|January 19 in recent years
January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 346 days remaining until the end of the year (347 in leap years).
- 1419 - Hundred Years' War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England completing his reconquest of Normandy.
- 1511 - Mirandola surrenders to the French.
- 1520 - Sten Sture the Younger, the Regent of Sweden, was mortally wounded at the Battle of Bogesund.
- 1764 - John Wilkes is expelled from the British House of Commons for seditious libel.
- 1788 - Second group of ships of the First Fleet arrives at Botany Bay.
- 1795 - Batavian Republic is proclaimed in the Netherlands. End of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.
- 1806 - The United Kingdom occupies the Cape of Good Hope.
- 1812 - Peninsular War: After a ten day siege Arthur Wellesley, ordered British soldiers of the Light and third divisions storm Ciudad Rodrigo.
- 1817 - An army of 5,423 soldiers, led by General José de San Martín, crossed the Andes from Argentina to liberate Chile and then Peru.
- 1829 - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust Part 1 premieres.
- 1839 - British East India Company captures Aden.
- 1840 - Captain Charles Wilkes circumnavigates Antarctica, claiming what became known as Wilkes Land for the United States.
- 1853 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera Il Trovatore premieres in Rome.
- 1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Mill Springs - The Confederate States of America suffers its first significant defeat in the conflict.
- 1871 - Franco-Prussian War: Battle of St. Quentin is fought, resulting in a decisive Prussian victory.
- 1883 - The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle.
- 1893 - Henrik Ibsen's play The Master Builder premieres in Berlin.
- 1899 - Anglo-Egyptian Sudan is formed.
- 1915 - George Claude patents the neon discharge tube for use in advertising.
- 1915 - World War I: German zeppelins bomb the cities of Great Yarmouth and King's Lynn in the United Kingdom killing more than 20, in the first major aerial bombardment of a civilian target.
- 1917 - German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann sends the Zimmermann Telegram to Mexico, proposing a German-Mexican alliance against the United States.
- 1917 - Silvertown explosion: 73 are killed and 400 injured in an explosion in a munitions plant in London.
- 1918 - Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles between the Red Guards and the White Guard.
- 1920 - The United States Senate votes against joining the League of Nations.
- 1935 - Coopers Inc. sold the world's first briefs.
- 1937 - Howard Hughes sets a new air record by flying from Los Angeles to New York City in 7 hours, 28 minutes, 25 seconds.
- 1941 - World War II: British troops attack Italian-held Eritrea.
- 1942 - World War II: Japanese forces invade Burma.
- 1945 - World War II: Soviet forces liberate ghetto of Łódź. Out of 230,000 inhabitants in 1940, less than 900 had survived Nazi occupation.
- 1946 - General Douglas MacArthur establishes the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals.
- 1949 - Cuba recognises Israel.
- 1953 - 68% of all United States television sets were tuned in to I Love Lucy to watch Lucy give birth.
- 1966 - Indira Gandhi is elected Prime Minister of India.
- 1969 - Student Jan Palach died after setting himself on fire 3 days earlier in Prague's Wenceslas Square to protest the invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet Union in 1968. His funeral turned into another major protest.
- 1971 - Revival of No premieres at 46th Street Theatre, New York City.
- 1974 - The UCLA men's basketball team sees its 88-game winning streak end at the hands of Notre Dame.
- 1975 - Triple J begins broadcasting in Sydney, Australia.
- 1977 - President Gerald Ford pardons Iva Toguri D'Aquino (a.k.a. "Tokyo Rose").
- 1977 - Snow falls in Miami. This is the only time in the history of the city that snowfall has occurred. It also fell in the Bahamas.
- 1978 - The last Volkswagen Beetle made in Germany leaves VW's plant in Emden. Beetle production in Latin America will continue until 2003.
- 1981 - Iran Hostage Crisis: United States and Iranian officials sign an agreement to release 52 American hostages after 14 months of captivity.
- 1983 - Klaus Barbie, Nazi war criminal, is arrested in Bolivia.
- 1983 - The Apple Lisa, the first commercial personal computer from Apple Computer, Inc. to have a graphical user interface and a computer mouse, is announced.
