Dona Francisca, Princess of Brazil was born 2 August 1824 in Palace of São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to Pedro I do Brasil (1798-1834) and Maria Leopoldine von Österreich (1797-1826) and died 27 March 1898 Paris, France of unspecified causes. She married François d'Orléans (1818-1900) 1 May 1843 in Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Charlemagne (747-814)/s, Henry II of England (1133-1189)/s, Willem van Oranje (1533-1584)/s, Hugh Capet (c940-996)/s, William I of England (1027-1087)/s.

Francisca was born on 2 August 1824 in the Palace of São Cristóvão, in Rio de Janeiro, capital of the Empire of Brazil. Her name in full was Francisca Carolina Joana Carlota Leopoldina Romana Xavier de Paula Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga. Through her father, Emperor Dom Pedro I, she was a member of the Brazilian branch of the House of Braganza (Portuguese: Bragança) and was referred to using the honorific "Dona" (Lady) from birth. Her mother was the Archduchess Maria Leopoldina of Austria, daughter of Franz II, the last Holy Roman Emperor. Through her, Francisca was a niece of Napoleon Bonaparte and first cousin of Emperors Napoleon II of France, Franz Joseph I (Francis Joseph I) of Austria-Hungary and Don Maximiliano I (Maximilian I) of Mexico.

Francisca married Prince François of Orléans, third son of Louis Philippe I and his Italian Queen Maria Amalia of Naples. François, called the Prince of Joinville, and Francisca married in Rio de Janeiro on 1 May 1843. The bride was 19, the groom 25. Her portrait was painted when she arrived in Paris, in 1844, by Ary Scheffer (coll. Musée de la Vie romantique, Paris).

Their only daughter Princess Françoise of Orléans married her first cousin Prince Robert, Duke of Chartres and became the mother of the Orléanist pretender Prince Jean, Duke of Guise. Her son Pierre never married, but had two illegitimate children by a married woman..

When the Orléans family fled France, they settled in England living at Claremont; It was there that Francisca gave birth to a still born daughter in 1849; the next year, the exiled King Louis Philippe I died himself. After the fall of the House of Bonaparte of the Second Empire, the Orléans family returned to France; Francisca herself died in Paris aged 73. Her husband outlived her by two years, dying in Paris in 1900.


Offspring of Dona Francisca, Princess of Brazil and François d'Orléans (1818-1900)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Françoise d'Orléans (1844-1925) 14 August 1844 Neuilly-sur-Seine, Paris, Île-de-France, France 28 October 1925 Château de Saint-Firmin, Saint-Firmin, France Robert de Chartres (1840-1910)
Pierre d'Orléans (1845-1919)
Marie Léopoldine d'Orléans (1849-1849)



Footnotes (including sources)

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