Elsabeth of Austria was born 1436 in Vienna, Austria to Albrecht II von Habsburg (1397-1439) and Elisabeth von Luxemburg (1409-1442) and died 30 August 1505 Krakow, Poland of unspecified causes. Alfred the Great (849-899)/s, Charlemagne (747-814)/s, Henry II of England (1133-1189)/s, Hugh Capet (c940-996)/s, William I of England (1027-1087)/s, Rollo of Normandy (860-932)/s.

Elisabeth of Austria (1437 – 30 August 1505), (in Polish Elżbieta Rakuszanka, Hungarian: Erzsébet), was a Polish-Lithuanian queen. In Polish, she is known as Elżbieta Rakuszanka and Elżbieta Austriaczka, both names meaning Elisabeth of Austria, or Elżbieta Habsburżanka, meaning Elisabeth of Habsburg.


Elisabeth was the daughter of Albert II of Germany (1397–1439) and his wife Elisabeth of Bohemia (1409–42). She married on 10 March 1454 King Casimir IV of Poland (Kazimierz Jagellon, 1427–92), monarch of Poland and Lithuania. Four of her sons became king, thus she is also called "mother of the Jagiellons" (or "mother of kings").

After the 1457 childless death of Elisabeth's brother, king Ladislas Posthumous, she and her family started to advance their claims to the thrones of Bohemia and Hungary. Ultimately, her eldest son became elected to both monarchies.

Her younger sons, in turn, became monarchs of Poland and Lithuania.

16th century portrait of Elisabeth von Habsburg

Upon the death of her brother Ladislas, his remaining heiresses shared the inherited rights in a way which put all their mother's rights to Polish principalities to Elisabeth and her children. Elisabeth's said mother, also named Elisabeth, was the only child of late Emperor Sigismund, himself the eldest son and heir of her mother, yet one Elisabeth, a daughter of ducal Pomeranian dynasty and the ultimate heiress of her mother, Elisabeth of Poland, the eldest daughter of Casimir III of Poland who also had inherited the principality of Kujavia (the elder branch of Masovia-Sandomir) and some rights to successions in parts of Greater Poland and Silesian principalities (Wladyslaw the Short's wife was from Poznan branch and mother from Wroclaw and Legnica branch). Since 1431, no other legitimate descendants of Casimir III survived than Elisabeth of Pomerania's. This was the way some ancient Piast estate property passed to the Jagiellons.

In 1467 she renounced her claim to the Duchy of Luxembourg to Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, whose father had bought the territory in 1443 from Elisabeth, Duchess of Luxembourg.


Offspring of Casimir IV of Poland and Elisabeth von Habsburg (1437-1505)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Wladyslaw II Jagiellon (1456-1516) 1 March 1456 Kraków 13 March 1516 Buda Barbara von Brandenburg (1464-1515) Beatrix di Napoli (1457-1508) Barbara von Brandenburg (1464-1515) Beatrix di Napoli (1457-1508) Anne de Foix (1484-1506)
Hedwig Jagiellon (1457-1502) 21 September 1457 Kraków, Poland 18 February 1502 Burghausen, Bavaria, Germany Georg von Bayern-Landshut (1455-1503)
Kasimir Jagiellon (1458-1484)
Jan I Olbracht Jagiellon (1459-1501) 27 December 1459 17 June 1501
Alexander Jagiellon (1461-1506) 5 August 1461 Kraków, Poland 19 August 1506 Vilnius, Lithuania Elena Ivanovna of Moscow (1476-1513)
Sofia of Poland (1464-1512) 6 May 1464 Kraków, Poland 5 October 1512 Ansbach, Bavaria, Germany Friedrich II. von Brandenburg-Ansbach-Kulmbach (1460-1536)
Elisabeth Jagiellon (1465-1466)
Sigismund Jagiellon (1467-1548) 1 January 1467 1 April 1548 Barbara Zápolya (1495-1515) Bona Sforza (1494-1557) Barbara Zápolya (1495-1515) Bona Sforza (1494-1557) Katarzyna Telniczenka (-1528)
Friedrich Jagiellon (1468-1503)
Elisabeth Jagiellon (1472-1480)
Anna Jagiellon (1476-1503) 1476 1503 Bogislaw X. von Pommern (1454-1523)
Barbara of Poland (1478-1534) 15 July 1478 Sandomierz, Poland 15 February 1534 Leipzig, Germany Georg der Bärtige von Sachsen (1471-1539)
Elisabeth Jagiellon (1483-1517)

Casimir and Elisabeth had the following children:

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Ancestors of Nicholas II of Russia
Elisabeth von Habsburg (1437-1505)
Born: 1436 Died: 30 August 1505
Royal titles
Preceded by
Sophia of Halshany
Queen consort of Poland
Succeeded by
Helena of Moscow
Preceded by
Uliana Olshansky
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania


Footnotes (including sources)

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Elisabeth of Austria (1436–1505). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.