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Fulton County, Ohio
Fulton County Courthouse in Wauseon, front.jpg
Fulton County Courthouse
Seal of Fulton County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Fulton County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded April 1, 1850[1]
Named for Robert Fulton
Seat Wauseon
Largest city Wauseon
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

407 sq mi (1,054 km²)
405 sq mi (1,049 km²)
1.8 sq mi (5 km²), 0.4%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

42,713
auto/sq mi (Expression error: Unrecognized word "auto"./km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.FultonCountyOH.com

A rural road in Fulton County

Fulton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio west of Toledo. As of the 2020 census, the population was 42,713.[2] Its county seat is Wauseon.[3] The county was created in 1850 with land from Henry, Lucas, and Williams counties[4] and is named for Robert Fulton, inventor of the steamboat.[5] Fulton County is part of the Toledo Metropolitan Area.

History[]

The first seat of justice in Fulton County was Ottokee, located there because of its central location in the county. A wooden courthouse was built in 1851.[6]

However, a railroad was built further south. Wauseon sprung up in 1854 when the railroad was extended to that point, and incorporated in 1859.[7] With the commercial success that the railroad brought to Wauseon, the citizens of the county voted to move the county seat to Wauseon in 1871.[6] The Fulton County Courthouse was built in 1872.[8]

1851 Railroad map: Ottokee is the county seat of justice.[9]  
1890 Railroad map: Wauseon is now the county seat.[10]  

Geography[]

The Tiffin River near Goll Woods State Nature Preserve

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 407 square miles (1,050 km2), of which 405 square miles (1,050 km2) is land and 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) (0.4%) is water.[11]

Adjacent counties[]

Protected Areas[]

  • Fulton Pond Wildlife Area
  • Goll Woods State Nature Preserve
  • Harrison Lake State Park
  • Maumee State Forest
  • Tiffin River Wildlife Area
  • Wabash Cannonball Trail

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 7,781
1860 14,043 80.5%
1870 17,789 26.7%
1880 21,053 18.3%
1890 22,023 4.6%
1900 22,801 3.5%
1910 23,914 4.9%
1920 23,445 −2.0%
1930 23,477 0.1%
1940 23,626 0.6%
1950 25,580 8.3%
1960 29,301 14.5%
1970 33,071 12.9%
1980 37,751 14.2%
1990 38,498 2.0%
2000 42,084 9.3%
2010 42,698 1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2020 [16]

2000 census[]

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 42,084 people, 15,480 households, and 11,687 families living in the county. The population density was 104 people per square mile (40/km2). There were 16,232 housing units at an average density of 40 per square mile (15/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.65% White, 0.24% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.31% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. 5.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,480 households, out of which 37.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.20% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.50% were non-families. 21.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.30% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,074, and the median income for a family was $50,952. Males had a median income of $36,180 versus $25,137 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,999. About 4.00% of families and 5.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.10% of those under age 18 and 4.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 42,698 people, 16,188 households, and 11,942 families living in the county.[18] The population density was 105.3 inhabitants per square mile (40.7 /km2). There were 17,407 housing units at an average density of 42.9 per square mile (16.6 /km2).[19] The racial makeup of the county was 94.9% white, 0.4% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 2.4% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.8% of the population.[18] In terms of ancestry, 45.5% were German, 11.9% were Irish, 10.7% were English, 6.9% were Polish, and 6.2% were American.[20]

Of the 16,188 households, 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.2% were non-families, and 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age was 39.9 years.[18]

The median income for a household in the county was $50,717 and the median income for a family was $59,090. Males had a median income of $42,561 versus $30,070 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,804. About 8.5% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.[21]

Politics[]

For over 80 years, Fulton County has regularly voted for Republican candidates for president. The only Democrats to win Fulton were Franklin Pierce in 1852 and Franklin D. Roosevelt in his 1932 election.

