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Gwinnett County, Georgia
Gwinnett County Courthouse GA.jpg
Gwinnett County Courthouse
Map of Georgia highlighting Gwinnett County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 15, 1813
Named for Button Gwinnett
Seat Lawrenceville
Largest city Peachtree Corners
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

437 sq mi (1,132 km²)
430 sq mi (1,114 km²)
6.4 sq mi (17 km²), 1.5%
PopulationEst.
 - (2020)
 - Density

942,627[1]
2,123/sq mi (820/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 7th, 10th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.gwinnettcounty.com

Gwinnett County is a suburban county of Atlanta in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia.[2] In 2020, the population was 957,062, making it the second-most populous county in Georgia (after Fulton County).[1] Its county seat is Lawrenceville.[3] The county is named for Button Gwinnett, one of the signatories of the Declaration of Independence.[4]

Gwinnett County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is located about 10 miles northeast of Atlanta's city limits.

History[]

In 1813, Fort Daniel was created during the War of 1812 in territory that would become Gwinnett County.[5] The county was created in 1818 by an act of the Georgia General Assembly, Gwinnett County was formed from parts of Jackson County (formerly part of Franklin County) and from lands gained through the cession of Creek Indian lands. Named for Button Gwinnett, one of the signatories of the Declaration of Independence, the first county election was held at the home of Elisha Winn, and the first Superior Court was held in his barn. The county seat was later placed at Lawrenceville.[6]

In 1831 a group of white men were tried and found guilty in Lawrenceville for violating Georgia law by living in the Cherokee Nation without a valid passport from the Governor. Two of the men appealed to the US Supreme Court in Worcester v. Georgia, which resulted in a ruling stating that only the federal government had jurisdiction over native lands, a decision which still stands.[7]

In 1861, all three of Gwinnett County's representatives at the Georgia Constitutional Convention (1861) in Milledgeville voted against secession. Towards the end of the war, Union troops foraged in Gwinnett County as part of the Atlanta Campaign.[7] The Freedmen's Bureau was active in Gwinnett County during Reconstruction. In 1871 the courthouse in Lawrenceville was burned by the Ku Klux Klan in an attempt to avoid prosecution for their crimes, which included the shooting of a black election manager in Norcross.[8]

Early in the county's history, gold mining was a minor industry. The Gwinnett Manufacturing Company, a cotton textile factory, operated in Lawrenceville in the 1850s through 1865, when it burned. The Bona Allen Company in Buford, Georgia produced saddles, harnesses and other leather goods from 1873 to 1981.[7]

The northeastern part of Gwinnett County was removed in 1914 to form a part of the new Barrow County.

Geography[]

alt text

The Elisha Winn House served as Gwinnett County's first courthouse.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 437 square miles (1,130 km2), of which 430 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 6.4 square miles (17 km2) (1.5%) is water.[9] The county is located in the upper Piedmont region of the state.

It is located along the Eastern Continental Divide. A portion of the county to the northwest is a part of the Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area chain.

Allocation of water from the regional reservoir, Lake Lanier, at the extreme north of the county, has been subject to the Tri-state water dispute.

The southern and central portions of Gwinnett County are located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. Most of the county's northern edge, from south of Peachtree Corners to north of Buford, is located in the Upper Chattahoochee River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). The county's eastern edge, north and south of Dacula, is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin.[10] The map of the county is strikingly similar to Algeria.

Adjacent counties[]

Transportation[]

Airport[]

The county maintains a regional airport under the name Gwinnett County Airport, formerly Briscoe Field. The closest major airport serving the region is Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport.

Major roads and expressways[]

  • I-85.svg Interstate 85
  • I-985.svg Interstate 985
  • US 23.svg U.S. Route 23
  • US 29.svg U.S. Route 29
  • US 78.svg U.S. Route 78
  • Georgia 8.svg State Route 8
  • Georgia 10.svg State Route 10
  • Georgia 13.svg State Route 13
  • Georgia 20.svg State Route 20
  • Georgia 84.svg State Route 84
  • Georgia 120.svg State Route 120
  • Georgia 124.svg State Route 124
  • Georgia 140.svg State Route 140
  • Georgia 141.svg State Route 141
  • Georgia 264.svg State Route 264
  • Georgia 316.svg State Route 316
  • Georgia 317.svg State Route 317
  • Georgia 324.svg State Route 324
  • Georgia 347.svg State Route 347
  • Georgia 365.svg State Route 365
  • Georgia 378.svg State Route 378
  • Georgia 403.svg State Route 403 (unsigned designation for I-85)
  • Georgia 419.svg State Route 419 (unsigned designation for I-985)

