Heinrich Adolf von Bardeleben was born 1 March 1819 in Frankfurt an der Oder, Brandenburg, Germany to Johann August Andreas Schwager (c1790-1822) and Friederike Dorothea Ulrike Jochmuß (c1800-1822) and died 24 September 1895 Berlin, Germany of unspecified causes. He married Augusta Sophie Zumpt (1825-1869) . He married Helene Kremnitz (1844-1890) 15 August 1869 in Berlin, Germany.


Heinrich Adolf was born as the son of Johann August Andreas Schwager and his wife Friedericke Dorothea Ulrike, née Jochmuß. Both parents died in 1822. That is why the only three-year-old was adopted by his uncle, the then Justice Commissioner Heinrich Karl Ludwig Bardeleben, since then he has had the double name Schwager-Bardeleben and on May 2, 1848 received permission to use the sole name of Bardeleben .

His upbringing in the house of the adoptive father took place in the Protestant faith. After attending grammar school in Frankfurt (Oder), Bardeleben began studying human medicine at the Friedrich Wilhelms University in Berlin in 1837, continuing at the Grand Ducal Ruprecht-Karl University of Heidelberg, at the Justus-Liebig University of Gießen and finally at the Sorbonne, Paris. He completed his residency training in 1840 at the Physiological Institute in Heidelberg. On December 15 of the same year he was promoted to Dr. med. PhD. [1]

Heinrich Adolf Bardeleben began his professional career in 1843 as an assistant at the physiological institute and prosector in Gießen. Here he worked since 1844 as a lecturer, was in 1848 associate professor and acquired the same year the academic degree of Dr. phil. He was subsequently appointed associate professor of surgery at the Royal University of Greifswald. In the following year he became a full professor at the University of Greifswald. In this position, he founded his own German surgery school and took specific steps to break away from the previously dominant French surgery. In addition to his teaching activities, he also worked as an author of important papers on surgery. From 1852 he published the "Handbuch der Chirurgie und Operationslehre" [2], which was then available in 4 volumes by 1859. This work has long been regarded as the leading standard work for surgical methodology.

Monument to Bardeleben in Berlin

During this time he married and two sons Karl and Adolf and two daughters Marie Charlotte and Thea were born in the Bardeleben family. His adoptive father [Heinrich Karl Ludwig Bardeleben (1775–1852)|Heinrich Karl Ludwig Bardeleben]] died in 1852.

For the academic years 1863/64 and 1876/1877 he was elected rector of the Friedrich Wilhelms University. In the Austro-Prussian War Heinrich Adolf von Bardeleben was employed as general doctor in 1866. Here he gained experience of the special features of medical care for war casualties on the battlefield. These found their way into the further profiling of the medical training of doctors. In 1868 he visited the British surgeon Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister (1827-1912) in Edinburgh to study his antiseptic wound treatment. He later applied this principle throughout. In the same year he was appointed to succeed Johann Christian Jüngken (1793-1875) as director at the Surgical Clinic of the Charité . He held this position until 1895. Since he was considered an excellent teacher of surgical anatomy, he was also given an o. Professorship . At the same time he taught at the Medical-Surgical Friedrich Wilhelm Institute . He attached great importance to the quality of clinical teaching. In the Franco-Prussian War he served again as a doctor general . And in the following years influenced the reorganization of the military medical system. He laid down the experience he gained in this process in individual writings on war surgery.

In 1872 he was a founding member of the German Society for Surgery. He worked closely with his specialist colleagues for many years. This was particularly close to Rudolf Virchow (1821–1902) and August Hirsch (1817–1894), with whom he worked for over 40 years of texts on general surgery and vascular surgery for the annual reports of the Berlin University. .[3] In addition, its publications appeared quite regularly in German and French journals. Bardeleben gave a much-noticed speech on the occasion of the commemoration ceremony for the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität on August 3, 1877 on the subject of "On the importance of scientific studies for the training of doctors".

In 1882 Heinrich Adolf von Bardeleben was appointed secret senior medical advisor. And in the same year Kaiser Wilhelm I promoted him to major general for his services to improve military medicine. Since Bardeleben treated the cancer-sick Kaiser Friedrich III, he was raised to the Prussian nobility on December 11, 1891 in Neugattersleben with the name of Bardeleben . [4]

Heinrich Adolf von Bardeleben died on September 24, 1895 at the age of 76 in Berlin. His grave of honor is located in the Old St. Matthew Cemetery in Berlin Schöneberg. His daughter is the writer Marie Charlotte, known under the name Mite Kremnitz. His sons Karl von Bardeleben and Adolf von Bardeleben (surgeon) also became physicians.

Written works

  • Observationes microscopicae de glandularum ductu excretorio carentium structura, deque earundem functionibus experimenta, 1841
  • Lehrbuch der Chirurgie und Operationslehre. Besonders für das Bedürfnis der Studierenden ("Surgery manual. Particularly for the needs of students"), 1852-1882
  • Über die konservative Richtung der neueren Chirurgie ("About the conservative direction of the new surgery"), 1855
  • Rückblick auf die Fortschritte der Chirurgie in der zweiten Hälfte dieses Jahrhunderts ("Review of the progress of surgery in the second half of this century"), 1876
  • Über die Bedeutung wissenschaftlicher Studien für die Ausbildung der Ärzte ("About the meaning of scientific studies for the formation of physicians"), 1876
  • Rede zur Gedächtnisfeier der Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität zu Berlin ("Speech regarding the commemoration of the Friedrich-Wilhelm University of Berlin"), 1877
  • Über die Theorie der Wunden und die neueren Methoden der Wundbehandlung ("About the theory of wounds and the newer methods of wound treatment"), 1878
  • Über die kriegschirurgische Bedeutung der neuen Geschosse ("About the significance of military surgery in regards to the new bullets"), 1892


  • List of published works copied from an equivalent article at the German Wikipedia.
  1. ^ Dissertation: Observationes microscopicae de glandularum ductu excretorio carentium structura, deque earundem functionibus experimenta.
  2. ^ im Berliner Verlag Georg Reimer erschienen der Band 1 – 1852, der Band 2 – 1854, der Band 3 -1856 und der Band 4 dann 1859
  3. ^ Heinrich Adolf von Bardeleben – Rektor der Berliner Universität 1876/77, in:
  4. ^ Adelsbrief vom 15. Dezember 1891


Offspring of Heinrich Adolf von Bardeleben and Augusta Sophie Zumpt (1825-1869)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Karl Heinrich von Bardeleben (1849-1919) 7 March 1849 Gießen, Gießen District, Hesse, Germany 19 December 1919 Jena, Thuringia, Germany Camilla Küster (1855-1933)
Marie Charlotte von Bardeleben (1852-1916) 4 January 1852 Greifswald, Vorpommern-Greifswald District, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany 18 July 1916 Berlin, Germany Wilhelm Bernhard Kremnitz (1842-1897)
Thea von Bardeleben (1855-c1920) 1855 1920 Wilhelm Otto Volkmar (1835-c1900)
Adolf von Bardeleben (1861-1914) 1861 1914

Offspring of Heinrich Adolf von Bardeleben and Helene Kremnitz (1844-1890)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Helene von Bardeleben (1870-c1940) 14 October 1870 Berlin, Germany 1940
Georg von Bardeleben (1973-1928) 10 May 1873 Berlin, Germany 31 August 1928
Agnes Ulrieke von Bardeleben (1976-c1945) 19 May 1876 Berlin, Germany 1945


Footnotes (including sources)

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