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Hidalgo County, Texas
Hidalgo County Courthouse.jpg
The Hidalgo County Courthouse at Edinburg in 2002
Flag of Hidalgo County, Texas
Flag
Seal of Hidalgo County, Texas
Seal
Map of Texas highlighting Hidalgo County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1852
Named for Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
Seat Edinburg
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,583 sq mi (4,100 km²)
1,571 sq mi (4,069 km²)
12 sq mi (31 km²), 0.81%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

774,769
493/sq mi (190/km²)
Congressional districts 15th, 28th, 34th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website http://www.co.hidalgo.tx.us/

Hidalgo County ( /hɪˈdælɡ/; Spanish pronunciation: [iˈð̞alɣ̞o]) is located in the U.S. state of Texas. The county seat is Edinburg[1] and the largest city is McAllen. The county is named for Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the priest who raised the call for Mexico's independence from Spain.[2] It is located in the Rio Grande Valley of South Texas and is one of the fastest-growing counties in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population of Hidalgo County was 774,769,[3] making it the eighth-most populous county in Texas. Hidalgo County is designated by the U.S. Census Bureau as the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission metropolitan statistical area, which itself is part of the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission-Rio Grande City, Texas combined statistical area with neighboring Starr County.

With a population that is 91.9% Hispanic as of 2020, it is Texas' second-most populous majority-Hispanic county and the seventh-largest nationwide. It is also the largest county which is over 90% Hispanic.[4]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,583 sq mi (4,100 km2), of which 12 sq mi (31 km2) (0.8%) are covered by water.[5] The northern part of the county has sandy and light loamy soils over deep reddish or mottled, clayey subsoils. In some areas, limestone lies within Template:Cvt of the surface. The southern part of the county has moderately deep to deep loamy surfaces over clayey subsoils. Along the Rio Grande, brown to red clays occur. Hidalgo County is in the South Texas Plains vegetation area, which features grasses, mesquite, live oaks, and chaparral. Native plants, reduced in recent years by extensive farming, include chapote, guayacán, ebony, huisache, brasil, and yucca.

In 1982, 91% of the land was in farms and ranches, with 52% of the farmland under cultivation and 85% irrigated; 51 to 60% of the county was considered prime farmland. The primary crops were sorghum, cotton, corn, and vegetables; Hidalgo County led Texas counties in the production of cabbage, onions, cantaloupes, carrots, and watermelons. The primary fruits and nuts grown in the county were grapefruit, oranges, and pecans. Cattle, milk cows, and hogs were the primary livestock products. Natural resources included caliche, sand, gravel, oil, and gas. Oil and gas production in 1982 totaled 98,487,211,000 cubic feet (2.7888472×109 m3) of gas-well gas, 139,995 barrels of crude oil, 1,101,666 barrels of condensate, and 15,784,000 cubic feet (447,000 m3) of casinghead gas. The climate is subtropical and subhumid. Temperatures range from an average low of 47 °F (8 °C) in January to an average high to 96 °F (36 °C) in July; the average annual temperature is 73 °F (23 °C). Rainfall averages 23 inches (580 mm) a year, and the growing season lasts for 320 days of the year.[6]

Major highways[]

  • I-2 (TX).svg Interstate 2
  • I-69C (TX).svg Interstate 69C (Under Construction)
  • US 83.svg U.S. Highway 83
  • US 281.svg U.S. Highway 281
  • Texas 107.svg Texas State Highway 107
  • Texas 186.svg Texas State Highway 186
  • Texas 336.svg Texas State Highway 336
  • Texas 495.svg Texas State Highway 495
  • Texas FM 364.svg Farm to Market Road 364
  • Texas FM 490.svg Farm to Market Road 490
  • Texas FM 492.svg Farm to Market Road 492
  • Texas FM 493.svg Farm to Market Road 493
  • Texas FM 494.svg Farm to Market Road 494
  • Texas FM 676.svg Farm to Market Road 676
  • Texas FM 681.svg Farm to Market Road 681
  • Texas FM 907.svg Farm to Market Road 907
  • Texas FM 1016.svg Farm to Market Road 1016
  • Texas FM 1017.svg Farm to Market Road 1017
  • Texas FM 1423.svg Farm to Market Road 1423
  • Texas FM 1426.svg Farm to Market Road 1426
  • Texas FM 1924.svg Farm to Market Road 1924
  • Texas FM 1925.svg Farm to Market Road 1925
  • Texas FM 2061.svg Farm to Market Road 2061
  • Texas FM 2557.svg Farm to Market Road 2557
  • Texas FM 3072.svg Farm to Market Road 3072

