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Hidalgo County, New Mexico
Hidalgo County New Mexico Courthouse.jpg
Hidalgo County courthouse in Lordsburg, New Mexico
Map of New Mexico highlighting Hidalgo County
Location in the state of New Mexico
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Founded February 25, 1919
Seat Lordsburg
Largest city Lordsburg
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

3,446 sq mi (8,925 km²)
3,446 sq mi (8,925 km²)
.38 sq mi (1 km²), 0.01%
 - (2000)
 - Density

3/sq mi (1/km²)

Hidalgo County is the southernmost county of the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the [[United States 2010 Census], the population was 5,057, down from its 1980 peak of 6,049 but up since 1970. Over half of the county's population live in the county seat of Lordsburg.

Hidalgo was created on February 25, 1919, from the southern part of Grant County. It was named for the town north of Mexico City where the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed,[1] which in turn was named for Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the priest who is known as the "Father of Mexican Independence".


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,446 square miles (8,930 km2), less than 0.01% of which is water (1 square kilometre (0.39 sq mi)). The southern part of the county, the part bounded on the east and south by Mexico, is known as the Bootheel.

Adjacent counties and municipios[]

National protected areas[]

  • Coronado National Forest (part)
  • Gila National Forest (part)


As of the census[2] of 2010, there are 5057 people in the county, organized into 2152 households, and 1542 families. The population density is 1 person per square mile (1/km²). There are 2,848 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county is 42% White and about 55% of the population is Hispanic.

Size of family households: 592 2-persons, 341 3-persons, 316 4-persons, 165 5-persons, 83 6-persons, 48 7-or-more-persons. The average household size is 2.7 and the average family size is 3.29. In non-family households,there are 684 with 314 male householders (286 living alone), 293 female householders (262 living alone), and 77 non-relatives. In group quarters, there are 85 (all institutionalized).

In the county the population is spread out with 31.70% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 99.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 97.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $31,286. The per capita income for the county is $12,431. 27.8% of the population is below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 38.90% of those under the age of 18 and 17.00% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. Unemployment rates in April, 2010 was 7.6%.


There are seven small communities scattered throughout the county:


  • Lordsburg is southeast of Virden, where US 70 and I-10 meet


  • Virden is in the northwestern corner, near U.S. Highway 70

Other communities[]

  • Animas is in the middle of the county, south of Cotton City
  • Antelope Wells is located on the US-Mexico border on the southern edge of the county
  • Cotton City is about 25 miles southwest of Lordsburg
  • Playas is about 13 miles almost due east of Animas, near the county border
  • Summit is located on County Route A12
  • Rodeo is located southwest of Animas on Highway 80

Ghost towns[]

  • Cloverdale, in the southwestern corner
  • Steins
  • Shakespeare

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Hidalgo County, New Mexico


  1. ^ Herrera, Mary (Secretary of State) (2008) New Mexico Blue Book 2007-2008 Office of the Secretary of State, Santa Fe, New Mexico, page 226
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 31°55′N 108°43′W / 31.92, -108.71

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Hidalgo County, New Mexico. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.