James I Stuart, King of Scotland, King of England, King of Ireland, was born 19 June 1566 in Edinburgh Castle, Midlothian, Scotland, United Kingdom to Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (1545-1567) and Mary of Scotland (1542-1586) and died 1625 Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom of stroke. He married Anne of Denmark (1574-1618) 20 August 1589 in Kronborg Palace, Saint Marie, Frederiksberg, Denmark.


James I of England, also known as James VI of Scotland, was born on June 19, 1566, in Edinburgh Castle, Scotland, and died on March 27, 1625, in Theobalds House, Hertfordshire, England. He was the son of Mary, Queen of Scots, and her second husband, Lord Darnley.

James succeeded his mother as King of Scotland at the age of one after her abdication, and he was crowned on July 29, 1567. He ruled Scotland for 36 years before inheriting the English throne in 1603 after the death of Queen Elizabeth I.

As King of England, James was the first monarch to rule over both England and Scotland, and he sought to unite the two countries under his reign. He believed in the divine right of kings, and he was a strong advocate for absolute monarchy, which led to clashes with Parliament over the course of his reign.

James was a patron of the arts and literature, and he commissioned the King James Version of the Bible, which remains one of the most widely used translations to this day. He also sponsored the works of William Shakespeare, Ben Jonson, and other prominent writers of the time.

One of the major events during James' reign was the Gunpowder Plot of 1605, in which a group of Catholic conspirators attempted to blow up the Houses of Parliament and assassinate the king. The plot was foiled, and the conspirators were executed.

James' reign was also marked by tensions with the Spanish Empire, and he was involved in several wars and diplomatic efforts to secure peace with Spain and other European powers.

In terms of domestic policy, James' reign saw the growth of the British economy and the establishment of the East India Company, which laid the foundation for British imperialism in India and other parts of the world.

James I of England was succeeded by his son, Charles I, upon his death in 1625. Despite some controversies and criticisms of his rule, James is remembered as an important figure in British history who played a significant role in shaping the country's political and cultural landscape.

Marriage and Family

He married Anne of Denmark (1574-1618) in 1589. They had seven children together.[1][2] Anne of Denmark was a strong and influential queen consort who played an important role in the court of James I. She was known for her intelligence, political acumen, and patronage of the arts. She was a supporter of playwrights such as Ben Jonson and Inigo Jones, and she commissioned several important buildings, including the Banqueting House in Whitehall, London.

  1. Henry Frederick Stuart, Prince Of Wales (1594-1612) - who died at the age of 18 from typhoid fever
  2. Elizabeth Stuart (1596-1662), Queen of Bohemia - Married 1613 Frederick V, Elector Palatine. Died aged 65.
  3. Margaret Stuart (1598-1600) - died young
  4. Charles I of England (1600-1649) - Married 1625 Henrietta Maria of France. Succeeded his father as King of England.
  5. Robert Stuart, Duke of Kintyre (1602-1602) - died young
  6. Mary Stuart (1605-1607) - died young
  7. Sophia Stuart (1606-1606) - died young


Offspring of James I of England and Anne of Denmark (1574-1618)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Henry Frederick Stuart, Prince Of Wales (1594-1612)
Elizabeth Stuart (1596-1662) 19 August 1596 13 February 1662 Friedrich V. von der Pfalz (1596-1632)
Margaret Stuart (1598-1600)
Charles I of England (1600-1649) 19 November 1600 Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland, United Kingdom 30 January 1649 Palace of Whitehall, London, England, United Kingdom Henrietta Marie de Bourbon (1609-1669)
Robert Stuart, Duke of Kintyre (1602-1602)
Mary Stuart (1605-1607)
Sophia Stuart (1606-1606)


Offspring of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (1545-1567) and Mary of Scotland (1542-1586)
Name Birth Death Joined with
James I of England (1566-1625) 19 June 1566 Edinburgh Castle, Midlothian, Scotland, United Kingdom 1625 Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom Anne of Denmark (1574-1618)

See Also


External Links

Ancestry Trees

Contemporary References

Some of the best contemporary references for James I of England, include:

  1. Basilikon Doron - This is a book written by James I himself in 1599, intended as a guide to his son and heir, Henry Frederick, on how to rule England. It provides a unique perspective on James' political and religious beliefs, as well as his views on the role of the monarch.
  2. The Gunpowder Plot - This event, which occurred during James I's reign, has been extensively documented in contemporary sources such as letters, pamphlets, and trial records. These sources provide valuable information on the political and religious tensions of the time, as well as the response of the government to the plot.
  3. The Works of William Shakespeare - James I was a patron of the arts and sponsored the works of several notable writers, including William Shakespeare. Shakespeare's plays offer a window into the culture and society of the time, as well as insights into the political and religious debates of the era.
  4. The Correspondence of Sir Robert Cecil - Cecil was one of James I's closest advisors and played an important role in shaping his policies. His letters and other documents provide valuable insights into the workings of the government and the politics of the time.
  5. The State Papers - These are a collection of official documents and correspondence from the reign of James I, including reports from ambassadors, court proceedings, and other materials. They provide a wealth of information on the day-to-day workings of the government and the events of the era.

Royal Succession Charts

James VI of Scotland & I of England
Born: 19 June 1566 Died: 27 March 1625
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King of Scotland
Succeeded by
Charles I
Preceded by
Elizabeth I
King of England and Ireland
Peerage of Scotland
Title last held by
Duke of Rothesay
Title next held by
Henry Frederick
Preceded by
Henry Stuart
Duke of Albany
4th creation
Merged with the Crown


  1. ^ Stewart 2003, pp. 140, 142.
  2. ^ Croft 2003, p. 55.

Footnotes (including sources)

Thurstan, Pmalish, Phlox, Rtol, MainTour