Familypedia
Advertisement
This article is based on the corresponding article in another wiki. For Familypedia purposes, it requires significantly more historical detail on phases of this location's development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there. Also desirable are links to organizations that may be repositories of genealogical information..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can.


Gordon County, Georgia
Gordon County, GA courthouse, Jan 2017.jpg
Gordon County Courthouse
Map of Georgia highlighting Gordon County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded February 13, 1850; 171 years ago (1850)
Named for William Washington Gordon
Seat Calhoun
Largest city Calhoun
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

358 sq mi (927 km²)
356 sq mi (922 km²)
2.2 sq mi (6 km²), 0.6%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

57,544
155/sq mi (60/km²)
Congressional district 14th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Gordon County is a county located in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 57,544.[1] The county seat is Calhoun.[2] Gordon County comprises the Calhoun, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area.

History[]

Gordon County was created on February 13, 1850 by an act of the Georgia General Assembly.[3] The new county was formed from portions of Cass (later renamed Bartow) and Floyd counties. All lands that would become Gordon County were originally occupied by the Cherokee Indians—and, in fact, the area was home of New Echota, the last seat of the Cherokee Nation. Even while Cherokees remained on their homeland, the General Assembly enacted legislation in December 1830 that provided for surveying the Cherokee Nation in Georgia and dividing it into sections, districts, and land lots. Subsequently, the legislature identified this entire area as "Cherokee County" (even though it never functioned as a county). An act of December 3, 1832 divided the Cherokee lands into ten new counties—Cass (later renamed Bartow), Cherokee, Cobb, Floyd, Forsyth, Gilmer, Lumpkin, Murray, Paulding, and Union. Cherokee lands were distributed to whites in a land lottery, but the legislature temporarily prohibited whites from taking possession of lots on which Cherokees still lived.

It was not until December 29, 1835 that Georgia had an official basis for claiming the unceded Cherokee lands that included the future location of Gordon County. In the Treaty of New Echota, a faction of the Cherokees agreed to give up all Cherokee claims to land in Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, and North Carolina and move west in return for $5 million. Though a majority of Cherokees opposed the treaty and refused to leave, the U.S. and Georgia considered it binding. In 1838, U.S. Army troops rounded up the last of 15,000 Cherokees in Georgia and forced them to march west in what came to be known as the "Trail of Tears", making this area the starting point of the removal.

Gordon County's original 1850 boundaries were changed numerous times between 1852 and 1877, during which time the legislature transferred portions of Cass (Bartow), Floyd, Murray, Pickens, and Walker counties to Gordon County, while transferring land from Gordon to Floyd and Murray counties.

Georgia's 94th county was named for William Washington Gordon[4] (1796–1842), the first Georgian to graduate from West Point and first president of the Central of Georgia Railroad.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 358 square miles (930 km2), of which 356 square miles (920 km2) is land and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) (0.6%) is water.[5]

Mountains in Gordon County include Baugh Mountain and Horn Mountain.[6][7]

The eastern half of Gordon County is located in the Coosawattee River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin (Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin). Most of the western half of the county is located in the Oostanaula River sub-basin of the same larger ACT River Basin, while a small northerly portion of the county, between Resaca and Industrial City, is in the Conasauga River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin.[8]

Major highways[]

  • I-75.svg Interstate 75
  • US 41.svg U.S. Route 41
  • US 411.svg U.S. Route 411
  • Georgia 3.svg State Route 3
  • Georgia 53.svg State Route 53
  • Georgia 53 Spur.svg State Route 53 Spur
  • Georgia 61.svg State Route 61
  • Georgia 136.svg State Route 136
  • Georgia 136 Connector.svg State Route 136 Connector
  • Georgia 156.svg State Route 156
  • Georgia 225.svg State Route 225
  • Georgia 401.svg State Route 401 (unsigned designation for I-75)

Adjacent counties[]

National protected area[]

  • Chattahoochee National Forest (part)