Transit systems[]

  • GRTA Xpress commuter buses and Gwinnett County Transit serve the county.
  • Norcross Greyhound Bus Terminal, 2105 Norcross Pkwy, Norcross, GA 30071[11]
  • On April 12, 2018, Gwinnett County Officials updated the transit plans to connect to the rest of Metro Atlanta via heavy rail.[12][13][14][15][16]

Pedestrians and cycling[]

  • Beaver Ruin Creek Greenway (Proposed)
  • Camp Creek Greenway[17]
  • Cedar Creek Trail Loop
  • Harbins Greenway (Proposed)[18]
  • Ivy Creek Greenway (Under construction)
  • Ivy Creek-Snellville Trail (Proposed)[18]
  • Norcross-Lilburn Trail (Proposed)[18]
  • Piedmont Pathway (Proposed)[18]
  • Sugar Hill Greenway (Under construction)
  • Suwanee Creek Greenway (Under construction)
  • The Loop Trail (Proposed)[18]
  • Western Gwinnett Bikeway (Under construction)

In 2016, Suwanee unveiled the first Bike Share program in Gwinnett County. [19]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 4,589
1830 13,289 189.6%
1840 10,804 −18.7%
1850 11,257 4.2%
1860 12,940 15.0%
1870 12,431 −3.9%
1880 19,531 57.1%
1890 19,899 1.9%
1900 25,585 28.6%
1910 28,824 12.7%
1920 30,327 5.2%
1930 27,853 −8.2%
1940 29,087 4.4%
1950 32,320 11.1%
1960 43,541 34.7%
1970 72,349 66.2%
1980 166,903 130.7%
1990 352,910 111.4%
2000 588,448 66.7%
2010 805,321 36.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[20]
1790-1960[21] 1900-1990[22]
1990-2000[23] 2010-2013[24]

Gwinnett County is often cited as one of the counties in the US that has demographically changed the most rapidly. As recently as 1990, over 90% of Gwinnett County's population was white. By 2007, the county was considered majority-minority.[25][26]

2019 ACS Estimates[]

2010 Census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 805,321 people, 268,519 households, and 203,238 families residing in the county.[30] The population density was 1,872.8 inhabitants per square mile (723.1 /km2). There were 291,547 housing units at an average density of 678.0 per square mile (261.8 /km2).[31] The racial makeup of the county was 53.3% White (44.0% Non-Hispanic White), 23.6% black or African American, 10.6% Asian, 0.5% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.8% from other races, 3.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 20.1% of the population.[30] In terms of ancestry, 8.3% were German, 7.8% were Irish, 7.7% were English, and 5.8% were American.[32]

Of the 268,519 households, 45.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.3% were non-families, and 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.40. The median age was 33.7 years.[30]

The median income for a household in the county was $63,219 and the median income for a family was $70,767. Males had a median income of $48,671 versus $39,540 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,901. About 8.7% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.[33]

Economy[]

  • AGCO is headquartered in Duluth.
  • American Megatrends is headquartered in unincorporated Gwinnett County near Norcross.[34]
  • ASHRAE's world headquarters is in Peachtree Corners.[35]
  • Comcast Corporation, the American global telecommunications conglomerate and owner of Xfinity and NBCUniversal, has its Southeast Headquarters in Peachtree Corners.[36]
  • Canon has its southeast region headquarters in Norcross.
  • Datapath, Inc., a firm specializing in secure satellite communications and wireless communications systems, is headquartered in unincorporated Gwinnett, near Duluth.
  • Fortune 500 companies CarMax and Mass Mutual as well as Honeywell, Sprint Corporation, Siemens Industry Automation, Fleetcor, ACI Worldwide, and CMD Group are among the businesses in Peachtree Corners.[37][38][39]
  • Hapag-Lloyd’s North American Headquarters is in Peachtree Corners.[40][41][42]
  • The Harlem Globetrotters are headquartered in Peachtree Corners.
  • Primerica is headquartered in unincorporated Gwinnett County, near Duluth.[43]
  • Scientific Atlanta in Lawrenceville.
  • United States Tennis Association (USTA)‘s headquarters for the Southern Section is in Peachtree Corners.[44]
  • Waffle House is headquartered in unincorporated Gwinnett County,[45] near Norcross.[46]
  • Yerkes National Primate Research Center, the CDC's primate research center located on the campus of Emory University in Atlanta, maintains its high security Yerkes Field Station, which houses most of its primates, near Lawrenceville.

