Familypedia
Advertisement
This article is based on the corresponding article in another wiki. For Familypedia purposes, it requires significantly more historical detail on phases of this location's development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there. Also desirable are links to organizations that may be repositories of genealogical information..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can.


Jefferson County, Ohio
Jefferson County Courthouse in Steubenville.jpg
Jefferson County Courthouse
Flag of Jefferson County, Ohio
Flag
Seal of Jefferson County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded July 29, 1797[1]
Named for Thomas Jefferson
Seat Steubenville
Largest city Steubenville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

411 sq mi (1,064 km²)
408 sq mi (1,057 km²)
2.6 sq mi (7 km²), 0.6%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

65,249
auto/sq mi (Expression error: Unrecognized word "auto"./km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.jeffersoncountyoh.com

Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 65,249.[2] Its county seat is Steubenville.[3] The county is named for Thomas Jefferson, who was vice president at the time of its creation.[4]

Jefferson County is part of the Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-WV-OH Combined Statistical Area.[5]

History[]

Jefferson County was organized on July 29, 1797, by proclamation of Governor Arthur St. Clair, six years before Ohio was granted statehood. Its boundaries were originally quite large, including all of northeastern Ohio east of the Cuyahoga River, but it was divided and redrawn several times before assuming its present-day boundaries in 1833, after the formation of neighboring Carroll County.

In 1786, the United States built Fort Steuben to protect the government surveyors mapping the land west of the Ohio River. When the surveyors completed their task a few years later, the fort was abandoned. In the meantime, settlers had built homes around the fort; they named their settlement La Belle. When the county was created in 1797, La Belle was selected as the County seat. The town was subsequently renamed Steubenville, in honor of the abandoned fort.

During the first half of the nineteenth century, Steubenville was primarily a port town, and the rest of the county consisted of small villages and farms. However, in 1856, Frazier, Kilgore and Company erected a rolling mill (the forerunner of steel mills) and the Steubenville Coal and Mining Company sank a coal shaft, resulting in Jefferson County becoming one of the leading centers of the new Industrial Revolution.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 411 square miles (1,060 km2), of which 408 square miles (1,060 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (0.6%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[]

Major highways[]

  • US 22
  • US 250
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link OH|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev OH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link OH|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev OH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link OH|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev OH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link OH|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev OH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link OH|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev OH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link OH|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev OH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link OH|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev OH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link OH|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev OH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link OH|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev OH]]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 8,766
1810 17,260 96.9%
1820 18,531 7.4%
1830 22,489 21.4%
1840 25,030 11.3%
1850 29,133 16.4%
1860 26,115 −10.4%
1870 29,188 11.8%
1880 33,018 13.1%
1890 39,415 19.4%
1900 44,357 12.5%
1910 65,423 47.5%
1920 77,580 18.6%
1930 88,307 13.8%
1940 98,129 11.1%
1950 96,495 −1.7%
1960 99,201 2.8%
1970 96,193 −3.0%
1980 91,564 −4.8%
1990 80,298 −12.3%
2000 73,894 −8.0%
2010 69,709 −5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2020 [11]

2000 census[]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 73,894 people, 30,417 households, and 20,592 families living in the county. The population density was 180 people per square mile (70/km2). There were 33,291 housing units at an average density of 81 per square mile (31/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.49% White, 5.68% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. 0.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 96.5% spoke English, 1.1% Spanish and 1.0% Italian as their first language.

There were 30,417 households, out of which 26.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.30% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.30% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 21.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 25.90% from 45 to 64, and 18.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 91.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,853, and the median income for a family was $38,807. Males had a median income of $35,785 versus $20,375 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,476. About 11.40% of families and 15.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.30% of those under age 18 and 8.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 69,709 people, 29,109 households, and 18,713 families living in the county.[13] The population density was 170.7 inhabitants per square mile (65.9 /km2). There were 32,826 housing units at an average density of 80.4 per square mile (31.0 /km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 91.9% white, 5.6% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 20.0% were German, 17.1% were Irish, 12.9% were Italian, 9.1% were English, 8.3% were Polish, and 4.6% were American.[15]

Of the 29,109 households, 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.7% were non-families, and 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 43.9 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $37,527 and the median income for a family was $47,901. Males had a median income of $43,601 versus $27,965 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,470. About 12.4% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.5% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Politics[]

Results from the 2020 Presidential Election in Steubenville, the county's largest city.

