|January 10 in recent years
January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 355 days remaining until the end of the year (356 in leap years).
- 49 BC - Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signaling the start of civil war.
- 236 - Saint Fabian begins his reign as a Catholic Pope.
- 1072 - Robert Guiscard conquers Palermo.
- 1475 - Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui.
- 1645 - Archbishop William Laud is beheaded at the Tower of London
- 1776 - Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense.
- 1806 - Dutch settlers in Cape Town surrender to the British.
- 1810 - The marriage of Napoleon and Josephine is annulled.
- 1861 - American Civil War: Florida secedes from the Union.
- 1863 - The London Underground, the world's oldest underground railway, opens between London Paddington station and Farringdon station.
- 1870 - John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil.
- 1899 - Tau Kappa Epsilon fraternity was founded.
- 1901 - The first great Texas oil gusher is discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont.
- 1920 - The League of Nations holds its first meeting and ratifies the Treaty of Versailles ending World War I.
- 1922 - Arthur Griffith is elected President of the Irish Free State.
- 1923 - Lithuania seizes and annexes Memel.
- 1927 - The film Metropolis by Fritz Lang premieres.
- 1929 - Tintin, a comic book character created by Hergé, makes his debut. He went on to be published in over 200 million comic books in 40 languages.
- 1941 - Lend-Lease is introduced into the US Congress.
- 1941 - World War II: The Greek army captures Kleisoura.
- 1946 - The first General Assembly of the United Nations opens in London. Fifty-one nations are represented.
- 1957 - Harold Macmillan becomes the prime minister of the United Kingdom.
- 1962 - Apollo Project: NASA announces plans to build the C-5 rocket booster. It became better known as the Saturn V moon rocket, which launched every Apollo moon mission.
- 1982 - The Catch - Dwight Clark of the San Francisco 49ers makes a leaping catch from Joe Montana with 58 seconds to play to defeat the Dallas Cowboys 28-27 in the NFC Championship Game at Candlestick Park.
- 1984 - The US and the Vatican establish full diplomatic relations after 117 years.
- 1989 - Cuban troops begin withdrawing from Angola.
- 1990 - Time Warner is formed from the merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications Inc.
- 1995 - The World Youth Day was held in the Philippines.
- 1999 - A large piece of the chalk cliff at Beachy Head collapses into the sea.
- 1999 - The HBO television series The Sopranos first aires.
- 2000 - America Online announces an agreement to buy Time Warner for $162 billion, the largest corporate merger in history.
- 2001 - Wikipedia starts as part of Nupedia. It becomes a separate site five days later.
- 2005 - A mudslide occurs in La Conchita, killing 10 people, injuring many more and closing the Highway 101, the main coastal corridor between San Francisco and Los Angeles, for 10 days.
- 2005 - Eyre Peninsula Bushfire in South Australia kills nine and injures 113.
