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Gallatin County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Gallatin County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1812
Seat Shawneetown
Largest city Shawneetown
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

328 sq mi (851 km²)
324 sq mi (838 km²)
5 sq mi (12 km²), 1.43%
 - (2000)
 - Density

20/sq mi (8/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Gallatin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of 2000, the population is 6,445. Its county seat is Shawneetown6.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 851 km² (328 sq mi). 838 km² (324 sq mi) of it is land and 12 km² (5 sq mi) of it (1.43%) is water.

The Wabash and Ohio rivers join in the northeastern part of the county. The Saline River is a major drainage in the county, and it feeds into the Ohio River.

Adjacent Counties[]


Saline springs along the Saline River between Equality and Junction played a big part in the County's early history. The springs are on State land along the south bank of the Saline River, just east of the bridge on Illinois Route 1. Slave trader and landowner Blake Drone made his fortune leasing the salt works from the government.


2000 census age pyramid for Gallatin County.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1900 15,836
1910 14,628 −7.6%
1920 12,856 −12.1%
1930 10,091 −21.5%
1940 11,414 13.1%
1950 9,818 −14.0%
1960 7,638 −22.2%
1970 7,418 −2.9%
1980 7,590 2.3%
1990 6,909 −9.0%
2000 6,445 −6.7%
IL Counties 1900-1990

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 6,445 people, 2,726 households, and 1,837 families residing in the county. The population density was 8/km² (20/sq mi). There were 3,071 housing units at an average density of 4/km² (10/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 98.37% White, 0.26% Black or African American, 0.71% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. 0.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,726 households out of which 28.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.80% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% were non-families. 29.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 25.40% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 18.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,118, and the median income for a family was $34,539. Males had a median income of $30,750 versus $20,280 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,575. About 15.30% of families and 20.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.10% of those under age 18 and 14.10% of those age 65 or over.

Other Cities[]

Census-designated places[]

External links[]

Coordinates: 37°46′N 88°14′W / 37.76, -88.23

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Gallatin County, Illinois. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.