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Grand Forks County, North Dakota
Grand Forks County Courthouse Grand Forks ND.jpg
Grand Forks County Courthouse
Map of North Dakota highlighting Grand Forks County
Location in the state of North Dakota
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded January 4, 1873 (created)
March 2, 1875 (organized)
Seat Grand Forks
Largest city Grand Forks
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,440 sq mi (3,730 km²)
1,436 sq mi (3,719 km²)
3.1 sq mi (8 km²), 0.2
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

73,170
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.gfcounty.nd.gov

Grand Forks County is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2020 census, its population was 73,170,[1] making it the third-most populous county in North Dakota. Its county seat and largest community is Grand Forks.[2]

History[]

Using territory annexed from Pembina County, the Dakota Territory legislature created Grand Forks County on January 4, 1873. Its governing structure was not established at that time, nor was the territory attached to another county for administrative and judicial purposes. The government was organized on March 2, 1875.

The county's boundaries were altered in 1875, 1881, and 1883. It has retained its present boundary since 1883.[3][4]

Grand Forks County is included in the Grand Forks, ND-MN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[]

Grand Forks County lies on the east side of North Dakota. Its east boundary line abuts the west boundary line of the state of Minnesota (across the Red River). The Red River flows northward along the county's east border, on its way to Lake Winnipeg and Hudson Bay. The Forest River flows easterly and northerly across the upper western part of the county.

The terrain of Grand Forks County consists of low rolling hills, devoted to agriculture except around urban areas.[5] The terrain slopes to the north and east; its highest point is a hill at its southwestern corner, at 1,450' (457m) ASL.[6] The county has a total area of 1,440 square miles (3,700 km2), of which 1,436 square miles (3,720 km2) is land and 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2) (0.2%) is water.[7]

The University of North Dakota has established a Field Biology Station on Forest River, at the county's northern border. In 2013 it partnered with ND Game & Fish Department to establish a 160-acre (0.65 km2) wildlife management area at the station, to monitor whitetail deer activity in the forest.[8] The field station is tasked with identifying plants native and endemic to the area. A total of 498 plants have been collected at the Forest River Biology Station and Wildlife Management Area.[9]

Major highways[]

  • I-29.svg Interstate 29
  • US 2.svg U.S. Highway 2
  • US 81.svg U.S. Highway 81
  • North Dakota 15.svg North Dakota Highway 15
  • North Dakota 18.svg North Dakota Highway 18
  • North Dakota 32.png North Dakota Highway 32

Adjacent counties[]

Protected areas[5][]

  • Forest River Biology Station/Wildlife Management Area
  • Grand Forks County Larimore Dam Recreation Area
  • Kellys Slough National Wildlife Refuge
  • Little Goose National Wildlife Refuge
  • Prairie Chicken State Game Management Area
  • Turtle River State Park

Lakes[5][]

  • Fordville Dam
  • Larimore Dam
  • Smith Lakes

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1880 6,248
1890 18,357 193.8%
1900 24,459 33.2%
1910 27,888 14.0%
1920 28,795 3.3%
1930 31,956 11.0%
1940 34,518 8.0%
1950 39,448 14.3%
1960 48,677 23.4%
1970 61,102 25.5%
1980 66,100 8.2%
1990 70,683 6.9%
2000 66,109 −6.5%
2010 66,861 1.1%
Est. 2021 72,705 10.0%
US Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census[]

As of the 2000 census, there were 66,109 people, 25,435 households, and 15,617 families in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile (18/km2). There were 27,373 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.00% White, 1.37% Black or African American, 2.31% Native American, 0.98% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races, and 1.57% from two or more races. 2.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.6% were of Norwegian, 26.1% German and 5.5% Irish ancestry.

There were 25,435 households, out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.6% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.03.

The county population contained 23.8% under the age of 18, 19.6% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.3 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,785, and the median income for a family was $46,620. Males had a median income of $30,079 versus $21,426 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,868. About 8.0% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 census, there were 66,861 people, 27,417 households, and 15,215 families in the county.[14] The population density was 46.5 inhabitants per square mile (18.0 /km2). There were 29,344 housing units at an average density of 20.4 per square mile (7.9 /km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 90.3% white, 2.5% American Indian, 2.0% black or African American, 1.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.8% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.9% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 34.1% were German, 33.8% were Norwegian, 9.5% were Irish, 5.8% were Polish, 5.3% were English, and 2.9% were American.[16]

Of the 27,417 households, 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.5% were non-families, and 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.91. The median age was 29.7 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $44,242 and the median income for a family was $65,804. Males had a median income of $40,622 versus $31,633 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,276. About 8.2% of families and 17.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.[17]

Population by decade[]

Communities[]

The new Grand Forks County Office Building in Grand Forks, near historic Grand Forks County Courthouse

Cities[]

  • Emerado
  • Gilby
  • Grand Forks (county seat)
  • Inkster
  • Larimore
  • Manvel
  • Niagara
  • Northwood
  • Reynolds (part)
  • Thompson

Census-designated places[]

  • Grand Forks AFB

Other communities[5][]

  • Arvilla
  • Belleville
  • Emerado
  • Forest River Colony
  • Hannah Junction
  • Johnstown
  • Kempton
  • Logan Center
  • McCanna
  • Mekinock