United States presidential election results for Fulton County, Ohio[22]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 15,731 68.98% 6,664 29.22% 411 1.80%
2016 13,709 64.20% 6,069 28.42% 1,575 7.38%
2012 11,738 55.08% 9,073 42.58% 499 2.34%
2008 11,689 53.10% 9,900 44.97% 424 1.93%
2004 13,640 62.13% 8,224 37.46% 90 0.41%
2000 11,546 61.10% 6,805 36.01% 545 2.88%
1996 8,703 48.60% 6,662 37.20% 2,542 14.20%
1992 8,358 44.45% 5,576 29.65% 4,870 25.90%
1988 10,230 66.31% 5,076 32.90% 122 0.79%
1984 11,412 72.55% 4,217 26.81% 101 0.64%
1980 9,519 64.72% 3,972 27.01% 1,216 8.27%
1976 7,891 60.94% 4,850 37.45% 208 1.61%
1972 8,387 68.55% 3,615 29.55% 232 1.90%
1968 7,817 64.14% 3,338 27.39% 1,033 8.48%
1964 5,973 51.59% 5,604 48.41% 0 0.00%
1960 9,695 74.76% 3,274 25.24% 0 0.00%
1956 9,030 77.50% 2,622 22.50% 0 0.00%
1952 9,191 78.18% 2,565 21.82% 0 0.00%
1948 6,523 70.67% 2,672 28.95% 35 0.38%
1944 8,258 79.37% 2,147 20.63% 0 0.00%
1940 8,653 77.38% 2,530 22.62% 0 0.00%
1936 6,152 60.17% 3,582 35.04% 490 4.79%
1932 4,487 48.02% 4,673 50.01% 184 1.97%
1928 6,416 77.74% 1,788 21.66% 49 0.59%
1924 4,951 69.56% 1,333 18.73% 834 11.72%
1920 6,111 73.88% 2,049 24.77% 111 1.34%
1916 2,933 52.97% 2,507 45.28% 97 1.75%
1912 929 17.64% 1,805 34.28% 2,531 48.07%
1908 3,608 61.24% 2,131 36.17% 153 2.60%
1904 3,593 69.12% 1,448 27.86% 157 3.02%
1900 3,457 59.49% 2,262 38.93% 92 1.58%
1896 3,227 55.99% 2,464 42.75% 73 1.27%
1892 2,808 55.34% 1,919 37.82% 347 6.84%
1888 2,901 55.72% 1,997 38.36% 308 5.92%
1884 2,848 56.90% 1,904 38.04% 253 5.05%
1880 2,912 60.65% 1,787 37.22% 102 2.12%
1876 2,697 61.99% 1,597 36.70% 57 1.31%
1872 2,210 71.57% 826 26.75% 52 1.68%
1868 2,171 65.37% 1,150 34.63% 0 0.00%
1864 1,953 66.86% 968 33.14% 0 0.00%
1860 1,629 61.63% 984 37.23% 30 1.14%
1856 1,098 56.77% 772 39.92% 64 3.31%



Transportation[]

Airport[]

Fulton County Airport is a public use airport located four nautical miles (5 mi, 7 km) north of the central business district of Wauseon, Ohio. It is owned by the Fulton County Commissioners.[23]

Highways[]

  • OhioTurnpike.svg Ohio Turnpike
    • I-80
    • I-90
  • US 20
  • US 20A
  • US 127
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]

Communities[]

Map of Fulton County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

City[]

  • Wauseon (county seat)

Villages[]

  • Archbold
  • Delta
  • Fayette
  • Lyons
  • Metamora
  • Swanton

Townships[]

  • Amboy
  • Chesterfield
  • Clinton
  • Dover
  • Franklin
  • Fulton
  • German
  • Gorham
  • Pike
  • Royalton
  • Swan Creek
  • York

https://web.archive.org/web/20160715023447/http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites

Census-designated places[]

  • Pettisville
  • Tedrow

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Advance
  • Ai
  • Assumption
  • Brailey
  • Burlington
  • Denson
  • Dutch Ridge
  • Eckley
  • Elmira
  • Inlet
  • Lytton
  • Oakshade
  • Ottokee
  • Powers
  • Seward
  • South Delta
  • Thelma
  • Winameg
  • Zone

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Fulton County, Ohio

References[]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Fulton County". Ohio Department of Development. http://www.odod.state.oh.us/research/FILES/S0/Fulton.pdf. 
  2. ^ 2020 census
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  4. ^ "Archived copy". https://mapgeeks.org/maps-of-ohio/. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 133. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_9V1IAAAAMAAJ. 
  6. ^ a b Aldrich, Lewis Cass (1888). History of Henry and Fulton counties, Ohio : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers. Syracuse, N. Y.: D. Mason & Co., Publishers. pp. 288–289. https://archive.org/stream/historyofhenryfu00aldr/historyofhenryfu00aldr_djvu.txt. 
  7. ^ Reighard, Frank H. (1920). A Standard History of Fulton County, Ohio (Volume 1). Lewis Publishing Company. p. 209. http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=hvd.hx2zl7;view=1up;seq=241. 
  8. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. pp. 876. ISBN 978-1135948597. https://books.google.com/books?id=REtEXQNWq6MC&pg=PA876. 
  9. ^ Library of Congress (1851). Railroad & township map of Ohio (Map). https://www.loc.gov/item/98688538/. 
  10. ^ Railroad map of Ohio (Map). 1890. https://www.loc.gov/item/98688544/. 
  11. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_39.txt. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  14. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/oh190090.txt. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  16. ^ 2020 census
  17. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  18. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US39051. 
  19. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US39051. 
  20. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US39051. 
  21. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US39051. 
  22. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  23. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for USE (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. effective May 31, 2012.

External links[]

Coordinates: 41°36′N 84°07′W / 41.60, -84.12

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