Familypedia
Advertisement
This article is based on the corresponding article in another wiki. For Familypedia purposes, it requires significantly more historical detail on phases of this location's development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there. Also desirable are links to organizations that may be repositories of genealogical information..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can.


Hall County, Georgia
Hall County Georgia Courthouse.jpg
Hall County courthouse in Gainesville
Map of Georgia highlighting Hall County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 15, 1818; 203 years ago (1818-12-15)
Named for Lyman Hall
Seat Gainesville
Largest city Gainesville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

429 sq mi (1,111 km²)
393 sq mi (1,018 km²)
37 sq mi (96 km²), 8.5
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

203,136
457/sq mi (176/km²)
Congressional district 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.hallcounty.org

Hall County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 203,136.[1] The county seat is Gainesville.[2] The entirety of Hall County comprises the Gainesville, Georgia, Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also part of the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, Combined Statistical Area.

History[]

Hall County was created on December 15, 1818, from Cherokee lands ceded by the Treaty of Cherokee Agency (1817) and Treaty of Washington (1819).[3]

The county is named for Dr. Lyman Hall,[4] a signer of the Declaration of Independence and governor of Georgia as both colony and state.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 429 square miles (1,110 km2), of which 393 square miles (1,020 km2) is land and 37 square miles (96 km2) (8.5%) is water.[5] The county is located in the upper Piedmont region of the state in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains to the north.

Slightly more than half of Hall County, the eastern portion of the county, is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin, while the western half of the county is located in the Upper Chattahoochee River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin).[6]

The Chattahoochee River gathers strength in Hall County, as immortalized in Sidney Lanier's poem, "Song of the Chattahoochee":

OUT of the hills of Habersham,
Down the valleys of Hall,
I hurry amain to reach the plain,
Run the rapid and leap the fall,
Split at the rock and together again,

Adjacent counties[]

Attractions[]

  • Lake Sidney Lanier
  • Lake Lanier Islands (Buford)
  • Road Atlanta (Braselton)
  • Falcons Complex (Flowery Branch)
  • Brenau Downtown Center (Gainesville)
  • Atlanta Botanical Garden (Gainesville)
  • Gainesville Theatre Alliance (Gainesville)
  • Interactive Neighborhood for Kids (Gainesville)
  • Elachee Nature Science Center (Gainesville)
  • Quinlan Visual Arts Center
  • Hall County Fire Services
  • Gainesville Fire Department
  • Gainesville Police Department
  • Hall County Sheriff’s Office
  • Chicken Capital of the World
  • Clermont and Murrayville Cities

Transportation[]

Major highways[]

  • I-985.svg Interstate 985
  • US 23.svg U.S. Route 23
  • US 129.svg U.S. Route 129
  • Georgia 11.svg State Route 11
  • Georgia 11 Business.svg State Route 11 Business
  • Georgia 13.svg State Route 13
  • Georgia 51.svg State Route 51
  • Georgia 52.svg State Route 52
  • Georgia 53.svg State Route 53
  • Georgia 53 Connector.svg State Route 53 Connector
  • Georgia 60.svg State Route 60
  • Georgia 82.svg State Route 82
  • Georgia 115.svg State Route 115
  • Georgia 136.svg State Route 136
  • Georgia 211.svg State Route 211
  • Georgia 254.svg State Route 254
  • Georgia 283.svg State Route 283
  • Georgia 284.svg State Route 284
  • Georgia 323.svg State Route 323
  • Georgia 332.svg State Route 332
  • Georgia 347.svg State Route 347
  • Georgia 365.svg State Route 365
  • Georgia 369.svg State Route 369
  • Georgia 419.svg State Route 419 (unsigned designation for I-985)

Mass transit[]

  • The Gainesville AMTRAK station is situated at 116 Industrial Boulevard. Amtrak's Crescent train connects Gainesville with the cities of New York City, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Greensboro, Charlotte, Atlanta, Birmingham and New Orleans.
  • Gainesville has a bus transit system, the Gainesville Connection, with 130 stops along three routes through Gainesville.[7] The Hall Area Transit Transportation System began operations in January 2001 with three buses and four mini-buses.[8]

Pedestrians and cycling[]

  • Chicopee Woods Bike Trail
  • Wilshire Trail

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 5,086
1830 11,748 131.0%
1840 7,875 −33.0%
1850 8,713 10.6%
1860 9,366 7.5%
1870 9,607 2.6%
1880 15,298 59.2%
1890 18,047 18.0%
1900 20,752 15.0%
1910 25,730 24.0%
1920 26,822 4.2%
1930 30,313 13.0%
1940 34,822 14.9%
1950 40,113 15.2%
1960 49,739 24.0%
1970 59,405 19.4%
1980 75,649 27.3%
1990 95,428 26.1%
2000 139,277 45.9%
2010 179,684 29.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2020[1]

Hall County remains extremely rural and many of its residents reside in unincorporated areas, accounting for more than half of the county's population.

2000 census[]

At the 2000 census,[13] 139,277 people, 80,381 households and 80,009 families resided in the county. The population density was 354 per square mile (137/km2). There were 51,046 housing units at an average density of 130 per square mile (50/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 80.75% White, 7.27% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 1.35% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 8.75% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. About 19.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 80,381 households, 37.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.20% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.00% were not families. About 19.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.26.

Age distribution was 26.90% under the age of 18, 10.80% from 18 to 24, 32.30% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 9.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.90 males.

