|Elk County, Kansas|
Location in the state of Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 25, 1875|
650.36 sq mi (1,684 km²)
647.29 sq mi (1,676 km²)
3.07 sq mi (8 km²), 0.47%
4.8/sq mi (1.8/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Elk County (county code EK) is a county located in Southeast Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 2,882. Its county seat and most populous city is Howard.
Law and government
Although the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with the approval of voters, Elk County has remained a prohibition, or "dry", county.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 650.36 square miles (1,684.4 km2), of which 647.29 square miles (1,676.5 km2) (or 99.53%) is land and 3.07 square miles (8.0 km2) (or 0.47%) is water.
- Greenwood County (north)
- Wilson County (east)
- Montgomery County (southeast)
- Chautauqua County (south)
- Cowley County (southwest)
- Butler County (northwest)
As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 3,261 people, 1,412 households, and 923 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,860 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.06% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 0.95% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.20% from other races, and 2.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.18% of the population.
There were 1,412 households out of which 24.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.00% were married couples living together, 6.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.60% were non-families. 32.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the county the population was spread out with 22.50% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 20.00% from 25 to 44, 26.50% from 45 to 64, and 25.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 91.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $27,267, and the median income for a family was $34,148. Males had a median income of $28,580 versus $16,219 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,066. About 9.20% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.80% of those under age 18 and 15.00% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
Name and population (2004 estimate):
- Howard, 774 (county seat)
- Moline, 436
- Longton, 376
- Grenola, 220
- Elk Falls, 107
- Oak Valley
Elk County is divided into ten townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.
/km² (/sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
|Water %||Geographic coordinates|
|Elk Falls||20325||196||1 (3)||152 (59)||0 (0)||0.19%|
|Greenfield||28550||321||2 (5)||171 (66)||1 (0)||0.62%|
|Howard||33275||Howard||1,006||6 (16)||166 (64)||1 (1)||0.86%|
|Liberty||40025||117||1 (2)||154 (59)||0 (0)||0.19%|
|Longton||42675||530||5 (12)||116 (45)||0 (0)||0.11%|
|Oak Valley||51950||154||1 (3)||116 (45)||0 (0)||0.24%|
|Painterhood||54075||68||0 (1)||154 (59)||1 (0)||0.37%|
|Paw Paw||54925||116||1 (2)||141 (54)||0 (0)||0.24%|
|Union Center||72500||116||0 (1)||371 (143)||2 (1)||0.46%|
|Wildcat||79150||637||5 (12)||135 (52)||2 (1)||1.35%|
|Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/places2k.html.|
Unified school districts
Information on this and other counties in Kansas
- List of counties in Kansas
- List of Kansas county name etymologies
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Kansas
- Kansas locations by per capita income
Other information for Kansas
- List of cities in Kansas
- List of unified school districts in Kansas
- List of colleges and universities in Kansas
- ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL2.ST05&prodType=table. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2004. http://www.ksrevenue.org/abcwetdrymap.htm. Retrieved 2007-01-21.
- ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- ^ The counties of Elk and Chautauqua were organized from parts of Howard County in 1875. The census populations for Howard were 2,794 in 1870 and 19 in 1860.
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)
- Official sites
- Additional information
- Elk County Map, KDOT
- Kansas Highway Map, KDOT
- Kansas Railroad Map, KDOT
- Kansas School District Boundary Map, KSDE
|Butler County||Greenwood County||Wilson County|
Elk County, Kansas
|Cowley County||Chautauqua County||Montgomery County|
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Elk County, Kansas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|