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Fauquier County, Virginia
Fauquier County Courthouse.jpg
Fauquier County Courthouse in Warrenton
Seal of Fauquier County, Virginia
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Fauquier County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1759
Named for Francis Fauquier
Seat Warrenton
Largest town Warrenton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

651 sq mi (1,686 km²)
647 sq mi (1,676 km²)
3.8 sq mi (10 km²), 0.6
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

72,972
Congressional districts 1st, 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Fauquier /fɔːˈkɪər/ is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 72,972.[1] The county seat is Warrenton.[2]

Fauquier County is in Northern Virginia and is a part of the Washington metropolitan area. The county is one of the fastest-growing and highest-income counties in the United States.

History[]

Portrait of Francis Fauquier, for whom Fauquier County was named

In 1608, the first European to explore in the vicinity, Captain John Smith, reported that the Whonkentia (a subgroup of the Siouan-speaking Manahoac tribe) inhabited the area. The Manahoac were forced out around 1670 by the Iroquois (Seneca), who did not resettle the area.[3] The Conoy camped briefly near The Plains, from 1697 to 1699.[4] The Six Nations ceded the entire region including modern Fauquier to Virginia Colony at the Treaty of Albany, in 1722.

Fauquier County was established on May 1, 1759, from Prince William County. It is named for Francis Fauquier,[5] Lieutenant Governor of Virginia at the time, who won the land in a poker game, according to legend.

American Civil War battles in Fauquier County included (in order) the First Battle of Rappahannock Station, the Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, the Battle of Kelly's Ford, the Battle of Aldie, the Battle of Middleburg, the Battle of Upperville, the First and Second Battle of Auburn, the Battle of Buckland Mills, and the Second Battle of Rappahannock Station.

Geography[]

View west along I-66/SR 55 and north along US 17 in northwestern Fauquier County



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Fauquier
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Fauquier and adjacent counties

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 651 square miles (1,690 km2), of which 647 square miles (1,680 km2) is land and 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) (0.6%) is water.[6] Fauquier county is not densely populated, but exurban development from Washington, DC has sprung up in some parts. Even in rural areas, housing complexes can be seen along highways. The highest point by elevation is Blue Mountain at 2205 ft (602 meters) on the county's northwestern border with Warren County. [7]

Adjacent counties[]

Major highways[]

  • I-66
  • US 15
  • US 17
  • US 29
  • US 50
  • US 211
  • SR 28
  • SR 55
  • SR 245

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 17,892
1800 21,329 19.2%
1810 22,689 6.4%
1820 23,103 1.8%
1830 26,086 12.9%
1840 21,897 −16.1%
1850 20,868 −4.7%
1860 21,706 4.0%
1870 19,690 −9.3%
1880 22,993 16.8%
1890 22,590 −1.8%
1900 23,374 3.5%
1910 22,526 −3.6%
1920 21,869 −2.9%
1930 21,071 −3.6%
1940 21,039 −0.2%
1950 21,248 1.0%
1960 24,066 13.3%
1970 26,375 9.6%
1980 35,889 36.1%
1990 48,741 35.8%
2000 55,139 13.1%
2010 65,203 18.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11]2010[12] 2020[13]

2020 census[]

Fauquier County, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[12] Pop 2020[13] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 53,410 54,969 81.91% 75.33%
Black or African American alone (NH) 5,232 4,999 8.02% 6.85%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 186 128 0.29% 0.18%
Asian alone (NH) 826 1,204 1.27% 1.65%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 27 49 0.04% 0.07%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 103 339 0.16% 0.46%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 1,241 3,491 1.90% 4.78%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 4,178 7,793 6.41% 10.68%
Total 65,203 72,972 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[]

In 2000 there were 19,842 households, out of which 36.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.80% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.70% were non-families. 18.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.14.

As of 2013, the population was spread out, with 24.2% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $93,762.[14] The per capita income for the county was $39,600. About 3.70% of families and 5.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.70% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

The county is exurban. There has been increased growth in Warrenton and New Baltimore in recent years. The subdivisions of Brookside and Vint Hill have facilitated the growth in the eastern part of the county. There is some industry in Fauquier County, however the largest employer in the county is the county government and the hospital. As of the 2000 census, 47% of county residents that work have jobs that are outside the county.[15] The average travel time to work is 39.2 minutes.

