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Henry County, Indiana
Henry County Courthouse - New Castle, IN.jpg
Henry County Courthouse
Map of Indiana highlighting Henry County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1822
Named for Patrick Henry
Seat New Castle
Largest city New Castle
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

394.83 sq mi (1,023 km²)
391.88 sq mi (1,015 km²)
2.96 sq mi (8 km²), 0.75%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

48,914
126/sq mi (48.6/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website http://www.henryco.net/
Footnotes: Indiana county number 33

Henry County is a county located in east central Indiana, United States. As of 2020, the population was 48,914.[1] The county seat and largest and only city is New Castle.[2] Henry County is the main setting of the novel Raintree County by Ross Lockridge, Jr.

History[]

Henry County was formed in 1822 from the Delaware New Purchase resulting from the Treaty of St. Mary's in 1818. It was named for Patriot Patrick Henry, governor of Virginia.[3]

Geography[]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 394.83 square miles (1,022.6 km2), of which 391.88 square miles (1,015.0 km2) (or 99.25%) is land and 2.96 square miles (7.7 km2) (or 0.75%) is water.[4]

New Castle from the air, looking east.

Cities[]

Towns[]

  • Blountsville
  • Cadiz
  • Dunreith
  • Greensboro
  • Kennard
  • Knightstown
  • Lewisville
  • Middletown
  • Mooreland
  • Mount Summit
  • Shirley
  • Spiceland
  • Springport
  • Straughn
  • Sulphur Springs

Unincorporated areas[]

  • Ashland
  • Corwin
  • Foley
  • Grant City
  • Hillsboro
  • Honey Creek
  • Knox
  • Luray
  • Maple Valley
  • Mechanicsburg
  • Messick
  • Millville
  • Mount Lawn
  • New Lisbon
  • Ogden
  • Raysville
  • Rogersville
  • Stone Quarry Mills
  • Van Nuys
  • Westwood

Townships[]

  • Blue River
  • Dudley
  • Fall Creek
  • Franklin
  • Greensboro
  • Harrison
  • Henry
  • Jefferson
  • Liberty
  • Prairie
  • Spiceland
  • Stoney Creek
  • Wayne

Reservoirs[]

  • Castle Lake
  • Giboney Lake
  • Haven, Lake
  • Summit Lake Reservoir
  • Westwood Park Reservoir

Adjacent counties[]

Major highways[]

Sources: National Atlas,[5] U.S. Census Bureau[6]

  • Interstate 70
  • U.S. Route 35
  • U.S. Route 36
  • U.S. Route 40
  • State Road 3
  • State Road 38
  • State Road 103
  • State Road 109
  • State Road 140
  • State Road 234
  • State Road 236

Climate and weather[]

Climate chart for New Castle, Indiana
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.24
 
33
16
 
 
2.25
 
38
19
 
 
2.95
 
49
28
 
 
3.94
 
60
37
 
 
4.70
 
71
48
 
 
4.62
 
80
57
 
 
4.69
 
84
61
 
 
3.60
 
82
59
 
 
2.86
 
76
52
 
 
2.94
 
64
41
 
 
3.66
 
50
32
 
 
2.78
 
38
22
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: The Weather Channel[7]

In recent years, average temperatures in New Castle have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32.2 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.24 inches (57 mm) in January to 4.70 inches (119 mm) in May.[7]

Government[]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[8][9]

County Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[8][9]

County Courts: The county maintains three courts. Circuit Court I, Circuit Court II and Circuit Court III . The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[9]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[9]

Henry County is part of Indiana's 6th congressional district; Indiana Senate district 28;[10] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 54 and 56.[11]

