|January 22 in recent years
January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 343 days remaining until the end of the year (344 in leap years).
- 565 - Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus.
- 1506 - The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrived at the Vatican.
- 1521 - Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms.
- 1771 - Spain cedes Port Egmont in the Falkland Islands to England.
- 1824 - Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast.
- 1840 - British colonists reach New Zealand.
- 1863 - The January Uprising breaks out in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. The aim of the national movement is to regain Polish-Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth from occupation of Russia.
- 1877 - Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices
- 1879 - Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Isandlwana - Zulu troops defeat British troops.
- 1879 - Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Rorke's Drift - 139 British soldiers successfully defended their garrison against an intense assault by four to five thousand Zulu warriors.
- 1889 - Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington.
- 1890 - The United Mine Workers of America is founded in Columbus.
- 1899 - Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation.
- 1901 - Edward VII becomes King after his mother, Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, dies.
- 1905 - Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.
- 1906 - SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.
- 1917 - World War I: President Woodrow Wilson calls for "peace without victory" in Europe.
- 1919 - Act Zluky was signed, unifying the Ukrainian People's Republic and the West Ukrainian National Republic.
- 1924 - Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister.
- 1931 - Sir Isaac Isaacs sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.
- 1941 - World War II: The United Kingdom captures Tobruk from Nazi forces.
- 1944 - World War II: Allies begin Operation Shingle (an assault on Anzio, Italy).
- 1946 - Iran: Qazi Muhammad declares the independent people's Republic of Mahabad at the Chuwarchira Square in the kurdish city of Mahabad. He is the new president; Hadschi Baba Scheich is the prime minister.
- 1946 - Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.
- 1947 - KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood.
- 1952 - The first Jet airliner, the de Havilland Comet, enters service for BOAC.
- 1957 - Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula.
- 1957 - The New York City "Mad Bomber," George P. Metesky, is arrested in Waterbury and is charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
- 1962 - The Organization of American States (OAS) suspends Cuba's membership.
- 1963 - Elysée treaty of cooperation between France and Germany is signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer.
- 1968 - The TV sketch comedy Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In debuts on NBC.
- 1973 - The Supreme Court of the United States delivers its decision in Roe v. Wade striking down state laws restricting abortion during the first six months of pregnancy.
- 1973 - A chartered Boeing 707 exploded in flames upon landing at Kano Airport, Nigeria killing 176.
- 1973 - George Foreman breaks Joe Frazier's professional career undefeated heavyweight world boxing champion status.
- 1980 - Andrei Sakharov is arrested in Moscow.
- 1983 - Björn Borg retires from tennis after winning five consecutive Wimbledon championships.
- 1984 - The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, is introduced during Super Bowl XVIII with its famous "1984" television commercial.
- 1987 - Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shoots and kills himself at a press conference on live national television, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism.
- 1987 - Glen Tremml, 27, pedaled the ultralight aircraft Eagle over Edwards Air Force Base, California, for a human-powered flight record of 37.2 miles.
- 1990 - Robert Tappan Morris is convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet worm. Birth of Louis-Charles Régnier
- 1992 - Rebel forces occupy Zaire's national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government's resignation.
- 1992 - Space Shuttle program: STS-42 Mission - Dr. Roberta Bondar becomes the first Canadian woman in space.
- 1995 - Israeli-Palestinian conflict: In central Israel, two suicide bombers from the Gaza Strip blow themselves-up at a military transit point killing 19 Israelis.
- 1997 - Madeleine Albright becomes the first female secretary of state after confirmation by the United States Senate.
- 1999 - Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India.
- 2002 - Kmart Corp becomes the largest retailer in American history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
- 2003 - The Netherlands vote for a new parliament after the previous had only been into power for 86 days.
- 2003 - Last successful contact with the spacecraft Pioneer 10, one of the most distant man-made objects.
- 2006 - Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country's first indigenous president.
