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Henry County, Georgia
McDonough courthouse.jpg
Henry County Courthouse and Confederate monument
Map of Georgia highlighting Henry County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded May 15, 1821; 200 years ago (1821-05-15)
Named for Patrick Henry
Seat McDonough
Largest city Stockbridge
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

327 sq mi (847 km²)
322 sq mi (834 km²)
4.4 sq mi (11 km²), 1.4%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

240,712
704/sq mi (272/km²)
Congressional districts 3rd, 10th, 13th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.henry.ga.us

Henry County is located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. Per the 2020 census,[1] the population of Henry County is 240,712. The county seat is McDonough.[2] The county was named for Patrick Henry.[3]

Henry County is part of the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA metropolitan statistical area. It is home to the Atlanta Motor Speedway in Hampton. The Henry County Courthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 1995, Henry County was the sixth-fastest-growing county in the United States.[4]

History[]

Henry County, Georgia was created by the Georgia State Legislature in 1821 from land acquired from the Creek Indian Nation by the First Treaty of Indian Springs. Henry's original land area was much larger than it is today, stretching from near Indian Springs (present-day Indian Springs State Park) in the south to the Chattahoochee River near Sandy Springs in the north; encompassing most of present-day Metropolitan Atlanta. Before one year passed the size of the County was diminished through the separation of land areas which, in whole or in part, became present day DeKalb, Fulton, Fayette and Newton Counties. Later divisions resulted in Clayton, Spalding, Rockdale and Butts counties.

In the beginning Henry County was a virgin wilderness, having just been ceded from the Creek Nation. Prior to 1821, the Creeks and a few trappers and traders were the only residents of this area. The Creek Indians left their mark through place names, a few small Indian Mounds scattered around the County and through the arrowheads and broken pottery which can be found throughout Henry County.

Jesse Johnson, son of John Johnson and great-grandfather of U.S. President Lyndon Baines Johnson, was a "first settler" of Henry County. He was a prosperous farmer, the second sheriff (1822–1835), and judge, before he moved to Texas.[5]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 327 square miles (850 km2), of which 322 square miles (830 km2) is land and 4.4 square miles (11 km2) (1.4%) is water.[6]

The vast majority of Henry County is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin, with just a very small western corner, west of Hampton, located in the Upper Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin).[7]

Adjacent counties[]

Government and politics[]

The Henry County Board of Commissioners is responsible for administering county government to residents. Four commissioners are elected by voters in individual districts, while the commission chairman is elected countywide and serves as the county's chief executive. June Wood, the former commission chair, was the first African-American to serve in the position after being elected in a December 2016 run-off election. She left office in December 2020 after losing the re-election. As of December 2020, the following individuals serve the county on the Board of Commissioners:

Henry County Board of Commissioners[8]
Name Party District
style="background-color:#3333FF;" width=10px | | Carlotta Harris- Harrell Democratic Chairman (at-large)
style="background-color:#FF3333;" width=10px | | Johnny Wilson Republican 1
style="background-color:#3333FF;" width=10px | | Dee Clemmons Democratic 2
style="background-color:#FF3333;" width=10px | | Greg Cannon Republican 3
style="background-color:#3333FF;" width=10px | | Vivian Thomas Democratic 4
style="background-color:#3333FF;" width=10px | | Bruce Holmes Democratic 5

Prior to 1984, Henry County had a presidential voting pattern typical of any other Solid South county in Georgia, consistently awarding landslide margins to Democrats. In 1920, it was one of three counties in the state (alongside Bleckley and Columbia) to give 100% of the vote to Democratic nominee James M. Cox.[9] The first Republican to win Henry County was Richard Nixon in 1972, doing so with 77.93% of the vote,[10] though it returned to the Democratic column when native Georgian Jimmy Carter won it in 1976 and 1980.

From 1984 to 2004, Henry County was a Republican stronghold, consistent with several Atlanta suburbs, as well as other suburban areas across the country.[11] Strong margins in Henry County and other Atlanta suburbs were vital to Republicans' performance, offsetting strongly Democratic Black voters in Atlanta proper.[12] Republican dominance peaked in 1988, when George H.W. Bush won 71.11% of the vote to Michael Dukakis' 28.41%, a 42.7% margin of victory.[13] During this time, no Democrat managed even 40 percent of the county's vote.

