• Cherokee Tribal Chieftan
  • Signatory of 1835 New Echota Treaty


George Washington Adair was born 11 December 1806 in Habersham, DeKalb County, Georgia, United States to Walter Washington Adair (1783-1835) and Rachel Thompson (1786-1876) and died 3 April 1862 Cooweescoowee District, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory of unspecified causes. He married Martha Hammock Martin (1815-1875) 25 June 1829 .

George W. Adair (1806-1862) is most notorious for his role in the signing of the Treaty of New Echota, the spurious 1835 treaty with the U.S. government that resulted in the Trail of Tears a little over two years later. But no biography of the man currently exists.

Adair was the son of Walter “Black Watt” Adair and Rachel Thompson (Rowena McClinton, The Moravian Spring Place Mission to the Cherokees, Vol. II, p. 455). Emmet Starr gives a brief genealogy of the Adairs in his History of the Cherokee Indians, p. 510:

Biographical Timeline

  • 1835 Census roll: Talequoyah Cr, Cass Co, GA, 3m18-, 1m18+, 0f16-, 1f16+
  • 1835 Smith Resolution: Salacohe, voted Nay; anti-treaty
  • 1851 Drennen Roll


Offspring of Chief George W. Adair and Martha Hammock Martin (1815-1875)
Name Birth Death Joined with
William Penn Adair (1830-1880) 15 April 1830 New Echota, Gordon County, Georgia, United States 21 October 1880 Washington, District of Columbia, United States Sarah Ann McNair (1835-1882) Sarah Ann McNair (1835-1882) Susannah McIntosh Drew (1844-1939)
Andrew Pickens Adair (1832-1911)
John Ticanooly Adair (1833-1875)
Bruce Martin Adair (1834-1862)
Walter Thompson Adair (1838-1899)
Mary Ellen Adair (1838-1900)
Benjamin Franklin Adair (1842-1895)
Gabriel Adair (1844-)
Cherokee Carnelia Adair (1848-1889)
Rollin Kirk Adair (1855-1926)



See Also

Footnotes (including sources)