- 2007 - The jury portion of the trial against Robert Pickton, accused of being Canada's worst serial killer, opens in New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada
- 1263 - Ibn Taymiya, Islamic scholar (d. 1328)
- 1440 - Ivan III of Russia (d. 1505)
- 1553 - Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (d. 1625)
- 1561 - Sir Francis Bacon, English philosopher (d. 1626)
- 1570 - Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, English politician (d. 1631)
- 1592 - Pierre Gassendi, French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist (d. 1655)
- 1654 - Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (d. 1729)
- 1690 - Nicolas Lancret, French painter (d. 1743)
- 1729 - Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, German author and philosopher (d. 1781)
- 1781 - François Antoine Habeneck, French violinist (d. 1849)
- 1788 - George Gordon, Lord Byron, English poet (d. 1824)
- 1796 - Karl Claus, Russian chemist (d. 1864)
- 1797 - Maria Leopoldina of Austria, Empress of Brazil (d. 1826)
- 1799 - Ludger Duvernay, Quebec printer and publisher (d. 1852)
- 1820 - Joseph Wolf, German artist (d. 1899)
- 1840 - Ernest Roland Wilberforce, English bishop (d. 1907)
- 1849 - August Strindberg, Swedish writer (d. 1912)
- 1858 - Beatrice Webb, British economist (d. 1943)
- 1869 - Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk (d. 1916)
- 1875 - D. W. Griffith, American film director (d. 1948)
- 1882 - Theodore Kosloff, Russian-born actor, ballet dancer and choreographer (d. 1956)
- 1886 - Roman Ungern von Sternberg, Russian counter-revolutionary (d. 1921)
- 1887 - Helen Hoyt, American poet (d. 1972)
- 1889 - Henri Pélissier, French cyclist (d. 1935)
- 1890 - Fred M. Vinson, 13th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1953)
- 1890 - Vinko Zganec, Croatian ethnomusicologist (d. 1976)
- 1892 - Marcel Dassault, French industrialist (d. 1986)
- 1893 - Conrad Veidt, German actor (d. 1943)
- 1897 - Rosa Ponselle, American soprano (d. 1981)
- 1900 - Ernst Busch, German singer and actor (d. 1980)
- 1902 - Daniel Kinsey, American hurdler (d. 1970)
- 1903 - Fritz Houtermans, Polish physicist (d. 1966)
- 1904 - George Balanchine, Russian choreographer (d. 1983)
- 1904 - Arkady Gaidar, Russian children's writer (d. 1941)
- 1906 - Robert E. Howard, American author (d. 1936)
- 1907 - Douglas Corrigan, American pilot (d. 1995)
- 1907 - Dixie Dean, English footballer (d. 1980)
- 1907 - Mary Dresselhuys, Dutch actress (d. 2004)
- 1908 - Lev Davidovich Landau, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1968)
- 1909 - Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican diplomat and international playboy (d. 1965)
- 1909 - Ann Sothern, American actress (d. 2001)
- 1909 - U Thant, Burmese 3rd United Nations Secretary General (d. 1974)
- 1911 - Bruno Kreisky, Chancellor of Austria (d. 1990)
- 1913 - William Cardinal Conway, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1977)
- 1913 - Carl F. H. Henry, American theologian and publisher (d. 2003)
- 1914 - Dimitris Dragatakis, Greek composer (d. 2001)
- 1915 - Heinrich Albertz, German theologian and politician (d. 1993)
- 1916 - Bill Durnan, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1972)
- 1916 - Henri Dutilleux, French composer
- 1918 - Elmer Lach, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1920 - Sir Alf Ramsey, English football manager (d. 1999)
- 1922 - Howard Moss, American poet, dramatist, and critic (d. 1987)
- 1924 - J. J. Johnson, American jazz trombonist and composer (d. 2001)
- 1927 - Lou Creekmur, American football player
- 1931 - Sam Cooke, American singer (d. 1964)
- 1932 - Berthold Grünfeld, Norwegian psychiatrist and former sexologist
- 1932 - Piper Laurie, American actress
- 1934 - Bill Bixby, American actor (d. 1993)
- 1934 - Graham Kerr, British-born chef
- 1935 - Seymour Cassel, American actor
- 1936 - Alan J. Heeger, American chemist, Nobel laureate
- 1937 - Edén Pastora, Nicaraguan rebel leader
- 1937 - Joseph Wambaugh, American author
- 1939 - Jeff Smith, American chef (d. 2004)
