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Hardeman County, Tennessee
Old Courthouse in Spring, Bolivar TN.JPG
Hardeman County Courthouse in Bolivar
Map of Tennessee highlighting Hardeman County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the U.S. highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1823
Named for Thomas J. Hardeman[1]
Seat Bolivar
Largest city Bolivar
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

670 sq mi (1,735 km²)
668 sq mi (1,730 km²)
2.6 sq mi (7 km²), 0.4%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

25,462 decrease
41/sq mi (16/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Hardeman County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2020 census, the population was 25,462.[2] Its county seat is Bolivar.[3]

History[]

Hardeman County was created by the Tennessee General Assembly in 1823 from parts of Hardin County and "Indian lands." It is named for Thomas J. Hardeman[4] (1788-1854), a veteran of the Creek War and War of 1812 and a prominent figure in the fight for Texas independence. He served as a congressman in the Republic of Texas.[1]

The county is the location of two of Tennessee's four private prisons, the Whiteville Correctional Facility and the Hardeman County Correctional Center. Both are medium-security facilities for men, operated by the Corrections Corporation of America.[5][6]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 670 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 668 square miles (1,730 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (0.4%) is water.[7] It is the fifth-largest county in Tennessee by area.

Adjacent counties[]

National protected areas[]

  • Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge

State protected areas[]

  • Chickasaw State Park (part)

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 11,655
1840 14,563 25.0%
1850 17,456 19.9%
1860 17,769 1.8%
1870 18,074 1.7%
1880 22,921 26.8%
1890 21,029 −8.3%
1900 22,976 9.3%
1910 23,011 0.2%
1920 22,278 −3.2%
1930 22,193 −0.4%
1940 23,590 6.3%
1950 23,311 −1.2%
1960 21,517 −7.7%
1970 22,435 4.3%
1980 23,873 6.4%
1990 23,377 −2.1%
2000 28,105 20.2%
2010 27,253 −3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2020[2]

Age pyramid Hardeman County[12]

2020 census[]

Hardeman County racial composition[13]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 13,970 54.87%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 10,150 39.86%
Native American 46 0.18%
Asian 162 0.64%
Pacific Islander 6 0.02%
Other/Mixed 634 2.49%
Hispanic or Latino 494 1.94%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 25,462 people, 8,891 households, and 5,816 families residing in the county.

2010 census[]

As of the census[14] of 2010 the racial makeup of the county was 56.1% White (non-Hispanic) or European American, 41.01% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 0.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2000 census[]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 28,105 people, 9,412 households, and 6,767 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 people per square mile (16/km2). There were 10,694 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 57.34% White (non-Hispanic) or European American, 40.97% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 0.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,412 households, out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.00% were married couples living together, 17.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.90% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 31.30% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 116.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 121.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,111, and the median income for a family was $34,746. Males had a median income of $27,828 versus $20,759 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,349. About 16.90% of families and 19.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.40% of those under age 18 and 20.80% of those age 65 or over.

Schools[]

  • Hardeman County Central High School
  • Bolivar Middle School
  • Bolivar Elementary School
  • Whiteville Elementary School
  • Middleton High School
  • Middleton Elementary School
  • Toone Elementary School
  • Grand Junction Elementary School
  • Hornsby Elementary School

Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Bolivar (county seat)

Towns[]

  • Grand Junction (partial)
  • Hickory Valley
  • Hornsby
  • Middleton
  • Saulsbury
  • Silerton (partial)
  • Toone
  • Whiteville

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Forty Five
  • Pocahontas
  • Van Buren
  • Cloverport

Politics[]

Apart from its powerful vote against Hubert Humphrey in 1968 and George McGovern in 1972 as well as George H. W. Bush's 21-vote plurality in 1988, Hardeman County was a solidly Democratic county up until it flipped to Donald Trump in 2016.

United States presidential election results for Hardeman County, Tennessee[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 5,760 57.24% 4,180 41.54% 123 1.22%
2016 4,919 53.05% 4,185 45.13% 169 1.82%
2012 4,865 46.60% 5,482 52.51% 92 0.88%
2008 5,225 46.50% 5,919 52.67% 93 0.83%
2004 4,704 44.95% 5,685 54.32% 77 0.74%
2000 3,729 42.36% 4,953 56.26% 121 1.37%
1996 2,961 35.97% 4,859 59.03% 411 4.99%
1992 3,122 36.19% 4,832 56.01% 673 7.80%
1988 3,547 49.69% 3,526 49.40% 65 0.91%
1984 3,712 48.68% 3,797 49.79% 117 1.53%
1980 2,931 40.68% 4,153 57.64% 121 1.68%
1976 2,254 35.95% 3,934 62.74% 82 1.31%
1972 3,494 66.00% 1,550 29.28% 250 4.72%
1968 1,171 20.18% 1,709 29.45% 2,924 50.38%
1964 2,450 47.80% 2,675 52.20% 0 0.00%
1960 1,601 44.42% 1,711 47.48% 292 8.10%
1956 818 24.40% 1,754 52.31% 781 23.29%
1952 1,256 31.17% 2,747 68.18% 26 0.65%
1948 317 9.61% 1,609 48.76% 1,374 41.64%
1944 444 18.50% 1,949 81.21% 7 0.29%
1940 319 11.10% 2,549 88.66% 7 0.24%
1936 157 7.74% 1,869 92.11% 3 0.15%
1932 281 10.49% 2,377 88.69% 22 0.82%
1928 491 25.04% 1,453 74.09% 17 0.87%
1924 254 13.39% 1,586 83.61% 57 3.00%
1920 895 28.59% 2,212 70.67% 23 0.73%
1916 485 21.89% 1,724 77.80% 7 0.32%
1912 320 16.71% 1,323 69.09% 272 14.20%
1908 553 25.51% 1,568 72.32% 47 2.17%
1904 986 33.12% 1,903 63.92% 88 2.96%
1900 1,336 40.22% 1,974 59.42% 12 0.36%
1896 1,427 38.48% 2,234 60.25% 47 1.27%
1892 789 24.37% 1,940 59.93% 508 15.69%
1888 1,099 36.21% 1,913 63.03% 23 0.76%
1884 1,226 38.24% 1,940 60.51% 40 1.25%
1880 1,409 44.59% 1,566 49.56% 185 5.85%



See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Hardeman County, Tennessee
  • John Chisum
  • Bailey Hardeman, brother of Thomas J. Hardeman
  • Hardeman County, Texas

References[]

  1. ^ a b Faye Tennyson Davidson, "Hardeman County" Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture; retrieved October 16, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/47/47069.html. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  4. ^ "HAIRSTON - (surname unknown) Mary Ophelia POLK". http://www.hairston.org/p4117.htm. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.tn.gov/correction/institutions/hccf.html. 
  6. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.tn.gov/correction/institutions/wcfa.html. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_47.txt. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/tn190090.txt. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  12. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US47069&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  14. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

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Template:Hardeman County, Tennessee

Coordinates: 35°12′N 89°00′W / 35.20, -89.00

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Hardeman County, Tennessee. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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