Government[]

Board of Supervisors[]

  • Cedar Run District: Richard Gerhardt (R) – Vice Chairman
  • Center District: Chris N. Granger (R) – Chairman
  • Lee District: Christopher Butler (R)
  • Marshall District: Mary Leigh McDaniel (I)
  • Scott District: R. Holder Trumbo Jr. (R) [16]

Constitutional officers[]

  • Clerk of the Circuit Court: Gail H. Barb (R)
  • Commissioner of the Revenue: Eric Maybach (R)
  • Commonwealth's Attorney: James P. Fisher (R)
  • Sheriff: Robert P. Mosier (R)
  • Treasurer: Tanya Remson Wilcox (R)[17]

Legislators[]

The Virginia Senate:

  • Jill Holtzman Vogel (R)

The Virginia House of Delegates:

  • Michael J. Webert (R)
  • Elizabeth R. Guzmán (D)
  • Mark L. Cole (R)

The U.S. House of Representatives:

  • Bob Good (R)
  • Robert J. "Rob" Wittman (R)
United States presidential election results for Fauquier County, Virginia[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 25,106 57.50% 17,565 40.23% 990 2.27%
2016 22,127 59.07% 12,971 34.63% 2,362 6.31%
2012 21,034 59.16% 13,965 39.28% 556 1.56%
2008 19,227 56.19% 14,616 42.71% 376 1.10%
2004 19,011 63.55% 10,712 35.81% 192 0.64%
2000 14,456 61.56% 8,296 35.33% 729 3.10%
1996 11,063 57.45% 6,759 35.10% 1,436 7.46%
1992 10,497 50.57% 6,600 31.79% 3,662 17.64%
1988 11,733 69.86% 4,837 28.80% 226 1.35%
1984 10,319 71.41% 4,056 28.07% 76 0.53%
1980 6,782 58.11% 4,119 35.30% 769 6.59%
1976 4,715 51.75% 4,002 43.92% 394 4.32%
1972 4,654 67.71% 2,039 29.67% 180 2.62%
1968 2,845 43.76% 2,099 32.29% 1,557 23.95%
1964 2,101 37.43% 3,506 62.46% 6 0.11%
1960 2,123 51.86% 1,958 47.83% 13 0.32%
1956 2,112 55.55% 1,567 41.22% 123 3.24%
1952 2,068 56.27% 1,597 43.46% 10 0.27%
1948 1,102 41.32% 1,291 48.41% 274 10.27%
1944 1,089 33.99% 2,110 65.86% 5 0.16%
1940 756 28.67% 1,874 71.07% 7 0.27%
1936 629 23.54% 2,037 76.24% 6 0.22%
1932 379 15.82% 1,999 83.43% 18 0.75%
1928 972 38.83% 1,531 61.17% 0 0.00%
1924 345 20.14% 1,277 74.55% 91 5.31%
1920 568 29.26% 1,365 70.32% 8 0.41%
1916 367 23.32% 1,204 76.49% 3 0.19%
1912 182 12.46% 1,187 81.25% 92 6.30%
1908 363 21.07% 1,354 78.58% 6 0.35%
1904 357 22.65% 1,216 77.16% 3 0.19%
1900 1,377 34.45% 2,610 65.30% 10 0.25%
1896 1,553 35.88% 2,744 63.40% 31 0.72%
1892 1,348 31.81% 2,802 66.12% 88 2.08%
1888 1,778 40.05% 2,661 59.95% 0 0.00%
1884 1,477 35.97% 2,629 64.03% 0 0.00%
1880 1,186 31.31% 2,602 68.69% 0 0.00%



Education[]

Elementary schools[]

  • C. M. Bradley Elementary School
  • James G. Brumfield Elementary School
  • W. G. Coleman Elementary School
  • Grace Miller Elementary School
  • H. M. Pearson Elementary School
  • C. Hunter Ritchie Elementary School
  • P. B. Smith Elementary School
  • Claude Thompson Elementary School
  • Mary Walter Elementary School
  • Greenville Elementary School
  • M. M. Pierce Elementary School

Middle schools[]

  • Auburn Middle School
  • Cedar Lee Middle School
  • W. C. Taylor Middle School
  • Marshall Middle School
  • Warrenton Middle School

High schools[]

  • Fauquier High School
  • Liberty High School
  • Southeastern Alternative School
  • Kettle Run High School
  • Mountain Vista Governor's School

Private schools[]

  • Fresta Valley Christian School
  • Highland School
  • St. John The Evangelist Catholic School[19]
  • Wakefield School

Higher education[]

  • Lord Fairfax Community College
  • Thorpe House Adult Learning Center

Communities[]

Towns[]

Census-designated places[]

  • Bealeton
  • Calverton
  • Catlett
  • Marshall
  • Midland
  • New Baltimore
  • Opal

