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Haitian Canadians
Canadien haïtien, Canadienne haïtienne
Total population
200,000
(by ancestry, 2016 Census)
Regions with significant populations
Mostly Quebec, with smaller populations in Ontario
Languages

Canadian French,
Canadian English,
Haitian Creole

Religion

Predominantly Roman Catholicism and Protestantism

Related ethnic groups

Haitians, French Canadians, Black Canadians, Haitian Americans

Haitian Canadians are Canadian citizens of Haitian descent or Haiti-born people who reside in Canada.

Citizens from the Francophone Caribbean island nation of Haiti began immigrating to Canada in the 1960s, settling predominantly in Montreal and other parts of Quebec. Though their reasons for leaving Haiti were manifold, their choice to settle in Quebec is mainly due to their fluency in French. The Canada 2016 Census showed a total population of around 200,000 Haitian-Canadians residing in Canada,[1] an increase of 35,565 respondents who identified themselves as Haitian Canadians compared with the Canada 2006 Census, which showed a total population of 102,430 respondents.[2] Of this total, 97% resided in Quebec.[3]

Demographics[]

Number of Haitian nationals granted permanent residence in Canada by year[4]
Year Number of Haitian nationals admitted Total number of permanent residents admitted Proportion of permanent residents admitted
2002 2,217 229,048 1%
2003 1,945 221,349 0.9%
2004 1,657 235,823 0.7%
2005 1,719 262,242 0.7%
2006 1,650 251,640 0.7%
2007 1,614 236,753 0.7%
2008 2,509 247,246 1%
2009 2,085 252,174 0.8%
2010 4,552 280,691 1.6%
2011 6,208 248,748 2.5%

List of notable Haitian Canadians[]

Artists[]

  • Marie-Denise Douyon - painter, graphic artist
  • Leonel Jules - painter
  • Guerdy J. Préval - painter

Athletes[]

  • Jennifer Abel - Olympic swimmer
  • Joachim Alcine - professional boxer
  • Wyn Belotte - professional soccer player
  • Patrice Bernier - professional soccer player
  • Maxime Boisclair - professional Canadian hockey player
  • Francis Bouillon - defenceman for the Montreal Canadiens
  • Félix Brillant - professional soccer player
  • Dayana Cadeau - Haitian-born Canadian American professional bodybuilder
  • Marc Calixte - professional soccer player
  • Obed Cétoute - professional Canadian Football League player
  • Gilles Colon - former professional Canadian Football League player
  • Antoine Craan - professional soccer player
  • Samuel Dalembert - professional basketball player for the Milwaukee Bucks
  • Anthony Duclair - professional hockey player[5]
  • Edrick Floréal - Olympic long and triple jumper
  • Raymond Fontaine - professional Canadian Football League player
  • Maxime Fortunus - professional ice hockey player
  • Jems Geffrard - professional soccer player
  • Jean-Luc Grand-Pierre - professional hockey player
  • Ronald Hilaire - former CFL defensive lineman; current head coach of McGill Redmen
  • Schiller Hyppolite - professional boxer
  • Yves Jabouin - mixed martial arts fighter
  • Dierry Jean - professional boxer
  • Osvaldo Jeanty - professional basketball player
  • Loudia Laarman - sprinter
  • Georges Laraque - former professional hockey player
  • David Loiseau - mixed martial arts fighter, the first Haitian-Canadian to fight in the Ultimate Fighting Championship
  • Elkana Mayard - professional soccer player
  • Josué Mayard - professional soccer player
  • Pierre-Rudolph Mayard - professional soccer player
  • Olivier Occéan - professional soccer player
  • Jean Pascal - professional boxer
  • Jimmy-Shammar Sanon - professional soccer player
  • Adonis Stevenson - professional boxer, current WBC Light Heavyweight Champion
  • Bermane Stiverne - professional boxer
  • Bruny Surin - Olympian gold medal winning sprinter
  • Claude Vilgrain - professional hockey player

Business[]

  • Ralph Gilles - automobile designer (Chrysler 300)
  • Jean-Ernest Pierre - owner of CJWI radio station in Montreal, Quebec

Entertainment[]

  • Benz Antoine - actor
  • Bad News Brown - musician
  • Jephté Bastien - film director
  • Fabienne Colas - actress, director and producer and head of the Fabienne Colas Foundation
  • Anthony Kavanagh - comedian
  • Panou - actor
  • Quddus - MTV veejay
  • Isabelle Racicot - television and radio host
  • Ronald Selmour - actor, renaissance man

Literature[]

  • Marie-Célie Agnant - author and poet
  • Georges Anglade - Geographer and writer
  • Paul Arcelin - writer
  • Gérard Étienne - writer
  • Gary Klang - poet and novelist
  • Dany Laferrière - novelist
  • Nadine Magloire - writer
  • Émile Ollivier, writer

Music[]

  • Marc Antoine - singer
  • Athésia - singer-songwriter
  • Carmen Brouard - pianist, composer and music educator
  • Régine Chassagne - musician with group Arcade Fire
  • Pierre Gage - singer-songwriter
  • Roi Heenok - rapper
  • Imposs - rapper
  • DL Incognito - rapper
  • Kaytranada - electronic musician, producer and DJ
  • Yvon Krevé - hip hop artist
  • Mélissa Laveaux - musician
  • Marie-Josée Lord - opera soprano
  • Luck Mervil - Quebec-based rock singer
  • Muzion - rap group
  • Édouard Woolley - tenor, actor, composer, and music educator

Politicians[]

  • Jean Alfred - former MNA for Hull
  • Dominique Anglade - MNA for Saint-Henri-Sainte-Anne
  • Vivian Barbot - former MP for Papineau in Montreal
  • Frantz Benjamin - Montreal city councillor for Saint-Michel
  • Ulrick Chérubin - former mayor of Amos, Quebec
  • Emmanuel Dubourg - MP for Bourassa, former MNA of Viau in Montreal
  • Michaëlle Jean - journalist and Canada's first black Governor General
  • Firmin Monestime - mayor of Mattawa, Ontario and the first elected black mayor in Canada

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ ']
  2. ^ 2006 Canada Census: Ethnic Origin (National)
  3. ^ 2011 Canada Census: Quebec Ethnic Origin
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-12-30. https://web.archive.org/web/20121230050756/http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/statistics/facts2011/permanent/10.asp. Retrieved 2013-01-10. , Facts and figures 2011 — Immigration overview: Permanent and temporary residents — Permanent residents
  5. ^ "Haitian Hockey Star?". CaribJournal. 30 September 2014. http://www.caribjournal.com/2014/09/30/a-haitian-hockey-star/#. Retrieved 18 February 2015. 

External links[]

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