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Hon. Ebenezer Hoar was born 21 February 1816 in Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States to Samuel Hoar (1778-1856) and Sarah Sherman (1783-1866) and died 31 January 1895 Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States of unspecified causes. He married Caroline Downes Brooks (1820-1892) 20 November 1840 in Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. William I of England (1027-1087), Henry II of England (1133-1189), Alfred the Great (849-899)/s, Charlemagne (747-814)/s, Henry II of England (1133-1189)/s, Hugh Capet (c940-996)/s, William I of England (1027-1087)/s, Rollo of Normandy (860-932)/s.

Biography

Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar (February 21, 1816 – January 31, 1895) was an influential American politician, lawyer, and justice from Massachusetts. He was appointed U.S. Attorney General in 1869 by President Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885); he became the first U.S. Attorney General to head the newly created Department of Justice in July, 1870. As Attorney General Hoar worked with President Ulysses S. Grant and Secretary of State Hamilton Fish over contentious issues as settling the Alabama Claims with England and in keeping the United States from recognizing Cuban belligerency during the Ten Years' War. Hoar assisted Grant in appointing two Supreme Court justices that helped overturn a decision outlawing paper money as legal tender. Hoar himself, nominated by President Grant, was rejected by the Senate to fill a Supreme Court vacancy, in part due to senators' dismay over Hoar's resistance to distribute federal patronage jobs without regard to the job applicant's capabilities

Early Life

Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar was born in Concord, Massachusetts, on February 21, 1816. Hoar came from a long line of Puritan ancestry, whose family had emigrated to America in 1640 to find religious liberty from England, initially settling in Braintree.[1] His father was Samuel Hoar and his mother was Sarah Sherman.[2] Hoar was sent to a religious private female teacher at the early age of two where in a matter of weeks acquired learning as if he had gone to a public instructor. By the age of three years, Hoar was able to read the Bible fluently as an adult.[3] By the age of four, Hoar was literate; having excelled his older sister in reading and writing. As Hoar grew up he was known for quick thinking and witty sayings.[4] After attending a preparatory Academy, Hoar entered Harvard University at the age of fifteen in 1831.[5] After graduation in 1835, Hoar moved West and served as an instructor at a school for girls in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.[6] After teaching in Pittsburgh, Hoar traveled to Kentucky and heard the famous politician Henry Clay speak, afterwards he then returned safely to Concord where he began to study law at his father's office.[7] Hoar returned to Harvard where he studied law for eighteen months and for six months in the law office of Emory Washburn. On September 30, 1839, Hoar passed the bar and had received a LL.B. degree from Harvard, where upon he practiced law in 1840 in Concord and Boston.[8]


Marriage & Family

Hoar's brother George Frisbie Hoar was influential congressman and senator for Massachusetts. His father Samuel Hoar (1778-1856) was an influential lawyer and politician. Through his mother, Sarah Sherman (1783-1866), he was the grandson of American founding father Roger Sherman (1721-1793) and Rebecca Prescott (1742-1813).

Hoar's first cousin Roger Sherman Baldwin was Governor of Connecticut and a U.S. senator. Another first cousin William Maxwell Evarts was U.S. Secretary of State, U.S. Attorney General immediately preceding Hoar, and a U.S. senator.



Children


Offspring of Hon. Ebenezer Hoar and Caroline Downes Brooks (1820-1892)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Sherman Hoar (1842-1898)
Caroline Hoar (1842-1907)
Sarah Sherman Hoar (1844-1844)
Samuel Hoar (1845-1904)
Baby Daughter Hoar (1847-1847)
Charles Emerson Hoar (1850-1912)
Clara Downes Hoar (1852-1915)
Elizabeth Hoar (1854-)



Siblings


Offspring of Samuel Hoar (1778-1856) and Sarah Sherman (1783-1866)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Elizabeth Sherman Hoar (1814-1878) 14 July 1814 Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts 7 April 1878 Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts
Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar (1816-1895) 21 February 1816 Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States 31 January 1895 Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States Caroline Downes Brooks (1820-1892)
Sarah Sherman Hoar (1817-1907) 9 November 1817 Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts 23 July 1907 Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts Robert Boyd Storer (1795-1870)
Samuel Johnson Hoar (1820-1821) 4 February 1820 Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts 10 January 1821 Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts
Edward Sherman Hoar (1823-1893) 21 February 1823 Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts 22 February 1893 Washington Elizabeth Hallet Pritchard (1822-1917)
George Frisbie Hoar (1826-1904) 27 August 1826 Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts 30 September 1904 Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts Mary Louisa Spurr (1831-1859)
Ruth Ann Miller (1830-1903)


Descendants of Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar

  • Samuel Hoar (1845-1904), son of Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar, was editor of the American Law Review from 1873 to 1879. In 1887 he became general counsel for the Boston and Albany Railroad Company.[22]
  • His son, Samuel Hoar (1887-1952), was partner in a prominent Boston law firm, called during his lifetime Goodwin, Procter and Hoar. The firm was founded in 1914, and Hoar's name was added in 1917 when Hoar joined the firm.[23] In the 1940s he donated a several parcels of land to the Federal Government, which became the founding kernel of the Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge on the Concord and Sudbury rivers in Massachusetts. He co-founded a second and still operating Concord Academy in 1922 in Concord, Massachusetts.[citation needed]
  • His son, Samuel Hoar (1927-2004), of Essex, Massachusetts also was a senior partner in the firm formerly known as Goodwin, Procter and Hoar.[23][24] As board member of the Conservation Law Foundation (CLF), he was a leading member of the litigation team that compelled the Commonwealth of Massachusetts to comply with federal environmental law, and build appropriate facilities to properly treat sewage discharged into Boston harbor, a legal battle that was most intense from 1983 into the 1990s.[25]
  • His son, Samuel Hoar (b. 1955) is a lawyer practicing in Burlington, Vermont. He served as president of the Vermont Bar Association in 2006 and 2007.[26]

References

Residences

Footnotes (including sources)

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