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Escambia County, Florida
Seal of Escambia County, Florida
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Escambia County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the U.S. highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded July 21 1821
Seat Pensacola
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

876 sq mi (2,269 km²)
662 sq mi (1,715 km²)
213 sq mi (552 km²), 24.35%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

321,905
445/sq mi (172/km²)
Website www.co.escambia.fl.us

Escambia County is the westernmost county in the U.S. state of Florida. The 2020 population was 321,905. Its county seat is Pensacola.6

History[]

Escambia County was created in 1821. It was named for the Escambia River, whose name in turn comes from a Spanish word for "barter" or "exchange." Escambia County and St. Johns County were Florida's original two counties with the Suwannee River being the boundary between the two.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,268 km² (876 sq mi). 1,715 km² (662 sq mi) of it is land and 552 km² (213 sq mi) of it (24.35%) is water.

The county includes the island of Santa Rosa, which is separate from Santa Rosa County proper.

Escambia County is part of the Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Adjacent Counties[]

Demographics[]

As of the census² of 2000, there were 294,410 people, 111,049 households, and 74,180 families residing in the county. The population density was 172/km² (444/sq mi). There were 124,647 housing units at an average density of 73/km² (188/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 72.35% White, 21.40% Black or African American, 0.90% Native American, 2.21% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 2.16% from two or more races. 2.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 111,049 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.80% were married couples living together, 15.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.20% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.50% under the age of 18, 12.20% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,234, and the median income for a family was $41,708. Males had a median income of $31,054 versus $22,023 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,641. About 12.10% of families and 15.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.70% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over.

Education[]

Public primary and secondary education schools in Pensacola are administered by the Escambia County School District.

Local media[]

Print[]

The largest daily newspaper in the area is the Pensacola News Journal. There is also a weekly newspaper called The Independent News[1].

Television[]

One major network is broadcast from Pensacola, viz., ABC affiliate WEAR. Several major networks are broadcast from nearby Mobile, such as CBS affiliate WKRG, NBC affiliate WPMI, and FOX affiliate WALA. The following is a list of Broadcast television stations in the Mobile, Alabama / Pensacola - Fort Walton Beach, Florida market  (Nielsen DMA#59)

By frequency:
3 | 5 | 8 | 10 | 12 | 15 | 21 | 23 | 30 | 33 | 35 | 39 | 42 | 44 | 48 | 53 | 55 | 58 | 60

By callsign:
W30BX | W39BP | WALA | WAWD | WBPG | WBQP | WEAR | WEIQ | WFBD | WFGX | WHBR | WJTC | WKRG | WMPV | WPAN | WPMI | WRBD | WSRE

Radio[]

Radio stations in the Pensacola / Mobile market (Arbitron#123)

By frequency:
(FM) 88.1 | 89.5 | 90.5 | 91.3 | 91.7 | 92.9 | 94.1 | 94.9 | 95.7 | 96.1 | 96.5 | 97.5 | 98.1 | 98.7 | 99.9 | 100.7 | 101.5 | 102.7 | 104.1 | 106.1 | 107.3

(AM) 550 | 610 | 790 | 980 | 1090 | 1230 | 1330 | 1370 | 1450 | 1620

By callsign:
WABB | WASG | WBLX | WBSR | WCOA | WEBY | WEGS | WGCX | WHIL | WJLQ | WKSJ | WMEZ | WMXC | WNRP | WNVY | WPCS | WPNN | WRKH | WRNE | WRRX | WTGF | WTKE | WTKX | WUWF | WVTJ | WXBM | WYCL | WYCT | WYOK | WZNO | WZNS

Cities and towns[]

Incorporated[]

Unincorporated[]

Politics[]

Politically, Escambia County is a very conservative region, like the rest of the Western Panhandle. Before 1994, the area traditionally voted Democratic in local elections and sent Democrats to the U.S. House of Representatives and the state legislature. This was particularly the case in the decades of the 20th century when most African Americans were disenfranchised by the state constitution until passage of the federal Voting Rights Act.

In 1994 incumbent representative Earl Hutto declined to run for reelection. That year, Republican Joe Scarborough was elected to the House of Representatives. The white conservative electorate has switched to voting Republican since the 1994 Republican Revolution. They have elected Republicans to the state house and to the U.S. House of Representatives by wide margins ever since.

Voters of the county have not supported a Democratic presidential candidate since John F. Kennedy in 1960. In 1964 a majority of voters supported Barry Goldwater, although he was a Republican. In 1968 third-party candidate George Wallace won Escambia County with 54% of the vote. In 1972, Republican Richard Nixon received 80% of the vote in the county. Since 1972, Republican candidates in every presidential election have won an absolute majority in Escambia County, but in recent years, the Democratic Party has increased its share of the presidential vote. In 2020, Joe Biden was the first Democratic presidential candidate to win over 40% of the county's vote since Jimmy Carter in 1976.

United States presidential election results for Escambia County, Florida[1]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 96,674 56.58% 70,929 41.51% 3,253 1.90%
2016 88,808 57.60% 57,461 37.27% 7,903 5.13%
2012 88,711 59.55% 58,185 39.06% 2,071 1.39%
2008 91,411 59.02% 61,572 39.76% 1,891 1.22%
2004 93,566 65.30% 48,329 33.73% 1,383 0.97%
2000 73,171 62.62% 40,990 35.08% 2,695 2.31%
1996 60,997 56.52% 37,838 35.06% 9,090 8.42%
1992 52,868 50.24% 32,045 30.45% 20,308 19.30%
1988 64,959 68.05% 29,977 31.40% 524 0.55%
1984 66,715 71.32% 26,812 28.66% 22 0.02%
1980 51,794 58.49% 33,513 37.84% 3,252 3.67%
1976 41,471 51.38% 38,279 47.42% 965 1.20%
1972 56,071 79.57% 14,078 19.98% 315 0.45%
1968 15,089 22.07% 16,281 23.81% 37,000 54.12%
1964 32,414 56.09% 25,371 43.91% 0 0.00%
1960 17,925 38.79% 28,288 61.21% 0 0.00%
1956 13,227 37.21% 22,320 62.79% 0 0.00%
1952 12,176 37.27% 20,495 62.73% 0 0.00%
1948 3,267 14.75% 13,982 63.11% 4,907 22.15%
1944 3,191 16.42% 16,240 83.58% 0 0.00%
1940 2,249 12.19% 16,201 87.81% 0 0.00%
1936 1,567 14.64% 9,138 85.36% 0 0.00%
1932 1,658 21.15% 6,182 78.85% 0 0.00%
1928 4,443 53.32% 3,772 45.27% 118 1.42%
1924 1,274 29.34% 2,290 52.74% 778 17.92%
1920 1,227 22.96% 3,485 65.20% 633 11.84%
1916 416 15.05% 2,183 78.95% 166 6.00%
1912 72 3.48% 1,593 77.11% 401 19.41%
1908 718 21.39% 1,887 56.23% 751 22.38%
1904 497 23.02% 1,573 72.86% 89 4.12%
1900 432 19.11% 1,435 63.47% 394 17.43%
1896 233 13.97% 1,285 77.04% 150 8.99%
1892 0 0.00% 2,616 95.37% 127 4.63%



References[]

External links[]

Government links/Constitutional offices[]

Special districts[]

Judicial branch[]

Coordinates: 30°37′N 87°20′W / 30.61, -87.33

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Escambia County, Florida. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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