularly along the Chattahoochee River. Beginning in the early nineteenth century, European-American settlers began to encroach on this territory, pushing the Muscogee out during Indian Removal in the 1830s. The Muscogee were forced to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River.

This area was developed by European-American settlers and their African-American enslaved workers for cotton plantations. Agriculture was critical to the economy into the 20th century. The Cohelee Creek Bridge in the county is the southernmost covered bridge still standing. One of the last wooden flagpoles from the American Civil War era is located at the historic courthouse in downtown Blakely.

According to the Equal Justice Initiative, in the period from 1877 to 1950, Early County had 24 documented lynchings of African Americans, the second-highest total in the state after the more densely populated Fulton County.[4] Most were committed around the turn of the 20th century, in the period of Jim Crow conditions and suppression of black voting. This was still a largely agricultural area, and some disputes arose from confrontations between black sharecroppers or tenant farmers and white landowners, particularly at times to settle accounts. Another, Sidney Grist, was lynched on December 31, 1896, for "political activity".[4]

Among these cases were five African-American men lynched by whites in less than a month in the summer of 1899: three on July 23, one on July 25 (all reportedly for rape and robbery), and one on August 3 for attempted rape.[5] Black men were frequently identified as suspects in such cases and lynched before any trial took place; further investigations have sometimes revealed consensual sex or other persons having committed the crime. A mass lynching took place in the county on December 30, 1915, when seven black men were lynched, allegedly as suspects in a murder.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 516 square miles (1,340 km2), of which 513 square miles (1,330 km2) is land and 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) (0.7%) is water.[6]

The northeastern and eastern portions of Early County, east of Blakely, and extending south to a line east of Jakin, are located in the Spring Creek sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). The western portion of the county is located in the Lower Chattahoochee River sub-basin of the same ACF River Basin.[7]

Major highways[]

  • US 27.svg U.S. Route 27
  • Business plate.svg
    US 27.svg U.S. Route 27 Business
  • US 84.svg U.S. Route 84
  • Georgia 1.svg State Route 1
  • Georgia 1 Business.svg State Route 1 Business
  • Georgia 39.svg State Route 39
  • Georgia 45.svg State Route 45
  • Georgia 62.svg State Route 62
  • Georgia 62 Bypass.svg State Route 62 Bypass
  • Georgia 200.svg State Route 200
  • Georgia 216.svg State Route 216
  • Georgia 273.svg State Route 273
  • Georgia 273 Spur.svg State Route 273 Spur
  • Georgia 370.svg State Route 370

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 768
1830 2,051 167.1%
1840 5,444 165.4%
1850 7,246 33.1%
1860 6,149 −15.1%
1870 6,998 13.8%
1880 7,611 8.8%
1890 9,792 28.7%
1900 14,828 51.4%
1910 18,122 22.2%
1920 18,983 4.8%
1930 18,273 −3.7%
1940 18,679 2.2%
1950 17,413 −6.8%
1960 13,151 −24.5%
1970 12,682 −3.6%
1980 13,158 3.8%
1990 11,854 −9.9%
2000 12,354 4.2%
2010 11,008 −10.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census[]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 12,354 people, 4,695 households, and 3,295 families living in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 5,338 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 50.3% White, 48.1% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. 1.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,695 households, out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.00% were married couples living together, 20.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.70% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 87.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,629, and the median income for a family was $31,215. Males had a median income of $36,458 versus $27,277 for females. The mean income for the county was $147,364. The per capita income for the county was $14,936. About 22.20% of families and 25.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.20% of those under age 18 and 20.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,008 people, 4,228 households, and 2,924 families living in the county.[13] The population density was 21.5 inhabitants per square mile (8.3 /km2). There were 4,975 housing units at an average density of 9.7 per square mile (3.7 /km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 49.6% black or African American, 48.4% white, 0.4% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.6% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 8.2% were American, 6.1% were Irish, and 5.5% were German.[15]

Of the 4,228 households, 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 21.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.8% were non-families, and 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.12. The median age was 39.3 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $26,928 and the median income for a family was $40,238. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $28,401 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,330. About 22.9% of families and 28.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.4% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over.[16]

2020 census[]

Early County racial composition[17]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 4,813 44.34%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 5,534 50.99%
Native American 31 0.29%
Asian 47 0.43%
Other/Mixed 243 2.24%
Hispanic or Latino 186 1.71%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 10,854 people, 4,074 households, and 2,659 families residing in the county.