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 5,984
1860 10,146 69.6%
1870 9,268 −8.7%
1880 11,171 20.5%
1890 12,758 14.2%
1900 14,119 10.7%
1910 15,861 12.3%
1920 17,736 11.8%
1930 16,846 −5.0%
1940 18,445 9.5%
1950 18,922 2.6%
1960 19,228 1.6%
1970 23,570 22.6%
1980 30,070 27.6%
1990 35,072 16.6%
2000 44,104 25.8%
2010 55,186 25.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census[]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 44,104 people, 16,173 households, and 12,259 families living in the county. The population density was 124 people per square mile (48/km2). There were 17,145 housing units at an average density of 48 per square mile (19/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.69% White, 3.46% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.98% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. 7.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 16,173 households, out of which 35.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.40% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.20% were non-families. 20.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.10% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 31.40% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 99.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,831, and the median income for a family was $43,184. Males had a median income of $29,761 versus $22,256 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,586. About 7.50% of families and 9.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.10% of those under age 18 and 14.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 55,186 people, 19,715 households, and 14,653 families living in the county.[14] The population density was 155.1 inhabitants per square mile (59.9 /km2). There were 22,278 housing units at an average density of 62.6 per square mile (24.2 /km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 85.2% white, 3.6% black or African American, 1.0% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 7.7% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 14.0% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 14.6% were American, 9.8% were Irish, 6.9% were English, and 6.7% were German.[16]

Of the 19,715 households, 39.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.7% were non-families, and 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.20. The median age was 36.0 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $40,916 and the median income for a family was $47,964. Males had a median income of $37,358 versus $28,394 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,285. About 13.7% of families and 17.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 17.1% of those age 65 or over.[17]

2020 census[]

Gordon County Racial Composition[18]
Race Num. Perc.
White 43,317 75.28%
Black or African American 2,075 3.61%
Native American 122 0.21%
Asian 719 1.25%
Pacific Islander 15 0.03%
Other/Mixed 2,339 4.06%
Hispanic or Latino 8,957 15.57%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 57,544 people, 20,561 households, and 15,002 families residing in the county.

Economy[]

In addition to service industries, the economy of Gordon County is rooted in manufacturing and both heavy and light industry. Mohawk Industries, a leading manufacturer of flooring, is headquartered in Gordon County. In addition, Shaw Industries, Beaulieu International Group, LG Chem, and Kobelco Construction Machinery America - a division of Kobe Steel - have significant presences in Gordon, County.

Culture[]

Gordon County was the home of the Georgia Yellow Hammers, an old-time music group from the 1920s. The Yellow Hammers, chiefly composed of Bill Chitwood, Clyde Evans, Bud Landress, Charles Ernest Moody, and Phil Reeve were one of the most important bands during the heyday of old-time music. They have left their mark on the community. The Calhoun High School (Calhoun, Georgia) Yellow Jackets football team play in Phil Reeve Stadium. Mr. Moody was the author of songs which are today Southern Gospel standards including "Drifting Too Far From the Shore" which has been covered and recorded by such artists as Jerry Garcia, Emmylou Harris, Phil Lesh, Hank Williams and many others.

Rail accidents[]

Two fatal rail accidents took place in Gordon County in the late 20th century. The first one was in 1981 when Southern Railway train #160 collided with a log truck near the community of Oostanaula. The engineer and the driver of the log truck were fatally injured. In 1990, Train #188 ran a stop signal at the north end of the siding at Davis, Georgia and collided with Train #G38 on the same line. The engineer and conductor on #G38 and the conductor on #188 died in this collision. A monument stands at the site of the collision near the Georgia Highway 136 crossing.

Politics[]

Bert Lance, an advisor to Jimmy Carter's successful presidential campaign, served as Chairman of the Board of Calhoun First National Bank, later acquired by Trust Company of Georgia, forerunner of SunTrust; it is now part of Truist Financial. As of 2020, Carter is the final Democratic nominee to win Gordon County (1980).

Since 1980, Republicans have had a strong base in Gordon County.

