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Hamilton County, Tennessee
Seal of Hamilton County, Tennessee
Seal
Map of Tennessee highlighting Hamilton County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the U.S. highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1819
Seat Chattanooga
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

576 sq mi (1,492 km²)
542 sq mi (1,404 km²)
33 sq mi (85 km²), 5.78%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

366,207
567/sq mi (219/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.hamiltontn.gov

Hamilton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. It was named for Alexander Hamilton, the first Secretary of the Treasury. As of the 2020 census the population was 366,207. Its county seat is Chattanooga6.

Hamilton County is part of the Chattanooga.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,491 km² (576 sq mi). 1,405 km² (542 sq mi) of it is land and 86 km² (33 sq mi) of it (5.78%) is water.

Adjacent Counties[]

Hamilton County is one of the few counties in the United States to border 10 other counties.

Major Roads[]

Interstate 24, Interstate 75, Highway 11(Lee Highway, Highway 27, Highway 41, Highway 64, Highway 72, Highway 74, Highway 76, Highway 127

Demographics[]

As of the census² of 2000, there were 307,896 people, 124,444 households, and 83,750 families residing in the county. The population density was 219/km² (568/sq mi). There were 134,692 housing units at an average density of 96/km² (248/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 76.32% White, 20.14% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 1.27% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.77% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. 1.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Age pyramid Hamilton County[1]

There were 124,444 households out of which 28.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.20% were married couples living together, 13.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.70% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,930, and the median income for a family was $48,037. Males had a median income of $35,413 versus $24,505 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,593. About 9.20% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.80% of those under age 18 and 11.20% of those age 65 or over.

Politics, government, and law[]

United States presidential election results for Hamilton County, Tennessee[2]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 92,108 53.83% 75,522 44.14% 3,483 2.04%
2016 78,733 55.29% 55,316 38.84% 8,359 5.87%
2012 79,933 56.39% 58,836 41.51% 2,972 2.10%
2008 81,702 55.19% 64,246 43.40% 2,086 1.41%
2004 78,547 57.36% 57,302 41.85% 1,087 0.79%
2000 66,605 55.33% 51,708 42.95% 2,066 1.72%
1996 55,205 49.81% 48,008 43.32% 7,618 6.87%
1992 53,476 46.47% 46,770 40.64% 14,839 12.89%
1988 68,111 62.08% 40,990 37.36% 608 0.55%
1984 69,626 62.38% 41,449 37.13% 547 0.49%
1980 57,575 56.40% 41,913 41.05% 2,604 2.55%
1976 47,969 50.80% 45,348 48.03% 1,104 1.17%
1972 58,469 70.62% 20,657 24.95% 3,668 4.43%
1968 29,302 34.54% 23,441 27.64% 32,080 37.82%
1964 40,200 51.05% 38,546 48.95% 0 0.00%
1960 39,703 55.70% 30,482 42.77% 1,092 1.53%
1956 34,429 53.11% 28,287 43.63% 2,114 3.26%
1952 29,681 55.14% 23,832 44.27% 317 0.59%
1948 10,434 34.56% 16,968 56.21% 2,787 9.23%
1944 10,379 36.84% 17,527 62.21% 267 0.95%
1940 9,771 36.29% 17,083 63.45% 68 0.25%
1936 6,917 29.32% 16,568 70.24% 104 0.44%
1932 7,090 37.44% 11,469 60.56% 378 2.00%
1928 13,244 64.49% 7,190 35.01% 103 0.50%
1924 8,421 50.18% 7,511 44.76% 848 5.05%
1920 10,793 51.30% 9,910 47.11% 334 1.59%
1916 4,697 43.66% 5,828 54.17% 234 2.17%
1912 1,493 17.32% 4,394 50.96% 2,735 31.72%
1908 4,250 46.64% 4,564 50.08% 299 3.28%
1904 3,849 51.37% 3,287 43.87% 357 4.76%
1900 3,943 52.66% 3,188 42.57% 357 4.77%
1896 4,468 53.10% 3,729 44.32% 217 2.58%
1892 3,196 43.54% 3,762 51.25% 382 5.20%
1888 6,264 60.63% 3,906 37.81% 161 1.56%
1884 3,827 60.56% 2,439 38.60% 53 0.84%
1880 2,460 58.96% 1,595 38.23% 117 2.80%



Politically, Hamilton County is conservative. Along with the rest of East Tennessee, it has been supportive of the Republican party since the Civil War, even as the rest of the Solid South voted staunchly Democratic.[3] However, unlike most counties in East Tennessee, Hamilton County is a strong two party county, with the Democratic candidate usually receiving at least 40% of the popular vote in presidential elections, and the city of Chattanooga tending to lean Democratic. In 2004, Republican George Bush defeated Democrat John Kerry 57% to 41%.[4] The last Democrat to win the county was Harry S. Truman in 1948, although George Wallace did win a plurality in 1968.[5]

In 2008, Republican John McCain defeated Democrat Barack Obama by a slightly smaller margin of 55% to 43%.[6] In 2012, Republican Mitt Romney defeated incumbent Obama by a margin of 56% to 42%.[7] Four years later in 2016, in businessman Donald Trump's sweep of Appalachia, Hamilton County furnished the GOP with a mildly increased margin of 55% to 39% for Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.[8] In 2020, eventual winner Joe Biden received the highest percentage of the popular vote of any Democratic presidential candidate since Jimmy Carter in 1976.

Colleges and Universities[]

Cities and towns in Hamilton County[]

References[]

External links[]

Coordinates: 35°11′N 85°10′W / 35.18, -85.17

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Hamilton County, Tennessee. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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