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Floyd County, Indiana
NewAlbanyViewedFromFloydsKnobs.jpg
Floyd County, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Floyd County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1819
Named for Brigadier General John Floyd
Seat New Albany
Largest city New Albany
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

148.96 sq mi (386 km²)
147.94 sq mi (383 km²)
1.02 sq mi (3 km²), 0.68%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

80,484
504/sq mi (194.57/km²)
Congressional district 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.floydcounty.in.gov
Footnotes:  
  • Indiana county number 22
  • Second smallest county in Indiana by area

Floyd County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of the 2020 census, the population was 80,484.[1] The county seat is New Albany.[2] Floyd County has the second-smallest land area in the entire state. It was formed in the year 1819 from neighboring Clark, and Harrison counties.

Floyd County is part of the Louisville/Jefferson County, KY–IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

From Floyds Knobs, the view of the Sherman Minton Bridge that crosses the Ohio River and connecting Indiana and Kentucky and the Louisville International Airport in the distance.

History[]

Floyd County, originally the Shawnee Indians hunting ground, was conquered for the United States by George Rogers Clark during the American Revolutionary War from the British.[3] He was awarded large tracts of land in Indiana, including almost all of present-day Floyd County. Clark sold land to the settlers who began arriving as soon as peace returned.

Pearl Street in downtown New Albany. The Knobs can be seen in the distance.

The woods of Mount Saint Francis in Floyds Knobs, Indiana.

In 1818, New Albany was large enough to become a county seat and form a new county. New Albany leaders sent Nathaniel Scribner and John K. Graham to the capital at Corydon to petition the General Assembly.[3] Legislation was passed on January 2, 1819, by the General Assembly, and the county was established on February 1.[3][4] The origin of the county's name is debated. According to the State Library, it was named for John Floyd, a leading Jefferson County, Kentucky pioneer and uncle of Davis Floyd.[5] John Floyd was killed in 1783 when his party was attacked by Indians in Bullitt County, Kentucky.[3] However, some maintain the county was actually named for Davis Floyd, who was convicted of aiding Aaron Burr in the treason of 1809. Davis Floyd had also been a leading local political figure and was the county's first circuit court judge.[3]

In 1814, New Albany was platted and was established as the county seat on March 4, 1819.[3] There was an attempt in 1823 to move the county seat, but the motion failed.[4] New Albany would be the largest city in the state for much of the early 19th century, eventually being overtaken by Indianapolis during the Civil War.[6]

House of Nathaniel Scribner

Between 1800 and 1860, Floyd County experienced a huge boom in population (doubling many times over).[7] A survey in the 1850s found that over half of Indiana's population that made more than $100,000 per year lived in Floyd County, establishing it as having the richest population in the state.[8]

The Duncan Tunnel, the longest tunnel in Indiana, was built in Floyd County in 1881 between New Albany and Edwardsville. Because no route over the Floyds Knobs was suitable for a railroad line, civil engineers decided to tunnel through them.[9] The project was originally started by the Air Line but was completed by Southern Railway. It took five years to bore at a cost of $1 million.[10] The Tunnel is 4,311 feet (1,314 m) long.[11]

Floyd County, during the 19th century, attracted immigrants of Irish, German, French and African American origins.[12] The French settlers located mostly in Floyds Knobs, Indiana. The Irish began arriving in 1817 and settled in large numbers between 1830 and 1850.[12] German immigrants settled mostly in New Albany. By 1850, about one in six county residents had been born in other countries. Mount Saint Francis, a multi-purpose complex owned and administered by the Conventual Franciscan Friars of the Province of Our Lady of Consolation, is located in Floyds Knobs along Highway 150. The property includes 400 acres of woods and Mount Saint Francis Lake, both which are open to the public. Numerous hiking trails meander through the woods and fields containing native prairie grasses. No hunting is allowed on the property.

The New Albany National Cemetery was one of the original seven first established in 1862 by Congress. More than 5,000 are buried here, from the Civil War to the Vietnam War.

Geography[]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 148.96 square miles (385.8 km2), of which 147.94 square miles (383.2 km2) (or 99.32%) is land and 1.02 square miles (2.6 km2) (or 0.68%) is water.[13] It is the second smallest county in area, behind only Ohio County, although significantly more populated.

A pasture scene in Greenville, off Georgetown-Greenville Road.

The rolling land of Georgetown features farmland, fields and woods that are dotted with homes and a few subdivisions.

