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Houston County, Georgia
Houston County Courthouse, Perry (East face).JPG
Houston County courthouse in Perry
Map of Georgia highlighting Houston County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded May 15, 1821; 201 years ago (1821-05-15)
Named for John Houstoun
Seat Perry
Largest city Warner Robins
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

380 sq mi (984 km²)
376 sq mi (974 km²)
4.4 sq mi (11 km²), 1.2%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

163,633
373/sq mi (144/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.houstoncountyga.com

Houston County ( /ˈhstən/ HOW-stən) is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census the population is 163,633.[1] Its county seat is Perry, although the city of Warner Robins is substantially larger in both area and population.[2]

The county was created on May 15, 1821, along with 4 other counties in the state, and later reduced in size with the formation of Bibb, Crawford, Pike, Macon, and Peach counties.[3] It was named after Georgia governor John Houstoun, with the spelling being a common 19th-century variation that later evolved to "Houston".[4] The pronunciation, however, remains to this day "howston."[5] The geographic center of the county was given the name Wattsville, which was later changed to Perry.[5]

Houston County is included in the Warner Robins, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which in turn is included in the Macon-Warner Robins-Fort Valley Combined Statistical Area. Flat Creek Public Fishing Area is in Houston County, south west of Perry.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 380 square miles (980 km2), of which 376 square miles (970 km2) is land and 4.4 square miles (11 km2) (1.2%) is water.[6] The county is located in the upper Atlantic coastal plain region of the state.

The vast majority of Houston County is located in the Lower Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. The very northern edge of the county, north of Centerville and Warner Robins, is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin. The very southwestern corner of Houston County, well west of Interstate 75, is located in the Middle Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin).[7]

Adjacent counties[]

Transportation[]

Major highways[]

  • I-75.svg Interstate 75
  • US 41.svg U.S. Route 41
  • US 129.svg U.S. Route 129
  • US 341.svg U.S. Route 341
  • Georgia 7.svg State Route 7
  • Georgia 7 Spur.svg State Route 7 Spur
  • Georgia 11.svg State Route 11
  • Georgia 11 Business.svg State Route 11 Business
  • Georgia 11 Connector.svg State Route 11 Connector
  • Georgia 26.svg State Route 26
  • Georgia 49.svg State Route 49
  • Georgia 96.svg State Route 96
  • Georgia 127.svg State Route 127
  • Georgia 224.svg State Route 224
  • Georgia 247.svg State Route 247
  • Georgia 247 Connector.svg State Route 247 Connector
  • Georgia 247 Spur.svg State Route 247 Spur
  • Georgia 329.svg State Route 329
  • Georgia 401.svg State Route 401 (unsigned designation for I-75)

Pedestrians and cycling[]

  • Big Indian Creek Trail (Proposed)[8]
  • Walker's Pond Trail
  • Wellston Trail
  • The Walk at Sandy Run Creek

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 7,369
1840 9,711 31.8%
1850 16,450 69.4%
1860 15,611 −5.1%
1870 20,406 30.7%
1880 22,414 9.8%
1890 21,613 −3.6%
1900 22,641 4.8%
1910 23,609 4.3%
1920 21,964 −7.0%
1930 11,280 −48.6%
1940 11,303 0.2%
1950 20,964 85.5%
1960 39,154 86.8%
1970 62,924 60.7%
1980 77,605 23.3%
1990 89,208 15.0%
2000 110,765 24.2%
2010 139,900 26.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2020[1]

2020 census[]

Houston County racial composition[13]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 86,211 52.69%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 51,992 31.77%
Native American 339 0.21%
Asian 4,905 3.0%
Pacific Islander 124 0.08%
Other/Mixed 8,255 5.04%
Hispanic or Latino 11,807 7.22%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 163,633 people, 58,417 households, and 39,810 families residing in the county.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 139,900 people, 53,051 households, and 37,874 families residing in the county.[14] The population density was 372.5 inhabitants per square mile (143.8 /km2). There were 58,325 housing units at an average density of 155.3 per square mile (60.0 /km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 63.3% white, 28.6% black or African American, 2.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.4% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.1% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 12.9% were American, 10.3% were German, 10.0% were English, and 9.1% were Irish.[16]

Of the 53,051 households, 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.6% were non-families, and 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.09. The median age was 34.5 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $55,098 and the median income for a family was $67,227. Males had a median income of $47,557 versus $34,239 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,206. About 10.3% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.7% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.[17]


Education[]

Houston County Schools headquarters

Houston County Schools operates public schools.

