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Jackson County, Georgia
Jackson County Georgia Courthouse.jpg
Jackson County courthouse in Jefferson
Seal of Jackson County, Georgia
Seal
Map of Georgia highlighting Jackson County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1796; 225 years ago (1796)
Named for James Jackson
Seat Jefferson
Largest city Jefferson
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

343 sq mi (888 km²)
340 sq mi (881 km²)
3.4 sq mi (9 km²), 1.0%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

75,907
205/sq mi (79/km²)
Congressional district 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.jacksoncountygov.com

Jackson County is a county located in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 75,907.[1] The county seat is Jefferson.[2]

Jackson County comprises the Jefferson, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area.

History[]

Most of the first non-Native American settlers came from Effingham County in 1786.[3] On February 11, 1796, Jackson County was split off from part of Franklin County, Georgia. The new county was named in honor of Revolutionary War Lieutenant Colonel, Congressman, Senator and Governor James Jackson.[4] The county originally covered an area of approximately 1,800 square miles (4,662.0 km2), with Clarksboro as its first county seat.

In 1801, the Georgia General Assembly granted 40,000 acres (160 km2) of land in Jackson County for a state college. Franklin College (now University of Georgia) began classes the same year, and the city of Athens was developed around the school. Also the same year, a new county was developed around the new college town, and Jackson lost territory to the new Clarke. The county seat was moved to an old Indian village called Thomocoggan, a location with ample water supply from Curry Creek and four large springs. In 1804, the city was renamed Jefferson, after Thomas Jefferson.

Jackson lost more territory in 1811 in the creation of Madison County, in 1818 in the creation of Walton, Gwinnett, and Hall counties, in 1858 in the creation of Banks County,[5] and in 1914 in the creation of Barrow County.

The first county courthouse, a log and wooden frame building with an attached jail, was built on south side of the public square; a second, larger, two-story brick courthouse with a separate jailhouse was built in 1817. In 1880, a third was built on a hill north of the square. This courthouse was the oldest continuously operating courthouse in the United States until 2004, when the current courthouse was constructed north of Jefferson.

Law and government[]

Jackson County Board of Commissioners[6]
Commission post Office holder
Chairman Tom Crow (Jackson County, Georgia)
District 1 - Central Jackson Jim Hix
District 2 - North Jackson Chas Hardy
District 3 - West Jackson Ralph Richardson Jr.
District 4 - East Jackson Marty Seagraves
United States presidential election results for Jackson County, Georgia[7]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 29,502 78.29% 7,642 20.28% 541 1.44%
2016 21,784 79.44% 4,491 16.38% 1,146 4.18%
2012 19,135 80.59% 4,238 17.85% 372 1.57%
2008 17,776 77.23% 4,950 21.51% 290 1.26%
2004 12,611 77.84% 3,468 21.40% 123 0.76%
2000 7,878 67.71% 3,420 29.39% 337 2.90%
1996 4,782 50.38% 3,746 39.46% 964 10.16%
1992 3,976 43.38% 3,792 41.37% 1,397 15.24%
1988 4,407 62.56% 2,607 37.00% 31 0.44%
1984 4,202 60.73% 2,717 39.27% 0 0.00%
1980 2,209 31.79% 4,591 66.07% 149 2.14%
1976 1,239 17.28% 5,931 82.72% 0 0.00%
1972 4,124 79.63% 1,055 20.37% 0 0.00%
1968 1,139 18.52% 1,537 25.00% 3,473 56.48%
1964 1,664 29.62% 3,953 70.38% 0 0.00%
1960 472 11.44% 3,653 88.56% 0 0.00%
1956 438 12.38% 3,100 87.62% 0 0.00%
1952 409 10.91% 3,341 89.09% 0 0.00%
1948 145 6.53% 1,866 83.98% 211 9.50%
1944 221 11.19% 1,754 88.81% 0 0.00%
1940 166 9.37% 1,599 90.29% 6 0.34%
1936 187 7.09% 2,447 92.76% 4 0.15%
1932 80 5.39% 1,389 93.54% 16 1.08%
1928 818 48.78% 859 51.22% 0 0.00%
1924 142 11.70% 993 81.80% 79 6.51%
1920 334 23.81% 1,069 76.19% 0 0.00%
1916 102 7.51% 1,185 87.26% 71 5.23%
1912 568 32.70% 1,123 64.65% 46 2.65%
1908 406 27.45% 735 49.70% 338 22.85%
1904 33 1.48% 964 43.11% 1,239 55.41%
1900 477 29.28% 836 51.32% 316 19.40%
1896 700 32.74% 1,205 56.36% 233 10.90%
1892 491 14.60% 1,566 46.58% 1,305 38.82%
1888 506 18.75% 2,180 80.80% 12 0.44%
1884 411 27.53% 1,082 72.47% 0 0.00%
1880 441 25.76% 1,271 74.24% 0 0.00%



Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 343 square miles (890 km2), of which 340 square miles (880 km2) is land and 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) (1.0%) is water.[8]

The vast majority of Jackson County is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin, with just a small portion of the county's northern edge, between Maysville to just east of Commerce, located in the Broad River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin.[9]

Rivers and creeks[]

  • North Oconee River
    • Sandy Creek (Georgia)
    • Curry Creek
  • Middle Oconee River
    • Pond Fork
    • Allen Creek (Holders Creek)
  • Mulberry River

Adjacent counties[]

Transportation[]

Major highways[]

  • I-85.svg Interstate 85
  • US 129.svg U.S. Route 129
  • Business plate.svg
    US 129.svg U.S. Route 129 Business
  • US 441.svg U.S. Route 441
  • Business plate.svg
    US 441.svg U.S. Route 441 Business
  • Georgia 11.svg State Route 11
  • Georgia 11 Business.svg State Route 11 Business
  • Georgia 11 Connector.svg State Route 11 Connector
  • Georgia 15.svg State Route 15
  • Georgia 15 Alternate.svg State Route 15 Alternate
  • Georgia 53.svg State Route 53
  • Georgia 59.svg State Route 59
  • Georgia 60.svg State Route 60
  • Georgia 82.svg State Route 82
  • Georgia 82 Connector.svg State Route 82 Connector
  • Georgia 98.svg State Route 98
  • Georgia 124.svg State Route 124
  • Georgia 330.svg State Route 330
  • Georgia 332.svg State Route 332
  • Georgia 334.svg State Route 334
  • Georgia 335.svg State Route 335
  • Georgia 346.svg State Route 346 (former)
  • Georgia 403.svg State Route 403 (unsigned designation for I-85)

Pedestrians and cycling[]

  • Fox Smallwood Dr Trail[10]
  • American Veterans Memorial Park Trail
  • Commerce Middle School Track
  • Curry Creek Reservoir Trail
  • Jefferson Memorial Stadium Track
  • East Jackson Park Walking Trail
  • South Jackson Elementary Nature Trail & Walking Track
  • Hurricane Shoals Nature Trail
  • Sells Mill Nature Trail
  • Sandy Creek Park Walking Trail
  • Braselton Riverwalk Trail
  • East Jackson High School Track
  • W Jackson Middle School Track
  • West Jackson Park Walking Track

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 7,736
1810 10,569 36.6%
1820 8,355 −20.9%
1830 9,004 7.8%
1840 8,522 −5.4%
1850 9,768 14.6%
1860 10,605 8.6%
1870 11,181 5.4%
1880 16,297 45.8%
1890 19,176 17.7%
1900 24,039 25.4%
1910 30,169 25.5%
1920 24,654 −18.3%
1930 21,609 −12.4%
1940 20,089 −7.0%
1950 18,997 −5.4%
1960 18,499 −2.6%
1970 21,093 14.0%
1980 25,343 20.1%
1990 30,005 18.4%
2000 41,589 38.6%
2010 60,485 45.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census[]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 41,589 people, 15,057 households, and 11,488 families living in the county. The population density was 122 people per square mile (47/km2). There were 16,226 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile (18/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.00% White, 7.78% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 1.07% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. 3.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,057 households, out of which 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.50% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.70% were non-families. 19.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.60% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 31.80% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 women there were 100.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,349, and the median income for a family was $46,211. Males had a median income of $34,063 versus $22,774 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,808. About 9.90% of families and 12.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 17.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 60,485 people, 21,343 households, and 16,479 families living in the county.[16] The population density was 178.1 inhabitants per square mile (68.8 /km2). There were 23,752 housing units at an average density of 69.9 per square mile (27.0 /km2).[17] The racial makeup of the county was 86.8% white, 6.8% black or African American, 1.7% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 2.7% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.2% of the population.[16] In terms of ancestry,[18]