However, an increasing minority population and a growing Democratic trend among suburban voters has derailed the former Republican dominance.[11] While Democrat Barack Obama failed to win the county in either of his two national victories, his margins of defeat were only in the single digits (a 7.44% loss in 2008 against John McCain[14] and 3.29% in 2012 against Mitt Romney[15]), thanks in part to explosive population growth that brought an influx of Democratic-leaning minority voters into the county. In the 2000 Census, the racial makeup of the county was 81.38% white and 14.68% African American.[16] The Black population shot up to 36.9% in 2010, and the white population fell to a mere 55.0%. By the 2019 American Community Survey, the Black population outnumbered the white population, 47.88% to 45.58%. As a consequence, in 2016, the county swung into the Democratic column, voting for Hillary Clinton by a 4.36 percentage point margin of victory for the first time in 36 years in spite of the rightward shift taken by the rest of the country.[17] This trend remained in 2018 when it voted for Democrat Stacey Abrams for governor by a margin of 15.34% against Republican then-Secretary of State Brian Kemp.[18] In 2020, it swung 16.11 points deeper into the Democratic column, the largest Democratic swing of any county in the country,[19] culminating in Joe Biden winning the county by 20.47 percentage points as he carried Georgia. In doing so, Biden turned in the best showing for a non-Georgian Democrat in the county since John F. Kennedy in 1960.

United States presidential election results for Henry County, Georgia[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 48,259 39.23% 73,443 59.70% 1,314 1.07%
2016 45,724 46.02% 50,057 50.38% 3,586 3.61%
2012 46,774 51.10% 43,761 47.81% 996 1.09%
2008 47,157 53.29% 40,567 45.85% 762 0.86%
2004 42,759 66.57% 21,096 32.84% 380 0.59%
2000 25,815 66.42% 11,971 30.80% 1,081 2.78%
1996 16,968 58.36% 9,498 32.67% 2,608 8.97%
1992 12,634 52.03% 7,817 32.19% 3,833 15.78%
1988 10,882 71.11% 4,348 28.41% 74 0.48%
1984 9,142 69.06% 4,096 30.94% 0 0.00%
1980 5,326 47.27% 5,635 50.01% 307 2.72%
1976 2,622 31.44% 5,717 68.56% 0 0.00%
1972 5,155 77.93% 1,460 22.07% 0 0.00%
1968 2,017 25.41% 2,317 29.19% 3,604 45.40%
1964 3,125 46.58% 3,583 53.41% 1 0.01%
1960 1,041 26.04% 2,957 73.96% 0 0.00%
1956 848 24.34% 2,636 75.66% 0 0.00%
1952 553 17.60% 2,589 82.40% 0 0.00%
1948 229 12.41% 1,400 75.84% 217 11.76%
1944 152 9.42% 1,461 90.58% 0 0.00%
1940 101 6.11% 1,551 93.77% 2 0.12%
1936 116 7.83% 1,362 91.90% 4 0.27%
1932 21 1.37% 1,496 97.65% 15 0.98%
1928 360 32.06% 763 67.94% 0 0.00%
1924 53 7.42% 594 83.19% 67 9.38%
1920 0 0.00% 608 100.00% 0 0.00%
1916 89 8.60% 868 83.86% 78 7.54%
1912 122 18.13% 536 79.64% 15 2.23%
1908 194 30.27% 369 57.57% 78 12.17%
1904 64 8.19% 464 59.41% 253 32.39%
1900 378 35.36% 639 59.78% 52 4.86%
1896 568 46.56% 569 46.64% 83 6.80%
1892 578 30.99% 718 38.50% 569 30.51%
1888 512 30.60% 1,136 67.90% 25 1.49%
1884 694 42.66% 933 57.34% 0 0.00%
1880 506 42.27% 691 57.73% 0 0.00%



Transportation[]

Major highways[]