- 1991 - The Party of the Alliance of Youth is founded in Luanda, Angola.
- 1992 - Decree time is restored in Russia after its previous abolition in March 1991.
- 1993 - IBM announces a $4.97 billion loss for 1992, the largest single-year corporate loss in United States history.
- 1997 - Yasser Arafat returns to Hebron after more than 30 years and joins celebrations over the handover of the last Israeli-controlled West Bank city.
- 2006 - A Slovak Air Force Antonov An-24 crashes in Hungary.
- 2006 - The New Horizons probe was launched by NASA on the first mission to Pluto.
- 2006 - Jet Airways announces its purchase of Air Sahara, creating the largest domestic airline in India.
- 399 - Pulcheria, Byzantine empress (d. 453)
- 1544 - King Francis II of France (d. 1560)
- 1736 - James Watt, Scottish inventor (d. 1819)
- 1739 - Joseph Bonomi the Elder, Italian architect (d. 1808)
- 1757 - Augusta Reuss-Ebersdorf, German Princess (d. 1831)
- 1807 - Robert E. Lee, American Confederate general (d. 1870)
- 1808 - Lysander Spooner, American philosopher (d. 1887)
- 1809 - Edgar Allan Poe, American writer and poet (d. 1849)
- 1813 - Sir Henry Bessemer, English inventor (d. 1898)
- 1832 - Ferdinand Laub, Czech violinist (d. 1875)
- 1833 - Alfred Clebsch, German mathematician (d. 1872)
- 1839 - Paul Cézanne, French painter (d. 1906)
- 1848 - John F. Stairs, Canadian businessman (d. 1904)
- 1851 - Jacobus Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer (d. 1922)
- 1863 - Werner Sombart, German sociologist (d. 1941)
- 1878 - Herbert Chapman, English football player and manager (d. 1934
- 1879 - Boris Savinkov, Russian writer (d. 1925)
- 1887 - Alexander Woollcott, American intellectual (d. 1943)
- 1892 - Ólafur Thors, Icelandic politician (d. 1964)
- 1905 - Stanley Hawes, British-born Australian film producer, director and administrator (d. 1991)
- 1908 - Aleksandr Gennadievich Kurosh, Russian mathematician (d. 1971)
- 1909 - Hans Hotter, German bass-baritone (d. 2003)
- 1912 - Leonid Kantorovich, Russian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
- 1913 - "Minnesota Fats", American billiards player (d. 1996)
- 1913 - Rex Ingamells, Australian poet (d. 1955)
- 1914 - Bob Gerard, British racing driver (d. 1990)
- 1917 - John Raitt, American singer and actor (d. 2005)
- 1918 - John H. Johnson, American publisher (d. 2005)
- 1920 - Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Peruvian United Nations Secretary General
- 1921 - Patricia Highsmith, American author (d. 1995)
- 1921 - "Billy Batts" Devino, American gangster (d. 1970)
- 1922 - Guy Madison, American actor (d. 1996)
- 1923 - Jean Stapleton, American actress
- 1923 - Markus Wolf, German spy (d. 2006)
- 1924 - Nicholas Colasanto, American actor (d. 1985)
- 1924 - Jean-François Revel, French author (d. 2006)
- 1926 - Fritz Weaver, American actor
- 1930 - Tippi Hedren, American actress
- 1931 - Robert MacNeil, Canadian journalist
- 1932 - Richard Lester, British director
- 1936 - Ziaur Rahman, President of Bangladesh (d. 1981)
- 1939 - Phil Everly, American musician
- 1940 - Paolo Borsellino, Italian magistrate (d. 1992)
- 1941 - Colin Gunton, British theologian (d. 2003)
- 1941 - Tony Anholt, British actor
- 1942 - Michael Crawford, British singer and actor
- 1943 - Janis Joplin, American singer (d. 1970)
- 1943 - Petchara Chaowarat, Thai film actress
- 1943 - Princess Margriet of the Netherlands
- 1944 - Shelley Fabares, American actress
- 1944 - Peter Lynch, American investor
- 1944 - Dan Reeves, American football coach
