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Hawaii County, Hawaii
Shipman House, Hilo.jpg
W. H. Shipman House
Seal of Hawaii County, Hawaii
Seal
Map of Hawaii highlighting Hawaii County
Location in the state of Hawaii
Map of the U.S. highlighting Hawaii
Hawaii's location in the U.S.
Founded 1905
Named for Hawaiian Islands
Seat Hilo
Largest city Hilo
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

5,086.70 sq mi (13,174 km²)
4,028.02 sq mi (10,433 km²)
1,058.69 sq mi (2,742 km²), 20.81
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

200,629
46/sq mi (17.7/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Hawaii-Aleutian: UTC-10
Website www.hawaiicounty.gov

Hawaiʻi County (Hawaiian: Kalana o Hawaiʻi) (officially known as the County of Hawaiʻi) is a county in the U.S. state of Hawaii in the Hawaiian Islands. It is coextensive with the Island of Hawaii, often called the "Big Island" to distinguish it from the state as a whole. As of 2020 the population was 200,629. The county seat is Hilo. There are no incorporated cities in Hawaii County (see Hawaii Counties). The Hilo Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Hawaii County. Hawaii County has a mayor–council form of government. Hawaii County is the largest county in the state in terms of geography.

The mayor of Hawaii County is Mitch Roth, who took office in 2020. Legislative authority is vested in a nine-member Hawaii County Council.

Hawaii County is one of seven counties in the United States to share the same name as the state they are in (the other six are Arkansas County, Idaho County, Iowa County, New York County, Oklahoma County, and Utah County).[1]

Geography[]

Hawaiʻi County has a total area of 5,086.70 square miles (13,174.5 km2); 4,028.02 square miles (10,432.5 km2) is land and 1,058.69 square miles (2,742.0 km2) is water[2] (mostly all off the ocean shoreline but counted in the total area by the U.S. Census Bureau). The county's land area comprises 62.7 percent of the state's land area. It is the highest percentage by any county in the United States. (Delaware's Sussex County comes in second at 48.0 percent, while Rhode Island's Providence County is third at 39.55 percent.)

Major highways[]

  • [[Template:Infobox road/HI/link HI|Template:Infobox road/HI/abbrev HI]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/HI/link HI|Template:Infobox road/HI/abbrev HI]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/HI/link HI|Template:Infobox road/HI/abbrev HI]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/HI/link HI|Template:Infobox road/HI/abbrev HI]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/HI/link HI|Template:Infobox road/HI/abbrev HI]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/HI/link HI|Template:Infobox road/HI/abbrev HI]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/HI/link HI|Template:Infobox road/HI/abbrev HI]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/HI/link HI|Template:Infobox road/HI/abbrev HI]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/HI/link HI|Template:Infobox road/HI/abbrev HI]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/HI/link HI|Template:Infobox road/HI/abbrev HI]]

Adjacent county[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1900 46,843
1910 55,382 18.2%
1920 64,895 17.2%
1930 73,325 13.0%
1940 73,276 −0.1%
1950 68,350 −6.7%
1960 61,332 −10.3%
1970 63,468 3.5%
1980 92,053 45.0%
1990 120,317 30.7%
2000 148,677 23.6%
2010 185,079 24.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]
Historical Population 1900-1990[4]
2010-2020

As of 2010, the island had a resident population of 185,079.[5] There were 64,382 households in the county. The population density was 17.7/km2 (45.9/mi2). There were 82,324 housing units at an average density of 8/km2 (20/mi2). The racial makeup of the county was 34.5% White, 29.2% from two or more races, 22.6% Asian, 12.4% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander and 0.7% African American; 11.8% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race. The largest ancestry groups were:

  • 9.8% Japanese
  • 9.6% German
  • 8.6% Filipino
  • 8.5% Native Hawaiian
  • 8.3% Portuguese
  • 6.9% Irish
  • 5.7% English
  • 5.1% Puerto Rican
  • 3.2% Mexican
  • 2.5% French
  • 2.2% Italian
  • 1.9% Spanish
  • 1.7% Scottish
  • 1.5% Scotch-Irish
  • 1.5% Swedish
  • 1.1% Polish
  • 1.1% Dutch
  • 1.0% Norwegian

There were 64,382 households, out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a woman whose husband did not live with her, and 30.4% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.24.