  • I-75.svg Interstate 75
  • I-675.svg Interstate 675
  • US 19.svg U.S. Route 19
  • US 23.svg U.S. Route 23
  • US 41.svg U.S. Route 41
  • Georgia 3.svg State Route 3
  • Georgia 20.svg State Route 20
  • Georgia 42.svg State Route 42
  • Georgia 81.svg State Route 81
  • Georgia 138.svg State Route 138
  • Georgia 155.svg State Route 155
  • Georgia 401.svg State Route 401 (unsigned designation for I-75)
  • Georgia 413.svg State Route 413 (unsigned designation for I-675)
  • Georgia 920.png Georgia State Route 920 (unsigned designation for Jonesboro Road)

Pedestrians and cycling[]

  • Reeves Creek Trail[21]

Transit systems[]

  • Henry County operates its own reservation-based transit service for use by county residents.[22] In addition, Xpress, a regional commuter bus service operated by the Georgia Regional Transportation Authority, serves park-and-ride lots in Stockbridge, Hampton, and McDonough.

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 10,566
1840 11,756 11.3%
1850 14,726 25.3%
1860 10,702 −27.3%
1870 10,102 −5.6%
1880 14,193 40.5%
1890 16,220 14.3%
1900 18,602 14.7%
1910 19,927 7.1%
1920 20,420 2.5%
1930 15,924 −22.0%
1940 15,119 −5.1%
1950 15,857 4.9%
1960 17,619 11.1%
1970 23,724 34.7%
1980 36,309 53.0%
1990 58,741 61.8%
2000 119,341 103.2%
2010 203,922 70.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[23]
1790-1960[24] 1900-1990[25]
1990-2000[26] 2010-2019[27]

2010 Census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 203,922 people, 70,255 households, and 54,445 families residing in the county.[28] The population density was 633.0 inhabitants per square mile (244.4 /km2). There were 76,533 housing units at an average density of 237.6 per square mile (91.7 /km2).[29] The racial makeup of the county was 55.0% white, 36.9% black or African American, 2.9% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.4% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.8% of the population.[28] In terms of ancestry, 10.7% were American, 9.3% were Irish, 9.2% were German, and 8.2% were English.[30]

Of the 70,255 households, 45.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.5% were non-families, and 18.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.29. The median age was 35.3 years.[28]

The median income for a household in the county was $63,923 and the median income for a family was $70,972. Males had a median income of $50,198 versus $39,785 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,773. About 6.3% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.[31]

2000 Census[]

As of the census of 2000,[16] there were 119,341 people, 41,373 households, and 33,305 families residing in the county. The population density was 370 people per square mile (143/km2). There were 43,166 housing units at an average density of 134 per square mile (52/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 81.38% White, 14.68% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.76% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. 2.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Census Estimates from the 2008 American Community Survey indicate that the African-American population is 32.6%.

There were 41,373 households, out of which 42.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.40% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.50% were non-families. 15.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 29.20% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 34.90% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 7.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $57,309, and the median income for a family was $61,607. Males had a median income of $41,449 versus $29,211 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,945. About 3.70% of families and 4.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.50% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[]

Goya Foods has its Atlanta offices in an unincorporated area near McDonough.[32]

Additionally a pair of warehouses used to exist along US 23 south of McDonough. One of which was owned by Whirlpool Corporation, and the other by Toys 'R' Us.

Media[]

WKKP is the local radio media outlet. It broadcasts 24 hours a day on 100.9 FM and 1410 AM, and has a classic country format.

The Henry Herald and the Henry County Times are the local county news print media.

Sports[]

The semi-professional soccer team Georgia Revolution FC plays in the National Premier Soccer League at the Warhawk Stadium.

Atlanta Motor Speedway is located in Henry County and hosts an annual NASCAR race and many other events throughout the year, including the 2021 Publix Atlanta Marathon, which moved to the Speedway premises.

Education[]

Local public schools are operated by the Henry County Schools.