Government and politics[]

Under Georgia's "home rule" provision, county governments have free rein to legislate on all matters within the county, provided that such legislation does not conflict with state or federal law, or state or federal Constitutions.

Gwinnett County, Georgia is governed by a five-member Board of Commissioners, which exercises both legislative and executive authority within the county. The chairman of the board is elected county-wide and serves full-time. The four other commissioners are elected from single-member districts and serve part-time positions. The board hires a county administrator who oversees daily operations of the county's twelve executive departments. Gwinnett County has a police department that operates under the authority of the Board of Commissioners. Some of the local Gwinnett city budgets have recently come under increasing scrutiny of the General Funds allocated to police services. Cities such as Duluth have allocated as much as forty percent of their city budgets, reaching some of the highest levels in the nation.[47] Solutions to high spending being discussed include additional “investment in mental health, housing, youth development and living wages would stabilize communities and prove more effective than policing.”[48]

In addition to the Board of Commissioners, county residents also elect persons to the following positions: Sheriff, District Attorney, Probate Court Judge, Clerk of State/Superior Court, Tax Commissioner, State Court Solicitor, Chief Magistrate Judge (who appoints other Magistrate Court judges), Chief Superior Court Judge and Superior Court Judges, and Chief State Court Judge and State Court Judges.

Gwinnett County has the largest public school system in the state of Georgia. Members of the Board of Education are elected from special election districts in the county.

For most of the time from 1964 to 2012, the county was a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. The only Democrat to carry the county in this period was former Georgia governor Jimmy Carter in 1976, who carried Gwinnett during his sweep of every county in the state. However, the Republican edge has narrowed in recent times as the county, as well as the rest of the Atlanta metro, have gotten larger and more diverse. In 2016, Hillary Clinton became the first Democrat to win Gwinnett County in 40 years and the first non-Georgian Democrat to do so since John F. Kennedy in 1960, doing so by 5.9 points. In 2018, Stacey Abrams became the first Democrat to win Gwinnett County in a gubernatorial election since 1986 when Joe Frank Harris swept every county statewide. The Democratic trend became even more apparent in 2020, when Joe Biden won the county by 18.2 points, the best showing for a non-Georgian Democrat since Kennedy.

United States presidential election results for Gwinnett County, Georgia[49]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 166,400 40.16% 241,994 58.40% 5,956 1.44%
2016 146,989 44.41% 166,153 50.20% 17,808 5.38%
2012 159,855 53.76% 132,509 44.56% 4,992 1.68%
2008 158,746 54.56% 129,025 44.35% 3,167 1.09%
2004 160,445 65.66% 81,708 33.44% 2,190 0.90%
2000 121,756 63.71% 61,434 32.15% 7,921 4.14%
1996 96,610 59.29% 53,819 33.03% 12,516 7.68%
1992 81,822 54.34% 44,253 29.39% 24,501 16.27%
1988 66,372 75.47% 20,948 23.82% 620 0.71%
1984 54,749 79.48% 14,139 20.52% 0 0.00%
1980 27,185 52.84% 21,958 42.68% 2,309 4.49%
1976 13,912 40.03% 20,838 59.97% 0 0.00%
1972 18,181 86.26% 2,896 13.74% 0 0.00%
1968 5,350 30.59% 3,230 18.47% 8,909 50.94%
1964 6,823 50.42% 6,705 49.55% 3 0.02%
1960 2,336 26.50% 6,479 73.50% 0 0.00%
1956 1,443 20.24% 5,687 79.76% 0 0.00%
1952 1,015 14.42% 6,026 85.58% 0 0.00%
1948 413 11.08% 2,832 75.99% 482 12.93%
1944 713 17.60% 3,339 82.40% 0 0.00%
1940 728 15.26% 4,023 84.32% 20 0.42%
1936 541 18.49% 2,382 81.41% 3 0.10%
1932 91 3.36% 2,616 96.60% 1 0.04%
1928 1,062 52.26% 970 47.74% 0 0.00%
1924 207 15.52% 1,011 75.79% 116 8.70%
1920 1,140 40.93% 1,645 59.07% 0 0.00%
1916 270 13.37% 1,528 75.64% 222 10.99%
1912 590 35.93% 997 60.72% 55 3.35%
1908 541 32.77% 677 41.01% 433 26.23%
1904 132 5.98% 1,219 55.23% 856 38.79%
1900 373 22.50% 1,052 63.45% 233 14.05%
1896 773 35.77% 1,250 57.84% 138 6.39%
1892 253 9.20% 1,572 57.14% 926 33.66%
1888 186 8.40% 2,004 90.56% 23 1.04%
1884 146 11.77% 1,094 88.23% 0 0.00%
1880 244 11.87% 1,812 88.13% 0 0.00%