Like many Appalachian counties, Jefferson County was a strong Democratic county in the 20th century. However, since the turn of the 21st century, it has become much more competitive and even moved towards the Republicans during the Democratic years of 2008 and 2012. In 2012, Mitt Romney became the first Republican candidate in four decades to win the county, since the county voted for President Nixon in the 1972 presidential election.

United States presidential election results for Jefferson County, Ohio[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 22,828 68.30% 10,018 29.98% 575 1.72%
2016 21,117 65.15% 9,675 29.85% 1,619 5.00%
2012 17,034 51.34% 15,385 46.37% 758 2.28%
2008 17,559 48.68% 17,635 48.89% 877 2.43%
2004 17,185 47.25% 19,024 52.30% 163 0.45%
2000 15,038 43.42% 17,488 50.49% 2,110 6.09%
1996 10,212 29.49% 19,402 56.04% 5,009 14.47%
1992 10,764 27.74% 20,978 54.07% 7,056 18.19%
1988 14,141 38.73% 22,095 60.52% 273 0.75%
1984 17,105 42.47% 22,832 56.69% 340 0.84%
1980 15,777 40.99% 20,382 52.95% 2,332 6.06%
1976 14,839 39.23% 22,318 59.00% 668 1.77%
1972 21,531 56.25% 16,198 42.32% 545 1.42%
1968 12,949 33.53% 21,917 56.76% 3,749 9.71%
1964 11,784 26.29% 33,039 73.71% 0 0.00%
1960 21,186 44.01% 26,955 55.99% 0 0.00%
1956 22,162 50.52% 21,703 49.48% 0 0.00%
1952 19,569 41.58% 27,499 58.42% 0 0.00%
1948 14,230 37.05% 23,725 61.77% 454 1.18%
1944 15,496 38.43% 24,827 61.57% 0 0.00%
1940 16,578 35.97% 29,514 64.03% 0 0.00%
1936 13,044 31.87% 27,472 67.11% 419 1.02%
1932 14,179 44.95% 16,066 50.93% 1,299 4.12%
1928 19,175 68.09% 8,711 30.93% 275 0.98%
1924 14,929 67.97% 3,840 17.48% 3,194 14.54%
1920 13,038 59.76% 8,064 36.96% 714 3.27%
1916 6,658 53.19% 5,250 41.94% 609 4.87%
1912 4,777 41.85% 3,171 27.78% 3,467 30.37%
1908 7,310 57.21% 4,882 38.21% 585 4.58%
1904 7,337 69.11% 2,600 24.49% 680 6.40%
1900 6,470 62.25% 3,575 34.40% 348 3.35%
1896 6,185 60.61% 3,824 37.48% 195 1.91%
1892 4,793 53.28% 3,493 38.83% 710 7.89%
1888 5,106 58.08% 3,293 37.46% 392 4.46%
1884 4,834 58.09% 3,283 39.45% 204 2.45%
1880 4,434 59.41% 2,945 39.46% 85 1.14%
1876 4,067 57.84% 2,922 41.56% 42 0.60%
1872 3,776 63.78% 2,102 35.51% 42 0.71%
1868 3,394 61.59% 2,117 38.41% 0 0.00%
1864 3,407 66.32% 1,730 33.68% 0 0.00%
1860 2,682 57.96% 1,163 25.14% 782 16.90%
1856 2,424 51.86% 1,991 42.60% 259 5.54%



Government[]

Commissioners: Thomas Graham, Ph.D, Dave Maple, and Thomas Gentile
Prosecutor: Jane Hanlin
Sheriff: Fred Abdalla
Auditor: E.J. Conn
Treasurer: Raymond M. Agresta
Engineer: James Branagan
Judges of the Court of Common Pleas: Hon. Joseph J. Bruzzese Jr, Hon. Michelle Miller
Probate Court: Hon. Joseph M. Corabi
Clerk of Courts: John A. Corrigan
Health Commissioner: Andrew J. Henry
Director, Board of Elections: Diane M. Gribble
Director, Job and Family Services: Elizabeth Ferron
Director, Jefferson County Port Authority: Evan Scurti

Transportation[]

Commercial air service is available at nearby Pittsburgh International Airport to the east via U.S. Route 22. The county is served by two general aviation fields, the Jefferson County Airpark and the Eddie Dew Memorial Airpark.

Ohio Route 7 is the main north–south highway through the county.