The median household income was $44,908, and the median family income was $50,100. Males had a median income of $31,769 versus $24,550 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,690. About 8.50% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.20% of those under age 18 and 14.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 179,684 people, 60,691 households, and 45,275 families residing in the county.[14] The population density was 457.5 inhabitants per square mile (176.6 /km2). There were 68,825 housing units at an average density of 175.2 per square mile (67.6 /km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 74.1% white, 7.4% black or African American, 1.8% Asian, 0.5% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 13.9% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 26.1% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 16.8% were American, 10.6% were Irish, 9.3% were English, and 8.9% were German.[16]

Of the 60,691 households, 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.4% were non-families, and 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.35. The median age was 34.5 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $50,876 and the median income for a family was $57,774. Males had a median income of $38,671 versus $31,378 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,675. About 11.3% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.[17]

2020 census[]

Hall County racial composition[18]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 120,418 59.28%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 14,256 7.02%
Native American 341 0.17%
Asian 4,198 2.07%
Pacific Islander 85 0.04%
Other/Mixed 6,828 3.36%
Hispanic or Latino 57,010 28.06%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 203,136 people, 65,625 households, and 48,776 families residing in the county.

Education[]

Colleges and universities[]

  • Brenau University
  • Lanier Technical College
  • University of North Georgia, Gainesville Campus (formerly Gainesville State College)

High schools[]

  • Cherokee Bluff High School
  • Chestatee High School
  • East Hall High School
  • Flowery Branch High School
  • Gainesville High School
  • Johnson High School
  • North Georgia Christian School
  • North Hall High School
  • Riverside Military Academy
  • West Hall High School
  • Lakeview Academy

Middle schools[]

  • Academies of Discovery at South Hall
  • Alternative Learning Center/International Center
  • C. W. Davis Middle School
  • Cherokee Bluff Middle School
  • Chestatee Middle School
  • East Hall Middle School
  • Gainesville Middle School
  • Lanier Career Academy
  • North Georgia Christian School
  • North Hall Middle School
  • West Hall Middle School

Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Buford (mostly in Gwinnett County)
  • Flowery Branch
  • Gainesville
  • Gillsville (partly in Banks County)
  • Lula (partly in Banks County)
  • Oakwood

Towns[]

  • Braselton (partly in Jackson, Barrow, and Gwinnett Counties)
  • Clermont

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Belmont
  • Candler
  • Chestnut Mountain
  • Murrayville (partly in Lumpkin and White Counties)

Politics[]

Hall County had voting patterns similar to the Solid South, with the exception of narrowly supporting Herbert Hoover against Catholic Democrat Al Smith in 1928. Since then, it has been won by the GOP by landslide margins, in stark contrast to nearby inner suburban counties of Atlanta, with the exception of segregationist George Wallace in 1968 and favorite son Jimmy Carter in both of his campaigns.

United States presidential election results for Hall County, Georgia[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 64,183 70.84% 25,033 27.63% 1,386 1.53%
2016 51,733 72.72% 16,180 22.74% 3,229 4.54%
2012 47,481 77.19% 12,999 21.13% 1,032 1.68%
2008 44,962 74.77% 14,457 24.04% 711 1.18%
2004 38,883 78.09% 10,514 21.12% 395 0.79%
2000 26,841 70.36% 10,259 26.89% 1,050 2.75%
1996 19,280 59.84% 10,362 32.16% 2,577 8.00%
1992 16,108 49.67% 11,214 34.58% 5,111 15.76%
1988 17,415 68.71% 7,782 30.71% 147 0.58%
1984 15,076 67.01% 7,421 32.99% 0 0.00%
1980 7,760 37.81% 12,124 59.08% 637 3.10%
1976 5,093 28.46% 12,804 71.54% 0 0.00%
1972 10,686 81.41% 2,440 18.59% 0 0.00%
1968 4,923 36.08% 3,174 23.26% 5,546 40.65%
1964 4,296 34.90% 8,003 65.01% 11 0.09%
1960 2,903 31.53% 6,303 68.47% 0 0.00%
1956 2,752 31.48% 5,989 68.52% 0 0.00%
1952 1,845 23.16% 6,121 76.84% 0 0.00%
1948 606 14.57% 3,093 74.37% 460 11.06%
1944 796 20.61% 3,066 79.37% 1 0.03%
1940 513 14.73% 2,943 84.52% 26 0.75%
1936 444 13.96% 2,731 85.85% 6 0.19%
1932 120 4.32% 2,649 95.29% 11 0.40%
1928 1,573 50.81% 1,523 49.19% 0 0.00%
1924 290 15.57% 1,398 75.04% 175 9.39%
1920 852 36.61% 1,475 63.39% 0 0.00%
1916 367 16.91% 1,662 76.59% 141 6.50%
1912 275 17.90% 1,145 74.54% 116 7.55%
1908 634 42.81% 707 47.74% 140 9.45%
1904 190 9.61% 1,135 57.41% 652 32.98%
1900 262 21.72% 880 72.97% 64 5.31%
1896 582 31.49% 1,134 61.36% 132 7.14%
1892 237 9.51% 1,526 61.26% 728 29.23%
1888 274 11.02% 2,170 87.29% 42 1.69%
1884 259 17.26% 1,242 82.74% 0 0.00%
1880 269 13.36% 1,745 86.64% 0 0.00%



See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Hall County, Georgia

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13139.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins. Macon, GA: Winship Press. pp. 101. ISBN 0-915430-00-2. http://www.kenkrakow.com/gpn/h.pdf. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 147. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_9V1IAAAAMAAJ. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  6. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. 
  7. ^ "Hall Area Transit Bus Services | City of Gainesville, Georgia". http://www.gainesville.org/hall-area-transit. 
  8. ^ "History | City of Gainesville, Georgia". http://www.gainesville.org/history. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13139. 
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13139. 
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13139. 
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13139. 
  18. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US13139&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 34°19′N 83°49′W / 34.32, -83.82


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Hall County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Advertisement