Gwinnett County is one of six "reverse pivot counties", counties that voted Republican in 2008 and 2012, and voted Democratic in 2016, 2018, and 2020.

Gwinnett County Board of Commissioners[]

District Name Party First elected Incorporated Cities of Gwinnett County represented[50]
  At-Large (Chair) Nicole Love Hendrickson Democratic 2020 All
  1 Kirkland Carden Democratic 2020 Duluth, Suwanee, Sugar Hill
  2 Ben Ku Democratic 2018 Peachtree Corners, Berkeley Lake, Lilburn, Norcross, Tucker
  3 Jasper Watkins III Democratic 2020 Auburn, Braselton, Dacula, Lawrenceville, Grayson, Loganville, Snellville
  4 Marlene Fosque Democratic 2018 Buford, Lawrenceville, Rest Haven, Sugar Hill

United States Congress[]

Senators Name Party First Elected Level
  Senate Class 2 Jon Ossoff Democratic 2021 Senior Senator
  Senate Class 3 Raphael Warnock Democratic 2021 Junior Senator
Representatives Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Gwinnett County represented
  District 4 Hank Johnson Democratic 2006 Lilburn, Norcross, Snellville
  District 7 Carolyn Bourdeaux Democratic 2020 Peachtree Corners, Duluth, Lawrenceville, Lilburn, Suwanee, Buford, Snellville
  District 10 Jody Hice Republican 2015 Dacula, Loganville

Georgia General Assembly[]

Georgia State Senate[]

District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Gwinnett County represented
  5 Sheikh Rahman Democratic 2018 Peachtree Corners, Lawrenceville, Lilburn, Norcross
  9 Nikki Merritt Democratic 2020 Dacula, Grayson, Lawrenceville, Lilburn, Loganville, Mountain Park, Snellville
  40 Sally Harrell Democratic 2018 Peachtree Corners, Norcross
  41 Kim Jackson Democratic 2020 Lilburn
  45 Clint Dixon Republican 2020 Auburn, Braselton, Buford, Lawrenceville, Rest Haven, Sugar Hill, Suwanee
  48 Michelle Au Democratic 2020 Peachtree Corners, Berkeley Lake, Duluth, Lawrenceville, Norcross, Suwanee
  55 Gloria Butler Democratic 1998 Grayson, Loganville, Mountain Park, Snellville

Georgia House of Representatives[]

District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Gwinnett County represented
  81 Scott Holcomb Democratic 2010 Peachtree Corners, Norcross
  93 Dar'shun Kendrick Democratic 2010 Loganville, Snellville
  94 Karen Bennett Democratic 2012 Mountain Park
  95 Beth Moore Democratic 2018 Peachtree Corners, Berkeley Lake, Duluth, Norcross
  96 Pedro Marin Democratic 2002 Peachtree Corners, Duluth, Norcross
  97 Bonnie Rich Republican 2018 Buford, Duluth, Sugar Hill, Suwanee
  98 David Clark Republican 2014 Buford, Rest Haven, Sugar Hill
  99 Marvin Lim Democratic 2020 Lilburn, Norcross
  100 Dewey McClain Democratic 2012 Lilburn
  101 Sam Park Democratic 2016 Lawrenceville, Suwanee
  102 Gregg Kennard Democratic 2018 Lawrenceville, Sugar Hill, Suwanee
  103 Timothy Barr Republican 2012 Braselton, Buford, Rest Haven
  104 Chuck Efstration Republican 2012 Auburn, Dacula, Lawrenceville
  105 Donna McLeod Democratic 2018 Grayson, Lawrenceville, Snellville
  106 Rebecca Mitchell Democratic 2020 Grayson, Lawrenceville, Loganville, Snellville
  107 Shelly Hutchinson Democratic 2018 Lawrenceville, Snellville
  108 Jasmine Clark Democratic 2018 Lilburn, Mountain Park
  114 Tom Kirby Republican 2012[51] Grayson, Loganville

