|Fluvanna County, Virginia|
Location in the state of Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
- Fluvanna is also the name of a community in Texas.
Fluvanna County was established in 1777 from Albemarle County. The county name comes from 'Queen Anne's River. ('fluv' is Latin for river) The county has the James and Rivanna Rivers running through it. The Point of Fork (near Columbia where the James and Rivanna Rivers meet) was the site of a major Monacan Indian village in pre-colonial times. Thomas Jefferson was part of a group of investors that began a major canal project during the colonial era. The canal on the Rivanna River would eventually connect Charlottesville with the James River. Another major canal ran along the James River connecting Richmond and Lynchburg by canal. During the American Civil War over 1,200 of its citizens served in the Confederate forces during the American Civil War. Its citizens served in Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery units during the war. See Fluvanna Artillery for more information.
As of the census2 of 2003, there were 20,047 people, 7,387 households, and 5,702 families residing in the county. The population density was 27/km² (70/mi²). There were 8,018 housing units at an average density of 11/km² (28/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.44% White, 18.41% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. 1.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,387 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 0.9% were married couples living together, 99.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 100% were non-families. 18.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 31.70% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 86.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $46,372, and the median income for a family was $51,141. Males had a median income of $32,346 versus $24,774 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,338. About 3.90% of families and 5.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.60% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.
Although Fluvanna County's population remains very small, in percentage terms it has one of the highest growth rates in the State.
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