- 1944 - Laurie London, English singer
- 1946 - Julian Barnes, English author
- 1946 - Dolly Parton, American singer and actress
- 1947 - Paula Deen, American chef and restaurateur
- 1947 - Rod Evans, British musician (Deep Purple)
- 1947 - Ann Compton, American news reporter
- 1948 - Frank McKenna, Canadian politician
- 1949 - Robert Palmer, English singer and guitarist (d. 2003)
- 1949 - Dennis Taylor, Northern Irish snooker player
- 1950 - Grant Nordman, Canadian politician
- 1953 - Desi Arnaz, American actor
- 1953 - Richard Legendre, Canadian politician
- 1954 - Katey Sagal, American actress
- 1954 - Ted DiBiase, American professional wrestler
- 1954 - Cindy Sherman, American artist
- 1954 - Katharina Thalbach, German actress and film director
- 1955 - Simon Rattle, English conductor
- 1955 - Paul Rodriguez, Mexican-born actor and comedian
- 1956 - Carman Licciardello, American Christian singer
- 1957 - Kenneth McClintock, Puerto Rican politician
- 1962 - Hans Daams, Dutch cyclist
- 1963 - Michael Adams, American basketball player
- 1963 - Caron Wheeler, British singer (Soul II Soul)
- 1964 - Janine Antoni, Bahamian artist
- 1964 - Ricardo Arjona, Guatemalan singer
- 1966 - Floris Jan Bovelander, Dutch field hockey player
- 1966 - Stefan Edberg, Swedish tennis player
- 1966 - Lena Philipsson, Swedish singer
- 1966 - Sylvain Côté, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1967 - Javier Cámara, Spanish actor
- 1969 - Junior Seau, American football player
- 1969 - Steve Staunton, Irish footballer
- 1970 - Udo Suzuki, Japanese comedian
- 1971 - Shawn Wayans, American actor and producer
- 1971 - John Wozniak, American singer and songwriter (Marcy Playground)
- 1972 - Joana Benedek, Mexican actress
- 1972 - Drea de Matteo, American actress
- 1972 - Ron Killings, American professional wrestler
- 1972 - Princess Kalina of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
- 1972 - Elena Kaliská, Slovak slalom canoer
- 1972 - Troy Wilson, Australian racing driver and AFL player
- 1973 - Antero Manninen, Finnish Cellist
- 1973 - Karen Lancaume, French actress (d. 2005)
- 1974 - Jaime Moreno, Bolivian footballer
- 1974 - Ian Laperrière, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1974 - Frank Caliendo, American comedian
- 1976 - Tarso Marques, Brazilian racing driver
- 1977 - Lauren, Cameroonian footballer
- 1977 - Nicole, Chilean singer
- 1979 - Svetlana Khorkina, Russian gymnast
- 1979 - Wiley, English Rapper (Grime)
- 1980 - Jenson Button, English Formula One driver
- 1981 - Asier Del Horno, Spanish footballer
- 1981 - Lucho González, Argentine footballer
- 1982 - Jodie Sweetin, American child actress
- 1982 - Mike Komisarek, American ice hockey player
- 1982 - Angela Chang, Taiwanese singer and actress
- 1983 - Utada Hikaru, American-born Japanese singer and songwriter
- 1984 - Thomas Vanek, Austrian ice hockey player
- 1984 - Euan Blair, Eldest son of Tony Blair
- 1984 - Karun Chandhok, Indian racing driver
- 1985 - Rika Ishikawa, Japanese singer (Morning Musume)
- 1985 - Esteban Guerrieri, Argentine racing driver
- 1991 - Erin Sanders, American child actress
- 639 - Dagobert I, King of the Franks
- 1526 - Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark (b. 1501)
- 1547 - Henry Howard, English poet (b. 1517)
- 1576 - Hans Sachs, German Meistersinger (b. 1494)
- 1661 - Thomas Venner, Fifth Monarchist (executed)
- 1729 - William Congreve, English playwright (b. 1670)
- 1757 - Thomas Ruddiman, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1674)
- 1766 - Giovanni Niccolo Servandoni, Italian-born French architect and painter (b. 1695)
