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Gallia County, Ohio
Gallia County Courthouse, 1985 edition.jpg
Courthouse in Gallipolis
Seal of Gallia County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Gallia County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 25, 1803[1]
Named for the Latin name for France
Seat Gallipolis
Largest village Gallipolis
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

471 sq mi (1,220 km²)
467 sq mi (1,210 km²)
4.7 sq mi (12 km²), 1.0%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

29,220
auto/sq mi (Expression error: Unrecognized word "auto"./km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.gallianet.net

Gallia County (pronunciation: GAL-yuh) is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,220.[2] Its county seat is Gallipolis.[3]

Named after the French people who originally settled there,[4] its name “Gallia” is the Latin word for Gaul, the ancient region of Western Europe that included present day France.[5]

Gallia County is part of the Point Pleasant, WV-OH Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[]

Gallia County was formed on March 25, 1803, from portions of Adams and Washington counties. Gallia County had originally been settled by French immigrants, who named the county “Gallia,” the Latin name for Gaul, the ancient region of Western Europe which included present day France.[6]

In the 19th century, the county was settled by numerous migrants from the Upper South, who traveled to the territory by the Ohio River. In the antebellum years, some of its towns became centers of settlement by African Americans, both free blacks (some also from the South) and refugee slaves who had escaped their owners and come across the river to a free state.

In 1818 a group from Wales settled in Gallia County, with Welsh remaining Gallia County's most common second language until 1970.[7]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 471 square miles (1,220 km2), of which 467 square miles (1,210 km2) is land and 4.7 square miles (12 km2) (1.0%) is water.[8]

Adjacent counties[]

National protected area[]

  • Wayne National Forest (part)

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 4,181
1820 7,098 69.8%
1830 9,733 37.1%
1840 13,444 38.1%
1850 17,063 26.9%
1860 22,043 29.2%
1870 25,545 15.9%
1880 28,124 10.1%
1890 27,005 −4.0%
1900 27,918 3.4%
1910 25,745 −7.8%
1920 23,311 −9.5%
1930 23,050 −1.1%
1940 24,930 8.2%
1950 24,910 −0.1%
1960 26,120 4.9%
1970 25,239 −3.4%
1980 30,098 19.3%
1990 30,954 2.8%
2000 31,069 0.4%
2010 30,934 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2020 [13]

2000 census[]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 31,069 people, 12,060 households, and 8,586 families living in the county. The population density was 66 people per square mile (26/km2). There were 13,498 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.26% White, 2.70% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. 0.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,060 households, out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.00% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,191, and the median income for a family was $35,938. Males had a median income of $31,783 versus $22,829 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,183. About 13.50% of families and 18.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.20% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 30,934 people, 12,062 households, and 8,264 families living in the county.[15] The population density was 66.3 inhabitants per square mile (25.6 /km2). There were 13,925 housing units at an average density of 29.8 per square mile (11.5 /km2).[16] The racial makeup of the county was 94.7% white, 2.6% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry, 18.6% were American, 15.9% were German, 15.6% were Irish, and 8.0% were English.[17]

Of the 12,062 households, 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.5% were non-families, and 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99. The median age was 39.9 years.[15]

The median income for a household in the county was $37,409 and the median income for a family was $46,470. Males had a median income of $39,301 versus $30,068 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,199. About 15.8% of families and 21.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.7% of those under age 18 and 14.9% of those age 65 or over.[18]

Politics[]

Gallia County has been a Republican stronghold ever since that party was formed. Lyndon Johnson in his 1964 landslide is the solitary Democrat to win a majority of the county's vote in the presidential election, although James Buchanan in 1856 and Bill Clinton in 1996 won a plurality.