- 1480 - Margaret of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands (d. 1530)
- 1538 - Louis of Nassau, Dutch general (d. 1574)
- 1573 - Simon Marius, German astronomer (d. 1624)
- 1607 - Isaac Jogues, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1646)
- 1628 - George Villiers, English statesman (d. 1687)
- 1638 - Nicolas Steno, Danish geologist (d. 1686)
- 1644 - Louis François, French marshal (d. 1711)
- 1654 - Joshua Barnes, English scholar (d. 1712)
- 1702 - Johannes Zick, German fresco painter (d. 1762)
- 1715 - Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (d. 1775)
- 1721 - Johann Philipp Baratier, German scholar (d. 1740)
- 1729 - Lazzaro Spallanzani, Italian biologist (d. 1799)
- 1738 - Ethan Allen, American Revolution military leader (d. 1789)
- 1769 - Michel Ney, French marshal (d. 1815)
- 1797 - Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German writer (d. 1848)
- 1810 - Jeremiah S. Black, American statesman (d. 1883)
- 1812 - Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect (d. 1881)
- 1815 - Sir John Alexander Macdonald, First Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1891)
- 1828 - Herman Koeckemann, German Catholic prelate (d. 1892)
- 1840 - Louis Nazaire Bégin, French Canadian archbishop and cardinal (d. 1925)
- 1843 - Frank James, American outlaw (d. 1915)
- 1849 - Francisco Ferrer Guardia, Spanish free-thinker (d. 1909)
- 1836 - Charles Ingalls, father of Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1902)
- 1850 - John Wellborn Root, American architect (d. 1891)
- 1858 - Heinrich Zille, German illustrator and photographer (d. 1929)
- 1864 - Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia, son of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich (d. 1931)
- 1865 - Mary Ingalls, sister of Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1928)
- 1869 - Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk (d. 1916)
- 1873 - George Orton, Canadian athlete (d. 1958)
- 1873 - Jack O'Neill, Irish-born baseball player (d. 1935)
- 1883 - Francis X. Bushman, American actor (d. 1966)
- 1883 - Aleksei Nikolaevich Tolstoi, Russian writer (d. 1945)
- 1887 - Robinson Jeffers, American poet (d. 1962)
- 1890 - Grigory Landsberg, Russian physicist (d. 1957)
- 1903 - Barbara Hepworth, British sculptor (d. 1975)
- 1903 - Voldemar Väli, Estonian wrestler, Olympic medalist (d. 1997)
- 1903 - Violet Wilkey, American actress (d. 1976)
- 1904 - Ray Bolger, American actor/dancer (d. 1987)
- 1908 - Paul Henreid, Austrian actor (d. 1993)
- 1908 - Bernard Lee, British actor (d. 1981)
- 1912 - Maria Mandel, Camp leader at Auschwitz (d. 1948)
- 1913 - Gustáv Husák, President of Czechoslovakia (d. 1991)
- 1913 - Mehmet Shehu, Albanian politician (d. 1981)
- 1914 - Yu Kuo-hwa, former Premier of Taiwan (d. 2000)
- 1916 - Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
- 1916 - Don Metz, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1917 - Jerry Wexler, American record producer
- 1918 - Arthur Chung, President of Guyana
- 1920 - Max Patkin, American baseball player (d. 1999)
- 1920 - Georges Marchal, French actor (d. 1997)
- 1921 - Rodger Ward, American race car driver (d. 2004)
- 1924 - Ludmilla Chiriaeff, Canadian ballet dancer, choreographer and director (Les Grands Ballets Canadiens) (d. 1996)
- 1924 - Max Roach, American percussionist, drummer, and composer (d. 2007)
- 1927 - Gisele MacKenzie, Canadian singer (d. 2003)
- 1927 - Johnnie Ray, American singer (d. 1990)
- 1927 - Otto Stich, Swiss politician
- 1928 - Philip Levine, American poet
- 1930 - Roy Edward Disney, American film executive
- 1931 - Peter Barnes, English writer (d. 2004)
- 1932 - Elaine Devry, American actress
- 1933 - Anton Rogers, British actor
- 1934 - Leonid Kravchuk, Ukrainian politician
- 1935 - Ronnie Hawkins, American musician, pioneering Rock And Roll Rockabilly Hall of Fame
- 1935 - Sherrill Milnes, American baritone