Adjacent counties and municipalities[]

National protected areas[]

  • Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 1,182
1870 2,387 101.9%
1880 4,347 82.1%
1890 6,534 50.3%
1900 6,837 4.6%
1910 13,728 100.8%
1920 38,110 177.6%
1930 77,004 102.1%
1940 106,059 37.7%
1950 160,446 51.3%
1960 180,904 12.8%
1970 181,535 0.3%
1980 283,229 56.0%
1990 383,545 35.4%
2000 569,463 48.5%
2010 774,769 36.1%
Est. 2019 868,707 [7] 52.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1850–2010[9] 2010–2019[3]

2015 Texas Population Estimate Program[]

As of the 2015 Texas Population Estimate Program, the population of the county was 841,667, non-Hispanic whites 62,232 (7.4%). Black Americans 2,973 (0.3%). Other non-Hispanic 11,106 (1.3%). Hispanics and Latinos (of any race) 765,356 (90.9%).[10]

2010 Census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 774,769 people living in the county. 88.0% were White, 1.0% Asian, 0.6% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 8.8% of some other race and 1.3% of two or more races. 90.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

There were 216,471 households, and 179,668 families living in the county. The population density was 363 people per square mile (140/km2). There were 248,287 housing units at an average density of 123 per square mile (47/km2). There were 216,471 households, out of which 54.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.00% were married couples living together, 18.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.0% were non-families. 14.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.55 and the average family size was 3.94.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 34.7% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28.3 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,134, and the median income for a family was $31,760. Males had a median income of $22,635 versus $17,526 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,130. About 32.60% of families and 35.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 47.4% of those under age 18 and 29.8% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States. In 2009, it was tied with Bronx County, New York for "the greatest share of people receiving food stamps: 29 percent."[11]

Las Milpas, previously unincorporated, was annexed by Pharr in 1987.[12]

Metropolitan Statistical Area[]

The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Hidalgo County as the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.[13] The United States Census Bureau ranked the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as the 70th most populous metropolitan statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012.[14]

The Office of Management and Budget has further designated the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as a component of the more extensive McAllen-Edinburg, TX Combined Statistical Area,[13] the 60th most populous combined statistical area and the 67th most populous primary statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012.[14][15]

Government and politics[]

Hidalgo County tends to vote for the Democratic Party, although there is representation of the Republican Party in some of the offices that affect the county. Hidalgo County is represented by Vicente González of TX's 15th congressional districtWp globe tiny.gif, Henry Cuellar of TX's 28th congressional districtWp globe tiny.gif and Filemon Vela Jr. of TX's 34th congressional districtWp globe tiny.gif. In the 2012 presidential election, 70.4% of the voters voted for Barack Obama while 28.6% voted for Mitt Romney. The last time Hidalgo County voted Republican was in the 1972 presidential election when Richard Nixon won over 55% of the votes. In the 2020 Presidential election, Hidalgo County saw a significant shift to the Republican Party with Donald Trump increasing the Republican vote from 27.9% in 2016 to 40.9%.[16] However, as an urban county, the shift was not as large as nearby less densely populated counties.