United States presidential election results for Gordon County, Georgia[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 19,405 80.71% 4,384 18.23% 255 1.06%
2016 15,191 79.69% 3,181 16.69% 690 3.62%
2012 13,197 77.91% 3,440 20.31% 302 1.78%
2008 13,113 74.27% 4,268 24.17% 274 1.55%
2004 11,671 73.88% 4,028 25.50% 98 0.62%
2000 7,944 65.09% 4,032 33.04% 229 1.88%
1996 5,232 48.35% 4,239 39.18% 1,349 12.47%
1992 5,265 46.95% 4,103 36.59% 1,845 16.45%
1988 6,051 71.65% 2,369 28.05% 25 0.30%
1984 5,566 68.10% 2,607 31.90% 0 0.00%
1980 3,107 36.37% 5,199 60.86% 236 2.76%
1976 1,698 21.91% 6,052 78.09% 0 0.00%
1972 4,344 83.31% 870 16.69% 0 0.00%
1968 1,815 29.99% 1,161 19.18% 3,077 50.83%
1964 2,317 41.55% 3,260 58.45% 0 0.00%
1960 1,148 34.78% 2,153 65.22% 0 0.00%
1956 1,024 34.20% 1,970 65.80% 0 0.00%
1952 880 28.54% 2,203 71.46% 0 0.00%
1948 377 18.26% 1,523 73.75% 165 7.99%
1944 617 29.73% 1,457 70.22% 1 0.05%
1940 527 24.41% 1,623 75.17% 9 0.42%
1936 504 19.87% 2,026 79.86% 7 0.28%
1932 122 6.60% 1,708 92.42% 18 0.97%
1928 1,039 58.40% 740 41.60% 0 0.00%
1924 397 29.63% 875 65.30% 68 5.07%
1920 929 56.58% 713 43.42% 0 0.00%
1916 242 16.78% 1,010 70.04% 190 13.18%
1912 638 46.95% 663 48.79% 58 4.27%
1908 615 51.68% 476 40.00% 99 8.32%
1904 323 30.82% 525 50.10% 200 19.08%
1900 504 41.90% 637 52.95% 62 5.15%
1896 523 36.68% 875 61.36% 28 1.96%
1892 233 14.45% 1,028 63.77% 351 21.77%
1888 119 11.82% 852 84.61% 36 3.57%
1884 126 12.46% 885 87.54% 0 0.00%
1880 163 11.55% 1,248 88.45% 0 0.00%



Education[]

Gordon County public schools[]

High schools[]

  • Sonoraville High School
  • Gordon Central High School

Middle schools[]

  • Redbud Middle School
  • Ashworth Middle School

Elementary schools[]

  • Fairmount Elementary School
  • Belwood Elementary School
  • W.L. Swain Elementary School
  • Max V. Tolbert Elementary School
  • Red Bud Elementary School
  • Sonoraville Elementary School

Private schools[]

  • Georgia-Cumberland Academy
  • John L. Coble Elementary School

Calhoun city schools[]

  • Calhoun Primary School - formerly known as Eastside Primary School
  • Calhoun Elementary School
  • Calhoun Middle School
  • Calhoun High School

Communities[]

Downtown Calhoun

Cities[]

  • Calhoun
  • Fairmount

Towns[]

  • Plainville
  • Resaca
  • Ranger

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Sugar Valley
  • Sonoraville
  • Oakman
  • Oostanaula
  • Red Bud
  • Cash
  • Ryo

Recreational complexes[]

  • The Sonoraville Recreational Complex in Sonoraville, Georgia

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13129.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "Gordon County". Calhoun Times: pp. 84. 1 September 2004. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=IP4vAAAAIBAJ&sjid=2jsDAAAAIBAJ&pg=4168%2C507743. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 140. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_9V1IAAAAMAAJ. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  6. ^ Template:Cite loj
  7. ^ Template:Cite loj
  8. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13129. 
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13129. 
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13129. 
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13129. 
  18. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US13129&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 34°30′N 84°52′W / 34.50, -84.87


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Gordon County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Advertisement