|— Province —|
|Anthem: Ons Gelderland|
|• Queen's Commissioner||Clemens Cornielje|
|• Land||4,971.76 km2 (1,919.61 sq mi)|
|• Water||164.75 km2 (63.61 sq mi)|
|• Density||400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||6th|
|ISO 3166 code||NL-GE|
|Religion (1999)||31% Protestant, 29% Catholic|
Gelderland (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɣɛɫ.dər.ˌlɑnt] ( listen), English also Guelders German: Geldern) is the largest province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern part of the country. Historically, the province (area) dates from states of the Holy Roman Empire and takes its name from the nearby German city. The capital city is Arnhem. The two other major cities, Nijmegen and Apeldoorn are very similarly sized, with the former having more inhabitants than Arnhem, the latter a few thousand fewer. Other major regional centers in Gelderland are Ede, Doetinchem, Zutphen, Tiel, Wijchen, Wageningen, Zevenaar and Epe. The city Geldern, after which the province is called, is today part of Germany.
The current province of Gelderland covers about the area of three quarters of the historical Duchy of Guelders. Guelders was a county in the late 11th century and then a duchy in the Holy Roman Empire, including also parts of the province of present-day Limburg and the German District of Kleve (Cleves) with the city of Geldern, the city that was the original seat of the dukes. It became part of the Habsburg Netherlands in 1543, one of the Seventeen Provinces, though not one of the richer or more densely-populated. During World War II it was the scene of some of the heaviest fighting in the war between Allied Paratroopers, British XXX Corps and the German II SS Panzer Corps, also known as the Battle of Arnhem.
Gelderland is geographically divided into three regions: the Veluwe in the north, the Betuwe in the southwest and the Achterhoek (literally meaning the "back corner") or Graafschap (which originally means earldom or county) in the east. Template:Clearboth
Currently (2011), the municipalities in Gelderland are as follows:
See also Betuwe, Linge.
On 1 January 2000 Hoevelaken was merged into Nijkerk
The following municipalities were abolished on 1 January 2005; see further (in Dutch) for more detailed information on these changes.
These municipalities were merged with neighbouring ones:
- Angerlo was merged into Zevenaar
- Dinxperlo was merged into Aalten
- Gorssel was merged into Lochem
- Lichtenvoorde was merged into Groenlo (later: Oost Gelre, see below)
- Warnsveld was merged into Zutphen
- Wehl was merged into Doetinchem
These municipalities were merged and given a new name:
- Borculo, Eibergen, Neede, and Ruurlo became Berkelland
- Hengelo, Hummelo en Keppel, Steenderen, Vorden, and Zelhem became Bronckhorst
- Bergh and Didam became Montferland
- Gendringen and Wisch became Oude IJsselstreek
- Lichtenvoorde, Groenlo, Lievelde, Zieuwent and smaller neighbouring villages became Oost Gelre
In the 2001 feature film A Knight's Tale, Gelderland is the place of origin for William Thatcher's alias, Sir Ulrich von Liechtenstein.
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Gelderland. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|