- 1936 - Stephen Ambrose, American historian (d. 2002)
- 1936 - Robert Woodrow Wilson, American physicist and radio astronomer, Nobel laureate
- 1937 - Thomas Penfield Jackson, American judge
- 1938 - Donald Knuth, American mathematician and computer scientist
- 1938 - Willie McCovey, American baseball player
- 1938 - Frank Mahovlich, Canadian ice hockey player and Canadian Senator
- 1939 - William Levy, Dutch writer
- 1939 - Sal Mineo, American actor (d. 1976)
- 1939 - Bill Toomey, American athlete
- 1939 - Scott McKenzie, American singer
- 1939 - Jared Carter, American poet
- 1940 - Guy Chevrette, Quebec politician
- 1942 - Walter Hill, American film director
- 1943 - Jim Croce, American singer (d. 1973)
- 1944 - Frank Sinatra, American singer
- 1944 - Rory Byrne, South African racing car designer
- 1944 - Bernard Derome, French Canadian news presenter (Le Téléjournal)
- 1945 - Jennifer Moss, English Actress (d. 2006)
- 1945 - Rod Stewart, Scottish singer
- 1945 - Edward Wiskoski, American professional wrestler
- 1947 - Afeni Shakur, mother of Tupac "2Pac" Shakur, member of the Black Panther Party
- 1948 - Donald Fagen, American keyboardist, singer and songwriter (Steely Dan)
- 1948 - Teresa Graves, American actress and singer (d. 2002)
- 1948 - Mischa Maisky, Latvian cellist
- 1948 - William Sanderson, American actor
- 1948 - Bernard Thévenet, French cyclist
- 1949 - George Foreman, American boxer
- 1949 - James Lapine, American stage director
- 1949 - Linda Lovelace, American pornographic actress (d. 2002)
- 1952 - Scott Thurston, American musician, songwriter
- 1953 - Pat Benatar, American singer
- 1953 - Dennis Cooper, American author
- 1953 - Bobby Rahal, American race car driver and race team owner
- 1955 - Michael Schenker, German guitarist (UFO)
- 1956 - Shawn Colvin, American singer
- 1956 - Antonio Muñoz Molina, Spanish writer
- 1957 - Greg Walden, GOP U.S. House Of Representatives, Oregon
- 1958 - Anatoly Pisarenko, Soviet weightlifter
- 1959 - Fran Walsh, New Zealand screenwriter
- 1960 - Benoît Pelletier, Quebec politician
- 1961 - Evan Handler, American actor
- 1961 - Janet Jones, American actress; wife of Wayne Gretzky
- 1963 - Mark Pryor, American politician
- 1964 - Brad Roberts, Canadian singer (Crash Test Dummies)
- 1965 - Butch Hartman, American animator
- 1970 - Marcus Bagwell, American professional wrestler
- 1970 - Alisa Maric, Serbian-American chess grandmaster
- 1972 - Thomas Alsgaard, Norwegian cross-country skier
- 1972 - Brian Lawler, American professional wrestler
- 1973 - Ryan Drummond, American voice actor
- 1973 - Glenn Robinson, American basketball player
- 1974 - Steve Marlet, French footballer
- 1974 - Hrithik Roshan, Indian actor
- 1974 - Akari Kaida, Japanese composer
- 1975 - Jake Delhomme, American football player
- 1976 - Adam Kennedy, American baseball personality
- 1980 - Matt Roney, American baseball player
- 1981 - Brian Joo, Korean-American singer
- 1982 - Josh Ryan Evans, American actor (d. 2002)
- 1983 - Danilo Dirani, Brazilian racing driver
- 681 - Pope Agatho
- 976 - John I Tzimiskes, Greek Byzantine Emperor (b. 925)
- 1094 - Caliph Al-Mustansir of Cairo (b. 1029)
- 1276 - Pope Gregory X (bc. 1210)
- 1645 - William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1573)
- 1698 - Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French historian (b. 1637)
- 1707 - Philibert, French writer (b. 1621)
- 1754 - Edward Cave, English editor and publisher (b. 1691)
- 1761 - Edward Boscawen, British admiral (b. 1711)
- 1775 - Yemelyan Pugachev, Russian rebel
- 1777 - Spranger Barry, Irish actor (b. 1719)
- 1778 - Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish botanist (b. 1707)
- 1794 - Georg Forster, German scientist and revolutionary (d. 1754)
- 1811 - Marie-Joseph Chénier, French poet (b. 1764)
- 1828 - François de Neufchâteau, French statesman and intellectual figure (b. 1750)
- 1833 - Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician (b. 1752)