- 1939 - Jean-Claude Tremblay, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1994)
- 1940 - Addie "Micki" Harris, singer (Shirelles) (d. 1982)
- 1940 - John Hurt, English actor
- 1940 - George Seifert, American football coach
- 1942 - Mimis Domazos, Greek footballer
- 1945 - Arthur Beetson, Australian rugby league footballer and coach
- 1946 - Malcolm McLaren, English impresario, musician and self-publicist
- 1946 - Serge Savard, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1947 - Afeni Shakur, 2Pac's mother
- 1948 - Gilbert Levine, American conductor
- 1949 - Mike Caldwell, American baseball player
- 1949 - Phil Miller, English guitarist (National Health, In Cahoots, Matching Mole)
- 1949 - Steve Perry, American singer and musician (Journey)
- 1951 - Ondrej Nepela, Slovak figure skater (d. 1989)
- 1953 - Jim Jarmusch, American director
- 1954 - Tully Blanchard, American wrestler
- 1954 - Chris Lemmon, American actor
- 1954 - Peter Pilz, Austrian politician
- 1955 - Timothy R. Ferguson, American politician
- 1956 - John Wesley Shipp, American actor
- 1957 - Mike Bossy, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1957 - Francis Wheen, English writer and journalist
- 1958 - Nikos Anastopoulos, Greek football player and manager
- 1959 - Linda Blair, American actress
- 1960 - Michael Hutchence, Australian singer (INXS) (d. 1997)
- 1961 - Daniel Johnston, American singer-songwriter and artist
- 1962 - Mizan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia's Ruler
- 1962 - Choi Min-sik, South Korean actor
- 1963 - Andrei Tchmil, Ukrainian-Belgian cyclist
- 1965 - Steven Adler, American drummer (Guns N' Roses)
- 1965 - DJ Jazzy Jeff, American rapper and actor
- 1965 - Diane Lane, American actress
- 1965 - Brian McCardie, Scottish actor
- 1965 - Andrew Roachford, English singer and songwriter
- 1965 - Chintara Sukapatana, Thai actress
- 1966 - Ecaterina Szabo, Romanian gymnast
- 1967 - Manabu Nakanishi, Japanese professional wrestler
- 1968 - Frank Lebœuf, French footballer
- 1968 - Hiroshi Morie, Japanese musician
- 1968 - Mauricio Serna, Colombian footballer
- 1969 - Olivia d'Abo, English actress
- 1969 - John Linton Roberson, American cartoonist
- 1970 - Abraham Olano, Spanish cyclist
- 1970 - Alex Ross, American comic book painter (Marvels, Kingdom Come)
- 1971 - Stan Collymore, English footballer
- 1972 - Gabriel Macht, American actor
- 1972 - Romi Paku, Japanese seiyu (voice actress)
- 1972 - Gonzalo Rodriguez, Uruguayan racing driver (d. 1999)
- 1973 - Rogerio Ceni, Brazilian footballer
- 1974 - Cameron McConville, Australian racing driver
- 1975 - Balthazar Getty, American actor
- 1975 - Felipe Giaffone, Brazilian racing driver
- 1975 - David Výborný, Czech ice hockey player
- 1976 - Mikko Luoma, Finnish ice hockey player
- 1976 - James Dearth, American football player
- 1977 - Jono Gibbes, New Zealand rugby union footballer
- 1977 - Hidetoshi Nakata, Japanese footballer
- 1978 - Chone Figgins, American baseball player
- 1980 - Christopher Masterson, American actor
- 1980 - Ben Moody, American guitarist (Evanescence)
- 1980 - Jonathan Woodgate, English footballer
- 1980 - Jake Grove, American football player
- 1981 - Willa Ford, American singer
- 1981 - Beverley Mitchell, American actress
- 1981 - Ibrahima Sonko, French footballer
- 1982 - Fabricio Coloccini, Argentine footballer
- 1982 - Jason Peters, American football player
- 1983 - Shaun Cody, American football player
- 1983 - Robert Steinhäuser, German perpetrator of the Erfurt massacre (d. 2002)
- 1984 - Ben Eager,Canadian ice hockey player
- 1984 - Raica Oliveira, Brazilian supermodel
- 1984 - Leon Powe, American basketball player
- 1984 - Maceo Rigters, Dutch footballer
- 1985 - Mohamed Sissoko, Malian footballer
- 1986 - Robert O'Connor, Irish singer-songwriter, actor and model
- 1986 - Lee Pa-ni, South Korean model
- 1987 - Astrid Jacobsen, Norwegian cross-country skier
- 1988 - Greg Oden, American collegiate basketball player
- 1536 - Bernhard Knipperdolling, German religious leader (b. 1495)
- 1599 - Cristofano Malvezzi, Italian composer (b. 1547)