United States presidential election results for Gallia County, Ohio[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 10,645 77.14% 2,990 21.67% 164 1.19%
2016 9,822 75.53% 2,628 20.21% 554 4.26%
2012 7,750 61.40% 4,557 36.10% 315 2.50%
2008 8,247 61.68% 4,777 35.73% 347 2.60%
2004 8,576 61.29% 5,366 38.35% 51 0.36%
2000 7,511 58.79% 4,872 38.13% 393 3.08%
1996 5,135 41.19% 5,386 43.21% 1,945 15.60%
1992 5,776 42.04% 5,350 38.94% 2,612 19.01%
1988 7,399 59.92% 4,834 39.14% 116 0.94%
1984 8,194 65.27% 4,251 33.86% 109 0.87%
1980 6,469 56.73% 4,406 38.64% 529 4.64%
1976 5,198 50.38% 4,971 48.18% 148 1.43%
1972 6,506 72.40% 2,341 26.05% 139 1.55%
1968 5,134 58.10% 2,660 30.10% 1,042 11.79%
1964 4,408 48.19% 4,740 51.81% 0 0.00%
1960 7,602 68.49% 3,498 31.51% 0 0.00%
1956 7,040 70.99% 2,877 29.01% 0 0.00%
1952 6,763 68.20% 3,153 31.80% 0 0.00%
1948 5,743 62.38% 3,430 37.25% 34 0.37%
1944 6,464 68.53% 2,968 31.47% 0 0.00%
1940 7,285 64.88% 3,943 35.12% 0 0.00%
1936 6,700 59.42% 4,548 40.34% 27 0.24%
1932 5,646 56.45% 4,190 41.89% 166 1.66%
1928 5,513 73.42% 1,916 25.52% 80 1.07%
1924 4,325 61.21% 2,284 32.32% 457 6.47%
1920 5,388 67.40% 2,562 32.05% 44 0.55%
1916 2,860 54.71% 2,277 43.55% 91 1.74%
1912 1,355 25.23% 1,765 32.87% 2,250 41.90%
1908 3,914 63.48% 2,171 35.21% 81 1.31%
1904 3,880 67.51% 1,742 30.31% 125 2.18%
1900 4,159 62.82% 2,388 36.07% 73 1.10%
1896 4,247 63.66% 2,369 35.51% 55 0.82%
1892 3,547 61.99% 1,984 34.67% 191 3.34%
1888 3,651 61.33% 2,216 37.22% 86 1.44%
1884 3,690 60.67% 2,333 38.36% 59 0.97%
1880 3,488 59.92% 2,310 39.68% 23 0.40%
1876 3,202 58.07% 2,302 41.75% 10 0.18%
1872 2,855 64.40% 1,553 35.03% 25 0.56%
1868 2,678 62.31% 1,620 37.69% 0 0.00%
1864 2,828 70.75% 1,169 29.25% 0 0.00%
1860 1,881 52.54% 1,472 41.12% 227 6.34%
1856 610 19.32% 1,341 42.48% 1,206 38.20%



Communities[]

Map of Gallia County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Villages[]

  • Centerville
  • Cheshire
  • Crown City
  • Gallipolis (county seat)
  • Rio Grande
  • Vinton

Townships[]

  • Addison
  • Cheshire
  • Clay
  • Gallipolis
  • Green
  • Greenfield
  • Guyan
  • Harrison
  • Huntington
  • Morgan
  • Ohio
  • Perry
  • Raccoon
  • Springfield
  • Walnut

[20]

Census-designated place[]

  • Kanauga

Other unincorporated communities[]

  • Bidwell
  • Kerr
  • Mercerville
  • Patriot

See also[]

  • Grassman
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Gallia County, Ohio
  • Scioto Company (1787 - 1790)

References[]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Gallia County". Ohio Department of Development. http://www.odod.state.oh.us/research/FILES/S0/Gallia.pdf. 
  2. ^ 2020 census
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  4. ^ "History of Gallia County: Containing a Condensed History of the County; Biographical Sketches; General Statistics; Miscellaneous Matters &c". 1882. https://books.google.com/books?id=DmxNAQAAMAAJ&q=gallia&pg=PR1. 
  5. ^ http://ohio.llgc.org.uk/co-jacksongallia.php
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 133. https://books.google.com/books?id=9V1IAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA133. 
  7. ^ "The little pocket of Wales in America". May 28, 2018. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-wales-44240447. 
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_39.txt. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/oh190090.txt. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  13. ^ 2020 census
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  15. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US39053. 
  16. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US39053. 
  17. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US39053. 
  18. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US39053. 
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  20. ^ "TOWNSHIP WEBSITES | Ohio Township Association". 2016-07-15. http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 38°50′N 82°19′W / 38.83, -82.32

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