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Frederick County, Virginia
Seal of Frederick County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Frederick County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1743
Named for Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales and eldest son of King George II of Great Britain
Seat Winchester
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

416 sq mi (1,076 km²)
415 sq mi (1,074 km²)
1 sq mi (3 km²), 0.24%
 -  Density

188.7/sq mi (72.9/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Frederick County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It is included in the Winchester, Virginia-West Virginia Metropolitan Statistical Area. It was formed in 1743 by the splitting of Orange County. For ten years it was the home of George Washington. As of 2010, the population was 78,305.[1] Its county seat is Winchester.[2] The northernmost point in Virginia is located in Frederick County.


The area was settled by various cultures of indigenous peoples for thousands of years before European colonization. The "Indian Road" refers to a historic pathway made by local tribes.

European Americans established Frederick County in 1743 from Orange County. Anglo-American settlers named the county for Frederick Lewis, Prince of Wales and eldest son of King George II of Great Britain.

American Revolutionary War[]

Commander-in-Chief of the Colonial forces, General George Washington's headquarters were located in Winchester. Washington represented Frederick County in his first elective offices, having been elected to the House of Burgesses in 1758 and 1761. Daniel Morgan was another famous General during the American Revolutionary War, from (present day Clarke County).

American Civil War[]

Winchester changed hands between the Confederate and Union Armies on average once every three weeks during the war. Many battles were fought in Frederick County. Some of those battles include:

  • First Battle of Kernstown, March 1862
  • First Battle of Winchester, May 1862
  • Second Battle of Winchester, June 1863
  • Second Battle of Kernstown, July 1864
  • Third Battle of Winchester, September 1864
  • Battle of Cedar Creek, October 1864

The first constitution of West Virginia provided for Frederick County to be added to the new state if approved by a local election. [3] Unlike those of neighboring Berkeley and Jefferson counties, Frederick County residents voted to remain in Virginia.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 416 square miles (1,077.4 km2), of which 415 square miles (1,074.8 km2) is land and 1 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.24%) is water. This is the northernmost county in the state of Virginia.

Major Highways[]

  • I-66.svg Interstate 66
  • I-81 (VA).svg Interstate 81
  • US 11.svg U.S. Route 11
  • US 17.svg U.S. Route 17
  • US 48.svg U.S. Route 48
  • US 50.svg U.S. Route 50
  • US 522.svg U.S. Route 522
  • Virginia 7.svg State Route 7
  • Virginia 37.svg State Route 37
  • Virginia 55.svg State Route 55
  • Virginia 259.svg State Route 259
  • Virginia 277.svg State Route 277

Adjacent counties[]

National protected areas[]

  • Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park (part)
  • George Washington National Forest (part)


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 19,681
1800 24,744 25.7%
1810 22,574 −8.8%
1820 24,706 9.4%
1830 26,046 5.4%
1840 14,242 −45.3%
1850 15,975 12.2%
1860 16,546 3.6%
1870 16,596 0.3%
1880 17,553 5.8%
1890 17,880 1.9%
1900 13,239 −26.0%
1910 12,787 −3.4%
1920 12,461 −2.5%
1930 13,167 5.7%
1940 14,008 6.4%
1950 17,537 25.2%
1960 21,941 25.1%
1970 28,893 31.7%
1980 34,150 18.2%
1990 45,723 33.9%
2000 59,209 29.5%
2010 78,305 32.3%

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 59,209 people, 22,097 households, and 16,727 families residing in the county. The population density was 143 people per square mile (55/km²). There were 23,319 housing units at an average density of 56/square mile (22/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.99% White, 2.62% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.56% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. 1.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 22,097 households out of which 36.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.50% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.30% were non-families. 19.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 31.90% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,941, and the median income for a family was $52,281. Males had a median income of $35,705 versus $25,046 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,080. About 4.00% of families and 6.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.30% of those under age 18 and 6.90% of those age 65 or over.



Map of Frederick County, Virginia with Municipal and Magisterial District Labels

Incorporated Towns[]

  • Middletown
  • Stephens City

Unincorporated Communities[]

  • Albin
  • Armel
  • Bartonsville
  • Brucetown
  • Burnt Factory
  • Cedar Grove
  • Cedar Hill
  • Clear Brook
  • Cross Junction
  • De Haven
  • Gainesboro
  • Good
  • Gore
  • Gravel Springs
  • Green Spring
  • Grimes
  • Hayfield
  • Indian Hollow
  • Jordan Springs
  • Kernstown
  • Klines Mill
  • Leetown
  • Lehew
  • Marlboro
  • McQuire
  • Meadow Mills
  • Mount Pleasant
  • Mount Williams
  • Mountain Falls
  • Mountain Falls Park
  • Nain
  • Opequon
  • Parkins Mills
  • Rest
  • Reynolds Store
  • Ridings Mill
  • Rock Enon Springs
  • Round Hill
  • Shawnee Land
  • Shockeysville
  • Siler
  • Star Tannery
  • Stephenson
  • Vaucluse
  • Welltown
  • Whitacre
  • White Hall
  • Wilde Acres


Frederick County is served by Frederick County Public Schools, which includes several middle, elementary, and high schools. Frederick County is also part of the region served by the Mountain Vista Governor's School that offers upper level classes to intellectually gifted high school students.

County Seat[]

Note: Winchester, like all cities under Virginia law, is an independent city—politically independent of any county.

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Frederick County, Virginia
  • List of routes in Frederick County, Virginia


  1. ^ [1]. 2010 U.S. Census Data: Virginia. Retrieved February 16, 2011
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^, Article I, Section 2
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[]

Template:Frederick County, Virginia in the American Civil War

Coordinates: 39°13′N 78°16′W / 39.21, -78.26

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Frederick County, Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.