Of the 21,343 households, 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.9% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.8% were non-families, and 18.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.18. The median age was 37.1 years.[16]

The median income for a household in the county was $51,506 and the median income for a family was $58,239. Males had a median income of $43,906 versus $33,248 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,473. About 11.7% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.7% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.[19]

2020 census[]

Jackson County racial composition[20]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 59,064 77.81%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 5,136 6.77%
Native American 127 0.17%
Asian 1,744 2.3%
Pacific Islander 30 0.04%
Other/Mixed 3,094 4.08%
Hispanic or Latino 6,712 8.84%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 75,907 people, 25,180 households, and 19,467 families residing in the county.

Education[]

  • Commerce City School District
  • Jackson County School District
  • Jefferson City School District

Attractions[]

  • Chateau Elan (Braselton)
  • Mayfield Dairy Visitors Center (Braselton)
  • Sandy Creek Golf Course (Commerce)
  • Tanger Outlet Center (Commerce)

National Historic Places[]

  • Braselton Historic District
  • Commerce Commercial Historic District
  • Governor L. G. Hardman House (Commerce)
  • Hillcrest-Allen Clinic and Hospital (Hoschton)
  • Holder Plantation (Jefferson)
  • Hoschton Depot
  • Old Jackson County Courthouse (Jefferson)
  • Jefferson Historic District
  • Oak Avenue Historic District(Jefferson)
  • Paradise Cemetery (Jefferson)
  • Seaborn M. Shankle House (Commerce)
  • Shields-Etheridge Farm
  • Talmo Historic District
  • Williamson-Maley-Turner Farm (Jefferson)

Parks and cultural institutions[]

  • Crawford W. Long Museum (Jefferson)
  • Hurricane Shoals Park

Events[]

  • Daisy Festival - May (first full weekend) (Nicholson)
  • Mule Days - May (Shields-Etheridge Farm)
  • Annual City Lights Festival - mid-June (Commerce)
  • Celebrate Braselton - July 4 (Braselton)
  • Art in the Park - mid-September (Hurricane Shoals)
  • Annual Fall Festival - September (last weekend) (Hoschton)
  • Jefferson High School and Jefferson Middle School Band Concerts - throughout the year (Jefferson)
  • Jackson County Comprehensive High School, East Jackson Comprehensive High School, East Jackson Middle, and West Jackson Middle School Band Concerts - throughout the year

Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Arcade
  • Braselton (partly in Gwinnett, Barrow and Hall)
  • Commerce
  • Hoschton
  • Jefferson
  • Maysville (partly in Banks)
  • Nicholson
  • Pendergrass
  • Talmo

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Apple Valley
  • Attica
  • Brockton
  • Center
  • Clarksboro

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Jackson County, Georgia

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13157.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ Nash, Gustavus James Nash (1914). The Early History of Jackson County, Georgia. Atlanta: W. E. White. p. 51. http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/georgiabooks/do-pdf:gb0392. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. p. 167. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_9V1IAAAAMAAJ. 
  5. ^ Green, James A.. "Map of the County of Jackson by James A. Green". Georgia Archives. http://cdm.georgiaarchives.org:2011/cdm/ref/collection/cmf/id/137. 
  6. ^ "Board of Commissioners". http://www.jacksoncountygov.com/373/Board-of-Commissioners. 
  7. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  9. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. 
  10. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.tourjacksoncounty.com/walking-trails.html. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  16. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13157. 
  17. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13157. 
  18. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13157. 
  19. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13157. 
  20. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US13157&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 34°08′N 83°34′W / 34.13, -83.56


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Jackson County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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