Flat Creek Public Fishing Area

Communities[]

Cities[]

Census-designated place[]

  • Robins Air Force Base

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Bonaire
  • Clinchfield
  • Dunbar
  • Elberta
  • Elko
  • Grovania
  • Haynesville
  • Kathleen

Politics[]

Houston County voted for conservative Democrats for most of the twentieth century, and gradually switched to voting for conservative Republicans closer to the century's end and into the twenty-first. In the 2018 gubernatorial election, while she did not carry Houston County, Stacey Abrams improved on Democratic margins in the county, improving five percent compared to Hillary Clinton's 2016 presidential run and by four percent compared to Barack Obama's 2008 run. Houston was one of five counties not carried by Abrams which improved their Democratic margins.[18] Joe Biden improved Democratic margins to their best since 1980.

United States presidential election results for Houston County, Georgia[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 41,540 55.48% 32,239 43.06% 1,093 1.46%
2016 35,430 58.65% 22,553 37.34% 2,423 4.01%
2012 34,662 59.58% 22,702 39.02% 811 1.39%
2008 33,392 59.59% 22,094 39.43% 548 0.98%
2004 29,862 66.03% 15,054 33.29% 310 0.69%
2000 23,174 62.65% 13,301 35.96% 513 1.39%
1996 17,050 52.18% 12,760 39.05% 2,868 8.78%
1992 14,119 43.11% 12,270 37.47% 6,359 19.42%
1988 15,748 64.02% 8,664 35.22% 185 0.75%
1984 14,255 60.71% 9,226 39.29% 0 0.00%
1980 9,005 43.51% 10,915 52.74% 775 3.74%
1976 5,404 29.10% 13,164 70.90% 0 0.00%
1972 13,576 84.16% 2,556 15.84% 0 0.00%
1968 4,285 29.64% 2,833 19.60% 7,339 50.76%
1964 6,532 60.53% 4,258 39.46% 1 0.01%
1960 1,757 30.35% 4,033 69.65% 0 0.00%
1956 1,060 19.12% 4,483 80.88% 0 0.00%
1952 511 15.48% 2,789 84.52% 0 0.00%
1948 204 9.85% 1,437 69.35% 431 20.80%
1944 190 26.21% 535 73.79% 0 0.00%
1940 149 19.30% 622 80.57% 1 0.13%
1936 37 4.44% 796 95.56% 0 0.00%
1932 27 5.54% 460 94.46% 0 0.00%
1928 92 22.17% 323 77.83% 0 0.00%
1924 75 4.39% 1,611 94.27% 23 1.35%
1920 39 5.12% 723 94.88% 0 0.00%
1916 12 1.38% 806 92.64% 52 5.98%
1912 16 2.00% 760 95.00% 24 3.00%
1908 27 2.58% 855 81.58% 166 15.84%
1904 78 8.99% 768 88.48% 22 2.53%
1900 81 9.11% 798 89.76% 10 1.12%
1896 192 17.63% 875 80.35% 22 2.02%
1892 507 20.48% 1,953 78.88% 16 0.65%
1888 466 32.86% 949 66.93% 3 0.21%
1884 433 24.99% 1,300 75.01% 0 0.00%
1880 909 39.68% 1,382 60.32% 0 0.00%



See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Houston County, Georgia
  • Houston County Schools

References[]

  1. ^ a b "2016 Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "Houston County". The New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council, in partnership with the University of Georgia Press, the University System of Georgia/GALILEO, and the Office of the Governor. http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2349. Retrieved 2008-09-24. 
  4. ^ "Houston County, Georgia - Centerville, Perry, Warner Robins - Georgia's Most Progressive County!". http://www.houstoncountyga.com/. 
  5. ^ a b "Houston County". The New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council, in partnership with the University of Georgia Press, the University System of Georgia/GALILEO, and the Office of the Governor. http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2349. Retrieved 2016-09-01. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  7. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. 
  8. ^ "Perry, Houston County considering 7.5 mile recreation trail". http://www.macon.com/news/local/community/houston-peach/article194134189.html. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US13153&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13153. 
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13153. 
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13153. 
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13153. 
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 32°28′N 83°40′W / 32.46, -83.67


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Houston County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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