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Fayette County, Ohio
Washington Courthouse Ohio.jpg
Fayette County Courthouse
Seal of Fayette County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Fayette County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 1, 1810[1]
Named for Marquis de Lafayette
Seat Washington Court House
Largest city Washington Court House
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

407 sq mi (1,054 km²)
406 sq mi (1,052 km²)
0.7 sq mi (2 km²), 0.2%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

28,951
auto/sq mi (Expression error: Unrecognized word "auto"./km²)
Congressional districts 10th, 15th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.fayette-co-oh.com/

Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 28,951.[2] Its county seat is Washington Court House.[3] The county was named for the Marquis de Lafayette,[4] a Frenchman who was an officer in the American Army in the Revolution, when established on March 1, 1810.

Fayette County comprises the Washington Court House, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Combined Statistical Area.

History[]

Fayette County was formed on March 1, 1810 from portions of Highland County and Ross County. It was named after Marie-Joseph Motier, Marquis de La Fayette, a French general and politician who took the side of the Colonials during the American Revolutionary War and who played an important role in the French Revolution.[5]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 407 square miles (1,050 km2), of which 406 square miles (1,050 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (0.2%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[]

Major highways[]

  • I-71
  • US 22
  • US 35
  • US 62
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 1,854
1820 6,316 240.7%
1830 8,182 29.5%
1840 10,984 34.2%
1850 12,726 15.9%
1860 15,935 25.2%
1870 17,170 7.8%
1880 20,364 18.6%
1890 22,309 9.6%
1900 21,725 −2.6%
1910 21,744 0.1%
1920 21,518 −1.0%
1930 20,755 −3.5%
1940 21,385 3.0%
1950 22,554 5.5%
1960 24,775 9.8%
1970 25,461 2.8%
1980 27,467 7.9%
1990 27,466 0%
2000 28,433 3.5%
2010 29,030 2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2020 [11]

2000 census[]

As of the census[12] of 2010, there were 29,030 people, 11,436 households, and 7,834 families living in the county. The population density was 71.4 people per square mile (27.6/km2). There were 12,693 housing units at an average density of 31.2 per square mile (12.1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.63% White, 2.02% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.80% from other races, and 1.74% from two or more races. 1.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,436 households, out of which 32.53% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.05% were married couples living together, 13.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.34% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.67% under the age of 18, 7.88% from 18 to 24, 24.89% from 25 to 44, 27.59% from 45 to 64, and 14.97% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.4 years. For every 100 females there were 96.69 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.56 males.

As of 2013, the median income for a household in the county was $37,619, and the median income for a family was $45,108. Males had a median income of $30,516 versus $20,223 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,603. About 16.1% of families and 20.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.4% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 29,030 people, 11,436 households, and 7,834 families living in the county.[13] The population density was 71.4 inhabitants per square mile (27.6 /km2). There were 12,693 housing units at an average density of 31.2 per square mile (12.0 /km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 94.6% white, 2.0% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.8% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 21.9% were German, 15.4% were American, 10.6% were Irish, and 9.7% were English.[15]

Of the 11,436 households, 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.5% were non-families, and 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 39.4 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,599 and the median income for a family was $48,424. Males had a median income of $39,078 versus $31,434 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,525. About 12.9% of families and 17.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Politics[]

Fayette County is a stronghold of the Republican party in presidential elections; it has voted Democratic only 4 times since 1856.

