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Hunedoara County
Județul Hunedoara
—  County   —

Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Hunedoara county highlighted
Country Romania
Development region Vest
Historical region Transylvania
 • Total 7,063 (9th in Romania) km2 (Expression error: Unexpected < operator. sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 485,712 (20th in Romania)
Telephone code (+40) 254 or (+40) 354[1]
ISO 3166 code RO-HD
Website County Council

Gold and sphalerite on quartz, from Sacarîmb, Hunedoara County. Scale at bottom is one inch, with a rule at one cm.

Hunedoara (Romanian pronunciation: [huneˈdo̯ara]; Hungarian: Hunyad) is a county (Județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with its capital city at Deva.


In 2002, it had a population of 485,712 and the population density was 69/km².

On the Jiu River valley, a mining region, due to the high industrialisation of the region a lot of peoples have been brought from other regions of Romania.

Year County population[3]
1948 306,955
1956 381,902
1966 474,602
1977 514,436
1992 547,950
2002 485,712


This county has a total area of 7,063 km².

Mainly, the relief is made up of mountains, divided by the Mureş River valley which crosses the county from East to West. To the North side there are the Apuseni Mountains and to the South side there are mountains from the Southern Carpathians group, Parâng Mountains group and Retezat-Godeanu Mountains group: Orăștie and Surianu Mountains (South-East), Retezat Mountains (South), Poiana Ruscăi Mountains (South-West).

Except the Mureș River with its tributaries Strei, Râul Mare and Cerna which forms wide valleys, in the North side Crișul Alb River also forms a valley in the Apuseni Mountains - Zarand region. In the South side along the Jiu River with its two branches Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est, there is a large depression, and an accessible route towards Southern Romania - Oltenia.


The county is also part of the Danube-Kris-Mures-Tisza Euroregion.


The industry in the Hunedoara county is linked with the mining activity in the region. In the mountains, from ancient times, metals and coal have been exploited. Nowadays, there is one large industrial complex at Hunedoara owned by Mittal Steel . Also energy related enterprises are located in the county - one of the biggest thermoelectric plant is located at Mintia.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Metallurgy.
  • Construction materials.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mining equipment.
  • Food industry.

In the 1990s, a large amount of mines were closed down, leaving Hunedoara county with the highest unemployment rate in Romania, of 9.6%, in comparison to the national average of 5.5%.


Retezat National Park and other picturesque regions makes it one of the most beautiful counties in Romania. Also there can be found Dacians and Romans complexes in the Orăştie Mountains

The main tourist attractions in the county are:

  • The Dacian Fortresses of the Orăştie Mountains - nowadays part of UNESCO World Heritage.
  • Colonia Augusta Ulpia Traiana Dacica Sarmizegetusa - the capital of the Roman province of Dacia.
  • The medieval edifices of Densuş, Deva, Hunedoara, Santămaria-Orlea, Strei.
  • The Medieval Castle from Hunedoara

Administrative divisions[]

Hunedoara County has 7 municipalities, 7 towns and 55 communes

  • Municipalities
    • Brad - population: 16,482 (as of 2007)
    • Deva - capital city; population: 69,257 (as of 2007)
    • Hunedoara - population: 71,257 (as of 2007)
    • Lupeni - population: 30,542 (as of 2007)
    • Orăștie - population: 21,213 (as of 2007)
    • Petroșani - population: 45,195 (as of 2007)
    • Vulcan - population: 29,740 (as of 2007)

    • Bunila
    • Burjuc
    • Cerbăl
    • Certeju de Sus
    • Cârjiţi
    • Crișcior
    • Densuș
    • Dobra
    • General Berthelot
    • Ghelari
    • Gurasada
    • Hărău
    • Ilia

    • Lăpugiu de Jos
    • Lelese
    • Lunca Cernii de Jos
    • Luncoiu de Jos
    • Mărtinești
    • Orăștioara de Sus
    • Pestișu Mic
    • Pui
    • Rapoltu Mare
    • Răchitova
    • Ribiţa
    • Râu de Mori
    • Romoș
    • Sarmizegetusa


  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie"
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002"

External links[]

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Hunedoara County. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.