Other unincorporated communities[]

  • Airlie
  • Atoka
  • Belle Meade
  • Belvoir
  • Bleak
  • Bristersburg
  • Broad Run
  • Casanova
  • Delaplane
  • Elk Run
  • Germantown
  • Goldvein
  • Halfway
  • Hume
  • Liberty
  • Linden
  • Markham
  • Morrisville
  • Old Tavern
  • Orlean
  • Paris
  • Rectortown
  • Somerville
  • Sumerduck
  • Upperville

Notable people[]

  • Turner Ashby, born in Fauquier County, Confederate Army colonel in the American Civil War.[20]
  • Martin Berkofsky, classical pianist and philanthropist.
  • Irv Cross, American footballer and sportscaster.
  • Susan Cummings, an heiress infamous for killing Argentine polo player Roberto Villegas.
  • Robert Duvall, American-born actor who maintains a farm in The Plains.
  • Bertram and Diana Firestone, owners of Newstead Farm.
  • George B. Fitch, American businessman, Mayor of Warrenton, founder of Jamaican Bobsled Team.
  • Rear Admiral Cary Travers Grayson, owner of historic Blue Ridge Farm.
  • Eppa Hunton, U.S. Representative and Senator from Virginia, born and lived in Warrenton.
  • Charles Marshall, born in Warrenton, assistant adjutant general, aide de camp and military secretary to Gen. Robert E. Lee. Grandnephew of Chief Justice John Marshall.
  • James K. Marshall, Colonel in the Confederate States Army, killed in action during Pickett's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg while leading the brigade of J. Johnston Pettigrew, grandson of Chief Justice John Marshall.
  • John Marshall, born in Fauquier County, Chief Justice of the United States.
  • Paul Mellon, philanthropist, an Exemplar of Racing and owner of Rokeby Farm.
  • John S. Mosby, lived in Warrenton, was a Confederate partisan ranger and cavalryman during the American Civil War. Buried in Warrenton cemetery.
  • Albert Rust, 19th-century American politician who served as a senior officer of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War (1861–1865).
  • Michaele Salahi and Tareq Salahi, the White House Gate Crashers.
  • Willard Scott, an American media personality best known for his work on NBC's The Today Show who lived in Paris, Virginia.
  • Scott Shipp, born in Warrenton, Superintendent of Virginia Military Institute from 1890 to 1907.
  • Isabel Dodge Sloane, owner of Brookmeade Stud.
  • William "Extra Billy" Smith, died in Warrenton, was a lawyer, congressman, two time Governor of Virginia and one of the oldest Confederate generals in the American Civil War.
  • Liz Whitney Tippett, owner of the Llangollen estate.
  • Karen O'Connor and David O'Connor, Olympic eventing riders

See also[]

  • Fauquier County Sheriff's Office
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Fauquier County, Virginia
  • Timeline of Fauquier County, Virginia in the Civil War
  • Fauquier, British Columbia

References[]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/51061. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ Swanton, John R. (1952). The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution. pp. 61–62. ISBN 0-8063-1730-2. OCLC 52230544. https://books.google.com/books?id=vtHI5pkJOGMC. 
  4. ^ Harrison Williams, Legends of Loudoun, pp. 20-21.
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 124. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_9V1IAAAAMAAJ. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 1, 2011. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  7. ^ "Virginia County/Ind. City High Points". Peakbagger.com. https://www.peakbagger.com/list.aspx?lid=13501. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/va190090.txt. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  12. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Fauquier County, Virginia". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?q=p2&g=0500000US51061&tid=DECENNIALPL2010.P2. 
  13. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Fauquier County, Virginia". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?q=p2&g=0500000US51061&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder – Community Facts". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=05000US24017&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US24%7C05000US24017&_street=&_county=fauquier&_cityTown=fauquier&_state=04000US51&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=050&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null:null&_keyword=&_industry=. 
  15. ^ "Get A Life, Lose The Commute". Fauquier Times-Democrat. August 30, 2007. http://www.fauquier.com/news/2007/aug/30/get-a-life-lose-the-commute/. 
  16. ^ "Meet the Board Members". Fauquier County. http://www.fauquiercounty.gov/government/boards-committees/board-of-supervisors/meet-the-board-members. 
  17. ^ "Constitutional Officers". Fauquier County. http://www.fauquiercounty.gov/government/constitutional-officers. 
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  19. ^ "Home | Saint John the Evangelist School" (in en-US). https://www.sjesva.org/. 
  20. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links[]

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Coordinates: 38°44′N 77°49′W / 38.74, -77.81


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Fauquier County, Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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