United States presidential election results for Fayette County, Ohio[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 9,473 75.03% 2,975 23.56% 178 1.41%
2016 7,995 71.18% 2,739 24.39% 498 4.43%
2012 6,620 59.97% 4,249 38.49% 169 1.53%
2008 7,102 60.61% 4,401 37.56% 215 1.83%
2004 7,376 62.74% 4,334 36.86% 47 0.40%
2000 5,685 61.27% 3,363 36.25% 230 2.48%
1996 4,831 50.29% 3,665 38.15% 1,111 11.56%
1992 4,916 48.74% 2,976 29.51% 2,194 21.75%
1988 6,186 69.72% 2,623 29.56% 64 0.72%
1984 6,838 75.80% 2,126 23.57% 57 0.63%
1980 5,827 64.26% 2,810 30.99% 431 4.75%
1976 5,719 55.18% 4,477 43.20% 168 1.62%
1972 6,970 73.25% 2,344 24.63% 201 2.11%
1968 5,339 51.99% 2,966 28.88% 1,964 19.13%
1964 4,567 42.70% 6,128 57.30% 0 0.00%
1960 7,085 64.11% 3,966 35.89% 0 0.00%
1956 6,696 66.00% 3,449 34.00% 0 0.00%
1952 6,800 63.66% 3,882 36.34% 0 0.00%
1948 4,865 57.95% 3,513 41.85% 17 0.20%
1944 5,933 60.06% 3,945 39.94% 0 0.00%
1940 5,984 53.27% 5,249 46.73% 0 0.00%
1936 4,841 45.29% 5,807 54.33% 41 0.38%
1932 4,254 44.74% 5,157 54.24% 97 1.02%
1928 5,251 65.23% 2,752 34.19% 47 0.58%
1924 4,542 60.27% 2,696 35.77% 298 3.95%
1920 5,446 58.55% 3,812 40.98% 43 0.46%
1916 2,772 50.53% 2,616 47.69% 98 1.79%
1912 2,186 39.72% 2,261 41.08% 1,057 19.20%
1908 3,343 56.84% 2,451 41.68% 87 1.48%
1904 3,331 62.47% 1,880 35.26% 121 2.27%
1900 3,380 57.25% 2,438 41.29% 86 1.46%
1896 3,357 54.54% 2,748 44.65% 50 0.81%
1892 2,838 55.26% 1,989 38.73% 309 6.02%
1888 3,316 58.44% 2,192 38.63% 166 2.93%
1884 3,171 58.87% 2,160 40.10% 55 1.02%
1880 2,830 56.99% 2,111 42.51% 25 0.50%
1876 2,436 55.59% 1,874 42.77% 72 1.64%
1872 2,140 57.88% 1,545 41.79% 12 0.32%
1868 1,970 58.88% 1,376 41.12% 0 0.00%
1864 1,848 59.83% 1,241 40.17% 0 0.00%
1860 1,458 50.59% 1,121 38.90% 303 10.51%
1856 1,209 49.11% 880 35.74% 373 15.15%



Government[]

Fayette County has a 3-member Board of County Commissioners that oversee the various County departments, similar to all but 2 of the 88 Ohio counties. As of 2021, Fayette County's elected commissioners are Tony Anderson, Dan Dean, and Jim Garland.[18]

Transportation[]

Airport[]

Fayette County Airport is a general aviation facility owned by the county and located northeast of the city of Washington Court House.

Communities[]

Map of Fayette County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

City[]

  • Washington Court House (county seat)

Villages[]

Townships[]

  • Concord
  • Green
  • Jasper
  • Jefferson
  • Madison
  • Marion
  • Paint
  • Perry
  • Union
  • Wayne

https://web.archive.org/web/20160715023447/http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites

Census-designated places[]

  • Good Hope
  • Pancoastburg

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Blessing
  • Bookwalter
  • Boyds
  • Buena Vista
  • Cook
  • Cunningham
  • Eber
  • Edgefield
  • Fairview
  • Georgetown
  • Ghormley
  • Glendon
  • Hagler
  • Jasper Mills
  • Johnson
  • Luray
  • Luttrell
  • Madison Mills
  • Manara
  • McLean
  • New Martinsburg
  • Parrott
  • Plano
  • Pleasant View
  • Rock Mills
  • Shady Grove
  • South Plymouth
  • Staunton
  • West Lancaster
  • White Oak
  • Yankeetown
  • Yatesville

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Fayette County, Ohio

References[]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Fayette County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. http://www.odod.state.oh.us/research/FILES/S0/Fayette.pdf. 
  2. ^ 2020 census
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 124. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_9V1IAAAAMAAJ. 
  5. ^ Kilbourn, John (1833). The Ohio Gazetteer, or, a Topographical Dictionary. Scott and Wright. pp. 194. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_dt48AAAAYAAJ. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_39.txt. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/oh190090.txt. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  11. ^ 2020 census
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US39047. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US39047. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US39047. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US39047. 
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  18. ^ "County Commissioners". Fayette County Ohio Home Page. https://www.fayette-co-oh.com/government/county_commissioners.php. 

Coordinates: 39°34′N 83°27′W / 39.56, -83.45

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