United States presidential election results for Hidalgo County, Texas[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 90,527 40.98% 128,199 58.04% 2,158 0.98%
2016 48,642 27.89% 118,809 68.12% 6,957 3.99%
2012 39,865 28.61% 97,969 70.32% 1,488 1.07%
2008 39,668 30.29% 90,261 68.92% 1,043 0.80%
2004 50,931 44.80% 62,369 54.86% 383 0.34%
2000 38,301 37.90% 61,390 60.75% 1,359 1.34%
1996 24,437 28.84% 56,335 66.49% 3,955 4.67%
1992 26,976 30.60% 51,205 58.08% 9,979 11.32%
1988 29,246 34.87% 54,330 64.78% 294 0.35%
1984 35,059 44.14% 44,147 55.58% 226 0.28%
1980 25,808 41.82% 34,542 55.97% 1,367 2.21%
1976 19,199 35.17% 35,021 64.15% 373 0.68%
1972 22,920 55.23% 18,366 44.26% 213 0.51%
1968 14,455 38.95% 20,087 54.13% 2,569 6.92%
1964 11,563 34.25% 22,110 65.50% 83 0.25%
1960 13,628 42.05% 18,663 57.59% 115 0.35%
1956 13,270 56.89% 9,804 42.03% 253 1.08%
1952 15,303 62.20% 9,251 37.60% 48 0.20%
1948 6,220 38.83% 9,526 59.47% 272 1.70%
1944 4,080 33.35% 7,250 59.26% 904 7.39%
1940 4,787 38.97% 7,471 60.81% 27 0.22%
1936 2,962 29.46% 6,782 67.46% 309 3.07%
1932 2,969 23.22% 9,695 75.84% 120 0.94%
1928 4,285 51.41% 4,034 48.40% 16 0.19%
1924 996 20.44% 3,662 75.16% 214 4.39%
1920 1,108 31.13% 2,409 67.69% 42 1.18%
1916 260 15.69% 1,364 82.32% 33 1.99%
1912 39 2.81% 1,203 86.61% 147 10.58%



County services[]

The Hidalgo County Sheriff's Office operates jail facilities and is the primary provider of law enforcement services to the unincorporated areas of the county.

County government[]

Position Name Party
  County Judge Richard Cortez Democratic
  Commissioner, Precinct 1 David Fuentes Democratic
  Commissioner, Precinct 2 Eduardo "Eddie" Cantu Democratic
  Commissioner, Precinct 3 Everardo Villareal Democratic
  Commissioner, Precinct 4 Ellie Torres Democratic
  Criminal District Attorney Ricardo Rodriguez Democratic
  District Clerk Laura Hinojosa Democratic
  County Clerk Arturo Guajardo, Jr. Democratic
  Sheriff J.E. "Eddie" Guerra Democratic
  Tax Assessor-Collector Pablo "Paul" Villarreal Democratic
  Treasurer Lita Leo Democratic
  Constable, Precinct 1 Celestino Avila, Jr. Democratic
  Constable, Precinct 2 Martin Cantu Democratic
  Constable, Precinct 3 Lazaro Gallardo, Jr. Democratic
  Constable, Precinct 4 Atanacio "J.R." Gaitan Democratic
  Constable, Precinct 5 Danny Marichalar Democratic

Education[]

The following school districts serve Hidalgo County:

  • Donna Independent School District
  • Edcouch-Elsa Independent School District
  • Edinburg Consolidated Independent School District
  • Hidalgo Independent School District
  • La Joya Independent School District
  • La Villa Independent School District
  • Lyford Consolidated Independent School District (partial)
  • McAllen Independent School District
  • Mercedes Independent School District
  • Mission Consolidated Independent School District
  • Monte Alto Independent School District
  • Progreso Independent School District
  • Pharr-San Juan-Alamo Independent School District
  • Sharyland Independent School District
  • Valley View Independent School District
  • Weslaco Independent School District

In addition, the county is served by the multi-county South Texas Independent School District. The Catholic Diocese of Brownsville operates three PK-8th Grade schools, two lower-level elementary schools and two high schools.

The Edinburg campus of the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (formerly University of Texas-Pan American) is located in Hidalgo County.