City[]

Towns[]

  • Georgetown
  • Greenville

Census-designated place[]

  • Galena

Townships[]

Floyd County is divided into five townships:

  • Franklin
  • Georgetown
  • Greenville
  • Lafayette
  • New Albany

Geographical features[]

The Knobs Unit, which includes Floyd County, contains some of the hilliest country in Indiana. As a result, the area supports trees that prefer very dry sites and ridgetops, as well as those that prefer very wet sites, ravines, or “bottomland.” Tree types unique to the unit include blackjack oak and swamp tupelo. Part of the unit stands on sandstone bedrock; other areas developed over limestone. This difference accommodates a variety of trees and their associated flowering plants and shrubs. Trees found in Floyd County include the Sycamore, Flowering Dogwood, Virginia Pine, Easter Redcedar, American Beech, Sugar Maple, American Elm and Chestnut Oak.[14] The lowest point in the county is the shore of the Ohio River near New Albany at an elevation of 380 ft (120 m).[15]

Major highways[]

  • Interstate 64
  • Interstate 265
  • U.S. Route 150
  • Indiana State Road 11
  • Indiana State Road 62
  • Indiana State Road 64
  • Indiana State Road 111
  • Indiana State Road 335

Adjacent counties[]

Climate and weather[]

Climate chart for New Albany, Indiana
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
3.28
 
41
25
 
 
3.25
 
47
29
 
 
4.41
 
57
37
 
 
3.91
 
67
46
 
 
4.88
 
75
56
 
 
3.76
 
83
65
 
 
4.30
 
87
70
 
 
3.41
 
86
68
 
 
3.05
 
79
61
 
 
2.79
 
68
49
 
 
3.81
 
56
39
 
 
3.69
 
45
30
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: The Weather Channel[16]

In recent years, average temperatures in New Albany have ranged from a low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July. The record low temperature was −22 °F (−30.0 °C), recorded in January, 1994, and a record high was 107 °F (42 °C), recorded in July, 1936. On July 4, 2012, the record for highest temperature in the county was almost broken; the temperature reached 106 °F (41 °C). Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.79 inches (71 mm) in October of last year to 4.88 inches (124 mm) in May of last year.[16]

Government[]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana and the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Floyd county is divided into 44 precincts which are organized into four districts, each district elects one representative to the council. Three other members are elected to the county at large. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[17][18]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[17][18]

Court: Floyd County's court system consists of a Circuit Court, three Superior Courts and a Magistrate Court.

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[18]

Floyd County has nine public parks within the county, the largest being the 104-acre Sam Peden Community Park in New Albany.

Floyd County is part of Indiana's 9th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Republican Trey Hollingsworth It is also part of Indiana Senate district 46[19] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 70 and 72.[20]

United States presidential election results for Floyd County, Indiana[21]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 23,400 55.85% 17,511 41.79% 988 2.36%
2016 21,432 56.64% 13,945 36.85% 2,465 6.51%
2012 19,878 56.17% 14,812 41.85% 702 1.98%
2008 19,957 54.43% 16,263 44.35% 447 1.22%
2004 19,877 58.65% 13,857 40.89% 156 0.46%
2000 16,486 54.90% 13,209 43.99% 335 1.12%
1996 12,473 42.90% 13,814 47.52% 2,785 9.58%
1992 11,932 40.24% 13,166 44.40% 4,553 15.36%
1988 14,291 56.28% 11,024 43.41% 78 0.31%
1984 15,466 58.85% 10,616 40.40% 197 0.75%
1980 12,456 48.91% 11,543 45.33% 1,468 5.76%
1976 11,259 46.42% 12,744 52.54% 252 1.04%
1972 13,198 58.31% 9,243 40.83% 195 0.86%
1968 9,714 40.99% 10,671 45.02% 3,316 13.99%
1964 7,834 33.14% 15,656 66.23% 148 0.63%
1960 11,629 48.38% 12,346 51.36% 62 0.26%
1956 10,410 55.18% 8,378 44.41% 77 0.41%
1952 11,608 51.79% 10,368 46.25% 439 1.96%
1948 8,367 43.76% 10,593 55.40% 161 0.84%
1944 8,410 44.10% 10,541 55.27% 120 0.63%
1940 8,056 42.53% 10,799 57.00% 89 0.47%
1936 6,976 38.50% 10,654 58.79% 491 2.71%
1932 7,333 40.40% 10,497 57.83% 323 1.78%
1928 10,471 58.49% 7,327 40.93% 104 0.58%
1924 6,733 46.50% 6,971 48.15% 775 5.35%
1920 7,669 49.65% 7,391 47.85% 387 2.51%
1916 3,200 43.99% 3,850 52.92% 225 3.09%
1912 669 9.65% 3,236 46.66% 3,031 43.70%
1908 3,431 43.85% 4,064 51.94% 330 4.22%
1904 3,666 49.10% 3,421 45.81% 380 5.09%
1900 3,597 48.22% 3,781 50.69% 81 1.09%
1896 3,874 51.74% 3,544 47.34% 69 0.92%
1892 2,958 40.27% 4,219 57.43% 169 2.30%
1888 2,947 42.88% 3,824 55.65% 101 1.47%



Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 2,776
1830 6,361 129.1%
1840 9,454 48.6%
1850 14,875 57.3%
1860 20,183 35.7%
1870 23,300 15.4%
1880 24,590 5.5%
1890 29,458 19.8%
1900 30,118 2.2%
1910 30,293 0.6%
1920 30,661 1.2%
1930 34,655 13.0%
1940 35,061 1.2%
1950 43,955 25.4%
1960 51,397 16.9%
1970 55,622 8.2%
1980 61,169 10.0%
1990 64,404 5.3%
2000 70,823 10.0%
2010 74,578 5.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[22] 1900–1990[23]
1990–2000[24] 2010–2020[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 74,578 people, 29,479 households, and 20,264 families residing in the county.[25] The population density was 504.1 inhabitants per square mile (194.6 /km2). There were 31,968 housing units at an average density of 216.1 per square mile (83.4 /km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 90.4% white, 5.2% black or African American, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.2% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.6% of the population.[25] In terms of ancestry, 29.4% were German, 15.0% were Irish, 11.0% were English, and 10.6% were American.[26]

Of the 29,479 households, 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.3% were non-families, and 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 39.1 years.[25]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $63,139. Males had a median income of $45,699 versus $33,749 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,971. About 8.2% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.[27]

Education[]

New Albany-Floyd County Consolidated School Corporation serves the county. New Albany High School was the first public high school in the state, opening its doors in 1853. The school system has two high schools, New Albany High School and Floyd Central High School, nine elementary schools and three middle schools. The district's enrollment totals approximately 12,000 students in pre-kindergarten through high school programs. The district employs more than 1,200 full-time personnel, which includes approximately 750 teachers, and 375 part-time personnel, according to the 2017 NA-FC website.

All Floyd County residents are eligible to obtain a library card at the New Albany-Floyd County Public Library in New Albany.[28]

Gallery[]

See also[]

External links[]

References[]

  1. ^ a b "Archived copy". https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=PEP_2018_PEPANNRES&prodType=table. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f The Encyclopedia of Louisville By John E. Kleber (University Press of Kentucky 2000) pages 300-302 ISBN 0-8131-2100-0
  4. ^ a b Floyd County History Script error: No such module "webarchive".
  5. ^ "Indiana Historical Bureau - Origin of Indiana County Names". http://www.in.gov/history/2911.htm. 
  6. ^ Findling, John ed. A History of New Albany, Indiana. (Indiana University Southeast, 2003). 53.
  7. ^ a b "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  8. ^ Miller, Harold. Industrial Development of New Albany, Indiana. Economic Geography (January 1938). 48.
  9. ^ "PBase.com". http://www.pbase.com/kd4jsl/image/93496896. 
  10. ^ Sunny Side of Louisville - Area History Script error: No such module "webarchive".
  11. ^ Railroad Depots of Southern Indiana, By David E. Longest. Pg 89. ISBN 0-7385-3958-9
  12. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Louisville By John E. Kleber (University Press of Kentucky 2000) page 302 ISBN 0-8131-2100-0
  13. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY10/0500000US18043. 
  14. ^ "USGS New Albany (IN, KY) Topo Map". TopoQuest. http://www.topoquest.com/map.php?lat=38.35379&lon=-85.84740&datum=nad27&zoom=4. 
  15. ^ "USGS Lanesville (IN, KY) Topo Map". TopoQuest. http://www.topoquest.com/map.php?lat=38.18167&lon=-85.89921&datum=nad27&zoom=4. 
  16. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for New Albany, Indiana". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USIN0460. 
  17. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title36/ar2/ch3.html. 
  18. ^ a b c Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title3/ar10/ch2.pdf. 
  19. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. http://www.in.gov/sos/elections/3006.htm. 
  20. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. http://www.in.gov/sos/elections/3005.htm. 
  21. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  22. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  23. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/in190090.txt. 
  24. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  25. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US18043. 
  26. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0400000US18%7c0500000US18043. 
  27. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0400000US18%7c0500000US18043. 
  28. ^ "How to Get a Library Card". New Albany-Floyd County Public Library. http://nafclibrary.org/bw-about/library-policies/get-a-library-card/. 

Coordinates: 38°19′N 85°54′W / 38.32, -85.90


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Floyd County, Indiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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