Hospitals[]

  • Northside Hospital – Lawrenceville
  • Northside hospital – Duluth
  • Eastside Medical Center – Snellville. Formerly Emory Eastside Medical Center, the hospital was purchased by Hospital Corporation of America in 2011.

Media[]

The county's main newspaper is the Gwinnett Daily Post.

The Spanish language newspaper El Nuevo Georgia has its headquarters in unincorporated Gwinnett County, near Norcross.[52][53]

Telemundo Atlanta and The Atlanta Journal-Constitution are both based out of Gwinnett.

Education[]

Primary and secondary schools[]

Gwinnett County Public Schools operates the public schools for residents in Gwinnett County, with the exception of residents inside the Buford city limits, which are served by the Buford City School District. There are 143 schools in the district—21 high schools, 29 middle schools, 80 elementary schools and 13 specialty schools, making it the largest school district in Georgia.

Private education[]

  • Greater Atlanta Christian School, the second-largest independent school in Georgia, is located in Norcross.
  • Hebron Christian Academy is located in Dacula.
  • Providence Christian Academy is located in Lilburn
  • Seigakuin Atlanta International School, a private Japanese education system elementary and middle school, was located in Peachtree Corners.[54][55] The school moved from property at Oglethorpe University to its current address, former property of the Romanian First Baptist Church, in 2003.[56]
  • Wesleyan School is located in Peachtree Corners.

Colleges and universities[]

  • Georgia Gwinnett College is located in Lawrenceville.
  • Gwinnett Technical College is also located in Lawrenceville.
  • Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine is located in Suwanee.
  • Trevecca Nazarene University has an adult education site in Duluth.[57]
  • University of Georgia has a satellite campus in Lawrenceville.

Sports[]

Minor-league affiliates of the NHL Boston Bruins and the MLB Atlanta Braves play home games and talent scout in the area.

In 2016, the Georgia Swarm of the National Lacrosse League relocated from Minnesota and began playing games at Infinite Energy Arena. The team won the league championship in 2017.

Georgia Force of Arena Football League had also played at Arena at Gwinnett Center before the team folded in 2012.

Club Sport League Venue Founded Titles
Atlanta Gladiators Ice hockey ECHL Infinite Energy Arena 1995 0
Atlanta United 2 Soccer United Soccer League Coolray Field 2017 0
Gwinnett Stripers Baseball International League Coolray Field 2009 0
Georgia Swarm Lacrosse National Lacrosse League Infinite Energy Arena 2004 1

Gwinnett also hosts the Gwinnett Lions Rugby Football Club, a Division 3 Men's Rugby Team competing in the Georgia Rugby Union.

Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Auburn (partly in Barrow County)
  • Berkeley Lake
  • Buford (partly in Hall County)
  • Dacula
  • Duluth
  • Grayson
  • Lawrenceville
  • Lilburn
  • Loganville (partly in Walton County)
  • Norcross
  • Peachtree Corners
  • Snellville
  • Sugar Hill
  • Suwanee

Towns[]

Census-designated places[]

  • Mountain Park

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Allendale
  • Centerville
  • Five Forks
  • Mechanicsville
  • Mountain Park
  • Rockbridge
  • Rosebud
  • Tucker

Notable people[]

  • David Andrews, NFL football player with the New England Patriots.[58]
  • Alvin Kamara, NFL running back with the New Orleans Saints.[59]
  • Maya Moore, Women's Basketball Player with the Minnesota Lynx.[60]
  • Elijah Bryant (born 1995), basketball player in the Israeli Basketball Premier League
  • Sam Flint (1882 – 1980), actor.
  • Chandler Massey, actor (Days of Our Lives); received the 2012, 2013, and 2014 Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Younger Actor in a Drama Series. In 2012, Massey became the first actor ever to receive a Daytime Emmy Award for playing a gay character.[61]
  • James Ramsey, Major League Baseball player with the Los Angeles Dodgers.[62]
  • Trey Thompkins, basketball player formerly with Los Angeles Clippers.[63]
  • Brice Butler, NFL wide receiver with the Dallas Cowboys.[64]
  • Jodie Meeks, NBA shooting guard with the Washington Wizards.[65]
  • Rittz, musician.
  • Migos, hip hop group.