- 1785 - Jonathan Toup, English classical scholar and critic (b. 1713)
- 1833 - Louis Joseph Ferdinand Herold, French composer (b. 1791)
- 1847 - Charles Bent, New Mexico pioneer (assassinated)
- 1851 - Esteban Echeverría, Argentine writer (b. 1805)
- 1865 - Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French philosopher and anarchist (b. 1809)
- 1869 - Carl Reichenbach, German chemist and philosopher (b. 1788)
- 1874 - August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben, German poet (b. 1798)
- 1878 - Henri Victor Regnault French physicist and chemist (b. 1810)
- 1905 - Debendranath Tagore, Indian philosopher (b. 1817)
- 1929 - Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (b. 1873)
- 1939 - Cliff Heathcote, baseball player (b. 1898)
- 1948 - Tony Garnier, French architect (b. 1869)
- 1954 - Theodor Kaluza, German scientist (b. 1885)
- 1964 - Firmin Lambot, Belgian cyclist (b. 1886)
- 1968 - Ray Harroun, American race car driver (b. 1879)
- 1969 - Jan Palach, Czech student and political activist (suicide) (b. 1948)
- 1971 - Harry Shields, American musician (b. 1899)
- 1972 - Michael Rabin, American violinist (b. 1936)
- 1973 - Max Adrian, Northern Irish actor (b. 1903)
- 1975 - Thomas Hart Benton, American painter (b. 1889)
- 1980 - William O. Douglas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1898)
- 1982 - Elis Regina, Brazilian singer (b. 1945)
- 1984 - Max Bentley, National Hockey League player (b. 1920)
- 1990 - Rajneesh, Indian religious leader (b. 1931)
- 1990 - Semprini, English musician (b. 1908)
- 1990 - Herbert Wehner, German politician (b. 1906)
- 1991 - John Russell, American actor (b. 1921)
- 1991 - Marcel Chaput, Quebec politician (b. 1918)
- 1996 - Don Simpson, American film producer (b. 1943)
- 1997 - James Dickey, American writer (b. 1923)
- 1997 - Adriana Caselotti, American actress (b 1916)
- 1998 - Carl Perkins, American guitarist (b. 1932)
- 1999 - Ivan Francescato, Italian Rugby Union star (b. 1967)
- 2000 - Bettino Craxi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1934)
- 2000 - Hedy Lamarr, Austrian-born actress (b. 1913)
- 2001 - Dario Vittori, Argentinean actor (b. 1921)
- 2003 - Françoise Giroud, French writer and journalist (b. 1916)
- 2004 - Harry E. Claiborne, American judge (suicide) (b. 1917)
- 2004 - David Hookes, Australian cricketer and coach (b. 1955)
- 2005 - Bill Andersen, New Zealand communist and trade union leader (b. 1924)
- 2005 - K. Sello Duiker, South African novelist (b. 1974)
- 2006 - Wilson Pickett, soul singer (b. 1941)
- 2006 - Aoun Al-Sharif Qasim, Sudanese writer and Islamic scholar (b. 1933)
- 2006 - Anthony Franciosa, American actor (b. 1928)
- 2006 - Geoff Rabone, New Zealand cricket player (b. 1921)
- 2007 - Scott "Bam Bam" Bigelow, American professional wrestler (b. 1961)
- 2007 - Murat Nasyrov, Russian singer and composer (b. 1969)
- 2007 - Hrant Dink, Turkish-Armenian newspaper editor (b. 1954)
- 2007 - Denny Doherty, Canadian singer (The Mamas and the Papas) (b. 1940)
- 2007 - James Alenson, Lincoln-Sudbury student, stabbed to death by John Odgren (b. 1992)
Holidays and observances
- ^ a b c d *Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John. The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-140-51312-4.
- ^ *Holweck, F. G. A Biographical Dictionary of the Saint. St. Louis, MO: B. Herder Book Co. 1924.
109 Familypedia people were born on January 19
141 Familypedia people died on January 19
102 Familypedia people were first married on January 19