- 1666 - Shah Jahan, Mughal Emperor of India (b. 1592)
- 1750 - Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (b. 1675)
- 1763 - John Carteret, English statesman (b. 1690)
- 1767 - Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German minterologist and geologist (b. 1719)
- 1779 - Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer (b. 1733)
- 1779 - Claudius Smith, American Revolutionary War loyalist (b. 1736)
- 1840 - Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (b. 1752)
- 1892 - Joseph Philo Bradley, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1813)
- 1900 - David E. Hughes, American musician (b. 1831)
- 1901 - Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (b. 1819)
- 1921 - Captain George Streeter, American riverboat captain and circus owner (b. 1837)
- 1922 - Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician and pacifist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1837)
- 1922 - Pope Benedict XV (b. 1854)
- 1922 - Camille Jordan, French mathematician (b. 1838)
- 1931 - Alma Rubens, American actress (b. 1897)
- 1945 - Else Lasker-Schuler, German-born poet (b. 1869)
- 1949 - William Thomas Walsh, American author (b. 1891)
- 1950 - Alan Hale Sr., American actor (b. 1892)
- 1951 - Karl Nessler, inventor of the perm (b. 1872)
- 1959 - Mike Hawthorn, English race car driver (b. 1929)
- 1966 - Herbert Marshall, English actor (b. 1890)
- 1967 - Robert Henriques, British writer (b. 1905)
- 1968 - Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer (b. 1890)
- 1973 - Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th President of the United States (b. 1908)
- 1975 - Andrew George Burry, Swiss-born manufacturer and businessman (b. 1873)
- 1978 - Oliver Leese, British World War II general (b. 1894)
- 1978 - Herbert Sutcliffe, English cricketer (b. 1894)
- 1981 - Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani historian and educationist (b. 1903)
- 1982 - Tommy Tucker, American singer and pianist (b. 1933)
- 1987 - Budd Dwyer, American politician (b. 1939)
- 1987 - Wally Whyton - British musician/songwriter and radio/TV personality (b. 1929}
- 1988 - Parker Fennelly, American comedian and actor (b. 1891)
- 1991 - Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat (b. 1905)
- 1993 - Abe Kobo, Japanese writer (b. 1924)
- 1994 - Jean-Louis Barrault, French actor and director (b. 1910)
- 1994 - Rhett Forrester, American singer, Second Riot frontman (b. 1956)
- 1994 - Telly Savalas, Greek-American actor (b. 1922)
- 1995 - Jerry Blackwell, American wrestler (b. 1949)
- 1995 - Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy (b. 1890)
- 1997 - Billy Mackenzie, Scottish musician (Associates) (b. 1957)
- 1997 - Wally Whyton, English musician (b. 1929)
- 1999 - Graham Staines, Australian missionary (b. 1941)
- 2000 - Craig Claiborne, American writer and editor (b. 1920)
- 2000 - Anne Hébert, French Canadian author and poet (Kamouraska) (b. 1916)
- 2001 - Tommie Agee, American baseball player (b. 1942)
- 2001 - Roy Brown, American clown (b. 1932)
- 2002 - Stanley Marcus, American business executive (b. 1905)
- 2003 - Bill Mauldin, American World War II cartoonist (b. 1921)
- 2004 - Billy May, American composer and musician (b. 1916)
- 2004 - Thomas Mead, Australian politician and journalist (b. 1918)
- 2004 - Ann Miller, American actress and dancer (b. 1923)
- 2005 - César Gutiérrez, Venezuelan baseball player (b. 1943)
- 2005 - Carlo Orelli, Italian veteran of World War I (b. 1894)
- 2005 - Consuelo Velázquez, Mexican songwriter (b. 1924)
- 2005 - Rose Mary Woods, American Watergate scandal figure (b. 1917)
- 2007 - Bam Bam Bigelow, American wrestler (b. 1961)
- 2007 - Doug Blasdell, American personal trainer
- 2007 - Disco D, American music producer (b. 1980)
- 2007 - Carlos Olivier, Venizuelan actor and physician (b. 1952)
- 2007 - Liz Renay, American actress (b. 1926)
- 2007 - Ngo Quang Truong, South Vietnamese general (b. 1929)
Holidays and observances
115 Familypedia people were born on January 22
151 Familypedia people died on January 22
82 Familypedia people were first married on January 22