Townships[]

  • Agnes
  • Allendale
  • Americus
  • Arvilla
  • Avon
  • Bentru
  • Blooming
  • Brenna
  • Chester
  • Elkmount
  • Elm Grove
  • Fairfield
  • Falconer
  • Ferry
  • Gilby
  • Grace
  • Grand Forks
  • Hegton
  • Inkster
  • Johnstown
  • Lakeville
  • Larimore
  • Levant
  • Lind
  • Logan Center
  • Loretta
  • Mekinock
  • Michigan
  • Moraine
  • Niagara
  • Northwood
  • Oakville
  • Pleasant View
  • Plymouth
  • Rye
  • Strabane
  • Turtle River
  • Union
  • Walle
  • Washington
  • Wheatfield
Township Numbers and Range Numbers[18]
Range 56 Range 55 Range 54 Range 53 Range 52 Range 51 Range 50 Range 49
Township 154 Elkmount Inkster Strabane Johnstown Levant Turtle River Turte River  
Township 153 Plymouth Agnes Wheatfield Gilby Lakeville Ferry Ferry  
Township 152 Niagara Elm Grove Hegton Mekinock Blooming Rye Falconer  
Township 151 Moraine Larimore Arvilla Chester Oakville Brenna Grand Forks  
Township 150 Logan Center Grace Avon Pleasant View Fairfield Allendale Walle Walle
Township 149 Loretta Lind Northwood Washington Union Micbigan Americus Bentru

Politics[]

Grand Forks County voters historically vote Republican. In only one national election since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.

United States presidential election results for Grand Forks County, North Dakota[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 16,987 54.85% 12,880 41.59% 1,105 3.57%
2016 16,340 53.81% 10,851 35.74% 3,174 10.45%
2012 15,060 50.15% 14,032 46.73% 937 3.12%
2008 14,520 46.34% 16,104 51.40% 709 2.26%
2004 17,298 56.77% 12,646 41.50% 526 1.73%
2000 15,875 55.93% 10,593 37.32% 1,917 6.75%
1996 11,606 44.92% 11,376 44.03% 2,854 11.05%
1992 13,705 44.06% 10,930 35.14% 6,469 20.80%
1988 14,801 53.76% 12,494 45.38% 236 0.86%
1984 15,898 60.70% 10,050 38.37% 243 0.93%
1980 14,257 57.65% 6,997 28.29% 3,477 14.06%
1976 13,820 52.71% 11,545 44.03% 853 3.25%
1972 13,361 56.92% 9,416 40.11% 698 2.97%
1968 9,802 52.00% 7,695 40.82% 1,352 7.17%
1964 7,367 40.53% 10,740 59.09% 68 0.37%
1960 10,997 56.85% 8,341 43.12% 5 0.03%
1956 10,289 62.17% 6,231 37.65% 30 0.18%
1952 10,939 65.65% 5,639 33.84% 84 0.50%
1948 6,374 46.23% 6,996 50.74% 419 3.04%
1944 5,668 42.19% 7,707 57.37% 59 0.44%
1940 7,043 45.42% 8,396 54.15% 67 0.43%
1936 4,312 29.64% 9,222 63.39% 1,015 6.98%
1932 5,090 39.46% 7,579 58.75% 231 1.79%
1928 8,024 64.86% 4,300 34.76% 47 0.38%
1924 6,690 62.81% 943 8.85% 3,018 28.34%
1920 7,646 74.00% 2,527 24.46% 159 1.54%
1916 2,159 41.94% 2,814 54.66% 175 3.40%
1912 955 23.88% 1,492 37.31% 1,552 38.81%
1908 2,740 57.41% 1,750 36.66% 283 5.93%
1904 2,807 73.16% 828 21.58% 202 5.26%
1900 2,603 61.33% 1,532 36.10% 109 2.57%
1896 2,432 55.72% 1,893 43.37% 40 0.92%
1892 1,639 51.27% 0 0.00% 1,558 48.73%



See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Grand Forks County, North Dakota

References[]

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Grand Forks County, North Dakota" (in en). United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/grandforkscountynorthdakota/PST045221. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/DAKs_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm. 
  4. ^ "County History". North Dakota.gov. The State of North Dakota. http://www.nd.gov/content.htm?parentCatID=83&id=County%20History. 
  5. ^ a b c d Grand Forks County ND Google Maps (accessed February 19, 2019)
  6. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Grand Forks County ND" Google Maps (accessed 19 February 2019)". https://www.daftlogic.com/sandbox-google-maps-find-altitude.htm. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_38.txt. 
  8. ^ "Grand Forks Herald" (June 22, 2017)
  9. ^ The checklist of vascular plants of Forest River Biology Station and Wildlife Management Area, Grand Forks county, North Dakota
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/nd190090.txt. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US38035. 
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US38035. 
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US38035. 
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US38035. 
  18. ^ "Earth Point". http://www.earthpoint.us/TownshipsSearchByDescription.aspx. 
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

  • Grand Forks County maps, Sheet 1 (northern) and Sheet 2 (southern), North Dakota DOT

Template:Grand Forks County, North Dakota


Coordinates: 47°55′N 97°27′W / 47.92, -97.45

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Grand Forks County, North Dakota. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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