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Geoagiu
German: Gergesdorf
Hungarian: Algyógy
—  Town  —
Geoagiu Townhall

Coat of arms



Geoagiu is located in Romania
Geoagiu
Location of Geoagiu in Romania



Geoagiu is located in Hunedoara County
Geoagiu
Position of Geoagiu in Hunedoara County
Coordinates: 45°55′12″N 23°12′00″E / 45.92, 23.2
Country  Romania
County Actual Hunedoara county CoA.png Hunedoara
Town Geoagiu
First mentioned 1291
Subordinated villages
Government
 • Mayor Vasile Cărăguț (ALDE)
Area
 • Total 155.69 km2 (60.11 sq mi)
Elevation 217 m (712 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5 049
 • Density 32.43/km2 (84.0/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 335400
Website http://www.geoagiu.ro/

Geoagiu in the Josephinian Map of Transylvania, 1769-73

Josephinische Landaufnahme pg185.jpg

Geoagiu (German: Gergesdorf
Hungarian: Algyógy) is a town in Hunedoara County, Romania, located on the Mureş river at an altitude of 217 metres above sea level. The river with the same name (Geoagiu) flows in this place into the Mureș. The town has a population of 5,049. It administers ten villages: Aurel Vlaicu, Băcâia, Bozeș, Cigmău, Gelmar, Geoagiu-Băi, Homorod, Mermezeu-Văleni, Renghet and Văleni. Geoagiu is situated in the historical region of Transylvania.

History[]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
2002 6,290
2011 5,049 −19.7%
Source: Census data

The first settlements in the area can be found in the time of the Dacians, in the 1st century BC, as shown by archeological discoveries. After the Roman conquest, the Romans built the fort of Germisara in the 2nd century, however, it kept the original Dacian name. Germisara was defended by the Legio XIII Gemina.

The name of Germisara meant "hot water" (germi = "heat", sara = "waterfall") and it showed that the Dacians already knew of the thermal springs of the area. Another opinion that the name came from the Hungarian name of the Geoagiu River (Gyógy), which means "curative". But more probably, the name is coming from the Hungarian word dió (nut as fruit) with the suffix -d, so, after the first documentary citation, "villa Gyog" from 1291 appeared as Dyod és Dyog (1397), Aldyogh (1407), Algyogh (1412), Aldyod (1439), Alsodyod alio nomine Alsoffalwa (around 1444).

The first documentary citation of Geoagiu (it was written as "villa Gyog") was in the year 1291, when it was used as a land in the vicinity of Bintinti (now the village Aurel Vlaicu). At the 2011 census, 89.7% of inhabitants were Romanians, 8.81% Roma and 0.71% Hungarians.

There are remains of the old Roman way made of plate stones from Geoagiu to Geoagiu Băi. The city days are on August 14-17.

Natives[]

  • Aurel Vlaicu

See also[]

  • Germisara (castra)
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