United States presidential election results for Henry County, Indiana[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 15,043 71.43% 5,544 26.32% 474 2.25%
2016 13,895 68.48% 5,124 25.25% 1,271 6.26%
2012 10,838 57.02% 7,613 40.05% 556 2.93%
2008 10,896 51.11% 10,059 47.18% 364 1.71%
2004 13,137 64.07% 7,176 35.00% 191 0.93%
2000 10,321 56.35% 7,647 41.75% 347 1.89%
1996 8,537 45.68% 7,667 41.03% 2,484 13.29%
1992 8,720 43.62% 6,794 33.99% 4,475 22.39%
1988 11,280 59.01% 7,779 40.69% 57 0.30%
1984 11,926 62.56% 7,064 37.06% 72 0.38%
1980 12,724 60.03% 7,626 35.98% 846 3.99%
1976 11,620 53.19% 10,137 46.40% 91 0.42%
1972 14,538 71.94% 5,610 27.76% 60 0.30%
1968 11,626 52.61% 8,045 36.41% 2,426 10.98%
1964 10,184 44.87% 12,374 54.52% 139 0.61%
1960 13,752 58.44% 9,629 40.92% 149 0.63%
1956 13,750 61.33% 8,502 37.92% 166 0.74%
1952 14,184 61.99% 8,378 36.61% 320 1.40%
1948 10,487 54.00% 8,523 43.89% 411 2.12%
1944 10,583 54.85% 8,297 43.00% 416 2.16%
1940 11,051 52.98% 9,623 46.14% 184 0.88%
1936 9,099 46.85% 10,172 52.38% 149 0.77%
1932 8,430 48.67% 8,255 47.66% 634 3.66%
1928 10,502 68.53% 4,554 29.72% 268 1.75%
1924 8,800 60.85% 5,376 37.18% 285 1.97%
1920 8,742 57.03% 5,824 38.00% 762 4.97%
1916 4,386 50.01% 3,560 40.59% 825 9.41%
1912 2,479 32.12% 2,687 34.82% 2,551 33.06%
1908 4,358 54.63% 3,197 40.07% 423 5.30%
1904 4,391 59.99% 2,482 33.91% 446 6.09%
1900 4,047 56.72% 2,754 38.60% 334 4.68%
1896 4,001 56.43% 2,980 42.03% 109 1.54%
1892 3,336 55.04% 1,871 30.87% 854 14.09%
1888 3,849 60.07% 2,277 35.54% 281 4.39%



Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 6,497
1840 15,128 132.8%
1850 17,605 16.4%
1860 20,119 14.3%
1870 22,986 14.3%
1880 24,016 4.5%
1890 23,879 −0.6%
1900 25,088 5.1%
1910 29,758 18.6%
1920 34,682 16.5%
1930 35,238 1.6%
1940 40,208 14.1%
1950 45,505 13.2%
1960 48,899 7.5%
1970 52,603 7.6%
1980 53,336 1.4%
1990 48,139 −9.7%
2000 48,508 0.8%
2010 49,462 2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2020[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 49,462 people, 19,077 households, and 13,020 families residing in the county.[17] The population density was 126.2 inhabitants per square mile (48.7 /km2). There were 21,288 housing units at an average density of 54.3 per square mile (21.0 /km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 95.7% white, 2.2% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population.[17] In terms of ancestry, 19.9% were German, 13.3% were American, 11.8% were Irish, and 9.1% were English.[18]

Of the 19,077 households, 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.1% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families, and 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 41.4 years.[17]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $52,701. Males had a median income of $42,628 versus $30,226 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,879. About 10.2% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.[19]

Recreation[]

Notable people[]

  • Omar Bundy, Major General, World War One
  • William Grose, Major General, Civil War
  • Robert Indiana, artist
  • Arthur C. Mellette, first Governor of South Dakota[20]
  • Wilbur Wright, aviation pioneer[21]
  • Steve Alford, NCAA basketball coach and former player[22]
  • Kent Benson, Former NCAA and NBA basketball player
  • Ira Hough, Medal of Honor recipient, 1864
  • Clessie Cummins, inventor
  • Edward Black (soldier), Civil War
  • Solomon Meredith, Major General, Civil War
  • Thomas J. Graves, Medal of Honor recipient
  • William Zion, Medal of Honor recipient
  • Edward E. Moore, Indiana state senator and Los Angeles City Council member

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Henry County, Indiana

External links[]

References[]

  1. ^ a b "Henry County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/18/18065.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 155. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_9V1IAAAAMAAJ. 
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY10/0500000US18065. 
  5. ^ National Atlas Script error: No such module "webarchive".
  6. ^ GEO. "Directory Browsing is Not Allowed". https://www.census.gov/geo/www/tiger/. 
  7. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for New Castle, Indiana". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USIN0462. 
  8. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title36/ar2/ch3.html. 
  9. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title3/ar10/ch2.pdf. 
  10. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. http://www.in.gov/sos/elections/3006.htm. 
  11. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. http://www.in.gov/sos/elections/3005.htm. 
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/in190090.txt. 
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  17. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US18065. 
  18. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0400000US18%7c0500000US18065. 
  19. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0400000US18%7c0500000US18065. 
  20. ^ Lauck, Jon (2008). ""The Organic Law of a Great Commonwealth": The Framing of the South Dakota Constitution". South Dakota Law Review 53 (2): 203–259. 
  21. ^ "National Inventors Hall of Fame Inductee Wilbur Wright and the Airplane" (in en). https://www.invent.org/inductees/wilbur-wright. 
  22. ^ Alford, Steve (1990). Playing for Knight: My Six Seasons with Coach Knight. Simon Schuster. ISBN 067172441X. 

Coordinates: 39°56′N 85°24′W / 39.93, -85.40


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Henry County, Indiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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