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—  District  —
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 19°22′59″N 85°03′00″E / 19.383, 85.05Coordinates: 19°22′59″N 85°03′00″E / 19.383, 85.05
Country  India
State Odisha
Headquarters Chhatrapur
 • Collector Shri Krishna Kumar, IAS
 • Member of Parliament Siddhanta Mahapatra, BJD
 • Total 8,070.6 km2 (3,116.1 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,520,151
 • Rank 1st
 • Density 429/km2 (1,110/sq mi)
 • Official Oriya, Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 761 xxx
Vehicle registration OD-07
Nearest city Bhubaneswar
Sex ratio 981 /
Literacy 71.88%
Lok Sabha constituency Berhampur
Vidhan Sabha constituency 7
Precipitation 1,295.6 millimetres (51.01 in)

Ganjam district (Oriya: ଗଞ୍ଜାମ ଜିଲ୍ଲା, is a district in the Indian state of Odisha located on the border of Andhra Pradesh. Ganjam's total area is 8,070 km² (3,116 mi²). Its population is approximately 2,704,056. Ganjam is known for its beaches bordering the Bay of Bengal, the most famous ones being Gopalpur (a famous tourist destination) and Dhavaleshwar. The most populous city in Ganjam, Berhampur, is famous for silver filigree and silk sarees woven with gold and silver threads.

The district headquarters is Chhatrapur. Ganjam is divided into three subdivisions Chhatrapur, Berhampur, and Bhanjanagar. The The Imperial Gazetteer of India 1908 lists Ganjam, along with the Thanjavur and South Canara districts, as the three districts of the Madras Presidency where Brahmins were most numerous.

As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Odisha (out of 30).[1]


Undivided Ganjam district included present Gajapati district and also parts of Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh before 1950. In 1950, Srikakulam district was organised by separating Srikakulam and Tekkali areas from Ganjam district and Palakonda area from Visakhapatnam district. In 1992, Paralakhemundi, Kasinagar and Ramagiri Udayagiri areas were separated from Ganjam district and organised as Gajapati district. At first, Gopalpur-on-Sea has been headquarters of Ganjam district and later Chhatrapur was made as headquarters.

The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[2]


Major towns[]

Aska, Ballipadar, Bellaguntha, B.D.Pur Sasan, Bhanjanagar, Brahmapur, Buguda, Chhatrapur, Chikitigarh, Dharakote, Digapahandi, Gandola, Ganjam, Gopalpur Hinjilicut, Jagannath Prasad, Kabisuryanagar, Khalikote, Kodala, Kukudakhandi, Makundapur, Patrapur, Polasara, Purusottampur, Sanakhemundi, Sheragada, Sorada, Makarjhola, Rambha, Keshpur, Gangapur. [kanheipur].


In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Ganjam one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[3] It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]


Notable residents of the past[]

  • Kavi Samrat Upendra Bhanja
  • Sri Krishna Simha, Raja of Dharakot, (c. 1739-1828) wrote a Mahabharata in Sanskritized Oriya, which remains well known today.
  • Sri Jadumani Mahapatra (1781-1866), poet, painter, and wit, was born in the village Mathura in central Ganjam.
  • Kavisurya Baladeva Ratha, the great nineteenth century composer of songs, was born in Badakhemundi, now known as Kavisuryanagar.
  • Biju Patnaik
  • Aneppu Parasuramdas Patro: Justice Party leader and Education Minister in the Raja of Panagal government who is remembered for bringing about Communal G. O. 613 which introduced caste-based communal reservations for the first time in British India.
  • V. V. Giri: former President of India
  • Laxman Nayak
  • Ranganath Dash
  • Chakara Bisoyi
  • Dohara Bisoyi
  • Biswanath Das: 1st prime minister of Odisha.

Notable residents of the present[]

  • Bikram Keshari Arukh, Law & Rural Development Minister.
  • Chandra Sekhar Sahu, Politician
  • Chintamani Dyan Samantraya, Former deputy speaker of the Odisha Legislative Assembly
  • Hayagriba Tripathy, Educationist, columnist, social reformer
  • Padmasri Dr Ghanashyam Mishra, Ayurvidic Doctor
  • Padmasri Dr Kota Harinarayana, Former Director, Light Combat Aircraft & Former Vice-Chancellor, Central University of Hyderabad.
  • Rani Sungyani Kumari Devi, MLA
  • Siddhanta Mahapatra, Film Actor, Politician
  • Somanatha Rath, Politician


Places of interest[]

  • Maa Singhasani
  • Sri Jagannath Temple at Dharakote
  • Jaugada (Historical place of Ashok raja), at pandia.
  • Mausimaa Temple
  • Maa Taratarini Temple, Purusottampur
  • Taptapani (hot spring)
  • Bhetanai near Aska for the famous Black Bucks
  • Gopalpur-on-Sea
  • Balunkeswar Temple, B.D Pur
  • Budhakhol near Buguda
  • Dhabaleswar Temple
  • Mahuri Kalua
  • Siddha Bhairavi [4]Temple and Sonpur beach (15 km from temple)
  • Kanaka Durga Thakurani Temple at Kodola Athagarh.
  • Maa Mahamayee Thakurani Temple at (Kabisurya Nagar)
  • Maa Narayani Temple
  • Panchama Ganesh Temple
  • Lord Lakshmi Nrusingh Temple, Bellaguntha
  • Maa bahada thakurani, manikyapur gahira mala, kanheipur


According to the 2011 census Ganjam district has a population of 3,520,151,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Lithuania[5] or the US state of Connecticut.[6] This gives it a ranking of 83rd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 429 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,110 /sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.37%.[1] Ganjam has a sex ratio of 981 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 71.88%.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Sidha Vairabi  | Ganjam |". 2009. Retrieved 30 January 2013. "The shrine dedicated to Maa Siddha Vairabi is located at village Mantridi of Ganjam district" 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Lithuania 3,535,547 July 2011 est." 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Connecticut 3,574,097" 

External links[]

Template:Ganjam district

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