Education[]

Colleges and universities[]

Community, junior, and technical colleges[]

  • Eastern Gateway Community College
  • Trinity Health System School of Nursing

Public school districts[]

  • Buckeye Local School District
  • Edison Local School District
  • Indian Creek Local School District
  • Steubenville City School District
  • Toronto City School District

High schools[]

  • Buckeye Local High School
  • Catholic Central High School
  • Edison High School
  • Indian Creek High School
  • Jefferson County Christian School
  • Steubenville High School
  • Toronto High School

Communities[]

Map of Jefferson County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Cities[]

Villages[]

  • Adena
  • Amsterdam
  • Bergholz
  • Bloomingdale
  • Dillonvale
  • Empire
  • Irondale
  • Mingo Junction
  • Mount Pleasant
  • New Alexandria
  • Rayland
  • Richmond
  • Smithfield
  • Stratton
  • Tiltonsville
  • Wintersville
  • Yorkville

Townships[]

  • Brush Creek
  • Cross Creek
  • Island Creek
  • Knox
  • Mount Pleasant
  • Ross
  • Salem
  • Saline
  • Smithfield
  • Springfield
  • Steubenville
  • Warren
  • Wayne
  • Wells

[18]

Census-designated places[]

  • Brilliant
  • Connorville
  • East Springfield
  • Pottery Addition

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Alikanna
  • Altamont
  • Annapolis
  • Belvedere
  • Bradley
  • Broadacre
  • Calumet
  • Chandler
  • Circle Green
  • Costonia
  • Cream City
  • Deandale
  • Deyarmonville
  • Dunglen
  • Emerson
  • Fairplay
  • Fernwood
  • Georges Run
  • Gould
  • Grandview Heights
  • Greentown
  • Hammondsville
  • Herrick
  • Holt
  • Hopewell
  • Jackson Heights
  • Knoxville
  • McConnelsville
  • McIntyre
  • Middleburg
  • Monroeville
  • New Somerset
  • Newell
  • Olszeski Town
  • Osage
  • Panhandle
  • Parlett
  • Piney Fork
  • Port Homer
  • Pravo
  • Ramsey
  • Reeds Mill
  • Robyville
  • Rush Run
  • Shady Glen
  • Unionport
  • Warrenton
  • Wolf Run
  • Weems
  • Yellow Creek
  • York

Historical community[]

Carpenter's Fort, or Carpenter's Station as it was sometimes called, was established in the summer of 1781 when John Carpenter built a fortified house above the mouth of Short Creek on the Ohio side of the Ohio River in Coshocton County, but now in Jefferson County, Ohio, near Rayland, Ohio.[19][20]

Population ranking[]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Jefferson County.[21]

* majority of municipality in Columbiana County
** minority of municipality in Belmont County
county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Population (2010 Census) Municipal type
1 Steubenville 18,659 City
2 Toronto 5,091 City
3 Wintersville 3,924 Village
4 Mingo Junction 3,454 Village
5 Tiltonsville 1,372 Village
6 Yorkville** 1,079 Village
7 Smithfield 869 Village
8 Adena* 759 Village
9 Dillonvale 665 Village
10 Bergholz 664 Village
11 Amsterdam 511 Village
12 Mount Pleasant 478 Village
13 Richmond 481 Village
14 Rayland 417 Village
15 Irondale 387 Village
16 Empire 299 Village
17 Stratton 294 Village
18 Pottery Addition 293 CDP
19 New Alexandria 272 Village
20 Bloomingdale 202 Village

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Jefferson County, Ohio

References[]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Jefferson County". Ohio Department of Development. http://www.odod.state.oh.us/research/FILES/S0/Jefferson.pdf. 
  2. ^ 2020 census
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  4. ^ "Jefferson County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. http://www.osuedc.org/profiles/profile_entrance.php?fips=39081&sid=0. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Office of Management and Budget. https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/sites/default/files/omb/bulletins/2013/b13-01.pdf. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_39.txt. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/oh190090.txt. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  11. ^ 2020 census
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US39081. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US39081. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US39081. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US39081. 
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  18. ^ "TOWNSHIP WEBSITES - Ohio Township Association". 15 July 2016. http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites. 
  19. ^ J. A. Caldwell: History of Belmont and Jefferson Counties, Ohio, Historical Publishing Co., Wheeling, W.Va., 1880, p. 605, reprinted 1983.
  20. ^ Julie Minot Overton, with Kay Ballantyne Hudson and Sunda Anderson Peters eds.: Ohio Towns and Townships to 1900: A Location Guide, The Ohio Genealogical Society, Mansfield, O. (Penobscot Press), 2000, p. 59.
  21. ^ "2010 U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census/decade.2010.html. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 40°23′N 80°46′W / 40.38, -80.76

Advertisement