- 1851 - Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal (b. 1775)
- 1862 - Samuel Colt, American inventor (b. 1814)
- 1866 - Pyotr Pletnyov, Russian poet (b. 1792)
- 1883 - Dr Samuel A. Mudd, American medical doctor (b. 1833)
- 1895 - Benjamin Godard, French composer (b. 1849)
- 1904 - Jean-Léon Gérôme, French painter and sculptor (b. 1824)
- 1905 - Kārlis Baumanis, Latvian composer (b. 1835)
- 1917 - William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody, American frontiersman (b. 1846)
- 1934 - Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist accused of setting the Reichstag fire (b. 1909)
- 1941 - Frank Bridge, English composer (b. 1879)
- 1941 - Sir John Lavery, Northern Irish artist (b. 1856)
- 1941 - Joe Penner, Hungarian-born comedian and actor (b. 1904)
- 1949 - Erich von Drygalski, German geographer, geophysicist, and polar scientist (b. 1865)
- 1951 - Sinclair Lewis, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
- 1951 - Yoshio Nishina, Japanese physicist (b. 1890)
- 1957 - Gabriela Mistral, Chilean writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1889)
- 1960 - Jack Laviolette, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1879)
- 1961 - Dashiell Hammett, American writer (b. 1894)
- 1970 - Pavel Belyayev, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1925)
- 1971 - Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel, French fashion designer (b. 1883)
- 1972 - Aksel Larsen, Danish politician (b. 1897)
- 1976 - Howlin' Wolf, American musician (b. 1910)
- 1978 - Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal, Nicaraguan journalist (b. 1924)
- 1980 - Hughie Critz, American baseball player (b. 1900)
- 1980 - George Meany, American labor leader (b. 1894)
- 1980 - Bo Rein, American college football coach (b. 1945)
- 1981 - Katherine Alexander, American actress (b. 1898)
- 1981 - Richard Boone, American actor (b. 1917)
- 1981 - Fawn M. Brodie, American historian (b. 1915)
- 1982 - Paul Lynde, American comedian (b. 1926)
- 1985 - Anton Karas, Austrian zither player and composer (b. 1906)
- 1986 - Jaroslav Seifert, Czech writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
- 1987 - Marion Hutton, American singer and actress (b. 1919)
- 1987 - Sir David Robinson, British philanthropist and entrepreneur (b. 1904)
- 1989 - Herbert Morrison, American radio reporter (b. 1905)
- 1992 - Roberto Bonomi, Argentine racing driver (b. 1919)
- 1997 - Elspeth Huxley, British journalist and writer (b. 1907)
- 1997 - Sheldon Leonard, American producer, actor, and director (b. 1907)
- 1997 - Alexander R. Todd, Scottish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)
- 2000 - Sam Jaffe, American producer (b. 1901)
- 2002 - W.A. Criswell, American (Baptist) preacher (b. 1909)
- 2004 - Spalding Gray, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1941)
- 2004 - Alexandra Ripley, American author (b. 1934)
- 2005 - Gene Baylos, American comedian (b. 1906)
- 2005 - Margherita Carosio, Italian soprano (b. 1908)
- 2005 - Joséphine-Charlotte, Grandduchess of Luxembourg (b. 1927)
- 2005 - Metropolitan Wasyly Fedak, primate of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada (b. 1909)
- 2005 - James Forman, American civil rights leader (b. 1928)
- 2005 - Kalevi Hämäläinen, Finnish cross country skier (b. 1932)
- 2005 - Erwin Hillier, British cinematographer (b. 1911)
- 2005 - Gordon John "Jack" Horner, American sports journalist (b. 1912)
- 2007 - Carlo Ponti, Italian film producer (b. 1912)
- 2007 - Bradford Washburn, American explorer (b. 1910)
Holidays and observances
- ^ Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John. The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-140-51312-4.
- ^ Holweck, F. G. A Biographical Dictionary of the Saints. St. Louis, MO: B. Herder Book Co. 1924.
119 Familypedia people were born on January 10
133 Familypedia people died on January 10
97 Familypedia people were first married on January 10