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Gwinnett County, GA
  • Larry Flynt shooting and Barbara Mackle kidnapping

References[]

  1. ^ a b "Population estimates, July 1, 2018, (V2018)" (in en). https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/gwinnettcountygeorgia/IPE120217. 
  2. ^ "About Gwinnett" (in en). https://www.gwinnettcounty.com/portal/gwinnett/AboutGwinnett. 
  3. ^ "City of Lawrenceville, Georgia - Home Page". http://www.lawrencevillega.org/. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 146. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_9V1IAAAAMAAJ. 
  5. ^ D'Angelo, James J. (July 15, 2011). "Fort Daniel" (in en). https://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/history-archaeology/fort-daniel. 
  6. ^ "History of Gwinnett County". Gwinnett Historical Society. http://www.gwinnetths.org/history.html. 
  7. ^ a b c Gagnon, Michael (2018). Gwinnett County: A Bicentennial Celebration. Gwinnett Historical Society: Gwinnett Historical Society. 
  8. ^ Holman, Tyler (2018). "A Destructive Conflagration". Georgia Backroads 17 (4): 39–43. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  10. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. 
  11. ^ "Norcross GA Bus Station - Greyhound". http://locations.greyhound.com/bus-stations/US/Norcross/bus-station/bus-station-410784. 
  12. ^ "Gwinnett’s transit plans now include running heavy rail into county". https://www.myajc.com/news/local-govt--politics/gwinnett-transit-plans-now-include-running-heavy-rail-into-county/GtTNVMqO67qYJR5uddnIiL/. 
  13. ^ Curt Yeomans. "Gwinnett County officials proposing MARTA-style heavy rail line". http://www.gwinnettdailypost.com/local/gwinnett-county-officials-proposing-marta-style-heavy-rail-line/article_afebc992-43f8-51e6-ba40-3981beeebf52.html. 
  14. ^ "Gwinnett Considers Adding heavy Rail to Transit". https://www.bizjournals.com/atlanta/news/2018/04/13/gwinnett-considers-adding-heavy-rail-to-transit.html. 
  15. ^ Curt Yeomans. "Gwinnett County officials proposing MARTA-style heavy rail line". http://www.gwinnettdailypost.com/local/gwinnett-county-staff-proposing-marta-style-heavy-rail-line/article_afebc992-43f8-51e6-ba40-3981beeebf52.html. 
  16. ^ "Gwinnett transit plan includes heavy rail connection to Doraville". https://www.ajc.com/news/local-govt--politics/gwinnett-transit-plan-includes-heavy-rail-connection-doraville/fCfyOtiNNjXnVMzZm84LTP/. 
  17. ^ "New Camp Creek Greenway bridge opens in Lilburn". https://www.ajc.com/news/local/new-camp-creek-greenway-bridge-opens-lilburn/E7uP49hc7j3trvWW4VTmmI/. 
  18. ^ a b c d e "Gwinnett trails master plan unveiled for review". https://www.ajc.com/news/local/gwinnett-trails-master-plan-unveiled-for-review/9vSWnaYS8WspKG6cXz6D9I/. 
  19. ^ Curt Yeomans. "Suwanee unveils new bike sharing stations". http://www.gwinnettdailypost.com/local/suwanee-unveils-new-bike-sharing-stations/article_7d80e74a-885d-581f-a73a-a8cf92ab6e86.html. 
  20. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  21. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  22. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. 
  23. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  24. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13135.html. 
  25. ^ Estep, Tyler (November 24, 2017). "In deeply diverse Gwinnett, white residents confront minority status". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. https://www.ajc.com/news/local-govt--politics/deeply-diverse-gwinnett-white-residents-confront-minority-status/BQXjuWUwGW0tMQNyf4hQTO/. 
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