Education[]

The Early County School District holds grades pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of one elementary school, a middle school, and a high school.[18] The district has 156 full-time teachers and over 2,764 students.[19]

  • Early County Elementary School
  • Early County Middle School
  • Early County High School

Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Arlington (shared with Calhoun County)
  • Blakely
  • Damascus
  • Jakin

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Bancroft
  • Cedar Springs
  • Cederville
  • Colomokee
  • Crossroads
  • Cuba
  • Douglass Crossroads
  • Douglasville
  • Ferrell Crossroads
  • Freeman
  • Hentown
  • Hilton
  • Howards Mill
  • Jones Crossroads
  • Killarney
  • Liberty
  • Lucile
  • Luke
  • McLendon
  • New Hope
  • Nicholasville
  • Pleasant Hill
  • Rock Hill
  • Rowena
  • Saffold
  • Sowhatchee
  • Springfield
  • Urquhart

Politics[]

United States presidential election results for Early County, Georgia[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,710 52.24% 2,450 47.22% 28 0.54%
2016 2,552 53.13% 2,168 45.14% 83 1.73%
2012 2,557 47.71% 2,765 51.60% 37 0.69%
2008 2,711 50.74% 2,603 48.72% 29 0.54%
2004 2,495 59.14% 1,701 40.32% 23 0.55%
2000 1,938 54.06% 1,622 45.24% 25 0.70%
1996 1,374 41.98% 1,648 50.35% 251 7.67%
1992 1,457 35.17% 1,970 47.55% 716 17.28%
1988 1,918 58.46% 1,359 41.42% 4 0.12%
1984 2,239 59.98% 1,494 40.02% 0 0.00%
1980 1,538 41.77% 2,110 57.31% 34 0.92%
1976 1,157 32.48% 2,405 67.52% 0 0.00%
1972 2,396 82.37% 513 17.63% 0 0.00%
1968 327 8.37% 785 20.08% 2,797 71.55%
1964 2,398 75.67% 771 24.33% 0 0.00%
1960 254 11.77% 1,904 88.23% 0 0.00%
1956 193 9.60% 1,818 90.40% 0 0.00%
1952 307 14.55% 1,803 85.45% 0 0.00%
1948 94 6.95% 1,110 82.04% 149 11.01%
1944 77 4.21% 1,753 95.79% 0 0.00%
1940 104 5.60% 1,751 94.29% 2 0.11%
1936 46 3.98% 1,107 95.68% 4 0.35%
1932 19 1.65% 1,131 98.18% 2 0.17%
1928 231 25.52% 674 74.48% 0 0.00%
1924 22 5.06% 351 80.69% 62 14.25%
1920 34 8.19% 381 91.81% 0 0.00%
1916 9 1.98% 442 97.14% 4 0.88%
1912 27 5.05% 501 93.64% 7 1.31%
1908 173 24.75% 375 53.65% 151 21.60%
1904 12 1.72% 466 66.95% 218 31.32%
1900 42 9.52% 355 80.50% 44 9.98%
1896 336 32.94% 591 57.94% 93 9.12%
1892 367 23.86% 882 57.35% 289 18.79%
1888 288 38.15% 467 61.85% 0 0.00%
1884 247 25.81% 710 74.19% 0 0.00%
1880 249 25.25% 737 74.75% 0 0.00%



See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Early County, Georgia

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13099.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "Early County" (in en). http://earlycounty.georgia.gov/. 
  4. ^ a b "THE LYNCHING PROJECT: EARLY COUNTY". https://digihum.libs.uga.edu/exhibits/show/the-lynching-project--murder-a/georgia-historic-overview/early-county. 
  5. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named database
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  7. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13099. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13099. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13099. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13099. 
  17. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US13099&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  18. ^ Georgia Board of Education, Retrieved June 8, 2010.
  19. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 8, 2010.
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

  • Early County Official Website - The official website of Early County
  • Early County 2055 - a non-profit corporation established by native son Charles Barton Rice and Catherine B. Rice to support the revitalization, economic development and preservation of Blakely and Early County, Georgia.
  • Blakely - Early County Chamber of Commerce Script error: No such module "webarchive". - Chamber of Commerce for Blakely and surrounding communities of Jakin, Arlington and Damascus.
  • Southwest Georgia Academy(SGA)-a private school is located in Damascus and its adjoining Counties by Georgia Independent School Association (GISA)
  • Early County News, a local newspaper founded by the Fleming Family in 1859
  • Early County historical marker

Further reading[]

  • Jerald T. Milanich, The Archaeology of Precolumbian Florida (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1994).
  • Jerald T. Milanich, et al., McKeithen Weeden Island: The Culture of Northern Florida, A.D. 200-900 (New York: Academic Press, 1984).
  • Thomas J. Pluckhahn, Kolomoki: Settlement, Ceremony, and Status in the Deep South, A.D. 350 to 750 (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2003).
  • William H. Sears, Excavations at Kolomoki: Final Report (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1956).
  • Christopher Trowell, "A Kolomoki Chronicle: The History of a Plantation, a State Park, and the Archaeological Search for Kolomoki's Prehistory," Early Georgia 26, no. 1 (1998).
  • Mark Williams and Daniel T. Elliott, eds., A World Engraved: Archaeology of the Swift Creek Culture (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1998).

Coordinates: 31°20′N 84°55′W / 31.33, -84.91


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Early County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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