The age distribution was 26.1% under 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 100 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98 males.

41.3% of the people on Hawaii island are religious, meaning they affiliate with a religion. 18.4% are Catholic; 3.7% are of another Christian faith; 5.1% are LDS; 5.0% are of an Eastern faith; 0.1% are Muslim.

Government and infrastructure[]

County government[]

Executive authority is vested in the mayor of Hawaii County, who is elected for a four-year term. Since 2004, the election by the voters has been on a nonpartisan basis. In 2020, Mitch Roth was elected mayor, succeeding Harry Kim, who lost reelection after being defeated in the primary election.[6] Legislative authority is vested in a nine-member County Council. Members of the County Council are elected on a nonpartisan basis to two-year terms from single-member districts.[7] As of December 2016, Hawaiʻi County Council has a female supermajority for the first time, with six women and three men.[8]

Administrative districts were originally based on the traditional land divisions called Moku of Ancient Hawaii. Some more heavily populated districts have since been split into North and South districts to make them more comparable on a population basis.

The number following each district is the Tax Map Key (TMK) number, used to locate state property information. They are assigned in a counter-clockwise order beginning on the eastern side of the island.[9]

Nr. District Area
mi2
Population
2000
moku Map
1 Puna 499.45 31,335 Puna District subdivision of Hawaiʻi County
2 South Hilo 394.38 47,386 Hilo
3 North Hilo 370.65 1,720 Hilo
4 Hāmākua 580.50 6,108 Hāmākua
5 North Kohala 132.92 6,038 Kohala
6 South Kohala 351.72 13,131 Kohala
7 North Kona 489.01 28,543 Kona
8 South Kona 335.38 8,589 Kona
9 Kaʻū 922.22 5,827 Kaʻū
  Hawaiʻi County 4028.02 148,677 6 moku

County council districts do not directly match the property tax districts because of the variation in the population density of voters in urban areas to rural areas; Hilo & Kailua (Kailua-Kona) towns are densely populated areas, while other districts such as Kaʻū, Puna, Hāmākua, and North & South Kohala are more sparsely populated.[10]

Several government functions are administered at the county level that are at the state or municipal level in other states. For example, the county has its own office of liquor control.[11]

State government[]

Hawaii Department of Public Safety previously operated the Kulani Correctional Facility in Hawaii County, on the Island of Hawaii.[12] In 2009, the Hawaii Department of Public Safety announced that Kulani Correctional Facility would close.[13]

Presidential election results[]

United States presidential election results for Hawaii County, Hawaii[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 26,897 30.63% 58,731 66.88% 2,186 2.49%
2016 17,501 26.98% 41,259 63.61% 6,107 9.41%
2012 14,753 23.25% 47,224 74.42% 1,477 2.33%
2008 14,866 22.22% 50,819 75.94% 1,231 1.84%
2004 22,032 38.18% 35,116 60.86% 554 0.96%
2000 17,050 33.52% 28,670 56.37% 5,140 10.11%
1996 13,516 27.60% 27,262 55.66% 8,199 16.74%
1992 15,460 30.36% 25,725 50.52% 9,731 19.11%
1988 17,125 41.00% 24,091 57.68% 552 1.32%
1984 20,707 52.90% 17,866 45.64% 570 1.46%
1980 14,247 39.73% 17,630 49.16% 3,984 11.11%
1976 15,366 48.37% 15,960 50.24% 439 1.38%
1972 16,832 59.09% 11,652 40.91% 0 0.00%
1968 9,625 37.41% 15,819 61.49% 283 1.10%
1964 4,962 19.87% 20,011 80.13% 0 0.00%
1960 12,251 51.46% 11,557 48.54% 0 0.00%



Localities[]

Census-designated places[]