All of the county is in the service area of South Texas College.[18] The Pecan, Mid-Valley, Technology, and Nursing & Allied Health campuses of South Texas College are located in Hidalgo County.[19]

Media[]

Newspapers[]

Radio stations[]

  • KGBT 98.5 FM
  • KGBT 1530 AM
  • KBTQ 96.1 FM
  • KFRQ 94.5 FM
  • KKPS 99.5 FM
  • KNVO 101.1 FM
  • KVLY 107.9 FM
  • KURV 710 AM
  • KVMV 96.9 FM
  • KTEX 100.3 FM
  • KQXX 105.5 FM

Magazine[]

  • Contempo Magazine

Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Alamo
  • Alton
  • Donna
  • Edcouch
  • Edinburg
  • Elsa
  • Granjeno
  • Hidalgo
  • La Joya
  • La Villa
  • McAllen
  • Mercedes
  • Mission
  • Palmhurst
  • Palmview
  • Penitas
  • Pharr
  • Progreso
  • Progreso Lakes
  • San Juan
  • Sullivan City
  • Weslaco

Census-designated places[]

  • Abram
  • Alton North (former)
  • César Chávez
  • Citrus City
  • Cuevitas
  • Doffing
  • Doolittle
  • Faysville
  • Harding Gill Tract
  • Hargill
  • Havana
  • Heidelberg
  • Indian Hills
  • La Blanca
  • La Coma Heights
  • La Homa
  • Laguna Seca
  • Linn
  • Llano Grande
  • Lopezville
  • Los Ebanos
  • Midway North
  • Midway South
  • Mila Doce
  • Monte Alto
  • Muniz
  • Murillo
  • North Alamo
  • Olivarez
  • Palmview South
  • Perezville
  • Relampago
  • Salida del Sol Estates
  • San Carlos
  • Scissors
  • South Alamo
  • Villa Verde
  • West Sharyland

Other unincorporated places[]

See also[]

  • List of museums in South Texas
  • List of museums in the Texas Gulf Coast
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Hidalgo County, Texas
  • Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Hidalgo County

References[]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  2. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 156. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_9V1IAAAAMAAJ. 
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/48/48215.html. 
  4. ^ "P2: HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE". United States Census Bureau. https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?q=P2%3A%20HISPANIC%20OR%20LATINO,%20AND%20NOT%20HISPANIC%20OR%20LATINO%20BY%20RACE&g=0100000US%240500000&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2&hidePreview=true. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_48.txt. 
  6. ^ "Hidalgo County". Texas Almanac. http://www.texasalmanac.com/topics/government/hidalgo-county. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/data/tables.2019.html. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. 
  9. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010". Texas Almanac. http://texasalmanac.com/sites/default/files/images/topics/ctypophistweb2010.pdf. 
  10. ^ Estimates of the Population by Age, Sex, and Race/Ethnicity for July 1, 2015 for State of Texas, July 15, 2015, http://demographics.texas.gov/Resources/TPEPP/Estimates/2015/2015_ASRE_Estimate_alldata.pdf, retrieved June 8, 2017 
  11. ^ Bloch, Matthew; Jason DeParle; Matthew Ericson; Robert Gebeloff (November 28, 2009). "Food Stamp Usage Across the Country". New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2009/11/28/us/20091128-foodstamps.html. 
  12. ^ "LAS MILPAS, TX." Handbook of Texas. Retrieved on September 27, 2013.
  13. ^ a b "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas". Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/sites/default/files/omb/bulletins/2013/b13-01.pdf. 
  14. ^ a b "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012" (CSV). 2012 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2013. https://www.census.gov/popest/data/metro/totals/2012/tables/CBSA-EST2012-01.csv. 
  15. ^ "Table 2. Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012" (CSV). 2012 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2013. https://www.census.gov/popest/data/metro/totals/2012/tables/CBSA-EST2012-02.csv. 
  16. ^ "2020 Election Results". https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/11/03/us/elections/results-president.html. 
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  18. ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.199. SOUTH TEXAS COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA..
  19. ^ "About South Texas College". https://www.southtexascollege.edu/about/. 
  20. ^ Garza, Alicia A.. "McCook, Texas". The Handbook of Texas. https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hnm22. 

External links[]

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Coordinates: 26°24′N 98°11′W / 26.40, -98.18

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