Enriched Virtual Program[]

  • Impact academy

Alternative schools[]

  • EXCEL Academy(known as Patrick Henry alternative)
  • Mainstay Academy (GNETS - Special Education)

Private schools[]

  • ABC Montessori (Toddler - 12)
  • Bible Baptist Christian School (K4–12)[1]
  • Community Christian School (Nursery–12)
  • Creekside Christian Academy
  • Eagle's Landing Christian Academy (K3–12)
  • Lake Dow Christian Academy
  • New Creation Christian Academy
  • North Henry Academy (K3–8)[2]
  • Strong Rock Christian School (K–12)
  • Peoples Baptist Academy
  • Heritage Baptist Christian School
  • The Sharon School
  • McDonough Methodist Academy

Higher education[]

Mercer University has a Regional Academic Center in McDonough. The center, opened in 2003, offers programs through the university's College of Continuing and Professional Studies and Mercer's Tift College of Education. Clayton State University and Gordon College also offer a range of college courses at the Academy for Advanced Studies in McDonough.

Southern Crescent Technical College's Henry County Center (in McDonough) offers programs in Allied Health, Business Technology, Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Computer Information Systems, Personal Services, Public Safety, and Drafting Technology.[33]

Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Hampton
  • Locust Grove
  • McDonough
  • Stockbridge

Census-designated place[]

  • Heron Bay (part)

Other unincorporated communities[]

  • Blacksville
  • Ellenwood (part)
  • Flippen
  • Kelleytown
  • Luella
  • Ola

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Henry County, Georgia

References[]

  1. ^ "Henry County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". https://www.census.gov. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 155. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_9V1IAAAAMAAJ. 
  4. ^ "Fastest-growing counties, 1990-95". http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/states/special/pop/npop005.htm. 
  5. ^ Caro, Robert A. (1983). The Path to Power. The Years of Lyndon Johnson. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. p. 15. ISBN 0394499735. https://archive.org/details/pathtopower00caro. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  7. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. 
  8. ^ "Henry County Board of Commissioners | Board of Commissioners" (in en-US). http://www.co.henry.ga.us/Government/HenryCountyBoardofCommissioners.aspx. 
  9. ^ Scammon, Richard M. (compiler); America at the Polls: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics 1920-1964; pp. 96-98 ISBN 0405077114
  10. ^ "1972 Presidential General Election Results - Georgia". https://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/state.php?f=0&fips=13&year=1972. 
  11. ^ a b Tavernise, Sabrina; Gebeloff, Robert (October 25, 2019). "Are the Suburbs Turning Democratic?" (in en-US). The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/25/us/democrats-republicans-suburbs.html. 
  12. ^ Savicki, Drew (October 26, 2020). "The Road to 270: Georgia". https://www.270towin.com/news/2020/10/26/the-road-270-georgia_1116.html. 
  13. ^ "1988 Presidential General Election Results - Georgia". https://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/state.php?f=0&fips=13&year=1988. 
  14. ^ "2008 Presidential General Election Results - Henry County, GA". https://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/statesub.php?year=2008&fips=13151&f=0&off=0&elect=0. 
  15. ^ "2012 Presidential General Election Results - Henry County, GA". https://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/statesub.php?year=2012&fips=13151&f=0&off=0&elect=0. 
  16. ^ a b "U.S. Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  17. ^ "2016 Presidential General Election Results - Henry County, GA". https://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/statesub.php?year=2016&fips=13151&f=0&off=0&elect=0. 
  18. ^ "GA - Election Night Reporting". https://results.enr.clarityelections.com/GA/91639/Web02-state.221451/#/cid/20000. 
  19. ^ "2020 Presidential Election Statistics". https://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/stats.php?year=2020&f=0&off=0&elect=0. 
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  21. ^ "Loading site please wait...". http://www.cityofstockbridge.com/pview.aspx?id=4364. 
  22. ^ "Henry County Board of Commissioners > Departments > S - Z > Transit Department" (in en-US). http://www.co.henry.ga.us/Departments/S-Z/TransitDepartment.aspx. 
  23. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  24. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  25. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. 
  26. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  27. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13151.html. 
  28. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13151. 
  29. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13151. 
  30. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13151. 
  31. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13151. 
  32. ^ "Contact Us." Goya Foods. Retrieved on March 26, 2016. "Goya Foods of Atlanta 4005 Haworth Parkway McDonough, GA 30253"
  33. ^ "Archived copy". https://www.sctech.edu/aboutsctc/locations/henry-county-center/. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 33°28′N 84°10′W / 33.46, -84.16


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Henry County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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