  • Ainaloa
  • Black Sands
  • Captain Cook
  • Discovery Harbour
  • Eden Roc
  • Fern Acres
  • Fern Forest
  • Halaula
  • Hawaiian Acres
  • Hawaiian Beaches
  • Hawaiian Ocean View
  • Hawaiian Paradise Park
  • Hawi
  • Hilo
  • Holualoa
  • Honalo
  • Honaunau-Napoopoo
  • Honokaa
  • Honomu
  • Kahaluu-Keauhou
  • Kailua
  • Kaiminani
  • Kalaoa
  • Kalapana
  • Kaloko
  • Kamaili
  • Kapaau
  • Keaau
  • Kealakekua
  • Kukuihaele
  • Kurtistown
  • Laupahoehoe
  • Leilani Estates
  • Mauna Loa Estates
  • Mountain View
  • Naalehu
  • Nanawale Estates
  • Orchidlands Estates
  • Paauilo
  • Pahala
  • Pahoa
  • Papaikou
  • Paukaa
  • Pepeekeo
  • Puako
  • Royal Hawaiian Estates
  • Seaview
  • Tiki Gardens
  • Volcano
  • Volcano Golf Course
  • Waikoloa Beach Resort
  • Waikoloa Village
  • Waimea
  • Wainaku
  • Waiohinu

Other communities[]

  • Ahualoa
  • Haʻena
  • Hakalau
  • Kawaihae
  • Keauhou
  • Keokea
  • Miloliʻi
  • Nīnole
  • ʻŌʻōkala
  • Paauhau
  • Pāpaʻaloa

National protected areas[]

  • Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail
  • Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge
  • Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park
  • Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park
  • Kona Forest National Wildlife Refuge
  • Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park
  • Puʻukoholā Heiau National Historic Site

Economy[]

Top employers[]

According to the county's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the county are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 State of Hawaii 8,115
2 Hawaiʻi County 2,745
3 United States Government 1,364
4 Hilton Waikoloa Village 984
5 Wal-Mart 852
6 KTA Super Stores 800
7 Mauna Kea Beach Hotel 685
8 The Fairmont Orchid 577
9 Four Seasons Resort Hualalai 562
10 Hapuna Beach Prince Hotel 487

Education[]

  • University of Hawaiʻi at Hilo
  • University of the Nations
  • Hawaiʻi Community College

Sister cities[]

Hawaii County's sister cities are:[15]

  • Philippines Cabugao, Philippines (2017)
  • South Korea Gokseong, South Korea (2011)
  • Japan Kumejima, Japan (2011)
  • Japan Nago, Japan (1986)
  • Philippines Ormoc, Philippines (2011)
  • Japan Ōshima, Japan (1962)
  • Template:Country data REU Réunion, France (2012)
  • Chile La Serena, Chile (1994)
  • Japan Shibukawa, Japan (1997)
  • Japan Sumoto, Japan (2000)
  • Japan Yurihama, Japan (1996)

References[]

  1. ^ Joseph Nathan Kane; Charles Curry Aiken (2005). The American Counties: Origins of County Names, Dates of Creation, and Population Data, 1950-2000. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-5036-1. https://archive.org/details/americancounties0000kane. 
  2. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. https://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". https://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/decennial/. 
  4. ^ Hawaii Historical Population 1900-1990
  5. ^ "Archived copy". http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/15/15001.html. 
  6. ^ "Office of the Mayor". official web site. County of Hawaii. https://www.hawaiicounty.gov/our-county/mayor. 
  7. ^ "Hawaiʻi County Council". official web site. http://www.co.hawaii.hi.us/council/districts.htm. 
  8. ^ "Archived copy". http://hawaiitribune-herald.com/news/local-news/poindexter-tabbed-be-council-chairwoman-will-lead-first-female-super-majority. 
  9. ^ Hawaii County: 2000
  10. ^ "Hawaii County Council". official web site. http://www.co.hawaii.hi.us/council/districts.htm. 
  11. ^ "Office of Liquor Control". Hawaii County web site. http://www.hawaii-county.com/directory/dir_liquor.htm. 
  12. ^ "Kulani Correctional Facility." Hawaii Department of Public Safety. Retrieved on September 30, 2010.
  13. ^ "Closure of Kulani Saves $2.8M Annually; Facility to Help At-Risk Youth." Hawaii Department of Public Safety. July 2009. Retrieved on September 30, 2010.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/. 
  15. ^ "County of Hawai'i Official Sister Cities 2021". County of Hawaii. https://www.hawaiicounty.gov/our-county/mayor/county-of-hawai-i-official-sister-cities-2021. 

External links[]

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Coordinates: 19°35′N 155°30′W / 19.583, -155.5

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Hawaii County, Hawaii. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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